Memory

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Memory

  1. 1. 23-Sep-13 1
  2. 2. Encoding Storage Retrieval 23-Sep-13 2
  3. 3. Encoding is a process through which information is converted to a code that can be entered into memory. Code means form that the memory system can accept, retain and handle. When encoding process relates the new experiences with and old one , like a fruit bowl you purchased in India with one you saw in USA last year , remembering becomes better. This Process is called Elaboration. 23-Sep-13 3
  4. 4. Storage refers to a process by which the encoded information are retained in the memory. Storage retains the encoded information for sometime. When the encoded information fail to link with the already stored information or if they are not practiced at intervals, they are lost hence forgotten. But when the stored materials are repeated periodically, the possibility of retaining them is greater. 23-Sep-13 4
  5. 5. Retrieval is a process through which information stored in memory is located and recalled. Through the process of retrieval, we try to recall periodically only those that are required at a particular occasion. 23-Sep-13 5
  6. 6. Episodic Memory Semantic Memory Procedural Memory 23-Sep-13 6
  7. 7. It stores autobiographical information and immediate memories of personal experiences such as the day you get your Ph.d or your appointment in a long cherished job. Thus memory for specific experiences of personal nature refer to episodic memory. In episodic memory associations are formed very quickly between experiences and events that occur at the same time. 23-Sep-13 7
  8. 8. It refers to abstract knowledge. when we forget an incident but the knowledge or importance of it is remembered it is called semantic memory. Once you get an electric shock while attending marriage ceremony. The marriage ceremony and the feast might be forgotten, but the electric shock you got will not be forgotten. Semantic memory is a memory of meaningful informations which can be stored in L TM. 23-Sep-13 8
  9. 9. It is known as implicit memory. It describes how to perform a task. It is the way of remembering how things are done. Bicycle riding, typing or wearing a dress, without thinking consciously these are done mechanically. It is easier to perform the task than describe how to do it. Then the how of the memory remains within and comes without our knowledge. 23-Sep-13 9
  10. 10. THE END 23-Sep-13 10

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