Turkey childcare 2


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  • The provision of ECE services in Turkey go back to the early 19 century. However the
    first set of regulations was decreed in 1915 which set the rules for starting an independent preschool.
    Minstry of Education gradually devloped and was 1933
    Only in 1961 with the new education act the importance of ECE was stressed and ECE was considered explicitly in policy discussions and programs of the Ministry of National Education (MONE).
    The increase in the number of children benefiting from ECE services is due mainly to an increase in the newly built preschools and nursery classes and an increase in the number of teachers. The large increase in public preschools starts in 1996. Overall the number of preschools increased by tenfold.
    In the last ten years the number of children receiving a form of ECE services is doubled. Table 3.2 shows the progress of enrollment rates since 1991-92 school year.
    Establishments of the nursery rooms and creches at worksplaces (pre 2000)
  • Provision of education is accepted as the responsibility of the state, but it was far from being a service of equal benefit to all. Until August 1997, primary education was compulsory for only five years. In other words, the duty of the state to provide equal education to every individual citizen lasted only five years until August 1997.
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  • Turkey childcare 2

    1. 1. ChildCare in Turkey
    2. 2. Agenda An overview of Turkey Types of childcare systems History of the childcare system Underlying philosophy Accessibility/Availability Training and roles of the childcare workers/ECE
    3. 3. Overview of Turkey Located in Western Asia and in east Thrace in southern Europe Climate – hot dry summers with mild wet winters Capital – Ankara Official Language is Turkish Ethnic makeup – Turkish 80% and Kurdish 20%
    4. 4. Population in Turkey Turkey has a population of 72 million According to estimations, it will be about 82 million by year 2015
    5. 5. Turkish Phrases Hello  merhaba Good morning  gunaydun Good evening  iyi akshamlar Good night  iyi gejeler
    6. 6. Types of Childcare
    7. 7. Formal and Non-formal Formal education is the regular education for individuals in a certain age group and given in school This includes pre-primary (preschool) education Ministry of National Education is responsible for the child care system Non-formal education
    8. 8. Traditionally elderly relatives take care of children in Turkey. But because more mother's are going into the work force the number of child care centre's has increase. Some mother's that don't have relatives to care for their children and can't afford child care stay home, because the money they earn is not enough to pay for child care. Formal education is the regular education for individuals in a certain age group and given in schools. This includes Pre-Primary education and Primary education. Pre Primary(Pre School) is optional education for children between 3-5 years old.
    9. 9. *Primary Education is compulsory for children starting at 5 years old and is fee for all children. A Law passed in 2012 4+4+4 (4 years of Elementary School + 4 years of Middle School+4 years of High School) before it was 3+3+3. *Non-formal education in Turkey is offered by a network of training centers who are supervised by the Ministry of National Education. Non formal education is aim to teach reading, writing and to help students to finish school.
    10. 10. First regulations were set for ECE services in Turkey Minstry of education gradually devlop and was reconized by the law 1966 Increase in number of children benfiriting from ECE services and iin public preschools Increase in number of chilreadn recieiving ECE services 1961 Importance of ECE were known and being disvloped in programs 1990s196019331915 History of Childcare 1977 Growth in the number of public nursery opening which increase the ages of the primary education
    11. 11. Minstry of Education gradually devloped and was recongnized with the law Establishment of the nursery rooms and creches at workplaces Childcare is not just the responsibility of women and employers; but also the local governments . Government was planning to have the having nursery rooms and childcare facilities throughout the country Female unemployment is still high in Turkey 2012200620001933 History of Childcare
    12. 12. Availability and Accessibility Childcare and child rearing duties are duties expected to be done mainly by women Children are traditionally cared for by elderly relatives Childcare is available privately – not free There is no available subsidy Fees must be paid in full
    13. 13. Not all of turkey has access to quality childcare but it is being worked on Children living in remote rural and urban slum areas of turkey have low access to quality daycare services Access to daycare services needs to be increased The current existing capacities are not adequate for providing access to quality day care services for children under 6
    14. 14. There is a project underway that is aimed at providing day care services to children living under disadvantage conditions This project will increase mothers in the workforce would mean an increase of childcare centers
    15. 15. Underlying Philosophy
    16. 16. The goal of Pre-Primary education in Turkey is to structure it’s curriculum around 5 domains of development.
    17. 17. According to National Education law in Turkey Pre- Primary education is there to create a common atmosphere of growth regardless of income or status. To ensure Turkish is spoken correct and fluently Pre-Primary education is not compulsory Pre-Primary education is compulsory for children diagnosed with having physical or mental disabilities
    18. 18. Student - teacher ratio Public Pre-primary schools 1:28 Pre-primary Institutions 1:23 Private Pre-primary schools 1:20 Pre-primary institutions 1:27
    19. 19. Training and Role of an ECE in Turkey - TED (Turkish Education Association) University founded in October 31st 1928, offers an 8 semester ECE program where students must take Math, Life Science, Turkish, History of the Turkish Republic, English for Academic Purposes, Intro to ECE, Psychology, Natural Sciences, Philosophy and Ethics, Visual Arts, Children's Literature, School Family and Society, Child Development, Children Health and Safety, Children Play and learning, Language development etc. - Students must have experience working with children and references - Must have a high school diploma or equivalent
    20. 20. Training and Role of an ECE in Turkey cont. - A 4 year program that includes 138+ credits and requires completion of 16-20 credits each semester - Students are given the opportunity to actively participate in the teaching and learning process - The clinical practice increases gradually each year and the last year is primarily dedicated to student teaching and capstone experiences - The program works closely with the public elementary schools and independent public kindergarten programs - As the programs continue it is hoped that students are trained are researchers and scholars
    21. 21. Cont. To provide a healthy, safe, and physical learning environment Observe, monitor and assess the children Communicate with the children’s parents
    22. 22. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Map_of_Turkey_a http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/europe/turkey/ http://www.unicef.org/turkey/sy19/cp39.html http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/language/turkish- phrases.html http://culturalembracebyapi.com/turkeychildcare.html http://www.tedu.edu.tr/en-US/Content/Default.aspx? SectionID=440
    23. 23. http://books.google.ca/books? id=FCwkRLem7nAC&pg=PA335&lpg=PA335&dq=institutional +perspectives+on+ece+in+turkey&source=bl&ots=ykemcjh01f&si g=pok8jWL8PADzKtIvlYXF7ggGxp0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IXkoU- rgIcTM2AW3jYHoCA&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f =false http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EX TCY/EXTECD/0,,contentMDK:20260664~menuPK:528557~p agePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:344939,00.html#Turkey _mother