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  1. 1. Team cohesion in the British Army<br />Nick Harrison, Sam Bamber, Alex Wilkes, James Lamin.<br />
  2. 2. Team building and Team cohesion?<br />Ability to identify and motivate individual employees<br />to form a team that stays together, works together,<br />and achieves together.<br />Team cohesion is the ability to work together to<br />achieve their goal and enjoy working <br />together as a team.<br />
  3. 3. Belbin; team role theory <br />In the 1970s, Dr Meredith Belbin observed the<br />differences in how peoples roles influence the<br />team.<br />9 team roles<br />Plant, Monitor evaluator, co-ordinator, resource<br />investigator, completer finisher, <br />implementers, team workers, shapers, <br />specialist. <br />
  4. 4. Tuckman; stages of team development<br />Bruce Tuckman in 1965 published the most common team work theory, Tuckman spoke of how a new team will and progress. <br />
  5. 5. New recruits are put to the test and are given a<br />scenario and are told to solve the task,<br />while the new teams are in progress with the task set<br />officers and instructors are observing the recruits to<br />indentify who are the natural leaders in the group. <br />
  6. 6. After secondary phase of training the new recruit has<br />been accepted and now is thrown in at the deep end<br />again as they are introduced to their trade or<br />specialist team, which is going to include experienced<br />personnel who work quickly and efficiently to get the<br />job done.<br />
  7. 7. In the Army it is important for all new recruits to learn<br />how to work together as a team because, training<br />officers will not tolerate new recruits acting like<br />civilians in military surroundings. The purpose of<br />phase one training is it prepares recruits for the<br />lifestyle and sense of mind that is going to help the<br />newly formed team realise their goals and work<br />together efficiently to achieve their <br />goals. <br />http://www.army.mod.uk/join/20209.aspx<br />
  8. 8. Good and Poor cohesion scenario<br />A group of Royal Irish<br />Rangers are on patrol in<br />heavily armed WMIK<br />(Weapons Mount<br />Installation Kit) Land Rovers<br />when they were captured by<br />a ruthless<br />gang of rebels,<br />known as <br />The West Side<br /> Boys'. <br />A group of 8 Squadies from the first Yorkshire battalion, Yorkshire regiment have been selected to carry out a covert operation to rescue the captured soldiers.<br />
  9. 9. Good outcome<br />The ideal out come is; the Royal Irish Rangers are<br />rescued with no casualties on our side.<br />The rebel leaders is neutralised and rebel<br />followers disperse. Also we capture the rebels<br />weapons preventing further use by the rebels<br />against our forces.<br />And we manage to return with the <br />capture men without causing further <br />difficulty.<br />
  10. 10. Poor outcome <br />The poor outcome would be; our Squadies get<br />captured and possibly killed, the Rebels use our<br />weapons against friendly forces.<br />We may lose possession of our armoured<br />vehicle, fv430 bulldog and other necessary<br />equipment.<br />
  11. 11. In conclusion<br />In phase 1 the newly formed teams are<br />more likely to go through the storming<br />phase. <br />However when phase 1 comes to an end, the<br />teams will be going through the <br />performing and norming stage when<br />on the passing out parade.<br />
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  13. 13. Team Cohesion Within<br />The<br />Royal Marines<br />By Sam Bamber,<br />Nick Harrison, James Lamin & Alex Wilkes<br />
  14. 14. Contents<br /><ul><li>Summary of the RM – who are they and what do they do?
  15. 15. How do they develop teamwork during basic training?
  16. 16. Specialist Skills – how does it improve team cohesion?
  17. 17. Tuckman – who is he?
  18. 18. Belbin – who is he?
  19. 19. Why do we need good team cohesion?</li></ul> Impact of good/poor team cohesion.<br /> Example of good/poor team cohesion.<br /><ul><li>Any Questions?</li></li></ul><li>The Royal Marines<br />Who are the Royal Marines?<br />They are a marine corps and the amphibious infantry of the UK, they also work alongside the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary as part of the Naval Service. <br />What is the role of the Royal Marines?<br />Their role is to be flexible and versatile, they are expected to be deployed at a moments notice. The training to become a Royal Marine is the longest and hardest in the world and they are trained for combat in any type of weather or terrain. They are highly skilled and are an elite force that gets thing done!<br />
  20. 20. Teamwork During Basic<br />Training<br />In the 32 weeks basic training, Royal Marines undergo many challenges and activities that demonstrate and improve teamwork skills.<br />Exercises such as drill, comms, survival and navigation all require good teamwork to work efficiently to complete objectives.<br />Drill – how does it build teamwork?<br />How does it benefit the team and individual?<br />Comms – how does it improve teamwork?<br />How does it effect the team’s relationship?<br />Survival – skills beneficial to a team?<br />Navigation – how it improves skills required in a team?<br />
  21. 21. Specialisation Skills<br />The Royal Marines offer varied roles within the force and some of these roles are a swimmer canoeist, signaller, recon operator and comms technician. <br />Every skill that a Marine can specialise in is vital to a team. For a team to be efficient and effective, it needs to be diverse and have individuals that operate in different areas and assist others in their role. <br />
  22. 22. For example, the 4 skills mentioned previously all assist each other in different ways and this makes the team efficient and effective in all areas. <br />A signaller provides communications from land sea and air, this skill combined with recon operators provides a detailed map and precise communications for swimmer canoeists to complete a mission.<br />
  23. 23. Tuckman<br />Who is he and what did he do?<br />Bruce Tuckman is an American psychologist who researched into the theory of how groups worked, he did this by publishing his theory which was called the “Tuckman’s stages”.<br />There were 4 stages in Tuckman’s theory:<br />Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing. He later on added a fifth stage called Adjourning.<br />Tuckman’s<br />Stages<br />
  24. 24. Belbin<br />Who is he and what did he do?<br />Meredith Belbin graduated in psychology at Clare college in Cambridge. In the 1970’s a question was asked, “What makes some teams succeed, and others fail?” <br />In the 1970’s, Belbin and his researchers set out to observe teams and individual roles within them. They found that the success or failure of a team was not due to intellect, but their behaviour.<br />Belbin’s theory consisted of 9 team roles and how each role operated within a team!<br />
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  26. 26. Why Do We Need Good<br />Team Cohesion?<br />
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  28. 28. Impact of Good/Poor<br />Team Cohesion<br />Scenario<br />Pirates have taken a person hostage and want a ransom. The Royal Marines have been sent in to resolve the situation by any means necessary and to bring back the hostage alive.<br />There are five pirates on board the ship and the Royal Marine team consists of eight men.<br />
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  30. 30. Conclusion<br />In conclusion, during the early stages of basic training, team cohesion will be not as good as it will be when it comes to the final stages of the training.<br />When the teams are first brought together, they will be forming and storming and as they progress through training and spend more time together, they will be norming and performing.<br />
  31. 31. Any Questions<br />