INDIA is one of the world’s oldest<br />civilisations and fastest developingcountries<br />Religion, caste and<br />language are major determinants of social<br />and political organisation, and psychology<br />has to attempt an understanding of<br />behaviour in this context.<br />
The beginning………..<br />Calcutta University established the first<br />Department of Psychology in 1915 under<br />the leadership of Dr N.N. Sengupta,<br />who had worked under Professor Hugo<br />Munsterberg, a former student of Wundt.<br />It played a key role in the development of<br />psychology in the country <br />
Dr GirindraShekar Bose, who succeeded Dr N.N. Sengupta at Calcutta University, was a medical practitioner who became a pioneer in psychoanalysis in India. In 1922 he established the Indian Psychoanalytical Society, affiliated to the international Psychoanalytic Association<br />
India’s first prime<br />minister Jawaharlal Nehru was an ardent<br />promoter of psychology, encouraging<br />students to go abroad to obtain their<br />degrees under eminent psychology<br />professors. <br />
On 12 December 1968 an autonomous organisation named the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) was established – it is now considered one of the biggest achievements of Indian democracy. The Council provides valuable help and encouragement to scholars from all over the country through fellowships and project and conference grants<br />
With the growth in the discipline, counselling psychology became popular and was extensively used in different areas of counselling. The growth in the economy<br />and industrial sector resulted in the use of psychology in industrial and organisational settings. <br />Psychology has also been applied in military settings since independence<br />
Montfort college is known to be one of the 1st college to start the Counselling Psychology in India<br />
QUESTIONNAIRE<br />What is your experience being a counselor??<br />How do people look at you as counselor?? Do you feel accepted? <br />How do you see your profession as Counselor?<br />What are the limitations you face or experience in this line?<br />How about your status or position in the society <br />as Professional Counselor?<br />How about the job opportunities and the payment?<br />
growth in the popularity of the discipline <br />There are approximately 15,000 psychologists in the country<br />the function for which counselors are presumably employed is often usurped by quasi- administrative tasks and demands<br />Counseling psychology is not an established profession in India, at least in the formal sense.<br />Counseling in India actually employs a multidisciplinary approach<br />inadequate physical facilities.<br />Professional Counseling is considered low<br /> Many male counselors are forced out of counseling and into administrative positions by economic necessity<br />Students have a negative image about counseling <br />
While psychology in India is represented by a number of key professional bodies, including the Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists, there has not been a move to develop a distinct identity for psychologists involved in counseling<br />There is a slow and gradual increase in problem-oriented and culture sensitive research carried out by a small minority of front runners who are constrained by the lack of intellectual and professional support, infrastructural deficiencies, and inadequate financial and human resources<br />A limited number of courses on counseling are on offer, but the quality of training is not monitored for these<br />Indian psychology has been rapidly expanding. The number of psychologists, institutions offering courses in psychology, research publications, and journals are increasing. However, the bulk of research remains replicative and imitative<br />In some of the cultures counseling is seen as spiritual and vision oriented. Without these people consider it as an interaction between two people.<br />
<ul><li>the presence of stigma among Indians with respect to mental health counseling, makes it difficult for those who need help to seek it.
With the world around changing so fast, families in India are caught up amongst many developments for which they were not prepared. The difference in the pace of life, in values, and in the capacity to adapt differs between the parents and their children but this is not attended to. As a result there is a great need for some kind of intervention and help.
Developing multicultural and multidisciplinary counseling competencies are key aspects of developing overall counseling competence
Because of cultural differences between Eastern and Western countries, a direct application of Western approaches to persons of Eastern descent may have negative consequences,
It can alienate people from mental health counseling, cause deterioration of clients’ conditions, and waste counselors’ resources.</li></li></ul><li>The current state of mental health counseling in India necessitates new laws, indigenous approaches, adaptations of culture-sensitive approaches, and research projects to validate such approaches. <br />The counselor needs to widen his field of work to include the new problems, which are surfacing as a result of rapid change<br /> India is in the midst of a multitude of drastic changes. Changes in family values and structure, social values and structure, cultural as well as personal paradigm shifts<br />Since religion is the most enduring preservative of social customs, architecture, diet, thought and way of life, its significance in people’s lives and therefore in counseling cannot be ignored<br />
Conclusion<br />Psychology in India has been expanding rapidly. The number of psychologists and institutions offering courses in psychology, research publications<br /> and journals is increasing. The shift towards an indigenised psychology will continue and will make psychology more beneficial to<br />India’s diverse population<br />With new policies of the government together with the awareness of Indian psychologists of the societal demands and their roles, it is hoped that a conducive environment for faster growth of an appropriate and proper psychology in India will develop. <br />