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  • 1. JanuaryJanuary is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. January begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Capricorn and ends in the sign of Aquarius. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Sagittarius and ends in the constellation of Capricornus. January is named for Janus,the god of the doorway; the name has its beginnings in Roman mythology, where the Latin word for door comes from - January is the door to the year. Traditionally, the original Roman calendar consisted of 10 months, totaling 304 days, winter being considered a month less period. Around 713 BC, the semi- mythical successor of Romulus, King Numa Pompilius, is supposed to have added the months of January and February, allowing the calendar to equal a standard lunar year. (355 days) January 1 - New Year's Day January (third Monday) - Martin Luther King, Jr. Day January 26 – India’s republic day January 14 – Uttarayan festival
  • 2. February February is the second month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the shortest month and the only month with fewer than 30 days. The month has 29 days in leap years. In common years the month has 28 days. Some believe that February originally had 29 days but that idea was invented by Sacrobosco during the Middle Ages. February starts on the same day of the week as both March and November in common years. Having only 28 days in common years, it is the only month of the calendar that once every six years and twice every 11 years, will have only four full 7-day weeks where the first day of the month starts on a Sunday and the last day ends on a Saturday. This pattern can be observed in 2009 and can be traced back 11 years to 1998, another 11 years back to 1987, and 6 years back to 1981.  February 14 - Valentine's Day  February (third Monday) - President's Day
  • 3. MarchMarch is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven months with a length of 31 days. March begins with the sun in the sign of Pisces and ends in the sign of Aries. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Aquarius and ends in the constellation of Pisces. March in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of September in the Northern Hemisphere. The name of March comes from ancient Rome, when March was the first month of the year and called Martius after Mars, the Roman god of war. In Rome, where the climate is Mediterranean, March is the first month of spring, a logical point for the beginning of the year as well as the start of the military campaign season. Great Britain and her colonies continued to use March 25 until 1752, the same year they finally adopted the Gregorian calendar. Many other cultures and religions still celebrate the beginning of the New Year in March. March:-  March 21 (approximately) - Vernal Equinox (first day of Spring)
  • 4. April April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of four months with a length of 30 days. April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar, before January and February were added by King Numa Pompilius. It became the fourth month of the calendar year during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC, when it also was given 29 days. The Julia calendar reform of 46 BC gave April 30 days, effective in 45 BC. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Pisces and ends in the constellation of Aries. The "days of April" is a name appropriated in French history to a series of insurrections at Lyons, Paris and elsewhere, against the government of Louis Philippe in 1834, which led to violent repressive measures, and to a famous trial known as the procès d'avrill. The birthstone of April is the diamond or the sapphire. The birth flower is either the Daisy, Sweet Pea or the Tulip. April starts on the same day of the week as July in all years.  April (Friday before Easter) - Good Friday  April 1 - April Fool's Day  April (first Sunday) - Daylight Savings Time Begins  April 22 - Earth Day
  • 5. May May is the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is also a month within the of Spring season. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Aries and ends in the constellation of Taurus. The month may have been named for the Greek goddess Maia, who was identified with the Roman era goddess of fertility, Bona Dea, whose festival was held in May. In Japan, there is a so- called 'May sickness', where new students or workers start to be tired of their new schoolwork or jobs. No other month starts on the same day of the week as May in common years.  May (first Monday) - Teacher's Day  May (first Thursday) - National Day of Prayer  May (second Monday) - Mother's Day  May 17- Telecommunication Day
  • 6. June June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. The month is named after the Roman goddess Juno. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer. June is the month with the longest daylight hours of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the shortest daylight hours of the year in the Southern Hemisphere. June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. The traditional June birthstone is the pearl. The June birth flower is the rose, or the honeysuckle, as roses and honeysuckles bloom throughout June. June is also sometimes called the "Rose month." June is known for the large amount of marriages that occur over the course of the month. This large quantity of marriages can be attributed to the Goddess that June is named after, Juno or Hera. In both common and leap years, no other month begins on the same day of the week as June.  June 21 - Summer Solstice  June (third Sunday) - Father's Day  June 5 - Environment Day
  • 7. July July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the warmest month within most of the Northern hemisphere, and the coldest month within much of the Southern hemisphere. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Gemini and ends in the constellation of Cancer. July was renamed for Julius Caesar, who was born in that month. Previously, it was called Quintilis in Latin, since it was the fifth month in the ancient Roman calendar, before January became the first month of the calendar year during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC. July starts on the same day of the week as April in common years.  July 20 - First Moon Landing  July 11 - World Population Day
  • 8. August August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Cancer and ends in the constellation of Leo. This month was originally named Sextilis in Latin. It became the eighth month either when January and February were added to the beginning of the year by King Numa Pompilius It was renamed in honor of Augustus in 8 BC because several of the most significant events in his rise to power, culminating in the fall of Alexandria, which fell in this month. August originally had 29 days in the Roman Republican calendar, but two days were added to it by Augustus beginning 45 BC giving it its modern total of 31 days. August's flower is the gladiolus or poppy, and its birthstone is the peridot.  August 15 – India’s Independence day  August 14 – Pakistan’s independence day
  • 9. September September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with 30 days. Astronomically speaking, the sun actually begins in the constellation of Leo and ends in the constellation of Virgo. In Latin, septem means "seven" and septimus means "seventh"; September was in fact the seventh month of the Roman calendar until 153 BC, when there was a calendar reform from the month of the Ides of March to the Kalends, or January 1. September marks the beginning of the ecclesiastical year in the Eastern Orthodox Church. September begins on the same day of the week as December every year, due to the fact that there are 91 days separating September and December, which is a multiple of seven. September is Library Card Sign-Up Month in the United States.  September (first Sunday)- Grandparents' Day  September 23 - Autumnal Equinox  September 16 - World Ozone Day  September 8 - World Literacy Day  September 13 - World Flowers Day
  • 10. October October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old Roman calendar, October retained its name from the Latin "octo" meaning "eight" when January and February were added. October's birthstone is the opal or tourmaline, and its birth flower is the calendula or Camellia. October is commonly associated with the season of autumn in the Northern hemisphere and spring in the Southern hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to April in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. Astronomically speaking, the sun actually begins in the constellation of Virgo and ends in the constellation of Libra. October starts on the same day of the week as January in common years.  October 16 - Bosses Day  October 24 - United Nations' Day  October 2 – Gandhi Jayanti
  • 11. November November is the eleventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. November retained its name from the Latin novem meaning "nine" when January and February were added to the Roman calendar. The birthstone for November is either topaz or citrine and the birth flower is the chrysanthemum. Astronomically speaking, the sun actually begins in the constellation of Libra, passes through Scorpius from approximately the 24th through the 29th and ends in the constellation of Ophiuchus, which is the only zodiacal constellation that is not associated with an astrological sign. November starts on the same day of the week as both February and March in common years.  November 11 - Veteran's Day  November (fourth Thursday) – Thanksgiving
  • 12. December December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Ophiuchus, which is the only zodiacal constellation that is not counted as an astrological sign, and ends in the constellation of Sagittarius. In Latin, decem means "ten". December was also the tenth month in the Roman calendar until a monthless winter period was divided between January and February. December's flower is the narcissus or holly. December's birthstones are turquoise, lapis lazuli, zircon, topaz or tanzanite. December is the month with the shortest daylight hours of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the longest daylight hours of the year in the Southern Hemisphere. December starts on the same day of the week as September in common years.  December 1 - AIDS Awareness Day  December 10 - Human Rights Day  December 21 - Winter Solstice  December 25 - Christmas  December (first weekend after Christmas) - Boxing Day  December 31 - New Year's Eve