Nursing informatics

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Adopted from Nursing Informatics definiton from ANA 2008..

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Nursing informatics

  1. 1. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />Are you into IT??<br />Jhessie L. Abella RN.RM.MAN<br />
  2. 2. Course Description: <br />This course deals with the use of information technology system and data standards based on nursing informatics principles/theories. It further deals with the utilization of clinical information systems in the management and decision-making of patient care.<br />Course Objectives:<br />At the end of the course and given relevant actual or simulated situations/conditions, the student will be able to:<br />1. Apply concepts, theories and principles of informatics in nursing and health care<br />2. Discuss issues and trends in informatics relevant to nursing and health<br />
  3. 3. A. Computers and nursing<br />1. Computers and nursing<br />2. Historical perspectives of nursing and the computer<br />3. Electronic health record from a historical perspective<br /> <br />B. Computer system<br />1. Computer hardware<br />2. Computer software and systems<br />3. Open source and free software<br />4. Data processing<br />5. The internet: a nursing resource<br />6. PDA and wireless devices<br />7. Incorporating evidence: use of computer-based clinical<br />decision support system for health professionals<br /> <br />C. Issues in informatics<br />1. Nursing informatics and healthcare policy<br />2. The role of technology in the medication-use process<br />3. Healthcare data standards<br />4. Electronic health record systems: U.S. federal initiatives and public/private partnerships<br />5. Dependable systems for quality care<br />6. Nursing minimum data set systems<br /> <br />D. Informatics theory<br />1. Theories, models and frameworks<br />2. Advanced terminology systems<br />3. Implementing and upgrading clinical information systems<br /> <br />
  4. 4. E. Practice application<br />1. Practice application<br />2. Critical care applications<br />3. Community health applications<br />4. Ambulatory care systems<br />5. Internet tools for advanced nursing practice<br />6. Informatics solutions for emergency preparedness and response<br />7. Vendor applications<br /> <br />F. Consumer’s use of informatics<br />1. Consumer and patient use of computers for health<br />2. Decision support for consumers<br /> <br />G. International perspectives<br />1. Nursing informatics in Canada<br />2. Nursing informatics in Europe<br />3. Pacific Rim<br />4. Nursing informatics in Asia<br />5. Nursing informatics in South America<br /> <br />H. The future of informatics<br />1. Future directions<br /> <br />Course Requirement:<br />To pass the course the students are expected to;<br />Post their own reaction/s posted on the NURSING INFORMATICS page created by the students themselves.<br />Individualized/Group Reporting<br />Video presentation<br /> <br />
  5. 5. “Computersare incredibly fast , accurate and stupid. <br />Human beings are incredibly slow , inaccurate and brilliant . <br />Together they are powerful beyond imagination”<br />Albert Einstein<br />
  6. 6. Why do we NEED to study N.I?<br />In the 21st Century, information is<br /> doubling every 5yrs , if not tripling in quantity and quality.<br />Information is POWER<br />Technology also facilitates the creative process in nurses, affording amazing vehicles for<br />patient education , teaching and learning , and providing general health promotion and prevention information on a global scale.<br />
  7. 7. “THE HIGH TECH AND THE HIGH TOUCH”<br />This can only become a common reality if nurses are comfortable working with computers and advanced technology while providing evidence based care for their clients .<br />The healthcare of our clients is largely dependent on information.<br />Every action taken depends on previous information and knowledge.<br />
  8. 8. Definition:<br />American Nurses Association's Scope and Standards for Nursing Informatics Practice (2008) :<br />“ Nursing Informatics is a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge and wisdom in nursing practice.”<br />
  9. 9. Standard Areas of NURSING:<br />Nursing Practice<br />Nursing Education<br />Nursing R esearch<br />Nursing Administration. <br />
  10. 10. COMPUTERS IN NURSING EDUCATIONS<br />COMPUTER Assisted Education<br />PDA (Personal Digital Assistants)<br />LCD Projectors<br />Wireless Routers<br />Desktops<br />Laptops<br />Smartphone<br />VIDEOS/ANIMATIONS<br />Distance learning<br />Testing (NCLEX)<br />Student and course record management<br />
  11. 11. COMPUTERS IN NURSING PRACTICE<br />Functions<br />Records client information<br />Provides access to other departments<br />Used to manage client scheduling<br />DOCUMENTAION OF CLIENT STATUS<br />AND MEDICAL RECORDS KEEPING<br />Provides access to standardized forms, policies and procedures<br />Access data about client that may be somewhere in the medical record or elsewhere in health care agency.<br />
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  13. 13. BEDSIDE DATA ENTRY<br />records clients assessments, medication administration, progress notes, care plan updating, client acuity and accrued charges<br />COMPUTER BASED CLIENT RECORD<br />EMRs/CPRs<br />Provides easy retrieval of specific data such as trends in vital signs, immunization records, current problems<br />It can be designed to work providers about conflicting medications or client parameters that indicate dangerous conditions<br />ELECTRONIC ACCESS TO CLIENTS<br />Used extensively in health care to assess and monitor clients conditions<br />Data accumulated from various electronic devices are stored for research purposes<br />Can monitor client<br />Computerized diagnosis<br />Telemedicine<br />PRACTICE MANAGEMENT<br />Used to order supplies, tests, meals, and services, from other departments<br />Allows nursing service to determine the most costly items used by a particular nursing unit.<br />May provide information or decisions to modify budget, provide different staffing, move supplies to different locations, or make other changes for more efficient and higher quality care<br />
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  15. 15. COMPUTERS IN NURSING PRACTICE<br />A. Human resources<br />All employers must maintain a data a database on each employee<br />Administrators can use this database to communicate with employees, examine staffing patterns, and create budget programs<br />B. Medical records management<br />Allow client records to be searched for trends, number of cases, most expensive cases, and client outcomes.<br />Nurse informat<br />icistcan assist administrators with the design and implementation of systems that allow such searches to be generated, analyzed, printed, and distributed.<br />
  16. 16. COMPUTERS IN NURSING PRACTICE<br /> C. Facilities management<br />heating, air conditioning, ventilation, alarm systems are computer controlled.<br />D. Budget and finance<br />claims are transmitted much more quickly<br />Can also effect cost-savings by reducing the desired services time needed for accounts payable and receivables.<br />
  17. 17. COMPUTERS IN NURSING PRACTICE<br />1. problem identification<br />Useful in locating current literature about the problem and related concepts<br />Helps in searching for existing documents, and e-mail to colleagues.<br />2. literature review<br />Software facilitate searches, contains thesauruses so that the most appropriate terms can be selected.<br />
  18. 18. COMPUTERS IN NURSING PRACTICE<br />3. research design<br />Search literature for instruments that have already been established or to design and test instruments that need to be developed for past study.<br />4. Data collection and analysis<br />Helps create form for the collection of data such as informed consent, demographic data, and recording forms.<br />Commonly used software for quantitative data analysis: SPSS ( statistical package for social sciences), SAS ( statistical analysis system), Sys STAT, MYSTAT<br />5. Research dissemination<br />computer word processing programs are used to author the final reports of research and send research to various readerships.<br />Help speeds completion or research projects<br /> <br />
  19. 19. WHAT DO WE NEED TO ACHIEVE NURSING INFORMATICS?<br />
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  21. 21. “Nursing practice will be revolutionized and we will truly be a profession of nurses with our own classification systems, bibliographic systems, and payment systems .”<br />
  22. 22. We need to think outside the box?<br />
  23. 23. We need to use the Internet to enhance our practice and provide tele-nursing care . We need to become wireless and conduct our services using all the newer IT tools.<br />“ We have a long way to go, but if we utilize information technology effectively, informatics will become an integral part of our profession and the health care industry. I do believe we have the knowledge and perseverance and I am convinced it will come to pass.”-Dr. Virginia Saba<br />

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