Elements and Principles of Design in Photography
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  • 1. Photography Composition using the Elements and Principles of Art
  • 2. Elements The basic building blocks• Line• Shape/Form• Space• Value• Texture• Color
  • 3. Lines• A mark made by a moving point.• Has greater length than width.• Directs the eye – horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curvy, zig-zag, etc.• Can be actual obvious lines or the borders or edges of shapes.
  • 4. Lines
  • 5. Shape/Form• A contained area.• Can be GEOMETRIC (man-made) ex. Square, triangle, circle, etc.• Can be ORGANIC (natural) ex. Leaves, humans, puddles, etc.• Shapes are 2-Dimensional and flat. (circle)• Forms are 3-Dimensional with height, width and depth. (sphere)• Used to create a sense of space and substance.
  • 6. Shape/Form
  • 7. Space• The area used or unused in a composition.• Positive space – the area the objects/subject takes up.• Negative space – the area around, under, through and between.• Gives the photo a 3-dimensional feeling. (Depth)• Foreground (closest), Middle ground, and Background (farthest).• Can be open, crowded, near, far, etc.
  • 8. Space
  • 9. Value• Black and White and all the Grays in between• Dark to Light• Can add drama and impact to composition.• Can give a sense of timelessness• Train your eye to read color as Black and White!
  • 10. Value
  • 11. Texture• The surface quality.• How an object feels, or how it looks like it feels.• Rough, smooth, bumpy, gooey, sharp, etc.• Adds interest! Sense of sight and sense of touch involved.
  • 12. Texture
  • 13. Color• Artistic term is HUE• Need light to see color.• Primary, Secondary, Intermediates.• Use color schemes to enhance appeal or make impact.
  • 14. Color
  • 15. Principles• The different arrangements – or compositions - of the ELEMENTS of design to create artistic, interesting, more visually powerful photographs.• Principles
  • 16. What are the Principles of Art? • Emphasis • Balance • Unity • Contrast • Movement/ Rhythm • Pattern/Repetition
  • 17. Pattern/Repetition• An element that occurs over and over again in a composition.• Can repeat the element in a consistent pattern.• Can repeat the element in a variation of the pattern.
  • 18. Repetition Examples
  • 19. EMPHASIS or Focal PointEmphasis in a composition refersto developing points of interest topull the viewers eye to important parts of the body of the work.
  • 21. Balance Balance is a sense of stability inthe body of work. Balance can be created by repeating same shapes and by creating a feeling of equal weight.
  • 22. Balance Examples
  • 23. Unity Unity is seen in a painting ordrawing when all the parts equal a whole.
  • 24. Unity Examples
  • 25. CONTRASTContrast refers to the oppositesand differences in the work. You can achieve variety by usingdifferent shapes, textures, colors and values in your work.
  • 26. CONTRAST Examples
  • 27. Movement Movement adds excitement to your work by showing action and directing the viewers eyethroughout the picture plane. Rhythm is a type of movement in drawing and painting. It is seen inrepeating of shapes and colors. Alternating lights and darks also give a sense of rhythm.
  • 28. Movement
  • 29. Elements and Principles in Photographic Composition• The Elements and Principles are used in making photographs – not just taking photographs.• You have to know and understand the elements and principles of art to see them all around you and capture them in your photos.• Good luck!