Chitoor

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Chitoor

  1. 1. Code DistrictAD AdilabadAN AnantapurCH ChittoorEG East GodavariGU GunturHY HyderabadCU KadapaKA KarimnagarKH KhammamKR KrishnaKU KurnoolMA MahbubnagarME MedakNA NalgondaNE NelloreNI NizamabadPR PrakasamRA RangareddySR SrikakulamVS VishakhapatnamVZ VizianagaramWA WarangalWG West Godavari
  2. 2. Origin of the name :- Chittoor is combination of two Tamil words Chit[ small]+oor [ town](சிறிய+ஊர்=சிற்றூர்=சித்தூர்) which means Small Town in Tamil language. In ancient days,Chittoor was part of Tamil country of Thondai Nadu. Also said that the word Chittoor comesfrom Chittadavula Ooru (Dense Forest - in Telugu).HistoryChittoor District was formed on 1 April 1911, taking Chittoor, Palamaneru, Chandragiri from thethen North Arcot District of Tamil Nadu and Madanapalli, Vayalpadu from Cuddapah andPunganur, Sri Kalahasti, Karvetinagar from Zamindari provinces to form united Chittoor district.GeographyChittoor is a part of Rayalaseema. The district occupies an area of 15,359 square kilometres(5,930 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Svalbards Nordaustlandet. The district is boundedby Anantapur District to the northwest, Cuddapah District to the north, Nellore District to thenortheast, Krishnagiri District, Vellore District and Tiruvallur District of Tamil Nadu state to thesouth, and Kolar District of Karnataka state to the west
  3. 3. There are 66 Mandals in Chittoor district Nagari NagariPeddamandyam Peddamandyam K V B Puram K V B Puram Karvetinagar Karvetinagar Srirangarajapuram Srirangarajapuram To know To knowThamballapalle Thamballapalle Narayanavanam NarayanavanamMulakalacheruvu MulakalacheruvuPeddathippasamudram Peddathippasamudram Vadamalapeta Vadamalapeta Tirupati Rural Tirupati Rural Palasamudram Palasamudram Gangadhara nellore Gangadhara nellore details details PenumuruB.Kothakota B.KothakotaKurabalakota Kurabalakota Ramachandrapuram Ramachandrapuram Chandragiri Chandragiri Penumuru Puthalapattu Puthalapattu Irala Irala of ofGurramkonda GurramkondaKalakada KalakadaKambhamvaripalle Kambhamvaripalle Chinnagottigallu Chinnagottigallu Rompicherla Rompicherla Thavanampalle Thavanampalle Chittoor Chittoor villages villages Pileru PileruYerravaripalem YerravaripalemTirupati Urban Tirupati Urban Kalikiri Kalikiri Vayalpadu Vayalpadu Gudipala Gudipala Yadamari Yadamari in inRenigunta ReniguntaYerpedu Yerpedu Nimmanapalle Nimmanapalle Madanapalle Madanapalle Bangarupalem Bangarupalem Palamaner Palamaner Chitoor Chitoor Ramasamudram Gangavaram Gangavaram http://Srikalahasti Srikalahasti RamasamudramThottambedu ThottambeduBuchinaidu khandriga Buchinaidu khandriga Punganur Punganur Chowdepalle Chowdepalle Peddapanjani Peddapanjani Baireddipalle Baireddipalle http://Varadaiahpalem VaradaiahpalemSatyavedu Satyavedu Somala Somala Sodam Sodam Venkatagirikota Venkatagirikota Ramakuppam Ramakuppam wikiedi wikiedi t.org/In Pulicherla Santhipuram t.org/InNagalapuram Nagalapuram Pulicherla SanthipuramPitchatur Pitchatur Pakala Gudupalle Gudupalle Vedurukuppam Kuppam KuppamVijayapuram VijayapuramNindra Nindra Puttur dia/Ch dia/Ch
  4. 4. "Kani" means wetland and "Pakam" means "Kani" means wetland and "Pakam" means flow of water into wetland. flow of water into wetland. It was constructed in the early 11th century It was constructed in the early 11th century CE by the Chola king Kulothunga Chola II CE by the Chola king Kulothunga Chola and was expanded further in 1336 by the and was expanded further in 1336 by the Emperors of Vijayanagara dynasty. Local Emperors of Vijayanagara dynasty. Local legends claim that the idol of Ganesha legends claim that the idol of Ganesha continuously grows in size. continuously grows in size. According to the temple legend there were According to the temple legend there were three brothers, each with aahandicap: one three brothers, each with handicap: one was mute, one was deaf and one was blind. was mute, one was deaf and one was blind. They earned their livelihood by cultivating aa They earned their livelihood by cultivating small piece of land. They used channels to small piece of land. They used channels to irrigate their fields, and as one of them irrigate their fields, and as one of them guided the water, the other two drew water. guided the water, the other two drew water. On one such occasion they found that the On one such occasion they found that the water in the well dried up and they could no water in the well dried up and they could no longer continue their work. One of them got longer continue their work. One of them got into the well and excavated it. He was taken into the well and excavated it. He was taken aback when his shovel struck a stonelike aback when his shovel struck a stonelike formation. He was shocked to see blood formation. He was shocked to see blood oozing out from it. Within aafew seconds the oozing out from it. Within few seconds the clear well water turned blood red. This clear well water turned blood red. This divine sight cured the three brothers on the divine sight cured the three brothers on the spot. As soon as the villagers discovered spot. As soon as the villagers discovered this miracle, they thronged to the well and this miracle, they thronged to the well and tried to deepen the well further but were tried to deepen the well further but wereSri Swayambu Varasidhi Vinayaka Temple thwarted when the swayambhu idol (the thwarted when the swayambhu idol (the self-manifested) of Lord Vinayaka emerged self-manifested) of Lord Vinayaka emerged Kanipakam from the swirling waters. from the swirling waters. contd…. contd….
  5. 5. Kanipakam Lord Ganesha Ultimately they offered many coconuts with prayers before the new idol. The coconuts water covered than one and a quarter acres. This incidentTemple In Chittoor led to the modification of the usage of the Tamil word Kaniparakam intocontd.... Kanipakam. Even today the idol is in the original well and the springs of the well are perennial. During the rainy season, the holy water overflows from the well even today. Another striking and strange feature of the idol is that it is growing in size. At present, we can see the knees and the abdomen of the idol. The old and present Kavachams are on public display in the temple and the temple is planning an expansion. The holy water from the well is offered to the devotees as theertham.
  6. 6. Bahuda river originates in "Goniyabosa" hills in Orissa and running through Bhagalatti ,Kalingadal , a distance about 38 km and entering the Andhrapradesh at Boddabada village ofIcchaapuram Mandal . It is running about 16 km in icchapuram and merging in bay-of-bengalat Donkur of Icchaapuram mandalam .The legend behind Bahuda RiverLong ago there lived two brothers Sankha and Likhita. They were on a pilgrimage toKanipakam. As the journey was tiring, the younger brother Likhita felt hungry. Disregardingthe advice of the elder brother he plucked a mango from the mango grove. Sankha felt badand reported this to the ruler of that area and pleaded for punishment for the sin committedduring the pilgrimage. Thus Likhita was punished severely being deprived of both arms.Later, they bathed in the river near Kanipakam temple. Lo Behold! The chopped arms wererestored to Likhita as soon as he had a dip in the sacred waters of the river. These incidentslead the ruler to rename the river as Bahuda-(Bahu means human arm). Thus the river besideKanipakam temple is now known as Bahuda River.
  7. 7. SRIKALAHASTI is one of the panchabhoota sthalam - representing five basic elements. This is the Vayu Sthalam among the Pancha Bootha Sthalamsrepresenting Air. The others are - Tiruvannamalai (Thejo sthalam - Fire) Kanchipuram (Prithvi sthalam - Earth) Tiruvanaikaval (Appu sthalam - Water) Chidambaram (Akasa sthalam - Space).
  8. 8. SRIKALAHASTI-The name of the place comes from three animals, Sri (spider), Kala (snake) andHasti (elephant) who worshipped Shiva and gained salvation here. A statue thatshows all three animals is situated in the main shrine. Lord Shiva disguised as Vayu(Air) observed that The Spider (SRI), Cobra (KALA) and Elephant (HASTI) worshipped Him very devotedly. So Lord Shiva made them to relieve from the curse and attainsalvation, hence this place iscalled Srikalahasti. SRIKALAHASTI
  9. 9. Srikalahasti (Telugu: శ్రీ ్రీకాళహస్తి ్రీ, Tamil: ஸ்ரீகாலஹஸ்தி), is a holy town and ర తa municipality near Tirupati in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is locatedon the banks of the river Swarnamukhi. The Skanda Purana, Shiva Puranaand Linga Purnas have a mention about Srikalahasti. TheSkanda Purana says that Arjuna visited this place, worshippedKalahastiswara and met the sage Bharadwaja onthe top of the hill. It is believed that Kannappa (also known asBhakta Kannappa), a tribal devotee has worshipped Siva atSrikalahasti. saints Nayanars like Appar, Sundarar andSambanthar praised the deity in theirhymns tevaram.
  10. 10. SRIKALAHASTI A huge hundredtemple was originally pillared mantapambuilt during Pallava was built byperiod and current Krishnadevarayarstructures are built by during 16th centuryChola Tamil King which is anotherKulothunga Cholan important feature ofI,II and III during 11th this shrine. In 1529century. In 12th A.D., King AchutarayaCentury A.D., King of the VijayanagaraVeeranarasimha empire got hisYadavaraya built the coronation performedpresent Prakaras, here, before heand the four celebrated in hisGopurams capital City. Theconnecting the four Natukottai Chettiarsentrances. of Devakottai gave the final shape to the
  11. 11. SriKalaHasti’s is swanamukhiriver , its specialty is that got its name from abelief that gold was found in its stream. Swarna means gold and Swarnamukhimeans gold faced in Sanskrit. The uniqueness of this part of the river is that itflows South-North direction. This is a rare occurrence. All rivers flow in thegeneral direction of North South... at least in India. Its a Hindu belief that thisspot frees one from some kind of sin.
  12. 12. SRIKALAHASTI -Sri Adi Sankara visited this Kshetraand praised the bhakti of Kannappa in hisSivanandalahari.The historical reference to this temple occur in theworks of Nakkeerar, a Tamil poet in 3rd Century BCduring the Tamil Sangam Dynasty. He called it asSouthern Kailash. Nakkeera composed hundredstanzas to praise Srikalahasteeswara. Dhoorjati aTelugu poet native of this place and one amongthe ashtadiggajas of Sri Krishnadevaraya’s courtcomposed hundredstanzas on Sri Kalahasteeswara.
  13. 13. Sri Padmavathi Sametha Kalyana At one time Narayanavaram was the Capital At one time Narayanavaram was the CapitalVenkateswara Swamy Temple of the Karvetinagar Suryavamsa Rajas. It is of the Karvetinagar Suryavamsa Rajas. It is considered a holy city because of the considered a holy city because of the presence of Sri Padmavathi Sametha presence of Sri Padmavathi Sametha Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple(Now Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple(Now maintained by Tirumala Tirupati maintained by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams, Tirupati). Devasthanams, Tirupati). Local legend states ititis the place where lord Local legend states is the place where lord Venkateswara swamy married goddess Venkateswara swamy married goddess Padmavati. King Akasaraju had a son and Padmavati. King Akasaraju had a son and daughter. The daughter’s name was Sri daughter. The daughter’s name was Sri Padmavati, who fell in love with Lord Padmavati, who fell in love with Lord Venkateswara Swamy and was married to Venkateswara Swamy and was married to him. Since the Marriage was done in him. Since the Marriage was done in Narayanavaram, Padmavathi’s brother build Narayanavaram, Padmavathi’s brother build two Temples; one is here, another in two Temples; one is here, another in Tirumala to commemorate this occasion. Tirumala to commemorate this occasion. This is the temple where in we can see both This is the temple where in we can see both Venkateswara Swamy along with Venkateswara Swamy along with Padmavathi Devi in one temple complex. Padmavathi Devi in one temple complex.
  14. 14. Sri Veda Narayanaswami Sri Veda Narayanaswami Temple is located in Sri Veda Narayanaswami Temple is located inTemple Nagalapuram, 70 km south-east of Tirupati.It is Nagalapuram, 70 km south-east of Tirupati.It isNagalapuram believed that Lord Sri Maha Vishnu, in the form of believed that Lord Sri Maha Vishnu, in the form of Matsya, killed the rakshasa (demon) Somakudu here, Matsya, killed the rakshasa (demon) Somakudu here, and retrieved the Vedas from the latter.The sanctum and retrieved the Vedas from the latter.The sanctum sanctorium houses an image of the Matsya form of sanctorium houses an image of the Matsya form of Vishnu, with Sridevi and Bhudevi on either side. A Vishnu, with Sridevi and Bhudevi on either side. A peculiar feature of the idol is that ititholds the peculiar feature of the idol is that holds the Sudarsana Chakra in prayoga (ready for release).The Sudarsana Chakra in prayoga (ready for release).The temple was constructed by Sri Krishnadeva Raya, the temple was constructed by Sri Krishnadeva Raya, the Vijayanagara emperor, and is aafine specimen of the Vijayanagara emperor, and is fine specimen of the Vijayanagara style of architecture.The sub-temples Vijayanagara style of architecture.The sub-temples within the main temple are:Sri Vedavalli Tayaru,Sri within the main temple are:Sri Vedavalli Tayaru,Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swami temple,Sri Veeranjaneya Lakshmi Narasimha Swami temple,Sri Veeranjaneya Swami temple,Sri Bhakta Anjaneya Swami temple,Sri Swami temple,Sri Bhakta Anjaneya Swami temple,Sri Sita Lakshmana Sameta Ramulavari temple.The Sita Lakshmana Sameta Ramulavari temple.The most important annual festivals in this temple are most important annual festivals in this temple are Brahmotsavam, and Surya Puja along with the Float Brahmotsavam, and Surya Puja along with the Float festival, conducted on the 12th, 13th and 14th days of festival, conducted on the 12th, 13th and 14th days of the month of Phalguna. the month of Phalguna. During these three days, the suns rays fall on the During these three days, the suns rays fall on the main deity between 1800 hrs and 1815 hrs. On the main deity between 1800 hrs and 1815 hrs. On the first day, they fall on the feet, on the second --on the first day, they fall on the feet, on the second on the chest and on the third --on the forehead, depicting chest and on the third on the forehead, depicting worship by Sri Surya Bhagavan (the Sun God) worship by Sri Surya Bhagavan (the Sun God) himself himself
  15. 15. VALMIKIPURAM OR Vayalpadu Sri Pattabhi RamalayamVALMIKIPURAM OR Vayalpadu Sri Pattabhi Ramalayam by Lord Jambavantha in Treta Yuga forits uniqueness in India. SITADEVI is sitting right to sri Rama. Rama has Sword in his hand so,here Lord Rama is known as Pratapa Rama . Saint Annamacharya has written at least 32keerthans on this Pattabhi Rama. It has the history of around 500 years or more, it is believed tobe developed in Sri Krishna Deva Rayas period and Mula virat vimanam in Cholas Period. Thetemple was adopted to Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD) in 1997 and is being developed bythem in time.
  16. 16. Vayalpadu or Valmikipuram Veerana Kona hillThere is a hill "Veeranna Konda" in the town. There is an ancient temple onit, Veerabhadra idol is resided in the temple. It is said thatSage[disambiguation needed] Valmiki sat on this hill while writingRamayanam. In fact when you view the hill from a particular area near thehighway and railway station, you find some Rocks on the hill and itsshadow on ground appearing as if a Valmiki Rishi is sitting cross legged inmeditation
  17. 17. Tarigonda Tarigonda Vengamamba, the 18th century saint-Vengamamba poetess, unlike Annamacharya was a varied composer, not just keertanas but writings in different literary genre including a treatise on the essence of Ashtanga Yoga. Her Gopi Natakam is a treatise on spiritualism narrated in the simplest of tones. It forms into episodes dealing with the souls journey through life and beyond death. There is also a graphical description of the womb, and the gestation cycle, the birth (Viniki ghattam) and the issue of life after death (Yagnapattu), and finally the annihilation of ego (Tripurasamhara) to realize ultimate truth. All this is placed in conversation format between a milkmaid and a Brahmin. Why did the poetess choose a milkmaid (gollabhama) to challenge the Brahmin, one may ponder?The dairy community is a symbolic interface between the Vedic class and the others in the social hierarchy from time immemorial. Freedom of expression is a milkman/maids forte. The milkmaid is the symbol of illusory world: she can transform milk (ultimate truth) into curd, butter, ghee (unreal real). Courtesy http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-featur
  18. 18. Karvetinagaram Since the capital was built by cutting down a forest, this place came to be known as ‘Kadu vetti Nagaram’ (kadu means forest and vetti means cutting down; in Tamil). Over the years, the name has been corrupted to Karvetinagaram. Karvetinagaram Sri Venugopalaswamy Temple is one of the major temples near Tirumala Tirupati Venkateswara Temple. Karvetinagaram is situated near Puttur at a distance of 48 km from Tirupati. The main deity of the temple is Sri Venugopala Swamy and his consorts Sri Rukmini Ammavaru and Sri Satyabhama Ammavaru.
  19. 19. Sarangapani ,,a great composer of padams. As pada karta, deserves praise Sarangapani a great composer of padams. As pada karta, deserves praiseand recognition like Kshetrayya, whose name has come to be synonymous with and recognition like Kshetrayya, whose name has come to be synonymous withpadams. Sarngapani belonged to the 17th century and lived in Karvetinagaram padams. Sarngapani belonged to the 17th century and lived in Karvetinagaramin Chittoor district. He was the Vidyadhikari (Minister of Education), in the court in Chittoor district. He was the Vidyadhikari (Minister of Education), in the courtof Makaraju Venkata Perumal Raju, who ruled Karvetinagaram.Sarangapani of Makaraju Venkata Perumal Raju, who ruled Karvetinagaram.Sarangapaniwas proficient in Sanskrit as well as Telugu. He had the authority to issue Raja was proficient in Sanskrit as well as Telugu. He had the authority to issue RajaSasanams (Royal orders). Sasanams (Royal orders).Venugopala Mudra Venugopala MudraAll his compositions bear the Venugopala Mudra, his “Ishta Daivam” of All his compositions bear the Venugopala Mudra, his “Ishta Daivam” ofKarvetinagaram, though some have come to be attributed by Kshetrayya Karvetinagaram, though some have come to be attributed by Kshetrayyainadvertently by substitution of the term “Moova Gopala” for “Venugopala” inadvertently by substitution of the term “Moova Gopala” for “Venugopala”Nearly 200 padams of this composer- of which `mogudochi’ (Sahana- Chapu) Nearly 200 padams of this composer- of which `mogudochi’ (Sahana- Chapu)is the best known-are available in ancient fibrous paper. A study of these is the best known-are available in ancient fibrous paper. A study of thesereveals that these padams can be divided into 4 categories: reveals that these padams can be divided into 4 categories:1)Sringara padams 1)Sringara padams2)2) Desiya padams 2)2) Desiya padams3)3) Janapada padams, and 3)3) Janapada padams, and4)4) Vairagya padams- courtesty  Dr. Chittibabu , great veena artist and this 4)4) Vairagya padams- courtesty  Dr. Chittibabu , great veena artist and thiswas originally published in the Hindu on September 27, 1970. was originally published in the Hindu on September 27, 1970.
  20. 20. Horsley Hills or Enugu Mallamma KondaHorsley, previously known as Enugu Mallamma Konda, situated at an altitude of 1265meters, is the only hilly health resort in Andhra which is located on Purbaghat hills. Thewonderful natural backdrop of the hillock is concealed in the dimness of soaring palash,piyal, segun, deodar, eucalyptus, gulmahar and mango trees. The temperate weatherof Horsley entices many. Cool breeze around in summers creates a sensation. Enjoythe panoramic sunset in the salubrious climate standing on top of the view point. Thenearby Nature Study Centre has atypical collections of natural resources, astonishingassortments of orchids and a rich library. The old eucalyptus tree (35 meters tall and43 meters wide) of Horsley fascinates tourists as well.
  21. 21. Horsley Hills or Enugu Mallamma KondaInnumerable indigenous and itinerant birds sing in concert in the enamoring valley.Cronba, Golla, Chenchu and many more tribes are the natural dwellers of thetraditional Horsley hills.Nature has to offer endless joy to the nature lovers. Besides the naturalness of theHorsley hills, nature lovers should also take the pleasure in the charming SriVenkateshwar National Park (138 km), mesmerizing Koundina Wildlife sanctuary (87km) and hypnotic Talkonda Biosphere Reserve (114 km).Don’t forget to visit Madanapalli, located at an elevation of 746 meters. The placeoffers a fascinating natural locale in the middle of much needed serenity. Hrishi valleyschool amidst the majestic nature is quite popular in the proximity. The Durga orBaminidevi temple on the adjoining Baminikonda hills
  22. 22. Gurramkonda was one of the Hill-Fort of the Vijayanagara kingdomunder King Sree Krishna Deva Konda means Hill andRaya. Origin of the name:- Gurram means Horse.There is also a tomb for TippuSultans maternal uncle Maqbeera,similar to most Islamic tombs built inIndia. Local lore states that alarge deposit of diamonds andprecious rocks were spread bythe king across the hill when thekingdom was attacked. Evennow,locals believe treasure is hiddenaround the foot of the hill.
  23. 23. Papagni originate in Karnatakaand flows through Chittoor toturn to Anantapur
  24. 24. Kaundinya River inside the kaundinyaSanctuary Kaundinya is the only sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh Kaundinya is the only sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh with elephants in its expanse. Thirty-nine elephants with elephants in its expanse. Thirty-nine elephants migrated from the forests of Tamil Nadu and migrated from the forests of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka and moved to the forests of Andhra Karnataka and moved to the forests of Andhra Pradesh. It was then, that Kaundinya Wildlife Pradesh. It was then, that Kaundinya Wildlife Sanctuary was established by the Indian government. Sanctuary was established by the Indian government. Today, it houses around 50 elephants and other Today, it houses around 50 elephants and other animal species like Tigers, Pumas, Pea Fowls, Sloth animal species like Tigers, Pumas, Pea Fowls, Sloth Bears, Porcupine, Bison, Land Tortoise, Mouse Deer, Bears, Porcupine, Bison, Land Tortoise, Mouse Deer, Spotted Deer, Jungle Cat and Monitor Lizards, Spotted Deer, Jungle Cat and Monitor Lizards, amongst others. . amongst others
  25. 25. Swarnamukhi is born in Chandragiri Hills and flowsthrough the valley between Chandragiri andTirupathi and reaches Srikalahasti. From there itenters Nellore District and joins the sea ofSiddavaram.
  26. 26. KALANGI RIVER IN SPATE. ITKALANGI RIVER IN SPATE. ITGETS HEAVILY FLOODEDGETS HEAVILY FLOODEDDURING RAINY SEASONDURING RAINY SEASON
  27. 27. Paleruriver Paleru Reservoir
  28. 28. ARANI RIVER
  29. 29. Ch eyyer uR I V ER NEW BRIDGE ON Cheyyeru RIVER
  30. 30. Tirupati is the world famous, and the temple town Tirupati is the world famous, and the temple townpositioned in the Chittoor region of AP (Andhra positioned in the Chittoor region of AP (AndhraPradesh). The further name of such tourist spot is Pradesh). The further name of such tourist spot isTirumala, which is famous for the Sri Tirumala, which is famous for the SriVenkateshwara Temple. Tirupati temple is aavery Venkateshwara Temple. Tirupati temple is verypopular and richest temple of India. Here devotees popular and richest temple of India. Here devoteesadmire the Lord Vishnu as Balaji. Tirumala town is admire the Lord Vishnu as Balaji. Tirumala town islocated on hills so sightseers can take pleasure of located on hills so sightseers can take pleasure ofthe natural scenery of South India as well. The the natural scenery of South India as well. Thetemple is positioned in the top hill of Tirumala. To temple is positioned in the top hill of Tirumala. Toreach the temple tourist have to cross the 77peaks reach the temple tourist have to cross the peaksof Sapthagiri hills. of Sapthagiri hills.For details visit this site http://www.tirumala.o For details visit this site http://www.tirumala.
  31. 31. This book has lot of interesting facts,details and photos. The author a part froma M.A and Ph.D., I.A.S andF.R.A.S(London), and was  secondsecretary to the government of AndhraPradesh (Revenue), and the Chairman ofthe Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams.Interesting piece in his preface :- “I havealways believed that history is nothing but theevolution of a drama that is played out by society,and that the ideas and thoughts that permeate asociety, in any particular period, supply themotivating forces for their action. Hence, in myview, we have to look for a history of thought totrace correctly a history of events, and deduce froma critical review of history of events, the evolutionof a history of thought. In our country, such apreoccupation, would inevitably lead to a study ofthe impact on society, of religion, which hascontributed towards major shifts in the history ofhuman thought, and thereby helped to shapeworld history.”
  32. 32.  Tirumala temple in the Post Vijayanagara period, I found what I was looking for, but with a colossal surprise in store! This chapterdescribes the vandalism of temples by the cavalry of Sutan Abdulla Qutub Shah of Golconda, and the fear of vandalism of Tirupatiitself. The author writes –“…It appears to have had the effect of setting the stanikas of the temple, thinking out ways and meansof preserving the great shrine from the cupidity of these iconoclasts. It is to this period that we mustattribute the invention of the story of the God having borrowed money from Kubera for his marriagewith Padmavati and undertaking to pay interest to him, through the kings who hold sway over thispart of the country and the levy of fees on devotees for the several darshanams, of the institution of apilgrim tax, and charge of fess, in coin, of value equal to the presents offered to the God. This appearsto have then resulted in an average annual income of two lakhs of rupees to the shrine. Theworshippers, who were anxious to preserve the institution free from alien interference, gladly andliberally contributed towards the funds of the temple. The Sultans of Golconda and their successors,the Nabobs of the Carnatic, farmed out this revenue to Hindu renters, thus realising annually, asteady and certain income from it. They could not afford to forego such a fruitful source of revenue byinterfering with the worship at the shrine. Thus was the temple saved by playing on the cupidity ofthe conquerors and the foundation for the great temple laid.The temple authorities seem to have put upa convincing story of the debt to Kubera, by actually preparing a bond relating to the transaction,which, the archakas say, is preserved even to this day. Whatever be the truth, the temple archakas ofthat period are entitled to the eternal gratitude of posterity, for this daring piece of diplomacy, which,while conciliating the cupidity of alien rulers, made it in their own interest to preserve the shrinefrom harm.” from ‘The Tirumala Temple’, written by Dr.N.Ramesan.
  33. 33. Also read the following links and booksThe name Venkateshwara can be split into multiple parts in Sanskrit: Vem (Destroy), Kata (Sin), and Ishwara (Supreme Lord). 1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tirumala_Venkateswara_Temple2] The History of Shri Tirupati Balaji Venkateswara from the Puranas -- By Swami Gaurangapada
  34. 34. Srinivasa Mangapuram is 12km from tirupati. The deity here is the replica of themain diety Lord venkateswara in Tirumala. After marriage Lord visited Sage Agastya here. As requested by the sage the Lord stayed here for six months before proceeding for  the tirumala hills. TheLord here is said to the varaprasaadi for all who hasfacing obstacles/delay in marriage. Also saidthat  those who cannot climb theTirumalafor Lord’s ‘darshan’ could visit the ‘sthala’ at the foot of Tirumala and theywould get the same benefit.This festival is considered to be as important on par with the annualbrahmotsavams. The temple administration of TTD has all set to celebrate thisfestival in a big way this year considering its significance.
  35. 35. Sri Padmavati Devi Alayam (Alamelu Sri Padmavati Devi Alayam (AlameluMangapuram), located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) Mangapuram), located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)south of Tirupati, is an important temple south of Tirupati, is an important templewhich is visited by every pilgrim who visits which is visited by every pilgrim who visitsTirupati. It is this temple that houses the Tirupati. It is this temple that houses thespouses of the Lord, Sri Padmavathi Devi spouses of the Lord, Sri Padmavathi Devi(Alamelu Mangamma) and Thayaru. (Alamelu Mangamma) and Thayaru.According to the legends, the goddess According to the legends, the goddessPadmavathi was born in a tank called Padmavathi was born in a tank calledPushakarini at this place. The temples of Sri Pushakarini at this place. The temples of SriKrishna Swamy and Sri Sundara Raja Krishna Swamy and Sri Sundara RajaSwamy are also inside the complex Swamy are also inside the complex
  36. 36. This temple is in Tirupati This temple is in Tirupatinear to the railway near to the railwaystation.Apart from Sri station.Apart from SriGovindaraja Swamys Govindaraja Swamys,The temple complex ,The temple complexalso houses the shrines also houses the shrinesof Andal Ammavaru,Sri of Andal Ammavaru,SriKrishna ,Sri Ramanuja Krishna ,Sri RamanujaThirumangai Alwar,Sri Thirumangai Alwar,SriVedanta Desika, Sri Vedanta Desika, SriLakshmi and Sri Lakshmi and SriManevala ManevalaMahamunlu.The Mahamunlu.TheBramhotsavam of Bramhotsavam ofGovindaraja Swamy Govindaraja Swamyduring the month of during the month ofmay- may-june( Vaisakha),attracts june( Vaisakha),attractsaalarge number of large number ofdevotees every year devotees every yearSaint Ramanujacharya Saint Ramanujacharyaconsecrated the temple consecrated the templein 1130 AD in 1130 AD
  37. 37. Sri Kodanda Rama Swami Temple is alsosituated in Tirupati. This temple housesthe shrines of Lord Rama, Sita, andLakshmana. The beautiful idols of thistemple are famous
  38. 38. The Holy Temple of The Holy Temple of Kapila Theertham is the Kapila Theertham is the only temple dedicated only temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in the holy to Lord Shiva in the holy temple cities of Tirupati temple cities of Tirupati and Tirumala that and Tirumala that abound with temples of abound with temples of the Vaishnavait Deity the Vaishnavait Deity Vishnu. Vishnu.This huge temple stands at the entrance to aamountain cave in one This huge temple stands at the entrance to mountain cave in oneof the steep and vertical faces at the foot of the amazing hills of of the steep and vertical faces at the foot of the amazing hills ofTirumala, where the waters of the mountain stream falls as aahuge Tirumala, where the waters of the mountain stream falls as hugewaterfall. One of the holiest of Hindu saints, Saint Kapila waterfall. One of the holiest of Hindu saints, Saint KapilaMaharshi, was said to have lived here, worshipped, and Maharshi, was said to have lived here, worshipped, andmeditated in this very cave before the idol of Lord Shiva and hence meditated in this very cave before the idol of Lord Shiva and hencethe name "Kapila theertham", the word "theertham" meaning aaholy the name "Kapila theertham", the word "theertham" meaning holylake or holy pond that formed due to the waterfalls. lake or holy pond that formed due to the waterfalls.Kapila Maharshi was aaVedic sage and an incarnation of Kapila Maharshi was Vedic sage and an incarnation ofSupreme Godhead Vishnu, credited as one of the founders of the Supreme Godhead Vishnu, credited as one of the founders of theSamkhya school of philosophy. He is prominent in the Bhagavata Samkhya school of philosophy. He is prominent in the BhagavataPurana, which features aatheistic version of his Samkhya Purana, which features theistic version of his Samkhyaphilosophy. Traditional Hindu sources describe him as aa philosophy. Traditional Hindu sources describe him asdescendant of Manu, aagrandson of Brahma. The Bhagavad Gita descendant of Manu, grandson of Brahma. The Bhagavad Gitadepicts Kapila as aayogi hermit with highly developed siddhis, or depicts Kapila as yogi hermit with highly developed siddhis, or Nammalvarspiritual powers. spiritual powers. and Aanjaneya
  39. 39. Ardhagiri Sri Veeranjaneya Swamy Temple is located one and a half km. up of the hill in Aragonda village, Thavanampalle Mandal, Chittor District, Andhra Pradesh, 15 km away from Kanipakam.   Though the kshetram is 300 years old During the battle Lakshmana, younger brother of Rama was battling with Ravana. He became unconscious when one of the arrows of Ravana hit him. So the Physician wanted a herb known as "Sanjeevani" to resurrect Lakshmana. Hanuman went to the Himalayas in no time. But he could not differentiate between the various herbs and plants available. So He just plucked the entire mountain and carried back to the place where Lakshmana was lying unconscious.   During this journey, it is believed that a piece of rock from the mountain fell into the tank. Since a piece of mountain fell here it got its name of Ardhagiri or Arakonda. The striking feature of the moolavigraha (Main deity) is that it faces towards north, which is a rarity. The first says of the sun; fall on the feet of the Lord. Gradually the sunrays disappear after reaching the head of the lord. Ardhagiri (a famous Lord Anjaneya Swamy Temple) is near the village. Also, has temples viz., Shiva Temple, Sri Rama Temple, Chinna Gudi (Vinayaka Swamy, Subramanya Swamy, Ayyappa Swamy, Nava grahamulu, nelli chettu, naga devatha), satyamma, nagula raallu, church, masjid and more.In Ardhagiri, it is believed that Sanjeevaraya Pushkarini (pond containing theholy water) never gets dried nor spoiled, even when kept for long periods oftime. When devotees drink this theerham (or holy water) from the SanjeevarayaPushkarini, all types of diseases are getting cured. It is believed that the tank never dries up and the water contains medicinalproperties. The water when stored stays fresh for a long time. It’s true. It’s morethan a month since I have brought the water from the tank and it is still fresh.usually water when kept in a container for more than three or four days doesnot stay fresh. This water when consumed is believed to cure all diseases evenacute cases. This has been proved in the cases of Psoriasis, initial stages ofTB, asthma, cancer & joint pains. The experiences of the patients who werecured have been recorded and they stand as testimony to it. This water is most powerful medicine for our health. Water has the green colorand sweet to taste. This water is generated from trees so it is a ayurvedicmedicine
  40. 40. Yelleswaragutta - mysterious island is located on Krishna river, upstream to Nagarjuna sagar. It issituated very near to famous Nagarjunakonda. There is no fixed transport facility to reach this island. This islandis actually a hill and there is one Siva temple on the top of the hill. The temple will be opened once in a year andduring that period at least 5000 people visit that temple. The temple which is situated on the top of the hill isopened only for one week during Sivarathri. During that time boat facility will be there from Anupu for theconvenience of the locals who visit the temple. Apart from that one week, island will be completely isolated andno one except some fishermen visit this island during rest of the year. One can reach this island only in summer,because of the water in Krishna river is low .
  41. 41. Rock Garden at Orvakal In ChittoorThese igneous rock formations, spread over approximately 1000acres are located on the NH-18 highway road from Hyderabad toChittoor, about 20 km from Kurnool city towards Tirupati. At thissite, there is an APTDC run natural “Rock Garden Restaurant” tofacilitate to highway tourists.
  42. 42. Silathoranam is a natural rock formation in the form of an arch,near the Chakra Tirtham.Silathoranam is a natural rock formation in the form of an arch,near the Chakra Tirtham. Geologists have identified the rocks onthe hill as pre-Cambrian, and this arch formation suggests anantiquity of several million years to the Tirumala hill.It is said that there are only two other natural rock arches of suchgreat antiquity in the world
  43. 43. Kangundi Fort In Chittoor,Andhra PradeshKangundi is located at adistance of 16 kilometers fromKuppam on the Kuppam -Vijalapuram Road. It has agreat historical significancesince it features an 11thcentury ruined fort, beautifultemples of excellent artisticvalue, other structures ofarcheological
  44. 44. Koneti Rayala Swamy Templealso known as VenkateswaraTemple) is a Hindu temple ofLord Venkateswara in thevillage of Keelapatla,Andhra Pradesh, India.The temple was constructedby the regents of Pallavakings in the ninth and tenthcenturies.Main Gopuram at KeelapatlaTemple The idols of LordVenkateshwara at Tirumalaand at Keelapatla village are
  45. 45. Dhurjati (or Dhoorjati) (c. 15th and 16th centuries, CE) was a Telugu poet in the court of the king Krishnadevaraya.He was born to Singamma andNarayana in Sri Kalahasti. His works are to the praise of the God Shiva. Hisfamous works include Sri Kalahasteeshwara Mahatyam (The grace/miracles oflord Shiva) and Sri Kalahasteeshwara Satakam(100+ poems in the praise of lordShiva).He was known as Pedda Dhurjati (Elder in Telugu) Dhurjati as there werefour other people from the same family line who went by the name of Dhurjatiduring the same period and after him. His grandson VenkatarayaDhurjati wrote IndumatiParinayam(marriage of Indumati), a story from Kalidasas Raghuvamsam. He isalso credited with many chatuvus, stand alone extempore poems. Like othercontemporaries during Prabandha period, he has taken themes from Puranas and added local stories and myths in his work. Unlike his contemporaries likePeddana and Mallana, who have chosen the stories of kings for their works, hechoose devotion as the theme of his fiction.Krishnadevaraya has praised Dhurjati in the following way "Stutimati yainaAndhrakavi Dhurjati palkulakelagalgeno yetulita madhuri mahima...." (How is Dhurjatispoetry so immeasurably beautiful
  46. 46. Goddess Gangamma is the incarnation of Shakti. Located atChowdepalli, Chittoor District, Near Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh,this temple is dedicated to the sister of Lord Venkateswara.Centuries ago the tribals Boyas and Yelikas lived in the forestarea around the hillock. They stood up and resented therepressive and automatic rule of the Nawabs. They retaliatedagainst the Muslim soldiers and chased them. The GolcondaNawab rushed additional troops to crush the revolt. Boyatribals could not withstand the onslaught of the Muslim armyand fled into the forest and prostrated near the hillock andprayed Almighty to save them. The spirit of the GoddessShakti descended from the hillock, shielded the tribals andcrushed the Nawabs army. Local people say that the Shaktihas tied the heads of soldiers to banyan tree branches. In the event of victory Boyas built the Gangamma temple,which saved them against evil forces and became famous forcenturies. There is a huge well below the temple, and thewater is believed to cure many skin ailments. Local peoplebelieve that the Pushkarini water is very powerful, andsprinkling it in the field will yield good crop. Devotees can testwhether their wishes will be fulfilled by placing a flower on thehead of the deity. Locals believe that if the flower falls on theright side it is positive and negative if it falls on the left. Once a year the temple Navartri festival brings in lakhs ofpeople from all over India, particularly the south.
  47. 47. Madanapalle is best known as the birthplace of the great philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurthi. It was here that Rabindranath Tagore translated the national anthem from Bengali into English Tagores hand written copy of the national anthem in English, which is preserved at the Besant Theosophical College library.Rabindranath Tagores connection with Madanapalle is interesting. He penned Indiasnational anthem in 1911 and recited it at the Calcutta (now Kolkata) session of the IndianNational Congress on December 27. It was at Madanapalle, in February 1919, that it wasset to the tune in which it is now sung.Margaret Cousins, wife of James H. Cousins, the then Principal of the BesantTheosophical College, attempted to compose the tune when Tagore came on a sojourn.A music teacher by profession, she tried a number of notations before arriving at thetune that won Tagores approval. On January 24, 1950, the Constituent Assemblyadopted the song, in its Hindi version, as the national anthem
  48. 48. Madanapalle was ruled by VijayanagaraPalegars namely Basavanna andMadanna. In memory of their names, thetwo hills on the east of Madanapalle werenamed as “Madanna Hill” and “BasavannaHill” which gradually transformed toMadinikonda and Basinikonda.Madanapalle is famous for agriculturalproducts such as tomato, mango,groundnut, tamarind etc., Famous for silkand silk products like sarees and othercasuals. The quality of silk product isrecognisable.Madanapalle surroundings haveenormous reserves of granite. Peoplefrom different parts of state and countrycome here for buying pure silk sarees.Neerugattuvaripalle is a street inMADANAPALLE which is famous for silkshops.
  49. 49. Composer of Maa Telugu Talliki Sankarambadi Sundarachari (Telugu,  : శ్రంకరంబాడి స్తుందరాచారి), was a Telugu writerstate anthem and poet, born He was born near the Padmavathi temple in Tiruchanur Andhra Pradesh. In 1942, he for has penned Maa Telugu Talliki, state anthem for Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh. The music for the lyrics were composed by Tanguturi Suryakumari and S. Balasaraswathi. It was also used in the film ‘Deenabandhu with Chittoor V. Nagaiah in the lead. He penned a different version of Ramayana by the name Sundara Ramayanam. Later on, he also wrote Sundara Bharatam, besides half-a-dozen other works. Unfortunately, none of his works are available for reprint, even with senior scholars,  libraries  or relatives .With this, posterity is denied the opportunity of studying his great works.He used to engage a renowned scholar of his time, Kapistalam Srirangachary in (friendly) literary duels and discuss politics with  Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar, former Lok Sabha speaker, both of whom resided in the same street. With his wife going mentally unstable, the poet started leading a wayward life towards the end of his life when he had to miss a lot of opportunities and recognition in life.
  50. 50. Kaigal falls called in Telugu as DumukurallaWater Falls. because of its sound resemblingthe fall of stones from above.
  51. 51. There are several natural ponds below the falls. Its situation in There are several natural ponds below the falls. Its situation in aaforest gives it and added advantage with natural unspoilt forest gives it and added advantage with natural unspoilt surroundings with plenty of exotic birds, shrubs, trees and surroundings with plenty of exotic birds, shrubs, trees and wildlife. wildlife. The falls is formed by the Kaigal stream which is one of the The falls is formed by the Kaigal stream which is one of the two streams to flow in the Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary, the two streams to flow in the Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary, the other being Koudinya stream. other being Koudinya stream.Kaigal village is situated on the Kuppam – Palamaner Highway. As Kaigal village is situated on the Kuppam – Palamaner Highway. Asyou drive from Kuppam the village comes on the right site and the you drive from Kuppam the village comes on the right site and thefall is about 2.5 kilometres from the village. There is a mud road fall is about 2.5 kilometres from the village. There is a mud roadleading to very close to the falls from where a short distance of walk leading to very close to the falls from where a short distance of walkwill take you to the falls. Best season to visit is between June and will take you to the falls. Best season to visit is between June andOctober during the peak rain season. The falls is particularly October during the peak rain season. The falls is particularlypopular picnic destination for people from surrounding areas. its popular picnic destination for people from surrounding areas. itsvery vast falls in AP. very vast falls in AP.Weather: Kaigal valley enjoys good weather all through the year. Weather: Kaigal valley enjoys good weather all through the year.Summer months do get hot sometimes. (April, May, June Summer months do get hot sometimes. (April, May, JuneYou can stay in the near by chittoor. If you are a bit adventurous You can stay in the near by chittoor. If you are a bit adventurousand enjoy staying in the wild u can contact the Forest department and enjoy staying in the wild u can contact the Forest departmentand stay in the Forest guest house. and stay in the Forest guest house.Divisional Forest Officer (West), Chittoor, Phone : 08572-232458
  52. 52. Keelapatla Palamaner, in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh is Palamaner, in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh is preferred for its Climate which varies between 12-28 preferred for its Climate which varies between 12-28 degrees all round the year, even in Summer Season degrees all round the year, even in Summer Season which is very pleasant. Hence Palamaner is called the which is very pleasant. Hence Palamaner is called the Poormans Ooty of Andhra Pradesh and preferred Poormans Ooty of Andhra Pradesh and preferred Summer spot from the British times itself. Palmaner is Summer spot from the British times itself. Palmaner is located on the NH4.The East side of Palamaner has aa located on the NH4.The East side of Palamaner has Gantavoor village (famous for pottery works) and Gantavoor village (famous for pottery works) and Anjaneya Swamy temple. Keelapatla is one of the most Anjaneya Swamy temple. Keelapatla is one of the most famous historical temples that is located 8 km towards famous historical temples that is located 8 km towards the northeast of Palamaner. Konetiraya Swamy is the the northeast of Palamaner. Konetiraya Swamy is the deity of the temple. The statue of Konetiraya Swamy deity of the temple. The statue of Konetiraya Swamy was found from the pond (Koneru) near the temple. was found from the pond (Koneru) near the temple. The famous Telugu poet Annamayya has also written The famous Telugu poet Annamayya has also written poems praising this God as (Kondalalo nelakonna poems praising this God as (Kondalalo nelakonnaPalmaner koneti Rayudu vadu). koneti Rayudu vadu). Varadaraja Swamy Temple - -Kurmai is located 44KMs Varadaraja Swamy Temple Kurmai is located KMs from Palamaner, Varadaraja Swamy Temple is the from Palamaner, Varadaraja Swamy Temple is the most famous historical temple , ,this is built by Pallava most famous historical temple this is built by Pallava Rajas with lifting big stones. Every year during the Rajas with lifting big stones. Every year during the month of May , ,10 days Jatara will be performed here, month of May 10 days Jatara will be performed here, large number of people participates near by large number of people participates near by villages.The temple is maintained by the people of villages.The temple is maintained by the people of kurmai.This temple has aahistorical value. There is Lord kurmai.This temple has historical value. There is Lord Shivas temple in the same village. The idol of Lord Shivas temple in the same village. The idol of Lord Shiva was found in the field 1n 1990s as ititwas buried Shiva was found in the field 1n 1990s as was buried by the historians due to some reasons. Hence the by the historians due to some reasons. Hence the temple was built. This temple is visited by many people temple was built. This temple is visited by many people from different parts especially on Mondays. from different parts especially on Mondays.
  53. 53. Fondly known as Chittoor-ar in Carnatic music circles, was instrumental in starting the annual Tyagaraja Fondly known as Chittoor-ar in Carnatic music circles, was instrumental in starting the annual TyagarajaUtsavam at Tirupati, where the title, ‘Sapthagiri Sangeetha Vidwanmani’ was awarded to deserving musicians. Utsavam at Tirupati, where the title, ‘Sapthagiri Sangeetha Vidwanmani’ was awarded to deserving musicians.Chittoor Subramanyam also composed aanumber of songs in Telugu. His famous compositions of Chittoor Chittoor Subramanyam also composed number of songs in Telugu. His famous compositions of ChittoorSubramanyam are as follows:"Madhura Nagarilo Challanamma Bovu..." ––Ragam: Ananda Bhairavi, Talam: Subramanyam are as follows:"Madhura Nagarilo Challanamma Bovu..." Ragam: Ananda Bhairavi, Talam:Adi;"Mavallagadamma, Devi Yashoda..." ––Ragam: Mandu, Talam: Adi;"Kulamulona Golladana, Vayasulona...." –– Adi;"Mavallagadamma, Devi Yashoda..." Ragam: Mandu, Talam: Adi;"Kulamulona Golladana, Vayasulona...."Ragam: Hindu Bhairavi, Talam: Rupakam;"Amma Yasodha Nee Koduku Duduku..." ––Ragam: Mandu, Talam: Ragam: Hindu Bhairavi, Talam: Rupakam;"Amma Yasodha Nee Koduku Duduku..." Ragam: Mandu, Talam:Adi. Chittoor Subramanyam (Telugu: చితూ ్రీర్రీస్తుబర హమ ్రీం) was born to Shri Perayya and Smt Mogilamma, on Adi. Chittoor Subramanyam (Telugu: చితూ ్రీర్రీ ్రీహమ ణ్య was born to Shri Perayya and Smt Mogilamma, on తత స్తుబర్రీ ్రీణ్యం) ్రీ ్రీ22 June 1898 in aavillage near Punganur town in Palamaner Taluk, Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. 22 June 1898 in village near Punganur town in Palamaner Taluk, Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh.Shri Chittoor Subramanyam had his first lessons in carnatic music from his own father Perayya and mother Shri Chittoor Subramanyam had his first lessons in carnatic music from his own father Perayya and motherMogilamma and later became disciple of the legend Shri Kanjeevaram Nayana Pillai of Kancheepuram. [3] Under Mogilamma and later became disciple of the legend Shri Kanjeevaram Nayana Pillai of Kancheepuram. [3] UnderNayana Pillais tutelage, Subramanyam learnt and honed his musical genius by doing Gurukula seva to his Guru Nayana Pillais tutelage, Subramanyam learnt and honed his musical genius by doing Gurukula seva to his Guru(teacher/master) for more than two decades. (teacher/master) for more than two decades.Right from the age of 55years, Subramnayam started performing Harikathas (musical rendition of aamythology) Right from the age of years, Subramnayam started performing Harikathas (musical rendition of mythology)and music performances. After his training under Shir Nayana Pillai, Chittoor Subramanyam, started his major and music performances. After his training under Shir Nayana Pillai, Chittoor Subramanyam, started his majorperformances from his 20th year. performances from his 20th year.
  54. 54. Chittoor Subramanyam settled in Madras (now Chennai) and was giving innumerable concerts allover India. He was a leading carnatic vocalist for more than half a century. He had been the Headof Music Department, Annamalai University, connected with the music boards and committees ofvarious Universities in South India, State and Central Governments.He was well known for his repertoire of Thyagaraja Keerthanas (compositions) and mastery of Laya(rhythm). He had his own style called Kancheepuram School. He was popular in Swaraprasthanamand Kalapramanam, noted for singing very rare keerthanas of Thyagaraja, Muthuswamy Dikshitarand other legendary composers.Chittoor Subramanyam, as a person, his generosity knew no bounds. He never commercialised hisgreat art. He imparted his musical genius seriously and wholeheartedly to his disciples in hisGurukulam. He believed that Bhasha Dwesham (language differentiation), Kula Dwesham (castedifferentiation) or Matha Dwesham (religious differentiations) should not come in the way ofteaching and learning divine music.Many of Shri Chittoor Subramanyams disciples became well-known carnatic musicians. Notedamong his disciples are – Shri Madurai Somasundaram (deceased), Shri Bombay SRamachandran, Shri Chittoor Ramachandran (deceased), Smt T T Seetha, Shri TadepalliLokanatha Sarma, his daughter, now an eminent musician Smt Revathy Ratnaswamy etc. Astudent of the great maestro Shri Nayana Pillai, a carnatic musical legend from Kancheevaram,Chittoor Subramanyam apart from being a great performing artist, was a great messenger ofCarnatic music. His primary asset was his rich voice which has as much depth in it as width, lending to his music agreat dimension profoundly marked with both scholarship and spiritualism. His forte was hiscommand on laya and he proved himself an outstanding exponent in rendering Ragam, Thanamand Pallavi (an exquisite art, in the current generation, no one has been able to master it orperform).At a time when technology of recording was in an infant stage, the two Columbia Records [ he cut,containing his own compositions like – Madhura nagarilo Challanamma bonu..., Kulamulona
  55. 55. He held prestigious faculty positions at:– Principal, The Annamalai University Music College, Chidambaram;– Principal, Sri Venkatesware College of Music and Dance, Tirupathi;– Professor of Music, The Central College of Music, Madras;– Principal, The Rajas College of Music, Thiruvayar;– Principal, The Ramanathan Music Academy, Jaffna, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)Chittoor Subramanyam was recipient of a number of prestigious titles. Some ofthem are given below:"Sangeetha Kalanidhi", in 1954, by Music Academy, Madras (now Chennai)"Sangeet Natak Akademi Puraskar",in 1964 by Sangeet Natak Akademi, IndiasNational Academy of Music, Dance & Drama."Gana Kala Prapoorna", by A.P.Sangeetha Nataka Academy"Swara Chakravarthi","Laya Brahma","Isai Perarignar", by Tamil Isai Sangam, Madras (now Chennai)"Sapthagiri Sangeetha Vidwanmani", by Thyagarja Utsavam Committee,Tirupathi"Isai Mannar"
  56. 56. Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy  (December 10, 1880 –– Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy  (December 10, 1880February 24, 1951), also popularly known as Sir C.R. February 24, 1951), also popularly known as Sir C.R.Reddy, was an educationist and political thinker, essayist Reddy, was an educationist and political thinker, essayistand economist, and poet and literary critic. He wrote his and economist, and poet and literary critic. He wrote hisworks in Telugu and English, which reveal his deep love works in Telugu and English, which reveal his deep loveand learning of classics as well as modernity of his outlook. and learning of classics as well as modernity of his outlook.Reddy was the foremost educationalist who played aamajor Reddy was the foremost educationalist who played majorrole in shaping the educational policy in India. He was also role in shaping the educational policy in India. He was alsothe recipient of Knighthood by the British crown in honour of the recipient of Knighthood by the British crown in honour ofhis service to the country. his service to the country.He was the founder of Andhra University and also served He was the founder of Andhra University and also servedas its Vice-Chancellor from 1926 to 1931 and in a further as its Vice-Chancellor from 1926 to 1931 and in a furthersecond term from 1936 to 1949. second term from 1936 to 1949.Reddy was born in Cattamanchi, a suburb of Chittoor Reddy was born in Cattamanchi, a suburb of ChittoorK.R Srinivasa Iyengar, in his book "Essays and Addresses", K.R Srinivasa Iyengar, in his book "Essays and Addresses",describes Reddy as a great educationist, a first-class describes Reddy as a great educationist, a first-classteacher, humanist, aabold thinker and a reformer. teacher, humanist, bold thinker and a reformer.Reddys lectures on `University reforms delivered in Reddys lectures on `University reforms delivered inMadras under the presidency of Dr S. Subramania Iyer, S. Madras under the presidency of Dr S. Subramania Iyer, S.Srinivasa Iyengar and T. V. Seshagiri Iyer had set the tone Srinivasa Iyengar and T. V. Seshagiri Iyer had set the tonefor university reforms in India. His major works 1. for university reforms in India. His major works 1.Arthashastra 2.Vijnana Chandrika series Arthashastra 2.Vijnana Chandrika series
  57. 57. Chandragiri fort is situated in a small town called Chandragiri near worldrenowned pilgrim centre Tirupati. King Sri Krishna Devaraya, constructed thisfort. He used it as his guest house

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