Code   DistrictAD     AdilabadAN     AnantapurCH     ChittoorEG     East GodavariGU     GunturHY     HyderabadCU     Kadap...
GeographyIt is the largest district of Andhra Pradesh spanning an area of 19,130 square kilometres (7,390sq mi), comparati...
Anantapur District was part of one of the most powerful and rich kingdoms of south India - TheVijayanagara Kingdom. Penuko...
Origin of name of ananthapur :-Anantasagaram meaning "EndlessOcean". is an old reservoir in Anantapur. In fact, the city d...
Anantapur District has been divided into three Revenue Divisions consisting of 63 Revenue Anantapur District has been divi...
Lepakshi Temple-There are also ample stories floating in the air inside the temple wallsabout the divine couple Rama and S...
Lepakshi temple- Half akilometer from the temple, justby the road stands the statue ofNandi carved from red granite. Itis ...
Lepakshi templeNagalingesvara Carvedout of a natural boulder tothe west of the shrine,this seven-hooded Nagashelters a bla...
Lepakshi temple has many specialities like rock chain, Vastu Purush, Padmini race Lady,Hanging Pillar, Durga Paadam, Lepak...
Penna Ahobilam Situated near Anantapur, Penna Ahobilam is renowned for its Lord Narasimha Swamy Temple. The shrine present...
PenukondaPenukonda, meaning Big Hill, is a small town in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh. As perancient inscriptions ...
Penukonda Fort is a colossal structure, whose each and every stoneboasts of the royalty of the erstwhile era. Penukonda is...
Sri Uttaradi Mutt ,, PenukondaSri Uttaradi Mutt PenukondaThe temple (Brindavan) of Sri Veda Vyasa Teertha Swamiji theThe t...
Sri Kaleshwar Ashram ,,Sri Kaleshwar AshramPenukondaPenukonda
Kumbhakarna GardensPenukonda
Relics of Narasimha SwamyRelics of Narasimha SwamyTemple on Penukonda HilTemple on Penukonda Hil
Hazrat Syedna Khwaja Baba Fakhruddin Suharwardy  Hazrat Syedna Khwaja Baba Fakhruddin SuharwardyHazrath Baba Fakruddin was...
PENUKONDA SHIVAPENUKONDA SHIVATEMPLETEMPLE
The Parshwanatha Temple depicts the combination of Hindu andJain religious structures. This temple was built in 12th centu...
Gooty is a small Gooty is a smalltown, known for town, known forembracing one of embracing one ofthe oldest forts of the o...
Gooty fort has acquired historical Gooty fort has acquired historicalprominence. prominence. It lies on the Anantapuram-Hy...
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple  at KadiriKadri is aasmall settlement situated at aadistance of 90 kms from Anantapur. ...
Bugga Ramalingeshwara Temple .Tadipatri                                          Tadipatri is a hamlet that               ...
Chintala Venkataramana Temple , TadipatriTadipatri is a                hamletthat boasts of           many interestingreli...
Thimmamma MarrimanuLocated 120 km from Anantapur, Thimmamma Marrimanu has thedistinction of being the worlds largest banya...
Alur is a small village at a                         Alur is a small village at aAlur Ranganatha Swamy   distance of about...
Alur Naga Waterfall of Mount Jerai
Hemavathi FortHemavathi once was the capital of Pallavas. Hemavathi once was the capital of Pallavas.The place has aaremar...
Raidurga Fort is a primeval structure, which had a considerablerole in the history of the Vijayanagar Empire. The impregna...
Raidurga literally means "Kings Hill Fortress". The Raidurga Fort played avery significant role in the history of the Vija...
The fort area contains most of the templesof the village including those ofNarashimhaswamy, Hanuman, andElamma, which are ...
ISKCON TEMPLE: This temple is nearAnantapur and is shaped in form of achariot. The building is in pink color butduring the...
Sri KullaiSwamyChavidi.Gugudu: The village in Narpala Gugudu: The village in Narpala           Temple of Lord Hanuman is s...
Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu or Googoodu Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu or Googooduyou may wonder whether it is ...
Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu or Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu orGoogoodu contd ….But the pir spelt trouble for ...
Sri Vyasaraja Tirtha and KasapuramDuring 1509-1530 AD when Vijaya Nagar was ruled by Sri Krishnadevaraya , in his spiritua...
Katarupalli- yogi Vemana Katarupalli- yogi VemanaThis is the place where yogi Vemana was buried. This is the place where y...
Vemana was the third and youngest son of Gaddam Vema, then the king of Kondaveedu inpresent-day Andhra Pradesh. He was nam...
SanjeevapuramSanjeevapuramKati Koteswara Kshetram, located near this village, a part of Kati Koteswara Kshetram, located n...
Peddavaduguru:-Panchaloha Peddavaduguru:-Panchalohavigtrahas (idols created from five vigtrahas (idols created from fiveme...
Dharmavaram DharmavaramIt is famous for silk sarees and has a It is famous for silk sarees and has agreat past. There is h...
PAMIDI:- The name "Pamidi" is derived from the PAMIDI:- The name "Pamidi" is derived from thewords "Pamu Mudi" (in the Ind...
Kalyandurg was under the rule of Sri Krishnadevaraya and was a part of Vijayanagara Kalyandurg was under the rule of Sri K...
Enumaladoddi:This is a village located 12 miles south of Kalyandurg and is well situatedamidst hills. Enumaladoddi is havi...
Chitrachedu:Chitrachedu lies at a distance of 9 miles fromPamadi on the northern bank of Penneru. Ithas become famous, as ...
Bhyravani ThippaBhyravani Thippa is situated 28 miles fromKalyandurg and is named after Bhairava whosetemple lies on the h...
Ramappa banda is a small beautiful sivatemple on top of very big rock ,approx 7 kmfrom Kalyandurg near to Mudigallu villag...
Akkammavarla TempleThis small temple is considered very holy andloacted near to very big hill (This hill looks likea sleep...
Sri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy TempleSri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy temple islocated at the heart of the Town. This templeis built...
Jambu Dweepa    The Jain Mythical cosmographical                 The Jain Mythical cosmographicalJambu Dweepa    diagram o...
Puttaparthi-PrashantiNilayam of Sri Satya Sai baba
Entrance to Puttaparthi
Entrance to prashanti nilayam
Satyabhama Devi temple atputtaparthi .Satyabhama was theconsort of Lord Krishna. The temple isbuilt the by the grandfather...
Venu Gopala Swami (Lord Krishna) Temple .Here Venugoplala swami is self-manifested .According to a legend, the village was...
Chitravati RiverThe river Chitravati has its origin in the Nandi Hills which come nearChikballapur, 50 kilometers from Ban...
The Pennar river near the Gandikota fort                                           Pennar river at                        ...
The Vedavathi is a river in India. It rises from the Western Ghats and flowsthrough the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pra...
Chithravathi River
Papagni river cuts themountain and makes abeautiful pass in plains
SWARNAMUKI RIVER      Swarnamukhi is born in Chandragiri Hills and      flows through the valley between Chandragiri      ...
Madabusi Santanam Raghunathan was born on August 11, 1941 at Anantapur.                   Cohomology of arithmetic groups,...
Padma Sri Kallur Subba Rao (Telugu: కలూ్రు సుబా ్రావు) was an Indian freedom activist and                                 ...
Anatapur
Anatapur
Anatapur
Anatapur
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Anatapur

  1. 1. Code DistrictAD AdilabadAN AnantapurCH ChittoorEG East GodavariGU GunturHY HyderabadCU KadapaKA KarimnagarKH KhammamKR KrishnaKU KurnoolMA MahbubnagarME MedakNA NalgondaNE NelloreNI NizamabadPR PrakasamRA RangareddySR SrikakulamVS VishakhapatnamVZ VizianagaramWA WarangalWG West Godavari
  2. 2. GeographyIt is the largest district of Andhra Pradesh spanning an area of 19,130 square kilometres (7,390sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Japans Shikoku Island. It is bounded on the north byKurnool District, on the east by Kadapa District, on the southeast by Chittoor District, and onthe southwest and west by Karnataka state. It is part of Rayalaseema region on the state. Itsnorthern and central portions are a high plateau, generally undulating, with large granite rocksor low hill ranges rising occasionally above its surface. In the southern portion of the districtthe surface is more hilly, the plateau there rising to 2 ft (0.61 m). above the sea. Six rivers flowwithin the district: Penna, Chithravathi, Vedavathi, Papagni, Swarnamukhi, and Thadakaleru.The district receives an average annual rainfall of 381 millimeters.Anantapur city is 354 km from Capital Hyderabad, 200 km from the neighboring state capitalof Bangalore. Anantapur connects Hyderabad and Bangalore through National Highway-7.Bangalore International Airport is nearest international airport to Anantapur.
  3. 3. Anantapur District was part of one of the most powerful and rich kingdoms of south India - TheVijayanagara Kingdom. Penukonda, situated 70 kms south of Anantapur town and 140 kmsnorth of Bangalore Metropolis, was the summer capital of King Krishnadevarayava, some 500years ago. In the late 19th century a well-known British forester had described the forests ofPenukonda as one of the finest summer deciduous forests in the south. The Pomegranates andSitaphal of Penukonda were well known even in the courts of Delhi. For over 700 years, fromthe Vijayanagara Rayalus to the Bahamani Kings, from Tipu Sultan and the Nizam of Hyderabadto the British, great armies had fought to keep control of this rich and fertile land. Teak andHardwikia Binata, two of the finest timber trees to grow in India, were exported from here to laythe railway line between Gudur and Madras.There also were numerous minor Tanks (Kunta)and perennial springs. Many different local varieties of rice, major and minor millets were grownhere.In contrast, today Anantapur District is on the way to becoming a desert. The hills are bare,there are hardly any forests to talk about and the famed Cheruvus and Kuntas are falling apart,the springs have dried up. Basically, it has now become a single crop district; it is the largestGroundnut growing district in the country. Groundnut, unfortunately, does not feed hungrystomachs.
  4. 4. Origin of name of ananthapur :-Anantasagaram meaning "EndlessOcean". is an old reservoir in Anantapur. In fact, the city derived itsname from the same tank. whichThe villages of Anaantasagaram andBukkarayasamudram were constructed by Chilkkavodeya, theminister of Bukka-I, a Vijayanagar ruler. Some authorities assertthat Anaantasagaram was named after Bukkas queen, while somecontend that it must have been known after Anantarasa Chikkavodeya himself, as Bukka had no queenby that name.Anantapur is familiarly known as"Hande Anantapuram" . ‘ Hande means chief of the Vijayanagarperiod. Anantapur and a few other places were gifted by theVijayanagar rulers to Hanumappa Naidu of the Hande family.Acclaimed as one of the biggest reservoirs in the district,Anantasagaram occupies an area of 2,511 acres in Anantapur andBukkarayasamudram. A fraction of the tank is known as Musalammakatta and it is said to be named after Musalamma (a lady fromBukkarayasamudram), who sacrificed herself to seal the breach inthe tank.
  5. 5. Anantapur District has been divided into three Revenue Divisions consisting of 63 Revenue Anantapur District has been divided into three Revenue Divisions consisting of 63 RevenueMandals (Anantapur Division 20, Dharmavaram Division 17 and Penukonda Division 26) Mandals (Anantapur Division 20, Dharmavaram Division 17 and Penukonda Division 26)Agali Agali Hindupur Hindupur Putlur PutlurAmadagur Amadagur Kadiri KadiriAmarapuram Amarapuram Kalyandurg Kalyandurg Puttaparthi Puttaparthi To know the To know the Ramagiri RamagiriAnantapur Anantapur Kambadur Kambadur Raptadu Raptadu villages in villages inAtmakur Atmakur Kanaganapalle Kanaganapalle Rayadurg Rayadurg Ananthapur AnanthapurBathalapalle Bathalapalle Kanekal KanekalBeluguppa Beluguppa Kothacheruvu Kothacheruvu Roddam Roddam refer refer Rolla RollaBommanahal Bommanahal Kudair Kudair Settur Settur http://wikiedit.o http://wikiedit.oBrahmasamudram Brahmasamudram Kundurpi Kundurpi Singanamala Singanamala rg/India/Ananta rg/India/AnantaBukkapatnam Bukkapatnam Lepakshi LepakshiBukkarayasamudram Bukkarayasamudram Madakasira Madakasira Somandepalle Somandepalle pur/-96/ pur/-96/ Tadimarri TadimarriChenne Kothapalle Chenne Kothapalle Mudigubba Mudigubba Tadpatri TadpatriChilamathur Chilamathur Nallacheruvu Nallacheruvu Talupula TalupulaD.Hirehal D.Hirehal Nallamada Nallamada Tanakal TanakalDharmavaram Dharmavaram Nambulapulakunta Nambulapulakunta Uravakonda UravakondaGandlapenta Gandlapenta Narpala Narpala Vajrakarur VajrakarurGarladinne Garladinne Obuladevaracheruvu Obuladevaracheruvu Vidapanakal VidapanakalGooty Gooty Pamidi Pamidi Yadiki YadikiGorantla Gorantla Parigi Parigi Yellanur YellanurGudibanda Gudibanda Peddapappur PeddapappurGummagatta Gummagatta Peddavadugur PeddavadugurGuntakal Guntakal Penu Konda Penu Konda
  6. 6. Lepakshi Temple-There are also ample stories floating in the air inside the temple wallsabout the divine couple Rama and Sita, and in fact, one of them relates to the suggestedorigin of the name Lepakshi. It is believed that when Ravana kidnapped Sita, the bravebird Jatayu fought against the evil king and died in the battle on this spot. As it laywounded, its wings cut off by Ravana, Lord Rama said with compassion, “le pakshi”(rise, o bird!) – and so, Lepakshi. Look out for the imprint of the giant footprint justoutside the kalyanamantapa, believed to have been left by Sita herself! The other andequally gory story about the name points to the brothers Veeranna and Virupanna, underKing Achutaraya of the Vijayanagara dynasty. The latter who was treasurer ofPenukonda province (today’s Anantpur) spared no expense to have the temple built the wayhe wished as a tribute to the Lord, as his mute son regained his speech after playing near theUdbhava moorthy of Shiva which was on this hillock, leading to suspicions from the king aboutembezzlement of money. In grief and in anticipation of royal punishment, Virupanna plucked out his own eyes and threw them against the wall, where the muted blood stains from centuries ago are believed to be visible even today. (By the way, the Government had these stainstested and has confirmed that they are indeed blood stains whichrefuse to be erased despite several tries!) And thus, lepa-akshi (blinded eyes).
  7. 7. Lepakshi temple- Half akilometer from the temple, justby the road stands the statue ofNandi carved from red granite. Itis 15 feet tall and 27 feet long.Yet for all its imposing size, thecarving is intricate, especially thebells around the neck bearing theroyal insignia of the Vijayanagaradynasty. And just like withHampi, each stone, each pillarand wall has a story to tell, ifonly you have the time andpatience to listen carefully. Thetemple here is built on a tortoiseshaped hillock – kurmashaila;between all the straight lines andsharp angles of the walls andpillars, there is a smoothrounded rock (the back of thetortoise) in the outer prahara.
  8. 8. Lepakshi templeNagalingesvara Carvedout of a natural boulder tothe west of the shrine,this seven-hooded Nagashelters a black-polishedlingam cradled in itsribbed coils. Asaptamatrika panel isplaced below tothe right.
  9. 9. Lepakshi temple has many specialities like rock chain, Vastu Purush, Padmini race Lady,Hanging Pillar, Durga Paadam, Lepakshi saree designs etc. On the walls of this temple, there areseveral stories like Mahabhaaratha, Ramayana etc which are well sculpted. Also on the roofthere are so many beautiful paintings done by natural colour mixtures. One more famous spotin this temple is "Eyes of Viroopaakshanna". As the history says, due to kings misunderstandingwith the temples builder, king ordered to make him blind. Hearing this, the builder plucked hisown eyes and threw at the temple walls. Till date one can find those blood scars on thatparticular wall.
  10. 10. Penna Ahobilam Situated near Anantapur, Penna Ahobilam is renowned for its Lord Narasimha Swamy Temple. The shrine presents a beautiful vista of the bubbling rivulet of Pennar. According to the legends, the temple was constructed on the footprints of Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy that measured 5 feet 3 inches. Prominent place for marriage ceremonies, this temple observes an ostentatious car festival every year. Adi Laxmi Devi Temple and Chenchu Laxmi Devi Temple are two other temples in the complex.
  11. 11. PenukondaPenukonda, meaning Big Hill, is a small town in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh. As perancient inscriptions Penukonda was called as "Ghanagiri" or "Ghanadri“. Penukonda wasbasically a summer capital of Vijayanagar Empire. Penukonda was once marked by about 365 temples, which were worshipped each day in theyear. Probably all of them seem to have vanished in the ravages of time and negligence by thefollowing generation. The temple of Lord Yoga Narasimha swami, Lord Kashi Vishwanatha, LordRama Temple and Lord Yogarama temple are some of the surviving shrines of the bygone era.The architecture of some of the temples is awe-inspiring. But right now most of these templesare unknown to many people except local denizens of Penukonda.
  12. 12. Penukonda Fort is a colossal structure, whose each and every stoneboasts of the royalty of the erstwhile era. Penukonda is a small town inAnantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. In the ancient times, it used toserve as the second capital to the Vijayanagar kings.
  13. 13. Sri Uttaradi Mutt ,, PenukondaSri Uttaradi Mutt PenukondaThe temple (Brindavan) of Sri Veda Vyasa Teertha Swamiji theThe temple (Brindavan) of Sri Veda Vyasa Teertha Swamiji thedisciple of Sri Raghottam Teertha Swamiji of Sri Uttaradi Matthamdisciple of Sri Raghottam Teertha Swamiji of Sri Uttaradi Matthamhas a lot of prominence in this place.has a lot of prominence in this place.Inscriptions say that the swamiji was honoured and greatly Inscriptions say that the swamiji was honoured and greatly
  14. 14. Sri Kaleshwar Ashram ,,Sri Kaleshwar AshramPenukondaPenukonda
  15. 15. Kumbhakarna GardensPenukonda
  16. 16. Relics of Narasimha SwamyRelics of Narasimha SwamyTemple on Penukonda HilTemple on Penukonda Hil
  17. 17. Hazrat Syedna Khwaja Baba Fakhruddin Suharwardy Hazrat Syedna Khwaja Baba Fakhruddin SuharwardyHazrath Baba Fakruddin was a great Sufi Saint of 12th century and Hazrath Baba Fakruddin was a great Sufi Saint of 12th century anda king of Sistan and Shahpur in Iran before coming to Penukonda. a king of Sistan and Shahpur in Iran before coming to Penukonda.This saint was given a twig by his teacher who asked him to settle This saint was given a twig by his teacher who asked him to settlein the place where this twig would turn into a big plant. When in the place where this twig would turn into a big plant. WhenHazrath Baba planted the twig at this place, where the mausoleum Hazrath Baba planted the twig at this place, where the mausoleumnow stands, it turned into a tree and hence he settled here. Over a now stands, it turned into a tree and hence he settled here. Over aperiod of time, he gained followers and was called as Babaiyya period of time, he gained followers and was called as Babaiyyaout of respect. out of respect.
  18. 18. PENUKONDA SHIVAPENUKONDA SHIVATEMPLETEMPLE
  19. 19. The Parshwanatha Temple depicts the combination of Hindu andJain religious structures. This temple was built in 12th centuryduring the period of Hoysala dynasty and is located in Penukonda.The temple is superb for its architecture and looks beautiful with astanding image of 23rd Jain Teerthankar named Parshvanathastanding within it premises. There are also twin temples of Ramaand Shiva nearby this temple. The statute of Parshavanatha is in theKayotsarga posture. The temple of Rama depicts the scenes fromRamayana and Shiva temple shows the various incidents pertainingto God Shiva.
  20. 20. Gooty is a small Gooty is a smalltown, known for town, known forembracing one of embracing one ofthe oldest forts of the oldest forts ofAndhra Pradesh. At Andhra Pradesh. Ata distance of 52 a distance of 52kms from kms fromAnantapur city, the Anantapur city, thefort is a prime fort is a primeattraction for attraction fortourists. Above the tourists. Above theplains in Gooty, the plains in Gooty, theimpregnable Gooty impregnable Gootyfort is perched at a fort is perched at aheight of 300 height of 300meters, amidst hills. meters, amidst hills.
  21. 21. Gooty fort has acquired historical Gooty fort has acquired historicalprominence. prominence. It lies on the Anantapuram-Hyderabad It lies on the Anantapuram-Hyderabadhighway. It is believed that it was built by highway. It is believed that it was built byMaratha Chieftain Murari Rao. Its existence Maratha Chieftain Murari Rao. Its existencespans the period from emperor Asoka to the spans the period from emperor Asoka to theBritish rule. The 303 meter high fort was British rule. The 303 meter high fort wasbuilt from the material of the mounds built from the material of the moundssurrounding it on three sides. Its walls are 5 surrounding it on three sides. Its walls are 5meters high and 2.5 meters wide and it had meters high and 2.5 meters wide and it hadbeen built in the shape of a conch in an area been built in the shape of a conch in an areawith an extent of 25 acres. Its impregnability with an extent of 25 acres. Its impregnabilityhas been ensured with strong stone walls has been ensured with strong stone wallsand circular ramparts. To reach the top part and circular ramparts. To reach the top partof the fort, one has to pass through fifteen of the fort, one has to pass through fifteenmain doors. Horse stables, elephant sheds main doors. Horse stables, elephant shedsand gymnasiums and palaces adorn that part and gymnasiums and palaces adorn that partof the fort. Water facilities are also provided of the fort. Water facilities are also providedhere and there. From the rock inscription of here and there. From the rock inscription ofemperor Asoka at Yeragudi, 10 Km away emperor Asoka at Yeragudi, 10 Km awayfrom Gooty, it can be inferred that the fort from Gooty, it can be inferred that the fortwas built before 3rd Century A.D. Some was built before 3rd Century A.D. Somebelieve that the fort and acquired the name believe that the fort and acquired the nameof Gooty from the cluster (Gutti) of mounds of Gooty from the cluster (Gutti) of mounds
  22. 22. Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple  at KadiriKadri is aasmall settlement situated at aadistance of 90 kms from Anantapur. It is known for Kadri is small settlement situated at distance of 90 kms from Anantapur. It is known forLord Lakshmi Narasimha Swami Temple, aashrine where the presiding deity Swayambhu Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swami Temple, shrine where the presiding deity Swayambhuemerged from the roots of Khadri tree. The main attraction here is that the idol sweats. emerged from the roots of Khadri tree. The main attraction here is that the idol sweats.Rathothsavam (Car Festival) is the major event observed here every year, summoning many Rathothsavam (Car Festival) is the major event observed here every year, summoning manypilgrims from all over the state. pilgrims from all over the state.
  23. 23. Bugga Ramalingeshwara Temple .Tadipatri Tadipatri is a hamlet that boasts of many interesting religious monuments. To be found 90 kms from Ananthapur,Bugga Ramalingeshwara Temple is another shrine beside Pennar River that is notable for a lingam, set on a pedestal and perpetually sprinkled with water from a small brook.
  24. 24. Chintala Venkataramana Temple , TadipatriTadipatri is a hamletthat boasts of many interestingreligious monuments. Tobe found 90 kms fromAnanthapur, ChintalaVenkataramana Temple isknown for its gigantic spire.
  25. 25. Thimmamma MarrimanuLocated 120 km from Anantapur, Thimmamma Marrimanu has thedistinction of being the worlds largest banyan tree.. In1989, it secured a place in the Guinness Book of WorldRecords, owing to its enormous size. Thimmamma Marrimanu issaid be approximately 570 years old. Thimmamma, who is said tohave committed ” Sati” in 1434 A.D at this spot, where this BanyanTree sprouted.
  26. 26. Alur is a small village at a Alur is a small village at aAlur Ranganatha Swamy distance of about 70kms distance of about 70kms from Anantapur. from Anantapur.Temple The picturesque village of The picturesque village of Alur situated amidst the Alur situated amidst the lush green meadows, lofty lush green meadows, lofty hills and small water hills and small water streams, is a perfect picnic streams, is a perfect picnic spot.The place is famous spot.The place is famous for the temples which are for the temples which are constructed more than constructed more than 300 years before. 300 years before. This place is also good as a This place is also good as a picnic location because of picnic location because of its scenic beauty on the its scenic beauty on the top of the hill top of the hill
  27. 27. Alur Naga Waterfall of Mount Jerai
  28. 28. Hemavathi FortHemavathi once was the capital of Pallavas. Hemavathi once was the capital of Pallavas.The place has aaremarkable collection of The place has remarkable collection ofPallava and Chola architecture. It has the Pallava and Chola architecture. It has theHemavathi Fort. Doddeswara Swamy was Hemavathi Fort. Doddeswara Swamy wasbuilt during the Pallava reign. Some other built during the Pallava reign. Some otherrenowned temples situated here are renowned temples situated here are Mallikarjuna Swamy andSiddeshwara Swamy, Mallikarjuna Swamy and Siddeshwara Swamy, Mallikarjuna Swamy and GorantlaGorantla. Gorantla. Doddeswara Swamy Temple Siddeshwara Swamy temple
  29. 29. Raidurga Fort is a primeval structure, which had a considerablerole in the history of the Vijayanagar Empire. The impregnable forthas many small forts and temples. The shrines dedicated toNarashimhaswamy, Hanuman, Prasanna Venkatesvara,Jambukeswara, Kanyakaparameswari and Elamma are theprominent ones. Though now mostly in ruins, the fort would takeyou back to the royal splendor. It also offers a breathtaking view ofthe town below
  30. 30. Raidurga literally means "Kings Hill Fortress". The Raidurga Fort played avery significant role in the history of the Vijayanagar Empire. The fort hasmany inner forts and is inaccessible for enemies to attack. It is built at aheight of 2727 ft. from sea level.Raidurga was originally a stronghold of Bedars (Boya Palegars) who werevery turbulent during the Vijayanagar rule. The emperor deputed an officerto drive them out and ruled the place himself and the hill was thus called"Bhupatirayakonda". After the battle of Rakshasa Tangadi, the Bedarsregained the place, but were again driven out after some time by KonetiNayak. His son Venkatapathi Nayak who had differences with the Palegarof Chittaldurg greatly strengthened the fortifications. Tipu captured the fortand made it a part of his Gooty province.The ruins of the fort can still be seen on the hill at the foot of which theRaidurga town is built. The hill fort is said to have been built by one JungaNayak. A portion of the fort wall has crumbled. Down below the slope of thehill are four caves with small stone doors with carvings of Siddhas.
  31. 31. The fort area contains most of the templesof the village including those ofNarashimhaswamy, Hanuman, andElamma, which are frequently visited bydevotees. There are other temples includingthose of Prasanna Venkatesvara,Venugopala, Jambukeswara,Veerabhadra, and Kanyakaparameswari.Another important and a spectacular sightis "Dasabhuja Ganapathi", a statue of LordGanesha with ten shoulders. It was carvedout from a 4 m high monolithic stone.Dasabhuja Ganapathi statue is witness tothe beautiful "Shilpakala" of olden days.
  32. 32. ISKCON TEMPLE: This temple is nearAnantapur and is shaped in form of achariot. The building is in pink color butduring the nights it takes a golden shadeand looks beautiful thanks to the lights.The temple is as beautiful inside asoutside. Some of the paintings of LordKrishna will leave you spell bounded.
  33. 33. Sri KullaiSwamyChavidi.Gugudu: The village in Narpala Gugudu: The village in Narpala Temple of Lord Hanuman is situated near theMandal is at aa distance of 29 kms Mandal is at distance of 29 kms temple of Satyabhama Devi. The idol offrom Anantapur and is situated from Anantapur and is situated Hanuman is carved in a cave and it looks as ifamong the Mutchukota Hills. It is among the Mutchukota Hills. It is he stands inside a cave. The pool at theknown for its Moharum Festival and known for its Moharum Festival and foot of the idol represents the tears shed bySri Kullai Swamy is the name of the Sri Kullai Swamy is the name of the him; longing for his deity Lord Sri Rama. Also,much venerated saint. Barren women much venerated saint. Barren women a Sivalingam is installed at the entrance ofare said to become fertile by paying are said to become fertile by paying the temple which was fetched by Sri Sathya Sai from Varanasi.aa visit to the shrine. Fire walking visit to the shrine. Fire walkingceremony is conducted on the night ceremony is conducted on the nightof the 11 th day of Moharrum. There is of the 11 th day of Moharrum. There isalso Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple near
  34. 34. Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu or Googoodu Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu or Googooduyou may wonder whether it is a temple or Mosque you may wonder whether it is a temple or Mosqueor both standing with a common wall. Well the or both standing with a common wall. Well thehistory is this village is part of Narpala history is this village is part of NarpalaMandalam, is 29 Km. Away from Anantapuram, Mandalam, is 29 Km. Away from Anantapuram,and ensconced in Munchukota hill range, is a and ensconced in Munchukota hill range, is asymbol of communal harmony. The temples of symbol of communal harmony. The temples ofKullayaswami and Anjaneya Swami, which rub Kullayaswami and Anjaneya Swami, which rubshoulders as it were, are hailed as symbols of shoulders as it were, are hailed as symbols of A small village. A small village.human eminence, riligious brotherhood and human eminence, riligious brotherhood and Chandrayunipetam, lies Chandrayunipetam, liescommunal unity, because Kullayiswami is communal unity, because Kullayiswami is close-by. two brothers, close-by. two brothers,worshipped with equal fervor by Hindus along with worshipped with equal fervor by Hindus along with Ramachari and Ramachari andMuslims. Like wise, muslims worship Sri Muslims. Like wise, muslims worship Sri Lakshmanachari, Lakshmanachari,Anjaneyaswami with traditional custom. During Anjaneyaswami with traditional custom. During carved a pir (panja, carved a pir (panja,the ten-day Brahmotsavam in Googoodu. The the ten-day Brahmotsavam in Googoodu. The sacred to Muslims) out sacred to Muslims) outentire area reverberates with Namaz of Muslims entire area reverberates with Namaz of Muslimson one side and chanting of vedic hymn on the on one side and chanting of vedic hymn on the of different metals, with of different metals, withother :egend has it that this village was the other :egend has it that this village was the a view to perpetuating a view to perpetuatingashram of the tribal Guha. who belonged to the ashram of the tribal Guha. who belonged to the their memory and as a their memory and as aRamayana period. It is also believed that Lord Ramayana period. It is also believed that Lord sort of memento of sort of memento ofRama and His consort Sita, alsong with Rama and His consort Sita, alsong with lifetime. ….contd lifetime. ….contdLakshmana, enjoyed the hospitality extended to Lakshmana, enjoyed the hospitality extended tothem in Guhas ashram, that eventually the place them in Guhas ashram, that eventually the placeacquired the name of Googoodu and that Lord acquired the name of Googoodu and that Lord
  35. 35. Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu or Sri Kullai Swamy Chavidi of Gugudu orGoogoodu contd ….But the pir spelt trouble for Googoodu contd ….But the pir spelt trouble forthe brothers and being convinced that it was the the brothers and being convinced that it was thecause for all their setbacks, they consigned it to a cause for all their setbacks, they consigned it to awell with stairs. After passage of time, when a well with stairs. After passage of time, when ashepherd by name Kondanna descended into the shepherd by name Kondanna descended into thewell, it would appear that the pir spoke to him and well, it would appear that the pir spoke to him andinformed him that if it was installed in Googoodu informed him that if it was installed in Googooduwillage and worshipped, as a presiding daity, it would willage and worshipped, as a presiding daity, it wouldfulfill the wishes and desires of people of all castes fulfill the wishes and desires of people of all castesand creeds. The villagers obeyed the disctum and and creeds. The villagers obeyed the disctum andtook it out in procession during Muharram and took it out in procession during Muharram andBrahmotsavam days. Eventually the pir came to be Brahmotsavam days. Eventually the pir came to beknown as kullayaiswami and all rituals were known as kullayaiswami and all rituals wereobserved by the believers. For Muharram and observed by the believers. For Muharram andBrahmotsavam festivals. the RTC runs special Brahmotsavam festivals. the RTC runs specialbuses to Googoodu; not only from important towns in buses to Googoodu; not only from important towns inthe districts, but also from towns in Kurnool and the districts, but also from towns in Kurnool andCuddapah district, to facilitate Darshan of Cuddapah district, to facilitate Darshan ofKullayiswami.. Kullayiswami
  36. 36. Sri Vyasaraja Tirtha and KasapuramDuring 1509-1530 AD when Vijaya Nagar was ruled by Sri Krishnadevaraya , in his spiritual Guru Parampara , there was oneacharya by name Sree Vyasaraya (of Madhvacharya order).This Acharya observed that the king was afflicted with a perilknown as "Kuhula".To ward off this evil the swamy ruled the kingdom for one hour thirty six minutes(4 Ghatis). SreeVyasaraya installed at different places 732 idols Lord Anjaneya. [Sree Vyasaraya attained nirvana in 1539 AD]While camping at this place Kasapuram for a nights halt, Lord Anjaneya appeared in his dream and directed him to identifythe place for consecration and proceed with the installation of Lords vigraha.Next morning, Sri Vyasaraja came across aheap of sand , planted there a small neem stick that he had brought with him. To the astonishment of all, the dry neem stickstarted shooting and sprouting with new leaves. Thus did he identify the place where the Lord wanted him to consecratethe idol of Lord Anjaneya. Since the neem sprouted that place in the jungle got the name Nettikallu. The Lord Anjaneyaconsecrated by Sri Vyasaraja Tirtha came to be known by the name Sri Nettikanti Anjaneya. This kshetra Nettikallu is nearKasapuram Village. With the course of time Kasapuram village enveloped the place Nettikanti and presently Sri NettikantiAnjaneya Swami Temple is said to be situated in Kasapuram.
  37. 37. Katarupalli- yogi Vemana Katarupalli- yogi VemanaThis is the place where yogi Vemana was buried. This is the place where yogi Vemana was buried.His tomb at this village, very near to Kadiri, is His tomb at this village, very near to Kadiri, isworth-Visiting as Vemana was not only a yogi worth-Visiting as Vemana was not only a yogi(ascetic) but also a popular poet, and his is quite (ascetic) but also a popular poet, and his is quitea familiar name in Andhra Pradesh. a familiar name in Andhra Pradesh.
  38. 38. Vemana was the third and youngest son of Gaddam Vema, then the king of Kondaveedu inpresent-day Andhra Pradesh. He was named Vemareddy after his father.Kumaragiri Vema Reddy popularly known as Vemana (Telugu: వేమన) was a Telugu poet.He is popularly called Yogi Vemana, in recognition of his success in the path of Yoga.Vemana composed numerous poems in the vernacular of Telugu. His poems are four lines inlength. The fourth line is, in majority of the cases, the chorus Viswadabhirama Vinura Vema - hethus conveyed his message with three small lines written in a simple vernacular. He traveledwidely across south India, acquiring popularity as a poet and Yogi.People really took to Vemanas poems owing to their simple language and sweet message. Sohigh was the regard for Vemana that a popular Telugu saying goes Vemanas word is the wordof the Vedas‘.He is celebrated for his style of Chaatu padyam, a poem with a hidden meaning.C.P. Brown translated most of Vemanas poems into English, during the British occupation ofIndia. A large selection of his poems are a part of the present High School curriculum of Teluguin Andhra Pradesh. In his honor, The Andhra Pradesh government named a University in Kadapa the Yogi Vemana University in 2006.Vemana was believed to have lived for some time in the Gandikota area of Kadapa.To read translation of his verses refer to link :-http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/vov/
  39. 39. SanjeevapuramSanjeevapuramKati Koteswara Kshetram, located near this village, a part of Kati Koteswara Kshetram, located near this village, a part ofBattalapalli mandal, is quite famous because devotees believe Battalapalli mandal, is quite famous because devotees believethat Kati Koteswarudu, the local deity, is a striking image of Lord that Kati Koteswarudu, the local deity, is a striking image of LordSiva. Rock inscriptions reveal that the temple of Koteswara was Siva. Rock inscriptions reveal that the temple of Koteswara wasbuilt nearly 400 years ago built nearly 400 years ago
  40. 40. Peddavaduguru:-Panchaloha Peddavaduguru:-Panchalohavigtrahas (idols created from five vigtrahas (idols created from fivemetals) are being produced, for the metals) are being produced, for thelast 30 years, in the headquarters last 30 years, in the headquartersof Peddavaduguru mandal in of Peddavaduguru mandal inAnantapuram revenue division. Anantapuram revenue division.The idols are made from the five The idols are made from the fivemetals of copper, brass, bronze, metals of copper, brass, bronze,silver and gold and hence the silver and gold and hence thename. Their weight ranges from name. Their weight ranges fromone Kg.to 30 Kgs, and these idols one Kg.to 30 Kgs, and these idolsare very much in demand not only are very much in demand not onlyin our state but also in the states in our state but also in the statesof Maharashtra, Karnataka and of Maharashtra, Karnataka andTamilnadu. Panchaloha consists of Tamilnadu. Panchaloha consists ofthe following percentage of metals the following percentage of metals4 portions of silver, 1 portion of 4 portions of silver, 1 portion ofgold, 8 portions of brass, 8 gold, 8 portions of brass, 8portions of copper and a small portions of copper and a smallquantity of iron. This is only to quantity of iron. This is only togive a general idea and might vary give a general idea and might varyfrom region to region. Panchaloha from region to region. Panchalohaidols here are as popular as those idols here are as popular as thoseof Kunhimangalam at of Kunhimangalam at
  41. 41. Dharmavaram DharmavaramIt is famous for silk sarees and has a It is famous for silk sarees and has agreat past. There is historical evidence great past. There is historical evidenceto prove that it was ruled by Bijayanagar to prove that it was ruled by BijayanagarVidya kings for nearly 500 years from Vidya kings for nearly 500 years from1075 Satavahana Saka. Dharmavaram 1075 Satavahana Saka. Dharmavaramtank is one of the large tanks in tank is one of the large tanks inAnantapur district. Sri Kriyasakhti Anantapur district. Sri KriyasakhtiWadiyar, who constructed the tank, built Wadiyar, who constructed the tank, builta village in memory of his late mother a village in memory of his late motherDharmamba and named it Dharmamba and named itDharmavaram. Dharmavaram.
  42. 42. PAMIDI:- The name "Pamidi" is derived from the PAMIDI:- The name "Pamidi" is derived from thewords "Pamu Mudi" (in the Indian regional language words "Pamu Mudi" (in the Indian regional languageTelugu) which means "snake knot". The name is Telugu) which means "snake knot". The name isthought to be attributed to the temple thought to be attributed to the templeBhogeswaraswamy Temple of Lord Shiva [The Bhogeswaraswamy Temple of Lord Shiva [TheDestroyer of Evil, in the Indian mythology of the Destroyer of Evil, in the Indian mythology of theTrinity—Creator (Brahma), Proliferator (Vishnu), and Trinity—Creator (Brahma), Proliferator (Vishnu), andDestroyer, (Shiava, aka, Eashwara, Maheshwara, Destroyer, (Shiava, aka, Eashwara, Maheshwara,etc.)], etc.)], where once a snake (nagu) was found wound coiled where once a snake (nagu) was found wound coileditself to Lord Shivas lingam in the temple. "Pamu itself to Lord Shivas lingam in the temple. "PamuMudi" eventually became "Pamidi". One can find a Mudi" eventually became "Pamidi". One can find asasan carved in a big rock in the temple, which was sasan carved in a big rock in the temple, which waswritten in the Pali language (popular during the time written in the Pali language (popular during the timeof The Buddha, over 2,000 years ago) at the of The Buddha, over 2,000 years ago) at thededication the temple from a king to the village. The dedication the temple from a king to the village. Thetown also had another historical temple found in town also had another historical temple found inexcavations, the Sri Laxminaraya Swamy Temple. Its excavations, the Sri Laxminaraya Swamy Temple. Itsdeity, Laxminarayana in the sanctum sanctorum deity, Laxminarayana in the sanctum sanctorummade of monolithic rock, is an architectural and made of monolithic rock, is an architectural andhistorical wonder. Pamidi is famous for READY historical wonder. Pamidi is famous for READYMADE Textiles MADE Textiles
  43. 43. Kalyandurg was under the rule of Sri Krishnadevaraya and was a part of Vijayanagara Kalyandurg was under the rule of Sri Krishnadevaraya and was a part of VijayanagaraEmpire. Rayadurg and Kalyandurg are the two important forts which were ruled by Empire. Rayadurg and Kalyandurg are the two important forts which were ruled byPalegars. The name Kalyandurg came from Kalyanappa, who was a Poligar in the 16th Palegars. The name Kalyandurg came from Kalyanappa, who was a Poligar in the 16thCentury.The Descendents of These poligars Esapathi,Rayadurg Century.The Descendents of These poligars Esapathi,Rayadurgpalegar,Butna,Kondaraju families still live in fort area.This place is also famous for palegar,Butna,Kondaraju families still live in fort area.This place is also famous fordiamond kimberlites. Kalayndurg is surrounded by mountains around ititwhich makes this diamond kimberlites. Kalayndurg is surrounded by mountains around which makes thisplace cool when compared to other places in the district place cool when compared to other places in the district
  44. 44. Enumaladoddi:This is a village located 12 miles south of Kalyandurg and is well situatedamidst hills. Enumaladoddi is having an Ashram dedicated to a saint of theSri Radhaswamy faith. The Teppalamma Banda (a stone), situated to thesouth of the ashram is visited by devotees praying for progeny and also forperforming tonsure ceremonies.Another interesting feature of this small town is the existence of a "floatingisland". It is a small irregular shaped island on earth. Some ten yards acrossat its widest part, which lies in and nearly fills up, a hollow in the rock ofwhich the hillock consists.
  45. 45. Chitrachedu:Chitrachedu lies at a distance of 9 miles fromPamadi on the northern bank of Penneru. Ithas become famous, as there is a stone imageof Hanuman, hewn out of a rock more than 25feet in height, carrying Rama, Lakshmana andSita on his shoulders with Inderjeet in betweenhis feet. It is reputed to be the biggest of theidols of Hanuman in the district. It is locallyknown as "Kotakonda Hanumantharayadu".
  46. 46. Bhyravani ThippaBhyravani Thippa is situated 28 miles fromKalyandurg and is named after Bhairava whosetemple lies on the hillock nearby. This villagebecame significant because of theBhairavanitippa Project, which harnesses thewaters of Hagari (Vedavati).
  47. 47. Ramappa banda is a small beautiful sivatemple on top of very big rock ,approx 7 kmfrom Kalyandurg near to Mudigallu village.Verycalm and peaceful place great as a day picnicwith family or alone.While on the way sure canenjoy hills and nature preferably by twowheeler
  48. 48. Akkammavarla TempleThis small temple is considered very holy andloacted near to very big hill (This hill looks likea sleeping woman from other side of town,amazing),many devotees visit goddess onyearly festival after a day after Dasara fastingsince early morning with beautifully decoratedpot on their head which has panaka (Jaggerywater) after their wishes fulfilled.Can enjoytrekking this hill ,on top of hill can see a waterpond and many interesting places likeHanuman temple on the other side hill the godfacing South side which is very rare.
  49. 49. Sri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy TempleSri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy temple islocated at the heart of the Town. This templeis built in around 16th century. Every year onthe occasion of birth of sri subrahmanyeswaraswamy, a festival called "Subrahmanya swamyShrasti" is celebrated with great devotion andrespect. This festival is declared a local holiday.This festival includes Pujas, Car festival andmany more Pujas held at the temple premises.
  50. 50. Jambu Dweepa The Jain Mythical cosmographical The Jain Mythical cosmographicalJambu Dweepa diagram of Jambu Dweepa engraved on diagram of Jambu Dweepa engraved onat Konakondlaat Konakondla a stone on the top of the hill Alchemists a stone on the top of the hill Alchemists at Konakondla village in Vajrakarur at Konakondla village in Vajrakarur Mandal which was identified by Sri Mandal which was identified by Sri R.V. Chakravarthy, Head Master, R.V. Chakravarthy, Head Master, Parishad High School, Konakondla in Parishad High School, Konakondla in the year 1966. the year 1966. The pilgrims, especially south Indian The pilgrims, especially south Indian Jain pilgrims are mostly attracted by Jain pilgrims are mostly attracted by this Jambu Dweepa which is 70 kms this Jambu Dweepa which is 70 kms from Anantapur or 10 kms from from Anantapur or 10 kms from Guntakal Railway Station. Adjacent to Guntakal Railway Station. Adjacent to this, there are Kambam Narasimha this, there are Kambam Narasimha Swamy Hills, Rasasidda hillock and Swamy Hills, Rasasidda hillock and Kari Basappa hillock. Kari Basappa hillock.
  51. 51. Puttaparthi-PrashantiNilayam of Sri Satya Sai baba
  52. 52. Entrance to Puttaparthi
  53. 53. Entrance to prashanti nilayam
  54. 54. Satyabhama Devi temple atputtaparthi .Satyabhama was theconsort of Lord Krishna. The temple isbuilt the by the grandfather of Sri SathyaSai, Sri Kondama Raju. He got a dreamin which he saw Satyabhama Devibeing struck up in a storm, longing forLord Krishna and asking shelter. Thenhe decided to build a temple. It is theonly temple in the whole world that isdedicated to Satyabhama Devi.
  55. 55. Venu Gopala Swami (Lord Krishna) Temple .Here Venugoplala swami is self-manifested .According to a legend, the village was earliercalled as Gollapalli which means home ofcowherds. One day a cowherd noticed a snakesucking milk from one of his cows and threw astone at it which made it die. While dying, thesnake cursed the village which led to the declineof cattle population and the place starteddeveloping numerous anthills.In Sanskrit, “Valmikam” means anthill and hencethe place was called as “Valmikipura” (place ofanthills) which later transformed into Telugu as“Puttaparthi”. In lieu of pleasing the spirit ofsnake, the local people consecrated the blood-splattered stone and started worshipping it.Later, Sri Sathya Sai told them to clean the stoneand apply sandal paste to it. To their surprise,they noticed the figure of Lord Krishna aftercleaning the stone. Thus the temple is devoted toVenu Gopala Swami.
  56. 56. Chitravati RiverThe river Chitravati has its origin in the Nandi Hills which come nearChikballapur, 50 kilometers from Bangalore. Nobody knows howexactly Chitravati ends her life at the sea for it has been years, naydecades, since she has been in her former gushing self. She flows intothe Cuddapah district of Andhra Pradesh in spite of being dammed atthe border of the state of Karnataka, near Bagepalli.
  57. 57. The Pennar river near the Gandikota fort Pennar river at Gandikota
  58. 58. The Vedavathi is a river in India. It rises from the Western Ghats and flowsthrough the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh,mostly in ananthapurdistrict  . The Vedavathi is also called the Hagari in parts ofAndhra Pradesh.Two rivers, the Veda and Avathi, arise in the eastern part of the Sahyadri Hillrange, flow east, and join concert near Pura to form the Vedavathi.On thebanks of the Vedavathi, there is a famous temple devoted to Shri Anjaneya atKellodu, Hosadurga Taluk.The Vani Vilasa Saagara reservoir constructed across river Vedavathi datesback a century. A tributary called the Suvarnamukhi confluences withVedavathi at Koodalahalli, Hiriyur Taluk. It is considered to be a Punya Bhumior Sacred Land by the locals. The Vedavathi river then flows from Hiriyurtowards Narayanapura, Parashurampaura, Vrindavanahalli, where river flowscircularly, hence village called Vrindavana Halli and then to Jajur (moodalajajur) Nagagondanahalli, Janamaddi and then enters Andhra Pradesh i.e.Bhairavnapippa Dam. On the banks of Nagagondanahalli there is a famousmath by name Chilumeswamy who was an avadhoot and fair is conductedevery year and lakhs of people visit.The river then flows down to thesoutheastern state of Andhra Pradesh, where the river is called the Hagari.The river has a cultural significance, with the people along the belt of theHagari depending entirely on the river for most of their needs. Bhairivani TippaReservoir is built across this river.
  59. 59. Chithravathi River
  60. 60. Papagni river cuts themountain and makes abeautiful pass in plains
  61. 61. SWARNAMUKI RIVER Swarnamukhi is born in Chandragiri Hills and flows through the valley between Chandragiri and Tirupathi and reaches Srikalahasti. From there it enters Nellore District and joins the sea of Siddavaram.
  62. 62. Madabusi Santanam Raghunathan was born on August 11, 1941 at Anantapur. Cohomology of arithmetic groups, which had its genesis  in the  fundamental  works of Borel, Matsushima, Murakami,  Weil, and Kazhdan in the  60s -- to which Raghunathan also made substantial contributions -- continues  to be an active area of study via its relationship  with certain automorphic representations (which are among the most  interesting automorphic representations to study). They are also important for the emerging subject of `mod-p and `p-adic analytic  Langlands programme.After initial training during 1960-62, he worked on a research problem suggested by Prof.  After initial training during 1960-62, he worked on a research problem suggested by Prof. M.S. Narasimhan, on "Deformations of linear connections and Riemannian metrics", and solved itit M.S. Narasimhan, on "Deformations of linear connections and Riemannian metrics", and solvedby the summer of 1963. by the summer of 1963.He wrote his Ph.D. thesis under the guidance of Professor Narasimhan and was awarded the He wrote his Ph.D. thesis under the guidance of Professor Narasimhan and was awarded thedegree by the University of Bombay in 1966. After completing his Ph.D., Raghunathan spent aayear degree by the University of Bombay in 1966. After completing his Ph.D., Raghunathan spent yearat the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, U.S., a well-known international centre for post- at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, U.S., a well-known international centre for post-doctoral research. As is to be expected, through the years he has visited several renowned centres doctoral research. As is to be expected, through the years he has visited several renowned centresin th e U.S., Europe and Japan, on invitation, for durations ranging from aafew weeks to aayear, and in th e U.S., Europe and Japan, on invitation, for durations ranging from few weeks to year, andhas spoken at several international conferences. has spoken at several international conferences.Discrete subgroups of Lie groups have been the central objects of his researches. He has made Discrete subgroups of Lie groups have been the central objects of his researches. He has madecontributions to rigidity and arithmeticity problems. contributions to rigidity and arithmeticity problems.Raghunathans book Discrete Subgroups of Lie Groups, published by Springer Verlag, Germany, in Raghunathans book Discrete Subgroups of Lie Groups, published by Springer Verlag, Germany, in1972 is now a classic in the area. It is unique in its coverage of various results which in recent 1972 is now a classic in the area. It is unique in its coverage of various results which in recentdecades have been put to considerable use, and as such ititis much appreciated and widely referred decades have been put to considerable use, and as such is much appreciated and widely referredto. I Ihave often heard the laments of researchers in the field about ititnow being out of print. The to. have often heard the laments of researchers in the field about now being out of print. Thebook has been translated into the Russian and published with aaforeword by G.A. Margulis, who is aa book has been translated into the Russian and published with foreword by G.A. Margulis, who iscelebrity in the field. celebrity in the field.
  63. 63. Padma Sri Kallur Subba Rao (Telugu: కలూ్రు సుబా ్రావు) was an Indian freedom activist and ల బPolitician.He was born in Kallur near Hindupur Tq, Anantapur District. His Father’s name is Sri Surappa andhis mothers name is Puttamma. Kallur Subba Rao was born on 25 May 1897, and he was thefirst person who started Congress Movement in Rayalaseema. He studied up to 12th standard,when he was in 17 years he attended a meeting hosted by Ane besant. Subba Rao startedparticipating in meetings and started the Freedom Struggle. He was under imprisonment for 7years, as a Freedom Fighter. After independence he was elected as Member of ConstituentAssembly of India from Madras Presidency. After that he was awarded Padmasri in 1967. Hehimself a great poet and very good orator, Mr. Rutherford who was the collector of AnantapurDist., from English people at that time called him as the Lion of Congress, and Dr.Babu RajendraPrasd used to call him as the Prison Graduate, because Mr.Kallur Subba Rao was a great readerof Bhagavat Geetha, Ramayana and Bhagavatha.He was elected as Member of Legislative assembly three times. He was a APCC generalSecretary. He served for Nation until his Last Breath. He died on December 20, 1972.
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