1. Visual elements of a image
• To understand and use
visual elements of an
• To create image and
express oneself using and
experimenting with the
of the point,the line, the
surface and the texture.
• Recognise visual
• Use the visual elements
that make up the
language of painting,
• Use terms in writing and
oral English that relate to
the point, line , surface
1.1. The point and line
• The straight line: suggest rigidity, precision and constancy.
• Vertical: these are balanced between the sky (above) and teh
ground (below). These express spirituality and elegance.
• Inclined: these denote movement, decision and willingness.
• Curved: these produce a feeling of movement action and
• Radial: these suggest light, explosion and luminosity.
• Broken: these lines have a zigzag shape and sharply change of
direction, transmit imbalance, chaos and lack of organization.
• Concurrent: all the lines go towards a point or area of
maximun attention. Concentric and spiral lines convey
George Grosz Giacomo Balla
Giacomo Balla Emilio Vedoba
1.2 Graphic qualities of the lines
• Direction: every line works as a vector of direction.
• Spatial distribution: lines separate planes and spaces,
giving every surface different graphic qualities.
• Volume: shadowing allows us to create a three
dimensional volume in two-dimensional spaces.
• Depth: on a surface the line gives a scene depth
when it is placed on the diagonal.
• Structure: lines organise the space.
1.1.b Lines make up images
• 1. Draw the contours of the object that appear
in the model and the line that separates the
vertical plane from the horizontal one.
• 2. Paint the inner surface lines with lines of
coloured pencils modulating the line
(thicker and darker for more interesting
features and thinner for areas of less