The wine making process

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The wine making process

  1. 1. THE WINE MAKING PROCESS FROM THE VINEYARD TO THE BOTTLE.
  2. 2. WHAT IS THE COMPOSITION OF A VINE ? • Roots • Leaves • Flowers • Grapes • Stem
  3. 3. WHAT IS THE COMPOSITION OF A GRAPE ? • Stalk ( tannin ) • Seeds ( bitter oil ) • Bloom ( yeast) • Skin ( colour, tannin, flavouring compounds) • Pulp ( sugar, water, flavouring compounds,acids.)
  4. 4. WHY THE TERROIR IS SO IMPORTANT WHEN PRODUCING A WINE ? • Terroir : combination of the composition of soil, the exposure of the vineyard, the grape, the climate, and the winemaker’s skills to produce a wine. • The job of the winemaker is to produce a wine reflecting the unique style of a « terroir » into a wine. This style can’t find elsewhere. EACH WINE TASTES DIFFERENT ! • Depending on the location, the taste of the wine will be different : Hot countries : high alcohol level with low acidity. Cool countries : low alcohol and high acidity. (Sugar levels will depend on the sunshine hours during a day.)
  5. 5. RED WINE MAKING PROCESS • Harvest • Selection • Fermentation/Maceration • Pressing/Emptying the vat • 2nd fermentation ( it will softens and reduces the acidity. ) • Racking/Blending • Ageing • Bottling
  6. 6. WHITE WINE MAKING PROCESS • Harvest • Crushing • Pressing • Fermentation • Racking • Blending • Ageing • Bottling.
  7. 7. THE WINE TASTING There are 4 differents steps when tasting a wine 1. Colour ( clarity, intensity, age of the wine, grape variety, alcohol content. ) 2. Smell ( first sniff, second sniff.) 3. Taste ( body, alcohol, tannin, acidity.) 4. Quality ( you like or you don’t like.)
  8. 8. THE WINE TASTING There are 4 differents steps when tasting a wine 1. Colour ( clarity, intensity, age of the wine, grape variety, alcohol content. ) 2. Smell ( first sniff, second sniff.) 3. Taste ( body, alcohol, tannin, acidity.) 4. Quality ( you like or you don’t like.)

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