NellaiBala's Aviation Assessment


Published on

Distinction guaranteed

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

NellaiBala's Aviation Assessment

  1. 1. Submitted by,<br />P. BalaSubramanian<br />Aviation Assessment<br />Staff in Charge<br />SnehaKarke<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Aircraft:Any machines that can derive support in atmosphere from the reactions of the air other than the reactions of the air against the earth’s surface.<br />Atmosphere: Mixture of gases.<br />Introduction<br />
  4. 4. Mr. NevillVintcentand Mr. JRD Tata(Tata Sons) together they put many proposal to the govt of India to start a air service from India.<br />Mr. JRD Tata known as the “Father of Indian Civil Aviation”<br />General Facts regarding Aviation in India<br />
  5. 5. It is increased due to several reasons,<br />Cheap air ticket<br />People are economically developed<br />Vast new opening of new source and destinations around the country.<br />Domestic Flight: Having the source and destination in the same country.<br />Increased number of domestic Airlines<br />
  6. 6. List of Low Cost Airlines in India<br />Jet Airways<br />KingFisher Airlines<br />Indigo<br />Spice Jet<br />Go Air<br />Paramount Airways<br />Definition:<br />A airline offering low cost air fares and economical air flight tickets.<br />Low Cost Airlines<br />
  7. 7. <ul><li>As the passengers are going on increasing by the government earns a lot of money through taxes and other stuffs.
  8. 8. Share market are now evidently occupied by all air industries and each buy and selling of those shares make up profit to the government.</li></ul>Improvement in Indian Economy<br />
  9. 9. Interior and Exterior of an Aircraft<br />
  10. 10. Exteriors of an Aircraft<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Fuselage – Body of the Aircraft<br />Wing Assembly- Which is attached on both sides of the fuselage<br />Empennage – Tail Assembly of the a/c<br />Main sections regarding the external features of an Aircraft:<br /><ul><li>Fuselage
  13. 13. Wings
  14. 14. Empennage</li></ul>External Features of an Aircraft<br />
  15. 15. Cockpit: Houses the pilot & the aircraft’s controls.<br />Cabin: Intended for carrying passengers.<br />Name of the Airline<br />Logo of the Airline<br />Flag of the Airline<br />Registration Number<br />Fuselage<br />
  16. 16. Flaps<br />Ailerons<br />Slats<br />Winglets<br />Spoilers<br />Engines<br />Pitot tubes<br />Wings<br />
  17. 17. Rudder<br />Horizontal Stabilizer<br />Vertical Stabilizer<br />Elevator<br />Tab<br />Empennage<br />
  18. 18. Cockpit<br />Aisle<br />Bulkhead<br />Doghouse<br />Bassinet/Carrycot<br />Overhead bins/stowage<br />Closet<br />Emergency Exits<br />Seat Pitch<br />Seat Width<br />Wheel Well<br />Galley<br />Lavatory<br />Interiors of an Aircraft<br />
  19. 19. The Airbus A300 is a short- to medium-range widebody aircraft<br />Launched in 1972 as the world's first twin-enginedwidebody, it was the first product of the airbus consortium of European aerospace companies, wholly owned today by EADS<br />AirBus A300<br />
  20. 20. Emergency Exits:<br />Embarkation and Disembarkation<br />Slide or Raft located over the wing<br />Temporary but rapid removal of people from building or disaster (or threatened) area as a rescue or precautionary measure.<br />Evacuation <br />
  21. 21. During emergency situations the emergency doors are used for evacuation of Pax.<br />Emergency Situations like:<br />Belly landing<br />Ditching<br />Bomb Scare<br />Hijacking<br />In case of Fire or due to any other factors for emergency.<br />When evacuation is done???<br />
  22. 22. Cockpit<br />Cockpit A300 Lufthansa Airbus<br />
  23. 23. Divided into three sections:<br />Front Cargo Compartment<br />After Cargo Compartment<br />Bulk Cargo Compartment <br />Cargo<br />
  24. 24. Crew should be good Listener so that he/she can able to understand the commands from the Pilots in the cockpit.<br />He/She should obey the commands from the pilot and should react according to that.<br />In case of any emergency crew is supposed to inform to the ppl in the cockpit.<br />Cabin Crew: An employee of an Airline who is responsible for the safety, First Aid and Comfort of Passengers<br />Call from the cockpit:<br />Light Pink: High Low chime<br />Cockpit & Crew<br />
  25. 25. While loading the cargo the crew are supposed to be there to verify the gross weight of the cargo<br />After uploading all the cargos the documents regarding the cargo uploaded are given to the crew for further tasks while downloading the cargo.<br />Cabin Crew: An employee of an Airline who is responsible for the safety, First Aid and Comfort of Passengers<br />Cargo and Crew<br />
  26. 26. Introduction<br /><ul><li>Cabin crew
  27. 27. Personal attributes of CC
  28. 28. Adv/Dis Adv of CC Job</li></ul>Terminology<br /><ul><li>Aviation Terms
  29. 29. Airline Terms</li></ul>Procedures for Embarkation/Disembarkation<br /><ul><li>Embarkation
  30. 30. Disembarkation</li></ul>Types of Passengers<br />
  31. 31. Cabin Crew:<br />Employee of an Airline<br />Responsible for the Safety, First Aid and Comfort of Passengers<br />Introduction<br />
  32. 32. Groomed perfectly<br />Friendly in nature<br />Think and Act Smart<br />Good Listener<br />Language Proficiency<br />Ability to read the body language of pax<br />Note:<br />Different airlines require different specifications according to their standards.<br /><ul><li>Some airlines are very particular in appearance. For ex Kingfisher Airlines</li></ul>Personal Attributes required by the Cabin Crew<br />
  33. 33. Advantages<br />Travel<br />Trust in People<br />Variety<br />Appreciation<br />Personal Development<br />Attractive Salary + Perks<br />Uniform<br />Risks<br />Negatives<br />Delay or Cancellation<br />Tiredness<br />Working Environment<br />Cabin Crew Job<br />Disadvantages<br />
  34. 34. Terminology<br />
  35. 35. Altimeter<br />Altitude<br />Aerodynamics<br />Aerofoil<br />Aeronautics<br />Air Pocket<br />Aircraft<br />Ambient Pressure<br />Auxiliary Power Unit<br />Airworthiness<br />Apporn<br />Aviation Terms<br />
  36. 36. Adult<br />Infant<br />Child Fare<br />ATA<br />ATD<br />ETA<br />ETD<br />DGCA<br />ICAO<br />IATA<br />Tonne<br />Loading Bridge<br />Airline Terms<br />
  37. 37. Procedures for Embarkation and Disembarkation<br />
  38. 38. Printed Ticket checking <br />Baggage's are passed through x-ray machine<br />Baggage’s are weighted of the pax<br />Check in passengers <br />Excess baggage are charged <br />Customs clearance for international pax<br />Boarding pass check <br />Baggage identification for passengers<br />Security check for passengers <br />Waiting in boarding lounge <br />Boarding pass check by crew<br />Boarding pass retained by ground staff as well as cabin crew on board<br />Boarding of pax into an aircraft.<br />Embarkation<br />
  39. 39. Distribution of documents on board<br />Passengers clear immigration/ Date to be stamped on their passport <br />Baggage is collected from arrival hall <br />Customs clearance for international passengers <br />Exit from the terminal<br />Deplaning of passengers from an aircraft <br />Disembarkation<br />
  40. 40. Types of Passengers<br />
  41. 41. VVIP’s/VIP<br />CIP<br />UNM<br />Infirm and Invalid Pax<br />Mentally Challenged Pax<br />Expected Mothers<br />Mom’s with Infants<br />Deportees<br />Types Of Passengers<br />
  42. 42. Boarded last<br />Deplaned first<br />Extra securities may accompany<br />Extra Crew<br />Special Menus<br />For ex:<br /><ul><li>Presidents
  43. 43. PM
  44. 44. Vice President
  45. 45. Royal Family Members
  46. 46. Cabinet Ministers</li></ul>VVIP/VIP<br />
  47. 47. Boarded first <br />Deplaned last <br />May be accompanied by their relatives, doctor or nurse <br />Seated close to the toilet<br />Diet should be checked <br />Full/ Extra assistance should be given<br />Note:<br />Some airline have Specially designed “Handicap Toilet”<br />INFIRM/INVALID PAX<br />
  48. 48. Boarded first <br />Deplaned last <br />May be accompanied by their relatives, doctor or nurse <br />Seated close to the toilet<br />Diet should be checked <br />Full/ Extra assistance should be given<br />May look physically fit but unable to look after themselves independently<br />MENTALLY CHALLENGED PAX<br />
  49. 49. Roles of Cabin Crew<br />
  50. 50. Boarding Pass/Seat Allocation<br />
  51. 51. Pax Welcome Address<br />
  52. 52. Safety Demonstration<br />
  53. 53. Supplying Menu Card<br />
  54. 54. Kitchen of an Aircraft<br />It comprises of Ovens, Cabinet and Cart.<br />Equipment in each galley varies with individual airline’s requirement<br />Type of service.<br />Number of pax to be served.<br />The cabin crew complement available for the service.<br />Galley<br />
  55. 55. Initial Distribution<br />Candy & Cotton<br />Welcome Drink<br />
  56. 56. Safety Instructions/ Check<br />
  57. 57. Take Off<br />
  58. 58. Crusing Altitude<br />
  59. 59. Snaks /Soup Distribution<br />
  60. 60. Main Course/Dessert<br />
  61. 61. Fruits/ Tea & Coffee<br />
  62. 62. There are three types of things which are used for serving purposes<br />Crockery<br />Cutlery<br />Glassware<br />Three important types<br />Crockery<br /><ul><li>Tableware & Service ware</li></ul>Cutlery<br /><ul><li>Table cutlery & Service cutlery</li></ul>Glassware<br />
  63. 63. Tableware<br />Used by pax<br />Multipurpose in nature<br />Each can used for two or more purposes<br />Service ware<br />Used by Cabin Crew<br />Mostly used in FIRST & EXECUTIVE class<br />Ice bucket, Sauce boat, Champagne carrier<br />Fine Bone – china in the first class <br />High grade acrylic plastic in economy class<br />Crockery<br />
  64. 64. Table Cutlery<br />Wrapped in napkin/serviette<br />Spoons, Forks and Knives<br />Service cutlery<br /><ul><li>Service fork, ice tongs, sugar tongs, salad tongs, ice cream scoop, cheese knife etc,.</li></ul>Silver in premier classes<br />Steel/plastic in economy classes<br />Cutlery<br />
  65. 65. Oversized Goblet<br />Water Goblet<br />Margaritas<br />Champagne Flute<br />Champagne Saucer<br />Martini/Cocktails<br />Red Wine Goblet<br />White Wine Goblet<br />Brandy snifter<br />Old-Fashioned Glass<br />Highball<br />Pilsner/Beer<br />Tankard<br />Crystal or in very fine quality glassware used in FIRST/BUSINESS classes<br />Coaster beneath the glass before placing the glass on the table or tray<br />Glassware<br />
  66. 66. AVML<br />BBML<br />BLML<br />CHML<br />DBML<br />HFML<br />JAIN ML<br />LCML<br />LPML<br />MCML<br />ST VGML <br />The pax are supposed to choose their meal pack/choice of their own while ticketing.<br />Meal Codes<br />
  67. 67. Non-Alcoholic<br />Hot – Tea/Coffee<br />Cold – Aerated drinks/Squashes<br />Alcoholic<br />Hot- Cider/Sake/Irish Coffee<br />Cold – Rum/Vodka/Beer<br />Any potable liquid is called a Beverage.<br />Ex Water<br />Beverages<br />
  68. 68. About to land Safety Instructions<br />
  69. 69. Greet/Disembarkation<br />
  70. 70.
  71. 71. Megaphone<br />Life vest<br />Portable oxygen cylinder<br />First Aid kit<br />Physician’s kit<br />HALON fire Extinguisher<br />WATER fire Extinguisher<br />Portable Radio beacon<br />Fire axe<br />Smoke Goggles<br />Safety equipments are tools which are used in case of an emergency.<br />Safety Equipments<br />
  72. 72. Life Vest<br />Parts:<br />Upper and Lower Chamber<br />Automatic/Manual inflation<br />Light comes in contact with salt water<br />Strap<br />Long Layard<br />Put the jacket over the head<br />Tighten the straps<br />Pull red automatic inflation tag<br />If it fails use red manual tubes<br />
  73. 73. Bring near to the casualty<br />Break the yellow seal<br />Appropriate medication<br />Remove & Fill the form<br />Keep one with you & submit another to chief<br />Finally close/seal the box with red seal<br />Parts<br />Doctor’s Certificate<br />Wire Seal<br />First Aid Kit<br />
  74. 74. Parts<br />Antenna<br />Lanyard<br />Plastic cover<br />Battery<br />Ditching/Crash Landing<br />Remove from the location<br />Erect the antenna<br />Untie the lanyard/to find a plastic cover<br />Throw it into the water/Fill with salt water<br />It sends signals automatically upt0 48 hrs<br />Portable Radio Beacon <br />
  75. 75. On Board Emergency Situvation<br />
  76. 76. Symptoms<br />Inability to talk<br />Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing<br />Inability to cough forcefully<br />Skin, lips and nails turning blue or dusky<br />Loss of consciousness<br />Recovery/First Aid<br />deliver five back blows between the person's shoulder<br />Wrap your arms around the waist<br />If the person becomes unconscious, perform standard CPR with chest compressions.<br />Choking occurs when a foreign object becomes lodged in the throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air..<br />Passenger Choking<br />
  77. 77. Boeing Business Jet<br />
  78. 78. Blended winglets for additional fuel economy (5-7% improvement)<br />Self-contained air stairs for landing at airports with limited ground support<br />Additional fuel tanks, for intercontinental range<br />ETOPS-180 certification<br />BBJ in a "green" condition, meaning there are no interior furnishings so that the owner can design it to personal preference.<br />Changed easily even as a Cargo Aircraft<br />Boeing Commercial Airplanes<br />First flight September 4, 1998<br />Introduced in 1999<br />Unit cost US$47–310 million as of 2009<br />Boeing Business Jet<br />
  79. 79. Measurement BBJ1<br />Crew 4<br />Capacity 8–63<br />Length 33.63 m (110 ft 4 in)<br />Wingspan 35.79 m (117 ft 5 in)<br />Height 12.57 m (41 ft 3 in)<br />Weight empty 42,895 kg (94,570 lb)<br />Maximum take-off weight 77,560 kg (171,000 lb)<br />Maximum landing weight <br />Maximum speed 890 km/h (481kt, Mach 0.82)<br />Range 11,480 km (6,200 nm) 8 passengers;<br />11,075km (5980nm) 25 passengers; 10,205km (5510nm) 50 passengers<br />Service Ceiling 12,496 m (41,000 ft)<br />Thrust-to-weight 0.52:1<br />Powerplants 2 × CFM International CFM56-7 turbofans<br />Thrust 117.4 kN (26,400 lbf)<br />Technical Specifications<br />Boeing Business Jet<br />
  80. 80. Microfliers<br />
  81. 81. A new generation of far smaller flying robots is taking shape in various labs. These micro fliers may soon take on a variety of military missions and innovative humanitarian ones as well.<br />BehradKhamesee has developed a flying robot about the size of a pencil eraser. A pair of laser-operated, finger like grippers allow the robot to grasp and release small objects. The device operates wirelessly, powered by a magnetic field. <br />Mechanical engineer Haibo Dong is working on a four-winged robot called the Wright Dragon flyer. The design is more difficult to create than a two-winged flapping system but promises greater speed and manoeuvrability. Dong expects to have a prototype, about the size of a real dragonfly, completed this year. “This small craft could perform surveillance, environmental monitoring, and search and rescue,”<br />Microflier: Microfliers could search for missing people, detect bombs, and perhaps even deliver drugs inside the human body.<br />Safety Equipments<br />
  82. 82. The classes offer more leg room and space, efforts are on to refurbish the seats of all domestic flights.<br />Hot meals on the flights are offered, in improved and cheerful designer crockery<br />Now, even Economy passengers holding confirmed tickets between India and all the international destinations (except Colombo and Kathmandu ) can choose their seats.<br />Jet Airways promise to make your flying experience extraordinary and operates two classes of service on their domestic routes - Premiere and Economy. While both the classes offer more leg room and space, efforts are on to refurbish the seats of all domestic flights. Other in-flight services include :-<br />Upgraded InFlight Services<br />
  83. 83. Tele Check-in facility to save time. All that the passenger has to do is to call the special Tele check-in numbers at the airport up to 45 minutes before departure and confirm that he/ she will be at the airport at least 30 minutes before the scheduled flight. The Jet crew will keep the boarding card ready to expedite the passenger's check-in.<br />Passengers can now enjoy the luxury of a course-by-course personalised meal starting from hot refreshing soups to a variety of rich desserts<br />TeleCheck in/Dinning<br />
  84. 84. The JetScreen is Jet Airways' award-wining inflight Entertainment system. <br />JetScreen offers a virtual feast of entertainment for our passengers; from blockbuster movies to the latest music albums, from award-winning TV shows to the best games!<br />Jet airways offer the in-flight magazine JetWings with an in-flight shopping catalogue called JetBoutique.<br />JetScreen<br />
  85. 85. More job opportunity<br />Economical development<br />Improves standard of living<br />Pax are more comfort as compared to other modes of travel<br />Normal beginners business enhancers are also used to travel due to the increase of low cost airlines<br />Time consumption<br />Improvement in business sector<br />Advantages of Current scenario in the aviation industry<br />
  86. 86. Due to a huge hike in fuel rates, the airlines are started to charge more from passengers<br />As the pax are increasing day by day the aircrafts are also increased leads to environmental pollution<br />Due to the development of aviation industry all the other modes of communication are hardly disturbed with losses<br />Disadvantages of Current scenario in the aviation industry<br />
  87. 87. Airbus A300<br />Short to medium range aircraft<br />Fuel capacity is low compared to boeing 777<br />Mostly used as domestic/short term schedule flight<br />Operates with unmatched reliability, versality and economy <br />Long body, wide ranging, twin engine aircraft<br />It is the longest unrefueled aircraft<br />Long term Flight<br />More spacious and comfortable as compared<br />Comparision <br />Boeing 777<br />
  88. 88. Better fuel mileage<br />Improved maintenance program<br />Increased take off weights<br />Higher trust engines<br />More seats<br />Overhead space utilization<br />Greater payload capacity<br />Other advantages over A300<br />
  89. 89. I fit into the picture as a Cabin Crew and I am sure that I am having all the qualities to be a cabin crew.<br />My position in the future aviation industry should be a cabin crew in a reputed international airline industry.<br />Earlier I was so poor about the current affairs and scenarios about the aviation industry but now this research helped me to clear up those areas and to be a employee in a aviation industry we should be so clear about all the current affairs of about the aviation industry.<br />Fit into the picture/Future in the aviation sector/Benefit from this research<br />
  90. 90. I am feeling great for the strong support and the guidelines provided to me by my Aviationstaff Mrs. SnehaKarkiwho helped me through this Aviation class to make me as perfect. I am really thankful to her.<br />My Thought<br />
  91. 91. Thank You ! ! !<br />Thank You ! ! !<br />