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The Current Transport Policy Environment

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The Current Transport Policy Environment …

The Current Transport Policy Environment
(Law 23/2007: Objectives & Follow-up)
Harun al-Rasyid LUBIS

Published in: Business

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  • 1. The Current Transport Policy Environment (Law 23/2007: Objectives & Follow-up)
    Harun al-Rasyid LUBIS
    15 December 2009
  • 2. Legal and Regulatory Reform
    Past & Recent Law # 23/2007
    Railway Policy Reforms & Objectives
    Moving Forward
    Goals of Rail Sector Development
    Roles & Strategic Directions
    Follow-up
    Infrastructure Ownerships and Rolling Stocks
    Option of Railway Organization Model
    Railway Restructuring Variables
    Possible Institutional & Regulatory Development
    National RMP and Indonesia Railway Forum
  • 3. Railway: Legal & Regulatory Reform
    PAST
    Law # 13/1992
    GR No. 69/1998 Rail Infrastructure and Rolling Stock
    GR No. 81/1998 Rail Traffic and Transport
    NEW
    Law # 23/2007
    GR 56 /2009 Railway Operation and Management
    Draft GR Rail Traffic and Transport
  • 4. Law # 23 /2007 : Policy Reform & Objectives
    Today
    Future Expectation ( by Law)
    Local Goverments
    Other Corporations
    • Highly depending on public funding
    • 5. Dominantly PT KA Monopoly
    • 6. Too centralistic planned and managed
    Railwayoperations and managementshouldbeefficient and responsivetothemarket – competitiveservices
    HOW ?
    Article 214 ; Railway Audit and PT KA Betterment ( only 4 months left )
    Opens up Local Government involvement and private sector participationsa) Institutional and implementing regulations need to be set upb) Infrastructure ownership and management need to be clearly defined , andc) Separation of regulatory function and service providers
    If the market allow, introduce competition and network access to new TOCs
  • 7. The objectives of regulation are:
    to regulate the establishment and provision of railway services in Indonesian;
    to promote and protect the interests of users of railway services;
    to promote competition in the provision of railway services;
    to encourage investment in railway infrastructure and rolling stock by the private sector where appropriate; and
    to promote efficiency and economy in the provision of railway services.
  • 8. MOVING FORWARD --
    Goals of Railway Sector Development
    National Railway Masterplan (NRMP) will guide the long term development of the sector
    Consolidated and good quality NRMP document is necessary
    Achievable targets of railmarket share byregion /corridor / islandsneedtobespecified in NRMP
  • 9. Rail Transport Shares Worldwide
    COUNTRY Passenger Freight
    Japan 29% 5%
    EU & USA < 10% 10 – 30 %
    Indonesia 6 – 7 % < 1 %
    Sumber : diolah dari berbagai sumber
  • 10. Roles and Strategic Directions
    • Rail Advantages: efficient, environment friendly, less energy for a massive and long haul , less land take, etc..
    • 11. Will push other sectors development, backward and forward, such as job opportunities, property, industry, supported distribution and delivery services, etc...
    • 12. Passenger Commuter Trains and Intercity Medium Distant
    Roles of the railway sector in the national economy
    • Rail transport is strategic part of logistic system and supply chain management (SCM)
    • 13. To be more competitive, rail services need to be improved, also as complementary for other modes (land, sea and air transport) so as to form an efficient and seamless transport
    Roles in Logistic & Distribution
  • 14. FOLLOW-UP :Objects to be managed and regulated
    Railway infrastructure:
    Rail track
    Stations
    Other train operating facilities (signal, telecommunication and electricity)
    Rolling stock (trains):
    Locomotive
    Cars (for passengers)
    Wagons (for freight)
    Special facilities or rolling stock (for track maintenance-- MTT)
    Workshops, depots for R/S maintenance
  • 15. Railway Organization Model
    Separated : Multi-Operator
    Integrated Model (a & b)
    BUS
    BUS
    1
    2
    BUS
    n
    (c)
    TAC
    B U P & S
    (a)
    BUP
    TAC
    Notes:
    BUP & S = Infrastructure and train operating company (integrated)
    BUP = Infrastructure management company
    BUS = train operating company
    D A = division of transport
    DP = division of Infrastructure
    TAC = track access charge
    B U P & S
    BUS
    n
    (b)
    D A
    n
    TAC
    D P
  • 16. Railway Restructuring: Variables that needs to be controlled
    COMPETITION
    STRUCTURE
    Integrated
    Dominant/Tenant/incremental
    Separated
    Public/Mixed/Privt Ownership
    Intermodal
    or
    IN/FOR Market
    Tariffs
    Access Regime
    Entry/Licensing
    Safety
    Government Support
    REGULATION
  • 17.
  • 18. Organization and Ownership
    OWNERSHIP SPECTRUM
    ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE SPECTRUM
    True “separation’’
  • 19. Possible Stages of Institutional and Regulatory Development
    ( Service providers)
    Past Now
    14
    Follow-up Future
  • 20. Key Players on Railway
    Railway Law 23/2007 categorizes at least six key parties or players in the rail sector i.e.:
    Governments (central, province, regency),
    Business entities or companies as service providers of infrastructures and/or transport services)
    Research institutes,
    Universities,
    Customers, and
    Societies ( viz. industries)
  • 21. NRMP
    National Railway Master Plan & Indonesia Railway Forum
    Rail sector Long term investment Plan(20 years)
    Strategy & Long term Action Plan
    Rail Improvement Projects ( 4 to 5 years)
    Yearly Program and Project List ( 1 to 2 years / multi years)
    MTDP
    Rail Budget
    Indonesia Railway Forum
    Parliament and Ministerial Approval
  • 22. Thank you…