The Current Transport Policy Environment


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The Current Transport Policy Environment
(Law 23/2007: Objectives & Follow-up)
Harun al-Rasyid LUBIS

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The Current Transport Policy Environment

  1. 1. The Current Transport Policy Environment (Law 23/2007: Objectives & Follow-up)<br />Harun al-Rasyid LUBIS<br />15 December 2009<br />
  2. 2. Legal and Regulatory Reform<br />Past & Recent Law # 23/2007<br />Railway Policy Reforms & Objectives <br />Moving Forward<br />Goals of Rail Sector Development<br />Roles & Strategic Directions<br />Follow-up<br />Infrastructure Ownerships and Rolling Stocks<br />Option of Railway Organization Model<br />Railway Restructuring Variables<br />Possible Institutional & Regulatory Development<br />National RMP and Indonesia Railway Forum<br />
  3. 3. Railway: Legal & Regulatory Reform<br />PAST<br />Law # 13/1992 <br />GR No. 69/1998 Rail Infrastructure and Rolling Stock<br />GR No. 81/1998 Rail Traffic and Transport<br />NEW<br />Law # 23/2007<br />GR 56 /2009 Railway Operation and Management <br />Draft GR Rail Traffic and Transport<br />
  4. 4. Law # 23 /2007 : Policy Reform & Objectives<br />Today <br />Future Expectation ( by Law) <br />Local Goverments<br />Other Corporations<br /><ul><li> Highly depending on public funding
  5. 5. Dominantly PT KA Monopoly
  6. 6. Too centralistic planned and managed </li></ul>Railwayoperations and managementshouldbeefficient and responsivetothemarket – competitiveservices<br />HOW ?<br />Article 214 ; Railway Audit and PT KA Betterment ( only 4 months left )<br />Opens up Local Government involvement and private sector participationsa) Institutional and implementing regulations need to be set upb) Infrastructure ownership and management need to be clearly defined , andc) Separation of regulatory function and service providers<br />If the market allow, introduce competition and network access to new TOCs<br />
  7. 7. The objectives of regulation are: <br />to regulate the establishment and provision of railway services in Indonesian;<br />to promote and protect the interests of users of railway services;<br />to promote competition in the provision of railway services;<br />to encourage investment in railway infrastructure and rolling stock by the private sector where appropriate; and<br />to promote efficiency and economy in the provision of railway services.<br />
  8. 8. MOVING FORWARD --<br />Goals of Railway Sector Development<br />National Railway Masterplan (NRMP) will guide the long term development of the sector<br />Consolidated and good quality NRMP document is necessary<br />Achievable targets of railmarket share byregion /corridor / islandsneedtobespecified in NRMP<br />
  9. 9. Rail Transport Shares Worldwide<br />COUNTRY Passenger Freight<br />Japan 29% 5%<br />EU & USA < 10% 10 – 30 %<br />Indonesia 6 – 7 % < 1 %<br />Sumber : diolah dari berbagai sumber<br />
  10. 10. Roles and Strategic Directions<br /><ul><li> Rail Advantages: efficient, environment friendly, less energy for a massive and long haul , less land take, etc..
  11. 11. Will push other sectors development, backward and forward, such as job opportunities, property, industry, supported distribution and delivery services, etc...
  12. 12. Passenger Commuter Trains and Intercity Medium Distant </li></ul>Roles of the railway sector in the national economy<br /><ul><li>Rail transport is strategic part of logistic system and supply chain management (SCM)
  13. 13. To be more competitive, rail services need to be improved, also as complementary for other modes (land, sea and air transport) so as to form an efficient and seamless transport </li></ul>Roles in Logistic & Distribution<br />
  14. 14. FOLLOW-UP :Objects to be managed and regulated <br />Railway infrastructure:<br />Rail track<br />Stations<br />Other train operating facilities (signal, telecommunication and electricity) <br />Rolling stock (trains):<br />Locomotive<br />Cars (for passengers)<br />Wagons (for freight)<br />Special facilities or rolling stock (for track maintenance-- MTT)<br />Workshops, depots for R/S maintenance<br />
  15. 15. Railway Organization Model<br />Separated : Multi-Operator<br />Integrated Model (a & b)<br />BUS <br />BUS<br /> 1<br />2<br />BUS<br />n<br />(c)<br />TAC<br />B U P & S<br />(a)<br />BUP<br />TAC<br />Notes:<br />BUP & S = Infrastructure and train operating company (integrated)<br />BUP = Infrastructure management company<br />BUS = train operating company<br />D A = division of transport<br />DP = division of Infrastructure<br />TAC = track access charge<br />B U P & S<br />BUS<br />n<br />(b)<br />D A<br />n<br />TAC<br />D P<br />
  16. 16. Railway Restructuring: Variables that needs to be controlled<br />COMPETITION<br />STRUCTURE<br />Integrated<br />Dominant/Tenant/incremental<br />Separated<br />Public/Mixed/Privt Ownership<br />Intermodal<br /> or<br />IN/FOR Market<br />Tariffs<br />Access Regime<br />Entry/Licensing<br />Safety<br />Government Support<br />REGULATION<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Organization and Ownership<br />OWNERSHIP SPECTRUM<br />ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE SPECTRUM<br />True “separation’’<br />
  19. 19. Possible Stages of Institutional and Regulatory Development<br />( Service providers)<br />Past Now<br />14<br />Follow-up Future<br />
  20. 20. Key Players on Railway<br />Railway Law 23/2007 categorizes at least six key parties or players in the rail sector i.e.:<br /> Governments (central, province, regency), <br /> Business entities or companies as service providers of infrastructures and/or transport services)<br /> Research institutes, <br /> Universities, <br /> Customers, and <br /> Societies ( viz. industries) <br />
  21. 21. NRMP<br />National Railway Master Plan & Indonesia Railway Forum<br />Rail sector Long term investment Plan(20 years)<br />Strategy & Long term Action Plan<br />Rail Improvement Projects ( 4 to 5 years)<br />Yearly Program and Project List ( 1 to 2 years / multi years)<br />MTDP<br />Rail Budget<br />Indonesia Railway Forum<br />Parliament and Ministerial Approval <br />
  22. 22. Thank you… <br />