These guidelines are largely based on the indication that as sodium intake decreases, so will blood pressure, and, thereby, so will the risk of cardiovascu- lar disease and stroke. However, the recommendations have come under scrutiny in light of a 2013 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report acknowledging that there is little if any evidence of ben- efit for intakes below 2,300 mg of sodium per day for the general population. At the root of the debate are data showing that sodium intake below 2,300 mg might actually harm, rather than help, poten- tially because of compensatory mechanisms the body produces hormon- ally to maintain proper sodium-water balance. The IOM report has led some scientists to argue that any recommen- dation below average consumption levels—at 3,400 mg—is premature without additional evidence, and that efforts to lower blood pressure Extract from IFT org publication
"should include other components such as decreasing total caloric intake and increasing dietary potassium (found mainly in fruits and vegetables). Others argue that average sodium intake is still higher than it should be and that population-wide sodium reduction should continue as a health priority.