AARON JOHNSON<br />FIRE INSPECTOR <br />MARTIN COUNTY FIRE RESCUE<br />Business by the book – what does nfpa 402 really sa...
Chapter 1 Administration<br />1.1 Scope<br /><ul><li>	80% of all major accidents occur in the critical rescue and fire-fig...
Critical Rescue and Fire-Fighting Access Area: 500 ft. from each side or runway centerline, 3300 ft. beyond each runway end.
15% occur in approach areas (1.1.2)</li></ul>1.2 Purpose<br /><ul><li>Guidance (1.2.1)
Developing methods (1.2.2)</li></ul>1.3 General<br /><ul><li>Occupant protection/survival (1.3.1)</li></li></ul><li>Chapte...
Chapter 6:  Emergency Response<br />Chapter 7:  Factors Common to Airport 				     Emergencies<br />Chapter 9:  Evacuation...
Chapter 13:  Post-Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />Post - Incident<br />
4.1  General<br />4.2  Emergency Response Preplanning<br />4.3  Airport Fire Fighter Basic Knowledge<br />4.4  Communicati...
4.2  Emergency Response Pre-planning<br />ARFF vehicles (NFPA 414), driver/operator familiarization with facility and equi...
4.3  Airport Fire Fighter Basic Knowledge<br />NFPA 1003 Standard for Airport Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications (4....
Aircraft Familiarization (4.3.3):<br />Location/operation of normal and emergency exits, cargo doors, equipment, and galle...
Airport Familiarization (4.3.4):<br />Water supply locations (hydrants, ponds, etc.).<br />Runway identification and locat...
5.1  Areas of Responsibility<br />5.2  Communications<br />Chapter 5:  Flight Deck Crew and ARFF Responsibilities<br />
5.1  Areas of Responsibility<br />Primary responsibility is safety of all persons.<br />Duties and Responsibilities:<br />...
8.1  Aircraft Construction<br />8.2  Aircraft Materials<br />8.3  Aircraft Fuel Tanks<br />8.4  Aircraft Exits and Doors<b...
8.2  Aircraft Materials<br />Aluminum alloy (8.2.2)<br />Magnesium alloys (8.2.3)<br />Steel (8.2.4)<br />Composite materi...
Aluminum Alloy (8.2.2)<br />No significant fire contribution<br />Buckle and distort at 778 F<br />Decompose at 1,138 F<br...
Magnesium alloys (8.2.3)<br />Used for:<br />Wheels, engine mounts, brackets, crankcase sections, cover plates, engine par...
Steel (8.2.4)<br />Used for:<br />Engine parts, engine nacelles, engine fire walls, flap gear, tubing<br />No fire hazard ...
Titanium (8.2.5)<br />Used for:<br />Engine parts, nacelles, engine fire walls<br />Combustible metal<br />High degree of ...
Composite materials (8.2.6)<br />Fibers used:<br />Boron, fiberglass, aramid, graphite<br />Used for:<br />Nacelles, flaps...
8.3  Aircraft Fuel Tanks<br />Principal types (8.3.1.1):<br />Rigid tanks.<br />Integral tanks.<br />Flexible/semi-flexibl...
Rigid Tanks<br />Aluminum/Duralumin<br />Internal baffles<br />Fabric covered, cradles, metal straps<br />Integral Tanks<b...
8.3  Aircraft Fuel Tanks<br />Aviation fuels(8.3.5):<br />AV-GAS (aviation gasoline)<br />MOGAS (motor gasoline)<br />AV-T...
Chapter 6:  Emergency Response<br />Chapter 7:  Factors Common to Airport   			        Emergencies<br />Chapter 9:  Evacua...
6.1  General<br />6.2  Low Visibility Operations<br />6.3  Considerations for Airports Adjacent to   	     Water<br />Chap...
6.1  General<br />Survivable atmosphere = 3 minutes<br />Burnthrough = 60 seconds<br />Window penetration = 3 minutes<br /...
7.1  General<br />7.2  Types of Alerts<br />7.3  Vehicle Response to Aircraft Accidents<br />7.4  Positioning of ARFF Vehi...
7.2  Types of Alerts<br />Local Standby Alert – “Local Standby” (7.2.2)<br />Full Emergency Alert – “Full Emergency” (7.2....
7.2.2  Local Standby Alert – “Local Standby”<br />Be advised of:<br />Aircraft Type<br />Number of Passengers<br />Amount ...
7.2.3  Full Emergency Alert – “Full  		  	       Emergency”<br />Defect that affects normal flight operations<br />Full re...
7.5  Hazards to ARFF Personnel<br />Undercarriage fire, fragmentation area (7.5.5)<br />Engine run danger (7.5.6)<br />Hel...
7.5.5  Wheel Fragmentation Area<br />Chapter 7:  Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
7.5.6  Engine Run Danger Area<br />Chapter 7:  Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
7.5.10  Helicopter<br />     Danger Areas<br />Chapter 7:  Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
7.5  Hazards to ARFF Personnel<br />Composite materials, problem areas(7.5.11):<br />Toxic gas emissions<br />Airborne sha...
9.1  Aircraft Evacuation<br />9.2  Evacuation Slides<br />9.3  Evacuation Assistance by ARFF Personnel<br />9.4  Aircraft ...
9.1  Aircraft Evacuation<br />Flight deck crew<br />Trained<br />In best position<br />Chapter 9:  Evacuation and Rescue<b...
9.4  Aircraft Forcible Entry<br />Power Saws  (9.4.3)<br />Aircraft skin<br />Structural materials<br />Claw/pry tools<br ...
9.5  Extrication and Rescue<br />Temperature extremes (9.5.7)<br />Chapter 9:  Evacuation and Rescue<br />
10.1  General<br />10.2  Extinguishing Agents for Aircraft Fires<br />10.3  Water and Agent Resupply and   		  	      Cons...
10.9  Aqueous Film Forming Foam and Film 		      Forming Fluoroprotein for Turret   	       	 	      Application<br />10.1...
10.2  Extinguishing Agents for Aircraft Fires<br />Primary Agents (10.2.1):<br />Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)<br />Fil...
10.5  Size-Up (Risk Assessment)<br />Gathering of facts for making decisions (10.5.1)<br />Initiated by first responding o...
10.7  Extinguishment Techniques<br />Cool fuselage<br />Protect occupants<br />Assist rescue teams  (10.7.1)<br />Chapter ...
10.8  Turret Operations<br />Efficient use of agent (10.8.1)<br />Utilize the wind<br />Maintain escape routes<br />Pump a...
10.11  Handline Foam Application<br />Control fire<br />Maintain rescue paths<br />Spot fires<br />Maintain foam blanket<b...
11.1  General<br />11.2  Aircraft Interior Fires Occurring in  	    	      Flight<br />11.3  Interior Fires in Unoccupied ...
11.1  General<br />Interior Fire Indicators (11.1.7)<br />Cabin windows<br />Smoke characteristics<br />Buckling/paint bli...
11.2  Aircraft Interior Fires Occurring in 	  	      Flight<br />Fire types (11.2.2):<br />Engines<br />Cabin areas<br />L...
12.1  General<br />12.2  Engine Fires<br />12.3  Aircraft Fuel Servicing Incidents<br />12.4  Hot Brakes<br />12.5  Wheel ...
12.7  Broken Flammable Liquid Lines<br />12.8  Heater Fires<br />12.9  Bomb Threats/Security<br />12.10  Incidents Where A...
12.2  Engine Fires<br />Engine fire, crew actions (12.2.1):<br />Engine shut-down	  <br />Engine fire extinguishment sys. ...
12.3  Aircraft Fuel Servicing Incidents<br />Incident causes (12.3.1):<br />Static in flowing fuel<br />Surface-generated ...
12.4  Hot Brakes<br />Potential explosion hazard (12.4.1)<br />Chapter 12:  Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
12.5  Wheel Fires<br />Effective cooling (12.5.1)	<br />Chapter 12:  Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
12.9  Bomb Threats/Security<br />Role of ARFF personnel (12.9.6):<br />Assist occupants<br />Assume stand-by status<br />A...
12.10  Incidents Where Aircraft Fire 			         Warnings Occur<br />Inspect for fire signs (12.10.1)<br />Chapter 12:  Mi...
12.11  Emergency Landings<br />Broken lines<br />Ignite in wheel wells<br />Fire can travel to fuselage (12.11.1)<br />Cha...
Chapter 13:  Post – Aircraft Accident 				          Procedures<br />Post - Incident<br />
13.1  General<br />13.2  Preservation of Evidence<br />13.3  Fatalities<br />13.4  Preservation of Mail, Baggage, and 	  	...
13.2  Preservation of Evidence<br />Vital importance (13.2.1)<br />Debris <br />Documents <br />Observation  (13.2.3)<br /...
13.3  Fatalities<br />Clearly identified (13.3.1):<br />Flags<br />Stakes<br />Photograph<br />Coinciding numbers<br />Cha...
13.4  Preservation of Mail, Baggage, and  		      Cargo<br />Observe location (13.4.1)<br />Airline ultimate responsibilit...
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NFPA 402 -- ARFF By the Book

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NFPA 402 -- ARFF By the Book

  1. 1. AARON JOHNSON<br />FIRE INSPECTOR <br />MARTIN COUNTY FIRE RESCUE<br />Business by the book – what does nfpa 402 really say?<br />AIRPORT FIRE – RESCUE U.S.A<br />May 4-6th , 2009<br />Myrtle Beach, South Carolina<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 1 Administration<br />1.1 Scope<br /><ul><li> 80% of all major accidents occur in the critical rescue and fire-fighting access area
  3. 3. Critical Rescue and Fire-Fighting Access Area: 500 ft. from each side or runway centerline, 3300 ft. beyond each runway end.
  4. 4. 15% occur in approach areas (1.1.2)</li></ul>1.2 Purpose<br /><ul><li>Guidance (1.2.1)
  5. 5. Developing methods (1.2.2)</li></ul>1.3 General<br /><ul><li>Occupant protection/survival (1.3.1)</li></li></ul><li>Chapter 4: Pre-Incident Planning for Aircraft Emergencies<br />Chapter 5: Flight Deck Crew and ARFF Personnel Responsibilities<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />Pre - Incident<br />
  6. 6. Chapter 6: Emergency Response<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />Chapter 9: Evacuation and Rescue<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />Chapter 11: Interior Aircraft Fires<br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />Incident<br />
  7. 7. Chapter 13: Post-Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />Post - Incident<br />
  8. 8. 4.1 General<br />4.2 Emergency Response Preplanning<br />4.3 Airport Fire Fighter Basic Knowledge<br />4.4 Communications<br />4.5 Mutual Aid Considerations<br />Chapter 4: Pre-Incident Planning for Aircraft Emergencies<br />
  9. 9. 4.2 Emergency Response Pre-planning<br />ARFF vehicles (NFPA 414), driver/operator familiarization with facility and equipment. (4.2.1)<br />Construction work being done that may affect response/operational capability (4.2.3)<br />Gate locations and opening capability (access roads)(4.2.4)<br />Grid maps familiarity (4.2.6)<br />Communications (4.2.8)<br />Off-airport emergency services (4.2.9)<br />Availability of additional/special vehicles (4.2.11)<br />Chapter 4: Pre-Incident Planning for Aircraft Emergencies<br />
  10. 10. 4.3 Airport Fire Fighter Basic Knowledge<br />NFPA 1003 Standard for Airport Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications (4.3.1)<br />Aircraft Familiarization (4.3.3)<br />Airport Familiarization (4.3.4)<br />Chapter 4: Pre-Incident Planning for Aircraft Emergencies<br />
  11. 11. Aircraft Familiarization (4.3.3):<br />Location/operation of normal and emergency exits, cargo doors, equipment, and galley access doors.<br />Seating configurations.<br />Type of fuel and location of fuel tanks.<br />Location of ejection seats and armament (military aircraft).<br />Locations of batteries, hydraulics, and oxygen systems.<br />Positions of break-in points on the aircraft.<br />Location of rapidly activated standby generators or turbines.<br />Fire access panels.<br />Location of aircraft construction materials that are subject to be releasing hazardous/toxic substances while burning.<br />
  12. 12. Airport Familiarization (4.3.4):<br />Water supply locations (hydrants, ponds, etc.).<br />Runway identification and locations.<br />Taxiway identifications and locations.<br />Airport lighting systems.<br /> Most effective response routes and alternatives.<br />Fuel handling and storage areas.<br />Key airport locations.<br />Airport service roads.<br />Gates and fences.<br />Airport drainage systems.<br />
  13. 13. 5.1 Areas of Responsibility<br />5.2 Communications<br />Chapter 5: Flight Deck Crew and ARFF Responsibilities<br />
  14. 14. 5.1 Areas of Responsibility<br />Primary responsibility is safety of all persons.<br />Duties and Responsibilities:<br />Flight deck crews hold responsibility for aircraft and safety of its occupants.<br />When and how to evacuate is determined by flight deck crew and attendants.<br />ARFF personnel to create conditions in which survival is possible and evacuation/rescue can be conducted. (5.1.2)<br />Chapter 5: Flight Deck Crew and ARFF Responsibilities<br />
  15. 15. 8.1 Aircraft Construction<br />8.2 Aircraft Materials<br />8.3 Aircraft Fuel Tanks<br />8.4 Aircraft Exits and Doors<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  16. 16. 8.2 Aircraft Materials<br />Aluminum alloy (8.2.2)<br />Magnesium alloys (8.2.3)<br />Steel (8.2.4)<br />Composite materials (8.2.6)<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  17. 17. Aluminum Alloy (8.2.2)<br />No significant fire contribution<br />Buckle and distort at 778 F<br />Decompose at 1,138 F<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  18. 18. Magnesium alloys (8.2.3)<br />Used for:<br />Wheels, engine mounts, brackets, crankcase sections, cover plates, engine parts<br />Not easily ignited<br />Burns violently between 1678 – 1858 F<br />Not easily extinguished<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  19. 19. Steel (8.2.4)<br />Used for:<br />Engine parts, engine nacelles, engine fire walls, flap gear, tubing<br />No fire hazard (sparking)<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  20. 20. Titanium (8.2.5)<br />Used for:<br />Engine parts, nacelles, engine fire walls<br />Combustible metal<br />High degree of heat/fire resistance<br />Not easily ignited<br />Burns between 2372 – 2642 F<br />Not easily extinguished<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  21. 21. Composite materials (8.2.6)<br />Fibers used:<br />Boron, fiberglass, aramid, graphite<br />Used for:<br />Nacelles, flaps, floor panels, struts, undercarriage doors, wing structure, tail plane, stabilizers<br />Temperature-resistant composites:<br />Engine, tire, and brake components<br />Decomposition occurs at 778 – 958 F<br />Highly toxic fumes<br />Proper PPE/SCBA<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  22. 22. 8.3 Aircraft Fuel Tanks<br />Principal types (8.3.1.1):<br />Rigid tanks.<br />Integral tanks.<br />Flexible/semi-flexible tanks.<br />Auxiliary tanks.<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  23. 23. Rigid Tanks<br />Aluminum/Duralumin<br />Internal baffles<br />Fabric covered, cradles, metal straps<br />Integral Tanks<br />Compartments formed by airframe structure<br />Does not add weight to structure<br />Flexible/semi-flexible Tanks<br />Plastic bags, secured by rubber-buttoned press studs<br />Not ruptured by shock, susceptible to piercing<br />Auxiliary Tanks<br />Metal or fiberglass pods<br />Fitted under wing, wing tips, within fuselage<br />Fuel used first, tanks may be jettisoned<br />
  24. 24. 8.3 Aircraft Fuel Tanks<br />Aviation fuels(8.3.5):<br />AV-GAS (aviation gasoline)<br />MOGAS (motor gasoline)<br />AV-TUR (kerosene) (Jet A, Jet A1)<br />AVTAG (60% gasoline, 40% kerosene)(Jet B)<br />AVCAT (JP-5)<br />*NFPA 407, Standard for Aircraft Fuel Servicing<br />Chapter 8: Aircraft Construction and Materials<br />
  25. 25. Chapter 6: Emergency Response<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />Chapter 9: Evacuation and Rescue<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />Chapter 11: Interior Aircraft Fires<br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />Incident<br />
  26. 26. 6.1 General<br />6.2 Low Visibility Operations<br />6.3 Considerations for Airports Adjacent to Water<br />Chapter 6: Emergency Response<br />
  27. 27. 6.1 General<br />Survivable atmosphere = 3 minutes<br />Burnthrough = 60 seconds<br />Window penetration = 3 minutes<br />Rapid fire control<br />Chapter 6: Emergency Response<br />
  28. 28. 7.1 General<br />7.2 Types of Alerts<br />7.3 Vehicle Response to Aircraft Accidents<br />7.4 Positioning of ARFF Vehicles<br />7.5 Hazards to ARFF Personnel<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  29. 29. 7.2 Types of Alerts<br />Local Standby Alert – “Local Standby” (7.2.2)<br />Full Emergency Alert – “Full Emergency” (7.2.3)<br />Aircraft Accident Alert – “Aircraft Accident” (7.2.4)<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  30. 30. 7.2.2 Local Standby Alert – “Local Standby”<br />Be advised of:<br />Aircraft Type<br />Number of Passengers<br />Amount of fuel remaining<br />Nature of the emergency<br />Type, amount, and location of dangerous goods <br />Number/location of nonambulatory passengers<br />Limited response<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  31. 31. 7.2.3 Full Emergency Alert – “Full Emergency”<br />Defect that affects normal flight operations<br />Full response<br />7.2.4 Aircraft Accident Alert – “Aircraft Accident”<br />Accident has occurred<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  32. 32. 7.5 Hazards to ARFF Personnel<br />Undercarriage fire, fragmentation area (7.5.5)<br />Engine run danger (7.5.6)<br />Helicopter danger areas (7.5.10)<br />Composite materials danger (7.5.11)<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  33. 33. 7.5.5 Wheel Fragmentation Area<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  34. 34. 7.5.6 Engine Run Danger Area<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  35. 35. 7.5.10 Helicopter<br /> Danger Areas<br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  36. 36. 7.5 Hazards to ARFF Personnel<br />Composite materials, problem areas(7.5.11):<br />Toxic gas emissions<br />Airborne sharp particles<br />Absorption<br />Different characteristics <br />Chapter 7: Factors Common to Airport Emergencies<br />
  37. 37. 9.1 Aircraft Evacuation<br />9.2 Evacuation Slides<br />9.3 Evacuation Assistance by ARFF Personnel<br />9.4 Aircraft Forcible Entry<br />9.5 Extrication and Rescue<br />Chapter 9: Evacuation and Rescue<br />
  38. 38. 9.1 Aircraft Evacuation<br />Flight deck crew<br />Trained<br />In best position<br />Chapter 9: Evacuation and Rescue<br />
  39. 39. 9.4 Aircraft Forcible Entry<br />Power Saws (9.4.3)<br />Aircraft skin<br />Structural materials<br />Claw/pry tools<br />Force doors/hatches<br />Pull panels<br />Dislodge seats<br />Air chisel<br />Aluminum/light metals<br />Hydraulic rescue tools<br />Forcible entry assist<br />Chapter 9: Evacuation and Rescue<br />
  40. 40. 9.5 Extrication and Rescue<br />Temperature extremes (9.5.7)<br />Chapter 9: Evacuation and Rescue<br />
  41. 41. 10.1 General<br />10.2 Extinguishing Agents for Aircraft Fires<br />10.3 Water and Agent Resupply and Conservation<br />10.4 Rescue Operations<br />10.5 Size-Up (Risk Assessment)<br />10.6 Aircraft Accident – Fire Involvement<br />10.7 Extinguishment Techniques<br />10.8 Turret Operations<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />
  42. 42. 10.9 Aqueous Film Forming Foam and Film Forming Fluoroprotein for Turret Application<br />10.10 Protein and Fluoroprotein Foam Turret Application<br />10.11 Handline Foam Application<br />10.12 Aircraft Accident – No Fire Involvement<br />10.13 Exposure Protection<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />
  43. 43. 10.2 Extinguishing Agents for Aircraft Fires<br />Primary Agents (10.2.1):<br />Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)<br />Film Forming Fluoroproteins (FFFP)<br />Protein Foam<br />Fluoroprotein Foam Solutions<br />Secondary Agents (10.2.2):<br />Dry Chemical<br />Halogenated Agents<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />
  44. 44. 10.5 Size-Up (Risk Assessment)<br />Gathering of facts for making decisions (10.5.1)<br />Initiated by first responding officer (10.5.2)<br />Established information (10.5.3)<br />Vital operational decisions (10.5.4)<br />Changes in strategy (10.5.5)<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />
  45. 45. 10.7 Extinguishment Techniques<br />Cool fuselage<br />Protect occupants<br />Assist rescue teams (10.7.1)<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />
  46. 46. 10.8 Turret Operations<br />Efficient use of agent (10.8.1)<br />Utilize the wind<br />Maintain escape routes<br />Pump and roll (10.8.2 – 10.8.5<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />
  47. 47. 10.11 Handline Foam Application<br />Control fire<br />Maintain rescue paths<br />Spot fires<br />Maintain foam blanket<br />Conserve agent (10.11.1)<br />Chapter 10: Fire Control and Extinguishment<br />
  48. 48. 11.1 General<br />11.2 Aircraft Interior Fires Occurring in Flight<br />11.3 Interior Fires in Unoccupied Aircraft<br />11.4 Penetrating Nozzles<br />11.5 Interior Aircraft Fire Overhaul<br />Chapter 11: Interior Aircraft Fires<br />
  49. 49. 11.1 General<br />Interior Fire Indicators (11.1.7)<br />Cabin windows<br />Smoke characteristics<br />Buckling/paint blisters<br />Chapter 11: Interior Aircraft Fires<br />
  50. 50. 11.2 Aircraft Interior Fires Occurring in Flight<br />Fire types (11.2.2):<br />Engines<br />Cabin areas<br />Lavatories<br />Heaters<br />Cargo areas<br />Electrical compartments<br />Chapter 11: Interior Aircraft Fires<br />
  51. 51. 12.1 General<br />12.2 Engine Fires<br />12.3 Aircraft Fuel Servicing Incidents<br />12.4 Hot Brakes<br />12.5 Wheel Fires<br />12.6 Combustible Metal Fires<br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  52. 52. 12.7 Broken Flammable Liquid Lines<br />12.8 Heater Fires<br />12.9 Bomb Threats/Security<br />12.10 Incidents Where Aircraft Warnings Occur<br />12.11 Emergency Landings<br />12.12 Aircraft Accidents in the Water <br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  53. 53. 12.2 Engine Fires<br />Engine fire, crew actions (12.2.1):<br />Engine shut-down <br />Engine fire extinguishment sys. Activated<br />Electrical power de-energized<br />Fuel/fluid supply shut-down <br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  54. 54. 12.3 Aircraft Fuel Servicing Incidents<br />Incident causes (12.3.1):<br />Static in flowing fuel<br />Surface-generated static<br />Defective pumps<br />External ignition source<br />Improper procedures<br />*NFPA 407, Standard for Aircraft Fuel Servicing (12.3.2)<br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  55. 55. 12.4 Hot Brakes<br />Potential explosion hazard (12.4.1)<br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  56. 56. 12.5 Wheel Fires<br />Effective cooling (12.5.1) <br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  57. 57. 12.9 Bomb Threats/Security<br />Role of ARFF personnel (12.9.6):<br />Assist occupants<br />Assume stand-by status<br />Area designated by AHJ (12.9.4)<br />Vertical clearance (12.9.4 A)<br />Assume command <br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  58. 58. 12.10 Incidents Where Aircraft Fire Warnings Occur<br />Inspect for fire signs (12.10.1)<br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  59. 59. 12.11 Emergency Landings<br />Broken lines<br />Ignite in wheel wells<br />Fire can travel to fuselage (12.11.1)<br />Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents<br />
  60. 60. Chapter 13: Post – Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />Post - Incident<br />
  61. 61. 13.1 General<br />13.2 Preservation of Evidence<br />13.3 Fatalities<br />13.4 Preservation of Mail, Baggage, and Cargo<br />13.5 Flight Data and Cockpit Voice Recorders<br />13.6 Defueling Accident Aircraft<br />13.7 Post – Accident Fuel Leaks<br />13.8 Aircraft Systems Hazards<br />Chapter 13: Post – Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />
  62. 62. 13.2 Preservation of Evidence<br />Vital importance (13.2.1)<br />Debris <br />Documents <br />Observation (13.2.3)<br />Chapter 13: Post – Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />
  63. 63. 13.3 Fatalities<br />Clearly identified (13.3.1):<br />Flags<br />Stakes<br />Photograph<br />Coinciding numbers<br />Chapter 13: Post – Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />
  64. 64. 13.4 Preservation of Mail, Baggage, and Cargo<br />Observe location (13.4.1)<br />Airline ultimate responsibility<br />Cargo manifests (13.4.4)<br />Examine packages<br />Chapter 13: Post – Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />
  65. 65. 13.5 Flight Data and Cockpit Voice Recorders<br />Aft fuselage<br />“International Orange”<br />Protect from loss/damage<br />Chapter 13: Post – Aircraft Accident Procedures<br />
  66. 66. NFPA 402, Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire – Fighting Operations, 2008 ed.<br />Aaron Johnson<br />
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