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Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand
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Broschuere fuer e-mail-versand

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Brief about 10 years of Euro forgings

Brief about 10 years of Euro forgings

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  • 1. 10 Years New EUROFORGE Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGEew EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New 10 Years New EUROFORGEE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years Newew EUROFORGE 10 Years New EU Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFOR Erwin Peddinghaus
  • 2. 10 Years New EUROFORGEErwin Peddinghaus
  • 3. PROLOGUE:EUROFORGE has had an eventful history. Its success has alwaysbeen dependent on a few figures who have not only encouraged co-operation in their own national associations, but also looked overnational borders and who have often been ahead of their time. In June1953 a first meeting of national European forging associations – onecould also call it a trial meeting – took place in Gleneagles (Scotland)on the initiative of the British association. (Germany, UK, France). Thisresulted in the start of the International Forging Congresses (IFC),which take place every three years. At the same time a closer co-operation between European trade associations began under the nameEUROFORGE. At the beginning, technical standards, dictionaries forthe forging industry and standards for important commercial andtechnical processes were developed or co-ordinated between theassociations involved. In the statutes of 1961 it was agreed in London to hold a meeting of the presidents of the national trade associations annually, and this was the starting point for a regular general exchange of ideas. Over the course of the years, because of the strong growth of national industries, EUROFORGE lost its dynamism. The presidents still met regularly for a general exchange of ideas, and their directors discussed in various establishedFoundation of EUROFORGE, 9 November 1961 in Paris. 3
  • 4. committees the positions of the national associations and their carefully sure that they did not lose any tasks, or indeed members,member companies, but there was however a lack of direction and of to EUROFORGE. Therefore it was important to establish that onlyan interesting EUROFORGE-specific discussion forum. national associations could be members, that EUROFORGE shouldIn the 1990s the industrial world of the automotive industry and have no staff of its own and that the national associations should takeits suppliers changed. National markets became European or even on key functions in the EUROFORGE organisation on an honoraryglobal ones, which affected in particular production locations as well basis. The budget was to be kept small and the allocation formula foras the purchasing sources of the automotive industry - with 60 % by the different countries involved was discussed intensively. But therefar the largest customer of the forging sector. Europe‘s markets were was one particular reason for EUROFORGE to be founded speedily:growing ever closer together, and as a result member companies were In 2002 the 17th International Forging Congress (17th IFC) was toever more often confronting their national associations with problems take place in Europe. No national association in Europe felt itselfof a transnational nature. It was at this time that important member in a position to shoulder this on its own. Therefore the Europeancompanies started pushing their national associations to create a pan- participants suggested at an informal meeting of presidents ofEuropean platform for the exchange of ideas with their European the European forging associations in Beijing on 09.09.1999 thatcompetitors. There were many topics of mutual interest. EUROFORGE should organise the 2002 Congress in Germany.FOUNDATION OF THE NEW EUROFORGE:Following the presidents‘ meeting in Munich on 13.09.1998, the boardsof the most important European associations took up the slogan“EUROFORGE needs to be re-founded”, and set up working groups.The individual associations compiled a profile of requirements forthe New EUROFORGE. In autumn 1998 the IDS (IndustrieverbandDeutscher Schmieden e. V.), too, asked its board members forsuggestions for a profile of requirements, activities and goals for aNew EUROFORGE. In the following months a lot of hard work wasdone in many meetings. Slowly a vision came into being as to whatorganisational structure, aims and activities a modern “EUROFORGE”should have. These meetings took place in Düsseldorf and Stuttgartamong other locations. At the meeting of presidents on the occasionof the 16th IFC in Beijing on 09.09.1999, the results of the workinggroups were presented and these later formed the basic frameworkfor the organisation and activities of today‘s EUROFORGE. It is clearthat every national association or director of such an association made Strong Partners in European countries in decentralized organizational structure.4 5
  • 5. On top of this, the realisation came during the Beijing Congress that a associations = Executive Committee = and important workingplatform for the large forging companies which supply the automotive groups such as the Automotive Group were to meet twice a year.industry was urgently needed, there being no national markets any Only national trade associations could be members; exceptions forlonger. So 12 representatives of important European forging companies countries without their own associations were to be possible. Thefrom Germany, France, the UK and Spain met to agree to found an budget of € 20,000 was fixed at the beginning, with a basic fee whichAutomotive Group within EUROFORGE. After this meeting the was the same for all associations plus an additional charge dependent“foundation train” really started rolling. The next presidents‘ meeting on the size of the respective national association. Assignments of thetook place in the Hotel Edouard VII in Paris on 1st December 1999, New EUROFORGE were to be taken on by staff and/or members ofwhere crucial resolutions were prepared regarding the re-founding the member associations on an honorary basis.of EUROFORGE and its statutes. The different national cultures and On 10th November 2000 in Paris the 1st General Assembly of the Newinterests had to be brought together in such a way that EUROFORGE EUROFORGE took place. The new statutes with the decentralisedwould in future be able to function properly, whilst finding the organisational structure were passed and the first draft budgetunanimous agreement of the member associations. The following was presented. Peter Sundström (Sweden) was elected as the firstcountries had over the course of the years become members: the President, with Erwin Peddinghaus (Germany) and Dino RuffattoUK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Belgium, Poland and the (Italy) as Vice-Presidents and Dr. Theodor Lutz Tutmann (Germany)Czech Republic. It was therefore no mean task to bring 9 associations as Secretary General. The members of the Executive Board were alsounder one common roof. As well as language problems there wereenormous problems of understanding and co-ordination, whichcould nevertheless, with a lot of persistence, patience and sensitivity,be solved before the founding meeting in Paris on 10.11.2000. Thefollowing points for an agreement found general acceptance:Goal: to retain forging companies as members in the EUROFORGEmember associations and to gain new member companies through anattractive offer of association services.Strategy: co-operation between the national EUROFORGE memberassociations – each national association to take on a New EUROFORGEservice.Organisation: 1 President , 2 Vice-Presidents, 1 General Secretaryas the chairman of the Executive Committee, and a decentralisedorganisational structure with honorary commitment by theEUROFORGE members. A General Assembly was to take placeannually, the working board of the directors of the national member Peter Sundström signs the EUROFORGE constitution act, 10 November 2000 in Paris.6 7
  • 6. chosen – the directors of the national member associations. The first Other objectives are:official meeting of the Executive Board took place the following day, 2. act as a forum of European forging companies for the exchangewhen the special working groups were set up and their tasks defined. of experience and for discussing common problems.(Automotive Group, Open Die Forging Group, Technical Committee, 3. be a representative body vis à vis the EU-Commission,Statistics, Communication). The Turkish forging company Parsan was suppliers and customersgiven the task of establishing a national forging association in Turkey 4. to collect and defend the common interests of the industry.within 3 years. Until then Parsan would be accepted as an associated 5. to collect and provide information - evolution of technical andmember. economic and environmental trends - statistics - benchmarking.The preparations for the 17th IFC were advanced further in the 6. to promote the forging business.Hotel ATALA in Paris on 9th November 2000, and the Maritim Hotelin Cologne was selected as the venue. The German association IDS The Czech association was given the responsibility for organisingunder Lutz Tutmann had prepared a clear conception with respect the Open Die Forging Group, the first budget was passed and it wasto the time-frame and content of the Congress. A large financial decided that English would be EUROFORGE‘s official language.risk for their associations was foreseen by the presidents of some Rules for the 17th IFC were also agreed as well as the following:associations, in particular by the French president Henri Latrasse, The staffing of the Organising Committee, how any profit or losswho could not understand how his German colleague, Dr. Manfred produced by the Congress should be divided up between members,Hirschvogel, could be so optimistic. Dr. Hirschvogel was however to the engagement of a professional organiser (Hinte Messe),prove right. After a long discussion, the budget (at least 311 paying co-operation with the METAV exhibition in Düsseldorf and rules forparticipants were needed to cover the costs), the programme and the participation in plant visits.organisational structure were approved, along with the tasks and These were important prerequisites for the success of the Congress.the staffing of the organisation - (Peter Sundström/Lutz Tutmann) Despite different national starting positions, good solutions wereand of the Programme Committee (Erwin Peddinghaus). The plant found and agreed upon.visits following the congress were to be arranged by the nationalassociations themselves in Spain, Sweden, the UK, Germany and the EUROFORGE meetings are held in the countries of the variousCzech Republic respectively. To finish with, Lutz Tutmann presented national associations, in towns or cities which have good transportthe New EUROFORGE Logo, which was approved unanimously . connections, in order to bind the various national associations more into the work of EUROFORGE. The Automotive Group met in AprilThe first meeting of the Executive Board in Cologne in 2001 served to 2001 in Varese (Italy) and a complete meeting of all committees tooklay down the following principles: place in Brussels at the end of September 2001. Alongside the further“The basic objectives of EUROFORGE were concluded as follows: development of production statistics, further fields of activity were 1. The overall objective is to enlarge the activities of the national sought for the EUROFORGE Technical Committee (ETC). A website EUROFORGE member associations. for the time after the congress was necessary, as were rules for8 9
  • 7. collaboration in the various committees. The work of the AutomotiveGroup became more and more concentrated on topics affecting allmember companies such as internet auctions, fair long-term deliverycontracts, consignment stocks, customers’ terms and conditions ofpayment, sharing of tooling costs with customers, problems of steelprocurement, etc.. The working procedures in the meetings werestreamlined and placed on more shoulders. The Chairman – ErwinPeddinghaus – reached an agreement with the Chairman of the ETC,Juan-Carlos Gonzales, that technical questions should be dealt within the ETC and commercial topics in the Automotive Group. Overthe course of time an open, trustful working atmosphere developed,which is the basis for effective work. An intensive exchange of ideasbetween the representatives of the various member firms took place,also about matters outside the normal agenda. More than 25, and thusalmost all important, independent European forging companies have Programme Committee members 17th. IFC 2002, Cologne.become members of this working group over the years. This has thenresulted in the national trade associations winning new members. of machinery for the forging industry. Nor should a grant from theAfter careful consideration, membership of EUROFORGE in the federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia (NRW) be forgotten, whichEuropean automotive suppliers association (Clepa) was agreed and was used for the establishment of an information and communicationconcluded in 2002. The 17th IFC was getting closer and so the spring forum for young engineers and college lecturers from the whole ofmeeting in Cologne on 23.04.2002 was the juncture when important Europe.decisions which had been taken concerning the 17th IFC Congresshad to be scrutinised to see how far they had been realised - number of EUROFORGE MASTERS ITS FIRST BIG TEST - THE 17th IFC 2002registrations, speakers for the opening speeches and for the technical IN COLOGNE:presentations, the general programme, the organisation of the The 17th IFC took place in the Maritim Hotel in Cologne on 6.-9.international final evening, the budget status, the Congress website, June 2002. 500 participants from 24 countries were thrilled by thePR work and general advertising for the Congress. Parallel to this, wonderful surroundings – the hotel on the Rhine - and the interestingan all-European Programme Committee had chosen the 24 technical and varied programme. The personal atmosphere and the successfultopics to be dealt with and found the necessary speakers. In all this we mixing of different nations during the evening events also made a bighad aimed high, and as is usual in such projects, we had not always contribution. Most of the world‘s closed die forging companies arebeen able to achieve our aims. A decisive factor for the financial success medium-sized and family-owned. The congress began with a visit toof the Congress was the generous area made available to the suppliers the METAV exhibition in Dusseldorf and with a social evening in the10 11
  • 8. museum. An excursion to Ahrweiler was also on the programme. During the Gala “International Evening” on the final day of the Congress, new friendships were made and old ones renewed. The bonds of the international forging family were strengthened by this Congress, which had a very personal note. The strategy, organisation and working methods of EUROFORGE as a continental trade association met with great appreciation and it has been regarded ever since as the representative of the European forgers. Directly following the Congress, more than 200 Congress participants visited one of 28 leading closed die forgers in 6 European countries (Germany, the UK, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the Czech Republic). These visits together also strengthened the friendships which had been made.ForgeNET International - the world-wide network for international contacts. During the Annual Assembly of EUROFORGE in Barcelona onold town of Cologne. On 7th-8th June there followed the opening talks 26th - 27th September 2002 all the Congress participants reported aon the economic and technical development of the industry in various very positive echo from the overseas visitors. The warm-heartedparts of the world – Europe – Asia – America together with 24 technical Congress atmosphere and the high standard of the individual eventspresentations on the future strategy of the branch. One evening there were both much praised. The budget surplus would be a good reservewas the first ever meeting of national presidents and directors (world- for the further successful work of EUROFORGE and was a successwide) – called ForgeNET International – in the Stollwerk chocolate for the work done by the congress organisers. The Secretary General of EUROFORGE – Dr. Lutz Tutmann – had played a great part in the success of this congress, while the directors of the national associations had supported him in his task in an outstanding manner. The President Peter Sundström as Chairman of the Organising Committee and Vice-President Erwin Peddinghaus as Chairman of the Programme Committee, together with Dr. Lutz Tutmann and their teams thanked the Annual General Assembly of EUROFORGE for all their efforts in making the 17th IFC congress in Cologne such a great success. Following this the President, Peter Sundström, gave his report for 2000–2002: EUROFORGE now had a clear structure and clearly- defined responsibilities, it had a presidency, a Secretary General, statutes and a budget. EUROFORGE was registered in Brussels as an international organisation. This made participation in EU-sponsoredFirst ever meeting of ForgeNet International, 07 June 2002 at the chocolate museum, Cologne.12 13
  • 9. projects possible for national associations or member companies.The individual EUROFORGE working groups reported on theirsuccessful work on new projects. The Open-Die Forging Group hadnegotiated intensively with the association “Verband DeutscherEisenhüttenleute” (VDEh) about possible co-operation and weregoing to decide after a meeting in Paris in 2003 how to continue.EUROFORGE was to become a member of Clepa, in the AutomotiveGroup a subgroup “Benchmarking Group” was to be formed underthe leadership of Dr. Peter Hopp, a new international BenchmarkingProject was to be started and there had been a long discussion aboutthe membership of forges of large groups in the Automotive Group. Inthe same way special entry criteria were demanded for the admissionof associated members from France (AFF). At the end of the Assemblyin Barcelona Peter Sundström was re-elected as President and ErwinPeddinghaus as Vice-President, while Miguel Arrieta (Spain – SIFE)was elected as a new Vice-President. EUROFORGE members on the Karl’s bridge in Prague, 19 September 2003.At the EUROFORGE Spring Meeting in March 2003 in Düsseldorf technical work-group ETC under its chairman Juan-Carlos Gonzalesthe first tendencies towards a world-wide shortage of steel scrap was still on the lookout for suitable projects. A new suggestion was towere appearing, caused by the beginning boom in the Asian steel be debated in the national associations and a decision on the future ofindustry, especially in China. Because of the need to meet the high this working group taken the following year. The annual Europeanscrap requirements of the many newly-installed electric steel furnaces, energy cost comparison was to go on being assembled by the Spanishdemand exploded. The forging companies found it difficult to sell this association SIFE. In September 2003 the Annual Assembly took placemessage to their automotive industry customers and this is why the in Prague, for the first time in a Central European country. Presidentdevelopment of prices for steel scrap in Europe came to be presented Peter Sundström summed up the future role of EUROFORGE in aon the EUROFORGE website, updated on a monthly basis. The nutshell: “Concentrate on a few topics and ensure that EUROFORGEworking group “Group Cost Management” was also able to prove is moving in the right direction.” Finland became the 10th memberitself. The Automotive Group with by now 22 companies elected Dr. of EUROFORGE. Unior was admitted as an associate member, theManfred Hirschvogel as its Deputy Chairman. The directors of the associate member Parsan was firmly reminded that a Turkish forgingnational associations reached agreement as to how the surplus from association should be founded within the next 12 months. Continualthe 17th IFC in Cologne was to be used and tightened the internal updating of the EUROFORGE website had made possible the linkingrules for the admission of associate members. (An application for of this Internet presence to those of the member associations. 26admission was made by the Slovenian forging company Unior). The firms took part in an international benchmarking project, including14 15
  • 10. three from Japan. An enquiry by the Indian forging association greatly increased material costs, and indeed to meet these demands.(AIFI) concerning closer co-operation with an exchange of technical Alongside the normal projects – standardised delivery contracts,know-how largely met with reservation on the part of some member unfair instances in the market, market trends for 2004 – the nextassociations. The Automotive Group moved closer together in view of meeting of the Automotive Group was, as a result of the worseninggreater challenges with respect to the increasingly difficult situation raw material situation, planned for May 2004.concerning steel supplies in Europe. During the Spring Meeting in Paris In September 2004 Peter Sundström, after 4 years of successful work,in 2004 the Automotive Group was able to welcome 5 new members passed on his office to Vice-President Miguel Arrieta from Spain.– four from Germany and one from France - and thus strengthen its Peter Sundström had decided the strategy whilst gladly leavingposition in the industry considerably. The important internal rules the execution to his team. His motto – EUROFORGE should be anof the Automotive Group – there should be a good balance between organisation shaped by its members and should regard these as“GIVING” and “TAKING” for all its members – were once again customers – has proved its worth to this day. His warning not tobrought to the attention of all those present by the chairman - Erwin get lost in detail and to behave fairly to one another had created aPeddinghaus. The problem area ”scrap” was intensifying and so it had positive working atmosphere. As the “neutral president” he hadbecome necessary to involve the EU Commission in order to gain the completely fulfilled the trust placed in him as a mediator between thesupport of the European steel-processing industries. The purchasing great European industrial nations. The Stockholm Assembly, whichexecutives of our OEM partners were also requested by the Secretary had been well prepared in Bilbao by the Secretary General and theGeneral in the name of EUROFORGE to deal fairly and objectively president-elect, elected Miguel Arrieta as President – Jean-Louis Deguywith the justified demands of their suppliers in connection with the from France as the new Vice-President - and Erwin Peddinghaus as the continuing one. The EUROFORGE Forum Central and Eastern Europe was initiated. The next Assembly was to take place in Brno in summer 2005, parallel with the International Automobile Exhibition, with the object of integrating the Central and East European forging companies into the EUROFORGE organisation. In the Automotive Group the founding of new sub-working groups for forging on Hatebur machines and for the forging of aluminium was suggested. The member associations were to check the possibilities for realising these suggestions. The ODWG (Open-Die Forging Working Group) will be discussed in a separate section of this report, as this group had slowly been taking shape without co-operation from the VDEh . In the meantime the situation on the steel and scrap supply front had come to a dramatic head. As a result, the Automotive Group met in May and again at the beginning of September 2004 in Frankfurt. TheErwin Peddinghaus, Miguel Arrieta, Jean-Louis Deguy16 17
  • 11. scrap surcharges of the German steel industry, together with the totalscrap price, would from that point on be updated monthly on theEUROFORGE website, as more than 70% of all steel supplied to theWest European forging industry comes from German steelworks. Atthe end of August 2004 the steel suppliers, without any prior warning,terminated all their supply contracts with immediate effect, and sentnew contracts, with greatly worsened conditions for the forges, tobe signed and returned immediately. Now scrap surcharges weredemanded even by steelworks which did not use scrap for steel-making, and alloy surcharges for steel grades which had previouslybeen considered as non-alloyed. For increasing the delivery quantitieswhich had been planned with the steel industry for 2004, considerablesurcharges were demanded. A certain amount of understanding for Miguel Arrieta, Dr. Theodor L. Tutmann, Dr. h.c. Ing. Vratislav Kulhánek, Chairman of Supervisory Boardthe mostly medium-sized German steelworks was shown by the of Skoda and President of the Czech Automotive association.members of this circle. Therefore great attention was paid to what the support of the EU in fighting for the world-wide unhinderedcontractual conditions the automotive industry‘s own in-house forges import and export of steel scrap. All automotive customers received a(DaimlerChrysler, VW, Ford, Peugeot, Renault) were able to achieve letter from EUROFORGE with a plea for the maintenance of the value-with the steelworks. This latter action led to a partial success and led creation chain. This letter forms an appendix to this brochure. Theto a strengthening of EUROFORGE‘s position as regards its member turbulent year 2004 ended with a meeting of the Automotive Groupcompanies, the steelworks and their European customers. in Dusseldorf on 10.12., where the increases in material costs wereWhen concluding long-term contracts, it was noticeable that especially analysed and the prospects for 2005 were examined. The price of scrapthe US-owned automotive companies were making demands that had doubled between 12.03. and 12.04. to 270 €/t and the base pricewere quite definitely in conflict with the national laws of individual had risen in April 2005 by 140 €/t, a total increase in material costs ofcountries. If suppliers were not willing to sign the new contracts, they 320 €/t. In 2005 a further increase in base prices was to be expectedwould receive no further orders. At this point both Clepa and the because of the tight supply situation. The companies achieved a partialVDA were called in, particularly as Tier 1 suppliers like Bosch and success for both customers and suppliers, even though our customersGKN had been resisting these unfair conditions. During 2005 steel tried with every trick in the book to avoid taking on the total costs,remained scarce. Therefore all customers were asked very early on to to settle invoices as late as possible and not to recognise current priceregister their requirements for 2005 by the end of the third quarter of increases. In the end the realisation prevailed that in spite of all this2004 because the steelworks were forecasting considerable shortages negative experience the relationship to our customers and to our steelof capacity. In the middle of June 2004, Commissioner Pascal Lamy suppliers should be improved. For this purpose, talks were to takeanswered the EUROFORGE Secretary General´s letter and declared place between those concerned at several levels.18 19
  • 12. In March 2005 the Executive Board Committee and the Automotive September. Lars Holmqvist as head of Clepa recommended the forgesGroup were guests in Krakow (Poland). The prospect of the 18th to collaborate in 5 working groups of the Clepa organisation (Brussels).IFC in Nagoya (Japan) in April 2005 and the preparations for the The technical working group ETC ceased its work as a result of lackEUROFORGE Forum Central & Eastern Europe in Brno in June 2005 of interest on the part of the member associations. President Miguel(120 participants from 16 countries) were discussed. A working group Arrieta asked for support from EUROFORGE for the 19th IFC infor customer quality requirements was set up by the Automotive Chicago in the form of interesting technical/commercial contributions.Group and it was with pleasure that we received the news of the The 2006 General Assembly took place in Birmingham at the end offounding of the Turkish forging association Dövsader. There were as September. The Automotive Group published the alloy surchargesa start 9 member companies. The 18th IFC in Nagoya (6.-12.4.2005) for the 6 most important steel grades on the EUROFORGE website.began with a visit to the World Exhibition in Aichi at the time of the The participants of the Automotive Group reported on the enormousJapanese cherry blossom. More than 700 visitors from 21 countries, pressure on prices and for extension of payment terms from the sideover 100 of them from Europe, participated in these events. of the automotive industry. Cheap suppliers from the Far East were toAfter hearing reports on the economic situation in Asia, America and be seen more and more often in the market. The year finished with aEurope, 22 presentations during two days demonstrated the meeting of the EUROFORGE Presidency with the CEOs of the 3 largestdevelopment of forging technology. Unfortunately there was a German suppliers of steel to the Central European closed die forginglack of presentations concerning forging practice, as the individual industry. The atmosphere of the talks was good, but these gentlemencompanies did not want to reveal their know-how. Analogously to were not prepared to alter scrap price surcharges to unify them for theEUROFORGE, the five largest East Asian national forging associations whole of Europe, nor to changing the rhythm of price adjustments to(China, Japan, India, Taiwan, South Korea) formed Asiaforge, which every three months, and were not ready to form a crisis managementwill in future represent this part of the world. The good idea of the group steelworks/forging industry to deal with extreme marketmeeting of all national forging presidents as ForgeNET International conditions. Therefore no further meetings of this kind took place.was also continued. Following the presentations and the gala dinner,on 10.–12.4. visits took place to 28 Japanese forges, whose cleanliness ORGANISATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS REALIZEDand automated production processes particularly impressed the At the end of March 2006 the future member of EUROFORGE, thevisitors. Nevertheless, the Japanese forging companies are also Turkish forging association Dövsader, invited EUROFORGE to holdsubject to intensive cost pressure from their customers. The well- their spring Automotive Group and Executive Board meeting inprepared EUROFORGE Forum in Brno unfortunately did not lead to Istanbul, in a hotel superbly situated on the Bosporus. Alongsideany appreciable new connections to forging companies in this region. visits to the two largest closed die forgers in the Asiatic part ofTrade associations as in Western and Central Europe do not exist in this Istanbul and the usual meetings of the Automotive Group and ofregion and there are therefore no discussion partners for the good idea the Executive Committee, we very much enjoyed the generousof expanding EUROFORGE in this part of Europe. The 2005 General hospitality of our Turkish forging friends. Especially impressiveAssembly of EUROFORGE took place in Stresa on Lago Majore on were the excursions to the old town of the Asiatic/European melting20 21
  • 13. pot Istanbul (Constantinople). This assembly however also showedthat EUROFORGE had to become more attractive for the memberassociations and for the member companies. The member associationshad to be more involved in the preparation of important decisions. Alsothere needed to be sufficient time to discuss critical topics thoroughly.The danger that important, well-prepared decisions could merely bepresented for a vote was preventing true commitment by the nationalmember associations. As always in life, it is from time to time necessaryto try a new orientation or to change course. The EUROFORGEPresidency and the leadership of the Automotive Group realised whatthe situation was and took action. As far as the Automotive Groupwas concerned, the Chairman, Vice-Chairman and Secretary General Erwin Peddinghaus Jean-Louis Deguy José Yudegoagreed the following alterations at a meeting in May 2006: 1.) A maximum of 25 member companies with one fixed must be present at the meetings and must have prepared themselves in representative each to take part in meetings. advance. Topics must be agreed well beforehand. Also more time had 2.) Members of the Board, directors and presidents of member to be made available for debating important topics. The Presidency associations can also take part. together with the Secretary General made the suggestion that the tasks 3.) 5-6 topics for discussion, to be submitted beforehand. of EUROFORGE, in agreement with the member associations, should 4.) Following this, 3 topics to be discussed in greater depth in be clearly laid down. They also made suggestions for the upcoming small working groups for subsequent presentation to the elections for the Presidency, the Executive Board and for the running whole forum. of the General Members‘ Assembly to take place in Birmingham that 5.) All members to receive the national statistics before the meetings. September. New arrangements for splitting the costs of EUROFORGE 6.) If required sub-groups can be set up. Assemblies between the national organiser and EUROFORGE were (Benchmarking & Strategy, Hatebur, etc.) decided, as were the time and location of the Assembly for 2007. It In addition the rules for taking part were updated and was important for the Presidency to develop a clear vision of its future declared binding. tasks, so that these could be transferred to the Secretary General, the national directors and the working groups for their realisation. DuringDuring a meeting of the Presidency with the Secretary General the EUROFORGE General Assembly in Birmingham in 2006, Jean-in Brussels in June 2006, which had been intensively prepared, Louis Deguy (France) was chosen as the new president, José Yudego,measures for the integration of the national member associations were (Spain) as the new - and Erwin Peddinghaus as the experienced Vice-discussed in detail. It was emphasised that the Executive Board is President. VP Peddinghaus, after 6 years in the job, handed over theEUROFORGE‘s “driving engine” decision-making body. All members chairmanship of the Automotive Group to his deputy, Dr. Manfred22 23
  • 14. Hirschvogel. Some of the members of the Executive Board were elected entry rules for the Benchmarking and Strategy working group wereor re-elected. Article 15 of the EUROFORGE statutes was altered as approved in Nice. José Antonio Ros (Spain) was elected as Vice-follows: “The Executive Board is composed of representatives of active Chairman of the Automotive Group. Lutz Tutmann had written tonational member associations.” The General Assembly approved the European steelworks on behalf of EUROFORGE on the topic ofall the changes suggested by the Board concerning the work of the fair relations between each other. The Confidentiality Contract andAutomotive Group and of the Executive Board. In order to make the EUROFORGE Energy Index were published on the website. Huge“Affiliated Membership” possible for the members of the Open-Die increases in energy prices, the demand for price reductions on the partForging Working Group (ODWG), Article 6.2 was incorporated in of OEMs as a result of cheap offers from low-wage-cost countries andthe statutes additionally. “Members of the EUROFORGE Open Die demands for “entrance fees” by OEMs for the receipt of new ordersWorking Group may get an affiliate member status on terms which were all increasing the pressure on the cost margins of our memberthe Executive Board considers appropriate for the companies.” The firms enormously. The members of the Executive Board reportedofficial admission of the Turkish forging association Dövsader took on the main points of strategic emphasis of their associations. Theplace and the national president Orhan Metin was thanked for General Secretary reminded the participants of the role and aims ofhis work of persuasion in founding this association. The outgoing the Executive Board and that deputies had to be nominated in caseEUROFORGE President Miguel Arrieta was thanked for all the work the elected representatives in this body were unable to participate.he had done for the ongoing development of EUROFORGE and for The ODWG now had 18 members and was working very successfullythe more intensive inclusion of the smaller national associations in with a main focus on marketing. Dr. Peter Hopp would examinethe decision-making circles. As a result of the sale of their share in whether a sub-group should be set up for the aluminium forges. Thethe Sidenor steelworks, the Arrieta family had also had to give up establishment of a sub-group for the smaller forges with wide-rangingtheir interests in several Spanish forges. The General Assembly chose production did not find a positive echo in the member associations.Seville as the venue for the 2007 Spring meetings and Nice for the There were too few areas of common interest. For the 19th IFC inGeneral Assembly in autumn. 2008 in Chicago, VP Peddinghaus had assembled four technicalAt the meeting in Seville, the Automotive Group successfully presentations from Germany and one from France.introduced the altered working structure with the division of the At the General Assembly meeting on 20.-21.09.2007 in Nice, Charlieround-table discussions into three small working groups dealt with Hageman and VP Jim Link were present as representatives of the North-the topics – know-how protection – cost developments – the purchase American forging association (FIA), to report on the preparations forof steel from Central and Eastern Europe and Asia. Analyses of the the 19th IFC in Chicago. In the Automotive Group the steel priceclosed die forging industries in South Korea, in Poland and the increases played the main role. For 2008 a further 8-10 % rise was to beCzech Republic were presented. The German association (IMU) expected as a result of increased prices for iron ore and for energy. Thepresented an analysis of the cost structures in Indian forges, where setting up of a working group for Hatebur users was approved. So farparticipants were surprised by the high costs of transport and energy 8 member companies had indicated interest, to exchange experiencein India. The local cost advantage there is only about 10 – 15%. The on the topics – stocking of spare parts, changeovers, maintenance,24 25
  • 15. tool lives, cooling systems etc.. EUROFORGE was to issue a press experience concerning their machinery. The benchmarking andstatement with the title “The supply chain must not break – forging strategy working group was able to support the Automotive Groupindustry is facing further strong cost increases”. During the Executive with cost analyses. The owner family Sakaguchi of the Japanese forgeBoard meeting, the new director of the French association (AFF), Jean- Samtech reported on the situation in Japan at the 2008 spring meetingLuc Brillanceau, was introduced. In order to make cost savings, the of the Automotive Group in Berlin. Great pressure on prices fromAFF had now amalgamated with the French foundry association. the side of the Japanese OEM customers was continuing, althoughFor EUROFORGE this was not a good solution. The presentation admittedly many Japanese customers buy the steel themselves, so“EUROFORGE – Member Benchmarking” was discussed, with the that the annual price reductions only refer to the added-value part ofresult that some parts of the presentation would be put together production. The demand for lowering fuel consumption which wasin the form of a questionnaire and made available to the member being sought in Japan had increased the pressure for weight reductionassociations for consideration. Then the FIA reported on the status of of components. This is advantageous for the forging process as highthe preparations for the 19th IFC in Chicago. The 2008 EUROFORGE strength and ductility speak in favour of forgings made of steel orGeneral Assembly would take place in Chicago during the course of light metals such as aluminium. The readiness of Japanese forgesthe congress. The 2008 International Forgemasters Meeting (IFMM) to invest was being hampered by the decline in profit margins. Thetook place in November 2008 in Santander (Spain). The suggested French association AFF reported that in France new legislation hadbenchmarking for small and medium-sized member companies come into force requiring the payment of invoices for suppliers infound no interest from these. The work of the Automotive Group in max. 60 days net.2008 was concentrated on general market developments which the The 2008 EUROFORGE General Assembly in Chicago was well-huge decline in orders for the fourth quarter had brought as a result attended. As well as listening to the reports of the individual workingof the starting recession in 2009. In particular, sudden reductions in groups and dealing with the usual routine tasks, the EUROFORGEcall-off schedules on the part of OEM customers created great cash Presidency for the period to 2010 was re-elected. VP José Yudego,flow difficulties for many forges. The steel market unfortunately did representing President Jean-Louis Deguy who was unable to attend,not quieten down until the fourth quarter of 2008 as a result of the thanked the representatives of our American hosts who were present -drastically altered market situation. In the first half of the year 2008 Jim Link and Charlie Hageman - for their excellent organisation of thescrap prices climbed to well above 400 €/t – an all-time high. Our 19th IFC with 735 participants from 27 countries. The weather heldforging companies purchase more than 90 % of their steel requirements up. Three technical presentations were concentrated on new steelin Europe, as quality, price and great flexibility of supply provide developments in micro-alloyed bainitic steels. Research projects onadvantages over trading on the overseas spot market. The energy this topic were running in the USA, France and Germany. Also theprices continued to increase in spite of the recession, which was also presentation on the steel boom – reality and illusions – shed muchdocumented by Juan Carlos Gonzales (SIFE) with some very helpful light on further developments of global capacity particularly in Asia.energy analyses. The newly established Hatebur Group – managed by The excellent, practically-oriented presentations finished with reportsLutz Tutmann - met at individual member firms to exchange technical on CAD simulation, new machines and process developments. The26 27
  • 16. social events, such as a steamer trip on Lake Michigan, the ForgeNET meeting 2009 took place in Paris in order to talk about first experiencesInternational Meeting and the final evening with jazz musicians, were of the global economic crisis. In the meantime representatives ofa complete success and, in spite of the beginning global economic the German forging association IMU had spoken to OEMs and thecrisis, helped to weld the forging family closer together. Following steelworks about general dangers for the OEMs‘ supply chains. Theintensive discussions with EUROFORGE, Japan also agreed to the general market situation in the forging industry at the end of thevenue for the next Assembly in 2011 being in India. The plant visits 1st quarter of 2009 appeared to be as follows: truck turnover 50 %unfortunately suffered from the beginning recession. or more down, passenger cars – 30/40 % and trailers – 80 %. VeryThe 2008 autumn meeting of the Automotive Group in Frankfurt was expensive steel stocks as a result of inadequate information on thewholly concerned with the drastic cuts in schedules by the OEMs part of the OEMs and problems with credit insurance were presentingand the lack of demand forecasts for 2009. Global surplus capacity substantial financial risks for the forges. In France the Farina Groupwas putting pressure on profits and delivery contracts were being had taken over, with government financial support, three locationsobserved by OEMs under the motto: “We’ll accept the goods, we’ll of the French Setforge group, while other forging groups hadpay for the goods, but it is up to us when this will happen.” The closed plants in England, Sweden and France. The payment ethicsChairman reminded all the participants of the Automotive Group of of the OEMs had deteriorated, and here Clepa had had to makethe speedy introduction of the guidelines on know-how protection representations to these. EUROFORGE was to compile a positionin their businesses and Lutz Tutmann presented the „EUROFORGE paper on the topic of: “Delivery schedules, the cutting of these andAnti-Trust Compliance Programme“. The Spring Automotive Group the resulting legal obligations ”. The topic “Entrance fees for the placing of new orders” on the part of OEMs was discussed intensively and a press statement was prepared. The Executive Board saw the introduction of extended short-time working by some governments as especially helpful for the financial relief of manufacturing industry in several member associations. The banking system had reacted to the crisis very differently in the various countries. The Secretary General reported on the internationalisation of the European forging industry and on the efforts to interest the Slovak forges in membership of EUROFORGE. The Czech president, Cestmir Vancura, was going to try to find a positive solution. Certain activities of national associations for EUROFORGE – energy report (SIFE), economic reports (AFF), production statistics (IMU) – were supported by the EUROFORGE budget in 2009 with € 1,500 each. The EUROFORGE General Assembly 2009 took place at the end of September in Çesme (Izmir) in Turkey. Çesme has a long historical tradition going back to the Ancient GreeksEUROFORGE General Assembly, 25 September 2009 in Çesme, Turkey.28 29
  • 17. and Romans. The Turkish association Dövsader made the Assembly this reason a small review will take place at the meeting in Brussels onattractive through an interesting programme of visits. Die Turkish 23./24.09.2010. VP Erwin Peddinghaus has volunteered, after 10 yearshost did not let the difficult economic situation of his industry prevent as member of the presidency, to prepare a small brochure on this topic.him from making this Assembly unforgettable for all the participants The spring meetings 2010 in Stockholm began with a meeting of thethrough his unbeatable hospitality with a day trip to Ephesus and Executive Board. The position paper “delivery schedules“ had beenother historical sites. In the technical discussions, as well as the usual discussed with important OEMs and a general agreement reached.routine topics, the main interest centred on the effects of the economic EUROFORGE represents about 70 % of European drop-forgingrecession on EUROFORGE‘s member companies. Staff reductions of production. President Deguy suggested for the General Assembly inup to 50 %, falls in turnover of 30 % for the passenger car branch - September 2010 the election of the following as the new Presidency:and up to 60/70 % in the commercial vehicle sector had taken place, President, José Yudego (Spain), Vice-Presidents Dr. Stefan Wittwith the associated financial risks for the companies concerned. The (Germany) and Alper Kanca (Turkey). Stefan Witt was to take overdifferent strategies used for surviving the crisis which were presented the organisation of the Open-Die Forging Working Group (ODWG).in the working groups found great interest. Also the steel industry The Automotive Group was intensively engaged with legal aspectshad meanwhile become affected by the crisis, with falls in turnover of “entrance fees for new orders (pay-to-play rules)”. Alongside theof up to 50 %. Position papers concerning the topics: retention of title general market situation, the market prognosis for the second halffor delivered goods in various countries, delivery schedules of OEMs, of 2010 as a result of the ending of scrapping premiums for cars inClepa initiative for the financial support for EU Automotive suppliers Italy, France and Germany and the future role of electrically-poweredand the planned EU emission trading law were presented. The new automobiles, considerable anxiety was shown in discussions aboutExecutive Vice-President of the North-American Forging Association the heavy indebtedness of some European states and the upcoming(FIA) Roy Hardy, reported on the situation in North America. He competition from East Asian forges on the European market. Aalso presented the wish to deepen the co-operation between FIA and positive aspect at the moment is the increasing export of premium carsEUROFORGE. The available forecasts of the OEMs predict only a to Asia and America. Generally, higher demand can be detected in theslight improvement for 2010, this being also a result of 2009’s national market. Maybe it will take some time before the levels of 2007/2008scrapping premium programmes. The Executive Board had prepared are reached again. The Automotive Group Chairman, Dr. Manfredthe elections now due for this body, the Budget for 2008/2009 as Hirschvogel, reported on a meeting of German forging companieswell as the upcoming elections for the Board in 2010. President Jean- with the steelworks where in particular Dr. Jürgen Großmann, CEO ofLouis Deguy and Vice-President Erwin Peddinghaus were no longer RWE and owner of the Georgsmarienhütte, made reference to risingstanding for re-election. Vice-President José Yudego was suggested costs of energy. Also iron ore and coke had become more expensive inas the new President, whilst for the two vacant Vice-Presidential this year.positions new, younger people were to be found. In this connection On the occasion of the Hanover Trade Fair there was to be a receptionattention was drawn by the Presidency and Secretary General to the by EUROFORGE on 20.04.2010 for all the member companies whotenth anniversary of the founding of the new EUROFORGE and for were exhibiting there.30 31
  • 18. On 3rd July 2010 Dr. Manfred Hirschvogel passed away, completely OPEN DIE WORkING GROUP (ODWG)unexpectedly, at the age of 65. EUROFORGE has lost in Manfred PROLOGUE:Hirschvogel a valued friend, a bridge-builder and a charismatic At the founding of EUROFORGE in Paris in 2000, an Open Die Workingpersonality who played a substantial part in the importance which Group was called into life. The Czech association Svaz Kovaren wasEUROFORGE has today for its European member associations. He charged with the formation of this working group. It soon becamemade a great contribution to the growing together of the international apparent, however, that the establishment of such a working groupforging associations from Asia to America. Especially the members would only be attractive if important companies from this sector fromof the Automotive Group mourn their Chairman, whose technical as many European countries as possible were represented in it. Thecompetence made him, despite all his modesty, at the same time both interest shown by EUROFORGE member companies involved inexample and adviser. Manfred Hirschvogel leaves a large gap in the open-die forging in such a working group was very limited outsideleadership of EUROFORGE. Poland and the Czech Republic. The ensuing attempt to found suchAt the General Assembly, on 24th of September 2010 in Brussels, a working group together with the Verein Deutscher EisenhüttenJürgen Thumann, President of BUSINESSEUROPE, Kevin Crowley, Leute (VDEh) failed in the second half of 2004 after several meetings,President of FIA and Lars Holmqvist, CEO of Clepa were to be as no agreement could be found either on the topics for discussionpresent as honorary guests. Attention was to be drawn to general or on the structure of the participants of this group. A joint kick-offmarket trends in North-America, Asia and Europe, to the 20th IFC in meeting of the OPEN DIE WORKING GROUP was held in Paris onHyderabad (India) from 13th -17th November 2011 and to the third 25.03.2004, but the echo from the VDEh member firms participatingmeeting of Asiaforge in Shanghai in September 2010. José Yudego, was negative. EUROFORGE is a very small association in comparisoncommercial director Europe of CIE Automotive, was chosen as the with the VDEh. In addition, the members of the VDEh, with itsnew president. Alper Kanca, Vice-President of Dövsader and CEO and rigid and centralised control, were suspicious of the way in whichowner of Kanca and Dr. Stefan Witt, President of IMU and Managing EUROFORGE had established its discussion platforms. EUROFORGEDirector of SonaBLW were chosen as EUROFORGE Vice-Presidents. wanted to leave the choice of topics up to the participants themselves. EUROFORGE only wanted to ensure that certain basic rules were kept to in order to guarantee successful results and to safeguard the right of one member of the EUROFORGE Board to participate in these meetings. In September 2003 VP Erwin Peddinghaus reported to the EUROFORGE General Meeting in Prague: “We must wait and see if there is a greater interest in such a working group. Should this prove not to be the case, EUROFORGE will terminate this activity.”32 33
  • 19. START OF THE OPEN DIE WORkING GROUP: elected as Chairman. He ran the meeting, in which the basis for theThe first meeting of the OPEN DIE WORKING GROUP was held future work of the ODWG was laid. After lively discussion, commonon 24.03.2004 at the premises of the French forging association AFF rules for the ODWG’s work were established. These were brief andin Paris. Following an explanation of the proposed structure of the clear, a set of statutes in the legal sense not being wanted. An electedworking group, there was an exchange of ideas concerning its goals chairman ran the meeting, where the 7 rules materialised which wereand topics for discussion. These ranged from the market situation, officially passed one year later in Bucharest. Alongside the generallyinternational benchmarking and environmental legislation through to accepted principles of confidentiality and sensitivity, there must bethe exchange of energy and raw material costs. The possible status of a win-win situation for all participants. Give and take must play anthe working group –“ Who could become a member, how should the active role in the group.group be organised and should a membership fee be demanded” – To conclude the meeting in Plzen, there was a presentation on the globalwas also discussed. Vladislav Sima (Skoda Pilsen) gave a presentation market for open-die forges and their customers for the three importanton the growing influence of Chinese forging companies and explained sectors – ship-building, electricity generation and rolling mills - bywith the help of examples how Western open-die forging companies Vladislav Sima (Skoda Steel). At the following meeting in June 2005should react to this. The list of the companies who were to be invited at Celsa HUTA Ostrowiec in Poland, Vladislav Sima informed theto the next meeting was agreed. Also some large non-European open- participants that Peter Kollarcik had left the company and thereforedie forges should also being invited to attend. The participants at this had retired as Chairman. Information from individual companies,meeting had agreed to invite only firms which manufacture large- information on the market for heavy forgings and a benchmarkingsize structural forging parts. Manufacturers of billets and of rolled presentation would from now on belong to the standard programmeproducts were not to be invited. From the current member firms – of each meeting. Special contributions by some members on particularIMGB, SCANA, SKODA, SHEFFIELD and VITKOVICE – took part countries’ special markets or on cost developments also belonged toin the founding meeting in Paris. The next meeting was organised the standard programme. There followed an extended discussionby Plzen Steel on 21.10.2004 in Plzen. EUROFORGE VP Erwin of the various presentations and contributions before the host gavePeddinghaus assisted Svaz Kovaren with the preparation of this a presentation on his company prior to the subsequent works visits.meeting and was able to enrol several new members after the VDEh At the meeting it became ever clearer that the enormous investmentshad officially terminated their co-operation following the meeting in new companies and equipment - particularly in China and Southin Paris. Petr Kollarcik (Plzen Steel) had also successfully canvassed Korea – would in the medium term lead to large surplus capacity. Thenew members. At the meeting in Plzen 20 participants from 12 Western open-die forges, including Japan, were just coming out of acompanies took part, among them a representative of Kobe Steel as a long economic crisis. In recent years there had been no investmentguest. Celsa Ostrowiec, OMZ Special Steel, Sidenor, ZDAS, Radomir available to Western open-die forgers either for the elimination ofand Kobe Steel could be inducted as new members. EUROFORGE bottlenecks – such as for forging furnaces, the machining of largewas represented by VP Erwin Peddinghaus and Svaz Kovaren by forgings, heat treatment installations - nor for the modernisation ofhis secretary Jiri Kolarsky. Peter Kollarcik as host (Pilsen Steel) was old machinery and equipment. A huge investment backlog had built34 35
  • 20. up in the forges. Since 2004 the sales situation of open-die forges SUCCESSFUL STABILIZATION OF THE OPEN DIE WORkINGhad improved noticeably because of the large market in the Far East. GROUP:Now there was the chance to carry out the deferred investments Per-Olof Grahn (Scana Steel) invited all the members to come towithout materially increasing total capacity. The Western open-die Bjöneborg in Sweden in June 2006 for the next meeting. With Lehighforges could only be globally competitive with first class quality, with Heavy Forge (USA) and IMGB Doosan (Romania), two furthertechnically demanding products and with a great degree of flexibility members of the ODWG were taken on board. All the membersof supply. Sufficient own capital and a sound financial basis were the reported having full order books and were convinced that the goodprecondition for these investments. In order to ensure this, adequate market situation would continue at least until 2008. Only in 2009 wasreturns had to be achieved. a market slowdown expected. Impressed by the efficiency and know-At the meeting on 19.10.2005 at KVAERNER/IMGB in Bucharest, how of their Scana colleagues, a strengthened forging group under theVladislav Sima (Pilzen Steel) was elected as Chairman and Volker leadership of Vladislav Sima left Sweden in the secure knowledge thatSchaffer (SFL) as Vice Chairman. The 7 basic rules - which had been no member of this working group would wish to miss its work andprepared in Plzen and Ostrowiec - were unanimously accepted in the the exchange of ideas taking place there. For the 20th October 2006form which is valid to this day. CEO Graham Honeyman of Sheffield Forgemasters (SFL) had invited the group to Sheffield for the next meeting. In parallel the triennial „International Forgemasters Meeting (IFMM)“ of the open-die forges would be taking place. In Sheffield representatives of Forge Vienna (Italy) and of EMSS (Ukraine) were greeted as guests. They would be inducted as new members at the next meeting. Alongside the usual routine topics, presentations were made on the forging industries in Russia / Ukraine and in India. There were reports on the world-wide increases in material and energy costs and on considerable delivery problems. Through an alteration in the EUROFORGE statutes, the members of the ODWG were able to join the EUROFORGE family as “affiliated members”. For the spring meeting on 24th May 2007, Philippe Tollini invited the members to SFAR–Steel in Creusot/Loire. After an interesting visit to one of Burgundy’s largest vineyards in Bone, the group visited the impressive forge in Creusot, which focuses on the manufacture of products for atomic power stations. Vienna Forge gave a presentation on Italian open-die forges, Sheffield Forgemasters explained the networking of state-owned and private Chinese open-die forges, which is so unfathomable for Europeans.Members of the EUROFORGE Open Die Working Group, 19 October 2005 in Bucharest.36 37
  • 21. Many group members reported having capacity problems with their range of different huge crankshafts. The approaching global economicpost-forging machining operations. At the meeting in Gröditz on crisis was now starting to affect open-die forges and the following11.10.2007, at the invitation of Detlef Schwerdt of Stahlwerk Gröditz, meeting on 23rd April 2009 in Ostrava at Vitkovice was entirelyVolker Schaffer was elected as Chairman and Vladislav Sima as Vice- concerned with the global recession. All the participants reported onChairman. On 20th and 21st May 2008 the meeting was held for the numerous cancellations of orders for forgings which were already infirst time in a country outside the EU. For this, NKMZ (Viktor Oleshko) production, on demands for postponement of payment of invoicesand EMSS (Maxim Viktorovic Efimov) had invited the participants to and for price reductions. The markets for shipbuilding and for rollingDonetsk (Ukraine). On the first day works visits were made to both mill rolls had collapsed completely. Only the market for the electricityforges in Kramatorsk, some 100 km away from Donetsk. NKMZ is a generation sector was still alive, but even here the prognosis for thetypical Russian state combine, in which complete steelworks, mining coming 2 - 3 years did not look rosy either. There was already freeinstallations and harbour facilities are planned and constructed. This capacity. The report by Kobe Steel on open-die forging manufacturersalso included the conventionally equipped open-die forge with good in China/Korea/Japan gave additional cause for concern because ofmachining facilities. EMSS was still in a rebuild phase after a longer the enormous increase in capacity which was being built up there.stand still. The gap between planned and actual achieved figures was The Chairman decided that in future, in order to reduce the financiallarge. Now the group members of the ODWG could better understand burden on host members’ companies, only every second meetingwhy our Ukrainian colleagues were having such great problems in would be held at a member firm. Therefore the next meeting wasdelivering reliable figures for benchmarking. The next day the meeting held in the Hotel Meridien Etoille in Paris on 22nd October 2009. Thetook place at the Donbass Palace Hotel in Donetsk. The adherence to negative news about stagnating markets, and the realisation that manyanti-trust legislation, the momentary situation of the US Dollar and customer sectors had not yet bottomed out, made their mark on thisan overview of the global nuclear market were on the agenda. At meeting. All the firms reported having free capacity and a low intakethat time the current suppliers of large parts - SFR–Steel (Areva) and of new orders. The Chairman and Vice Chairman were re-electedJapan Steel Works – could furnish parts for four new power plants unanimously. OMZ (Nikolay Shakolin) invited all the members toper year and after an increase in their capacity, they would be able to St. Petersburg for the 13th meeting of the ODWG on 13th May 2010.supply enough parts for 12 atomic power stations. The next IFMM To start off, on the evening before the meeting, the members dinedtook place at the beginning of November 2008 in Santander/ Spain luxuriously at the Vodka Museum with much vodka and wine.and was hosted by Sidenor. Juan Blanco-Tirador (Sidenor) had invited The meeting itself confirmed the difficult market situation and thethe ODWG to Santander for the ODWG meeting on 6. November and widespread low capacity utilization of the member firms. Chairmanon the following day he opened SIDENOR - Steelworks in Renosa Volker Schaffer recommended that one of the largest Chinese open-for the visitors, about 150 km distant. All the participants were very die forges, China Second Heavy (Erzhong), be invited as a possibleenthusiastic about the city of Santander and its surroundings. The future member of the ODWG. As considerable misgivings abouthospitality of our host could not have been better. During the works their reliability as far as keeping to the rules was concerned, thevisit the visitors were especially impressed by the machining of a large Chairman only received the mandate to talk to China Second and to38 39
  • 22. have them complete a questionnaire. This was to be discussed again OUTLOOk AND FUTURE STRUCTURE OF THE OPEN DIEat the meeting in Düsseldorf on November 11th, 2010. EUROFORGE WORkING GROUPVP Erwin Peddinghaus said that after 10 years in office he would The meetings which are held in companies are of great interest forno longer be standing for re-election at the EUROFORGE General all participants. Common interests in achieving quality, efficiency andMeeting on September 24th in Brussels. His work for the ODWG positive results in a sustainable way bind together most of the memberswould therefore come to an end at that day’s meeting. He introduced of this working group. The marketing analyses and individualDr. Stefan Witt, president of the IMU, who would take over his role exchange of ideas are of great importance. In no other working groupas VP of EUROFORGE. Erwin Peddinghaus and founding member known to the writer are such up-to-date and comprehensive marketAnders Cederlund (Scana) were thanked profusely for the work trends presented and supported by independent benchmarking in thethey had done for the ODWG and wished well for their forthcoming countries involved. The basic interest in participating in this workingretirement. The subsequent works visit to OMZ provided an insight group is of a varying nature. The representatives of the traditionalinto the vast dimensions of industrial planning under the socialist open-die forging countries – Western Europe, North America, Japansystem in Russia. Both forging and machining have a good standard, – wish to prevent a fast build-up of know-how in China / India.even if some years will be needed before levels of productivity which The members from Central and Eastern Europe wish to learn fromare usual in the West are reached. The hospitality of our Russian the marketing experience of their western colleagues. The futurecolleagues must be specially mentioned. must show whether the changed market conditions will strengthen or weaken the solidarity of the group. Also the composition and the established rules of the working group should be continually examined to see whether they need updating. The chairman should be a person who is both a good co-ordinator and a good listener. This demands that sufficient time should be provided for the important and open discussions which all the participants expect. The writer is proud of this well-functioning working group and wishes it further success for the future.40 41
  • 23. ANNExES ANNEX 01 MEMBER ASSOCIATIONS / CONTACT PERSONSAnnex 01 Member associations and contact persons BELGIUM Patrick van den Bossche E-Mail: patrick.vandenbossche@agoria.beAnnex 02 Organizational structure AGORIA Fon: +32 2 70 68 012 DIAMANT BUILDING Fax: +32 2 70 68 018Annex 03 Meeting places of General Assembly since 2000 80 Boulevard A. Reyers www.agoria.be B-1030 BruxellesAnnex 04 Presidency from 2000 to 2010 CZECH REPUBLICAnnex 05 Open Die Working Group (ODGW) meetings since 2004 Cestmír Vançura E-Mail: cestmir.vancura@vivazlin.cz SKČR Fon: +420 597 325 808Annex 06 Open Die Working Group rules established in 2005 Technologická 372/2 Fax: +420 597 325 842 CZ-708 00 Ostrava-Pustkovec www.skcr.orgAnnex 07 International Forging Conferences (IFC) since 1953 FINLAND Mika Vartiainen E-Mail: mika.vartiainen@metsta.fiAnnex 08 EUROFORGE Guidelines Know-How Protection The Finnish Forging Group Fon: +358 9 4512702 P.O. Box 6200 Fax: +358 9 4512660Annex 09 EUROFORGE Appeal to Customers in 2004 FIN-02015 HUTAnnex 10 Statutes FRANCE Jean-L. Brillanceau E-Mail: forgesnef@wanadoo.fr AFF Fon: +33 1 47 17 6417 F-92038 Paris la Defense Cedex Fax: +33 1 47 17 6423 www.mecanet.fr GERMANY Dr. Theodor L. Tutmann Industrieverband E-Mail: ltutmann@metalform.de Massivumformung e.V. Fon: +49 2331 9588-12 Goldene Pforte 1 Fax: +49 2331 9587-12 D-58093 Hagen www.metalform.de GREAT BRITAIN John Houseman E-Mail: john.houseman@britishmetalforming.com CBM Fon: +44 121 60 16 350 National Metalforming Centre Fax: +44 121 60 16 373 Birmingham Road www.britishmetalforming.com GB-West Bromwich B70 6PY42 43
  • 24. ANNEX 02MEMBER ASSOCIATIONS / CONTACT PERSONS ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTUREITALYLivio Marietti E-Mail: unisa@unisa.orgUNISA Fon: +39 02 66 11 44 31Viale SARCA 336 Fax: +39 02 64 74 96 88I-20126 MILANO www.unisa.orgPOLANDProf. Robert Szyndler E-Mail: zkp@zkp.plZKP Fon: +48 12 61 72 908Polish Forging Fax: +48 12 63 38 421Al. Mickiewicza 30 www.zkp.plPL-30-059 KrakowSPAINJuan Carlos González E-Mail: sife@coiib.esSIFE Fon: +34 94 44 33 450General Concha, 22-2¡ Fax: +34 94 44 33 454E-48010 Bilbao www.forjas.orgSWEDENMarten Sohlman E-Mail: elin.lydahl@teknikforetagen.seSWEDEFORGE Fon: +46 8 78 20 800Box 5510 Fax: +46 8 78 20 966S-11485 Stockholm www.branschgrupperna.se/ smidesgruppenTURkEYOrhan Metin E-Mail: ometin@parsan.comDÖVSADER Fon: +90 216 493-12 66Box 3 Fax: +90 216 493-12 80TR- 34903 Pendik-Istanbul www.turkishforge.org44 45
  • 25. ANNEX 03 ANNEX 04MEETINGS GENERAL ASSEMBLY SINCE 2000 EUROFORGE PRESIDENCY 2000 - 201010 November 2000 Paris, France Presidents28 September 2001 Brussels, Belgium Peter Sundström Sweden Nov. 2000 - Sept. 200427 September 2002 Barcelona, Spain Miguel Arrieta Spain Sept. 2004 - Sept.200619 September 2003 Prague, Czech Republic Jean-Louis Deguy France Sept. 2006 - Sept. 201024 September 2004 Stockholm, Sweden José Yudego Spain Sept. 201023 September 2005 Stresa, Italy29 September 2006 Birmingham, UK Vice - Presidents21 September 2007 Nice, France Erwin Peddinghaus Germany Nov. 2000 - Sept. 201007 September 2008 Chicago, USA Dino Ruffatto Italy Nov. 2000 - Sept.200225 September 2009 Çesme, Turkey Miguel Arrieta Spain Sept. 2002 - Sept. 200424 September 2010 Brussels, Belgium Jean-Louis Deguy France Sept. 2004 - Sept. 2006 José Yudego Spain Sept. 2006 - Sept. 2010 Alper kanca Turkey Sept. 2010 Dr. Stefan Witt Germany Sept. 201046 47
  • 26. ANNEX 05 ANNEX 06OPEN DIE WORkING GROUP THE ODWG RULESMEETINGS SINCE THE FOUNDING IN PARIS 2004 OPEN DIE WORkING GROUP kVAERNER IMGB, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA25.03.2004 Paris – Start Meeting of ODWG in cooperation with the VDEh 18th - 19th OCTOBER 200521.10.2004 Pilsen – Skoda Steel ODWG (Open Die Working Group) is the group of heavy open die forges, founded in Paris 25.3.2004 under the EUROFORGE02.06.2005 Ostrowiec – Celsa Huta organization as an associated member. The ODWG is the platform for the exchange of benchmarking and market information among19.10.2005 Bucarest – KVAERNER/ IMGB the member companies, as well as the tool for the expressing of the industry needs towards European Union.27.06.2006 Bjöneborg – Scana Steel Basic rules of the group : 1) The member of the ODWG group can be every European open die19.10.2006 Sheffield – Sheffield Forgemaster forge with press capacity more than 3,000 tons (no ring rollers). 2) Each non–European forge can be the “associated member” of the24.05.2007 Creusot/Loire – SFAR STEEL ODWG group. 3) The group will meet 2x per year (spring and autumn time), always11.10.2007 Gröditz – Schmiedewerke Gröditz in one of the member forge. Every member company shall be prepared to host the ODWG meeting in his place21.05.2008 Donesk – EMSS / NKMZ 4) Each member company nominates 1 person as the official representative for ODWG (usually the company director or Sales &06.11.2008 Santander – Sidenor Marketing director). 5) In the meetings there can be max. 2 representatives for each company23.04.2009 Ostrava – Vitkovice 6) The ODWG has its chairman and vice-chairman (further called officers), they are elected for 2 years. They do their job free of charge.22.10.2009 Paris – EUROFORGE / Hotel Meridien Etoille Voting is done in secret way. 7) The membership fee is 300 EUR/year for the members that are13.05.2010 Petersburg – OMZ members of a national forging association belonging to Euroforge. All other members or associated members pay 500 EUR/year. The11.11.2010 Düsseldorf - EUROFORGE account is handled by Euroforge. The fee starts to be charged from 2006. Prepared by Mr. Vladislav Sima based on all previous discussions and after consulting with Mr. Erwin Peddinghaus. Date : 15.10.200548 49
  • 27. ANNEX 07 ANNEX 08INTERNATIONAL FORGING CONFERENCES (IFC) SINCE 1953 EUROFORGE GUIDELINES kNOW-HOW PROTECTION The European forging industry is the number one producer of forged components and systems world-wide. Its success is based on its technological leadership. The European forging industry keeps the top position in almost all product areas which are based on high-tech technologies. The industry knows, however, that this position can only International Forging Conferences (IFC) since 1953 be retained by maintaining a high rate of innovation and continuous development process. European forging companies are working 1953, 1st IFC Glenagles, Scotland/UK continuously with the scientific world within the framework of research 1956, 2nd IFC Munich, Germany projects making much use of the outstanding academic support of the research institutions in Europe and are driving technological and 1959, 3rd IFC Paris, France process-orientated innovations with great power. Needless to say that 1962, 4th IFC London, UK these efforts are demanding great financial and human resources. Customers’ demand for more transparency in the supply chain is in 1965, 5th IFC Munich, Germany conflict with the vital necessity of the forging companies to protect its know 1968, 6th IFC Washington, USA how. The European forging industry supports the ideas as contemplated in the guidelines of VDA on know-how protection stressing that the 1971, 7th IFC Bruxelles, Belgium information obtained from others (including product and innovation concepts, design documents, CAD data, drawings, models, product and 1974, 8th IFC Nice, France process know-how) are to be treated strictly confidential, unless they 1977, 9th IFC Kyoto, Japan are public. This information should also not be made available to third parties without mutual consensus and should only be used for those 1980, 10th IFC London, UK purposes for which the information is provided in the first place. 1983, 11th IFC Cologne, Germany Customers are asked to respect that all kind of business partner communication such as audits, workshops et cetera, may be subject 1986, 12th IFC Orlando, USA of reasonable restrictions in order to safeguard company’s know 1990, 13th IFC New Delhi, India how. This may include complete n o n-disclosure of most sensible know-how. Other information might be classified as “right of access 1993, 14th IFC Venice, Italy for inspection” only (not to be handed out). It might be advisable to 1996, 15th IFC Paris, France agree on Confidentiality agreements for specific occasions. (check EUROFORGE´s confidentiality guideline under www.euroforge-org) 1999, 16th IFC Beijing, China In-house-production of the customer is demanding special awareness to 2002, 17th IFC Cologne/Dusseldorf, Germany know-how protection. The CEO of the forging company will give a general information 2005, 18th IFC Nagoya, Japan explaining the company´s know how philosophy addressed to the purchasing, engineering and QM organization of the customer. Adequate 2008, 19th IFC Chicago, USA visitors’ information are accepted by all interested parties visiting the 2011, 20th IFC Hyderabad, India company. Berlin, 25-04-200850 51
  • 28. ANNEX 09 01. 52 53
  • 29. ANNEX 10 3.5. EUROFORGE shall authorise and supply events in the three-EUROFORGE STATUTES yearly EUROFORGE international Forging Conference/Fair series of conferences.I. NAME, HEADQUARTERS, AIMS 3.6. EUROFORGE shall act as a spokesman for European forging industry to the EU and equivalent bodies in other regions ofArticle 1 - Name the world. This representation and promotion of its member’s interest may not cause damage to the scientific character of theAn international association is hereby constituted under the name association activities.of EUROFORGE, hereinafter referred to as «the Association». TheAssociation shall be governed by the Belgian Law of 25 October 1919, as 3.7. EUROFORGE shall encourage European uniformity, co-amended by the Law of 6 December 1954. operation and initiatives, in such areas as standardisation and other, especially within the context of the increasing unity among EC countries.Article 2 - Headquarters 3.8. In fulfilling its objectives, EUROFORGE shall, in particular:The Association has its registered office in Belgium, currently in Brussels,Boulevard A. Reyers 80. It may be transferred to any other location in 3.8.1. Arrange for the publication of a regular newsletter - Internet-Belgium by simple decision of the Executive Board published within the homepage.month in the annexes of the Moniteur belge. It may establish operatingoffices in other countries within the EU. 3.8.2. Initiate project groups and committees, like the Directors’ and Technical Committee, and other, to specific objectives of general interest.Article 3 - Aims3.1. The Association is a non-profit making international non- Article 4 - Scope governmental organisation having a scientific objective especially in the field of the development of knowledge 4.1. Europe in the first instance of definition in the context of concerning the industrial, legal and technical environment of EUROFORGE shall be the present and future countries in thethe forging industry. European Union. A correspondent status can be offered to countries associations outside Europe.3.2. The underlying objective of EUROFORGE is to contribute tothe well-being and development of the European Forging 4.2. EUROFORGE covers the following types of activity: hot, warmwwwwlasldjfindustry. and cold forging, extrusion, open die forging, ring rolling.3.3. EUROFORGE shall employ all appropriate means and media to increase the awareness of forging and thereby to enhance the acceptability and desirability of components so produced.3.4. EUROFORGE shall encourage the continuation and development of the sound scientific and technological foundation on which the industry in Europe is founded.54 55
  • 30. II. MEMBERS Article 8 - ExclusionArticle 5 - Members At the recommendation of the Executive Board, and after having had an opportunity to state their case, members may be excluded from theThe association shall be composed of individuals and legal entities validly association by decision of the General Assembly. An exclusion motion isconstituted according to the laws and practices of their country or origin. only adopted if a two-thirds majority is obtained in the vote.The association is composed of active members and associated members.The founding members are the first active members. The Founding Article 9 - Member’s rightsMembers of the Association are the European national forging industryassociations that undersigned the Constitution Act. Any other national Members have the right to take part in EUROFORGE activities subject toEuropean association may be accepted as an active member by a majority the particular requirements of a project.of 3/4 of the votes by the general assembly. There can be only oneassociation per country accepted as an active member. Article 10 - Loss of membershipArticle 6 – Admission of members Any member who, through cessation of business or otherwise, ceases to belong to the Association, shall forfeit any right to any part of the assetsAdmission as associated member shall be subject to the following of the Association.conditions:6.1. Any application for membership shall be considered by Article 11 - Active members the General Assembly and shall be decided by a majority of 3/4. Individual companies may apply for associate Admission to active membership shall be subject to the following membership provided there is no professional, national conditions: organisation truly representing the forging industry in this country.6.2. Members of the EUROFORGE open die working group may 11.1. Application for membership shall be made by an Association get an affiliate member status on terms which the Executive of an European national forging industry. Board considers appropriate for the companies. 11.2. The applicant shall fulfil the conditions set for under article 6.Article 7 - Resignation 11.3. Articles 7 to 10 included are applicable to the active members.Members may resign by giving written notice to the President at leastthree months before the end of the calendar year. They may not claim Article 12 - Membership feereimbursement of any subscriptions or other moneys paid. The membership fee shall be determined annually for each category ofMembers whose subscriptions remain unpaid three calendar months members by the General Assembly by a majority vote of 2/3 on proposalafter the due date can be excluded form the Association. of the Executive Board. The membership fee shall not exceed 100,000,-- EURO per annum.56 57
  • 31. III. GOVERNING BODIES Except in special cases provided for by the present statutes, decisions shall be carried, by a simple majority of active members present or represented, and shall be notified to all members.Article 13 - Governing bodies The Chairman may exercise a deciding vote in the event of a tie. Changes to the statutes shall only be made where 2/3 of the votes cast are in favour. Also13.1. The policy making body is the General Assembly which is the dissolution of the association requires 2/3 of the votes. composed of authorised (for instance members of national boards) representatives of member associations. No item may be put to the vote of otherwise decided upon which has13.2. The Executive Board acts as required, in the name of and on not been included in the agenda as set out in the calling notice for the behalf of the General Assembly. Assembly. Any member may at any time propose items for inclusion on the agenda of any General Assembly, provided that such proposal isIV. GENERAL ASSEMBLY notified in writing at least twenty days before the date of the meeting. Resolutions of the General Assembly shall be entered in a minute-bookArticle 14 - General Assembly signed by the President of the meeting and held at the registered office of the Association at the disposal of all members and third parties provingThe General Assembly is composed of all active members. The associated a personnel interest.members may assist at the general assembly without voting rights.All powers necessary for achieving the Association’s aims are vested in theGeneral Assembly. V. ADMINISTRATIONSessions are normally held every year during the first semester of eachyear at such time and place as may be determined by the executive board.Convening notices and agenda shall be sent at least thirty days in advance of Article 15 - Executive Boardthe meeting by the President, or failing him, by a vice president. The intervalbetween any two General Assemblies shall normally not exceed 15 months. The Association shall be administered by an Executive Board composed of at least 3 members and no more than 9 members; at least one of theExtraordinary meetings of the General Assembly may also be convened at Executive Board members must be of Belgian nationality.any time by decision of the Executive Board or at the request of one fourth ofthe active members. The Executive Board members shall be elected by the General Assembly; their term of office is 3 years; they may be re-elected.The General Assembly is validly constituted when 50 % of the members arepresent or represented. The Executive Board is composed of representatives of national active member associations.Any active member, unable to attend a meeting of the General Assembly,may be represented at such meeting by another active member holding a Executive Board members can be dismissed by the General Assembly bypower of attorney. No active member shall hold more than two proxies. a 2/3 majority of active members present or represented.58 59
  • 32. The Executive Board shall meet at least two times a year or if 2/3 call a Article 17- Representationmeeting of the Executive Board. Except otherwise decided, all acts which bind the Association shall beAn Executive Board member can be represented by another Executive signed by the President or the Secretary General who need not to giveBoard member who shall however not hold more than one proxy. evidence of their powers.Executive Board proceedings are valid if 1/3 of its members are presentor represented; its decisions are taken by simple majority of memberspresent or represented. In the event of a tie the President has a casting Article 18 - Legal actionsvote. All judicial action, either as plaintiff or defendant, will be handled by theAll powers of management administration and disposal of assets are Presidentvested in the Executive Board subject to any limitation imposed by the or by one of the Vice-Presidents designated by him.General Assembly.Resolutions adopted by the Executive Board shall be entered in a minute- Article 19 - Financial yearbook signed by the Secretary General and kept at the registered office atthe disposal of the members of the Association and third parties proving The financial year opens on 1 January and closed on 31 December. Thea personal interest. Executive Board shall submit to the approval of the Assembly a statement of accounts and a budget for next fiscal period.Article 16 - President - Vice-Presidents Article 20 - Secretary generalThe Chief Officers of the association are the President and the Vice-Presidents, who shall be elected by the General Assembly. The President shall appoint and dismiss the Secretary general of theTheir terms of office shall be two years, renewable in case a successor Association and, where applicable, the deputy Secretary general, afterdoes not emerge. The President, or should he be prevented from doing so, having consulted the General Assembly.one of the Vice-Presidents, shall preside over the meetings of the GeneralAssembly. The Secretary general shall be responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Association under the authority of the President.The President shall be responsible for the smooth running of theAssociation and for implementing the decisions of the General Assembly Article 21 - Applicable lawand Executive Board. Acts which are binding on the Association in respectof third parties shall be signed by the President and the Secretary General; Matters not covered by these Articles of Association, includingthe President shall represent the Association in legal proceedings. publications in the Annexes au Moniteur belge, will be governed by the provisions of the law ofNormally, one Vice-President shall succeed the President. 25 October 1919, as amended.60 61
  • 33. VI. FINANCIAL RESOURCES If need be, the General Assembly shall determine the modalities of dissolution and liquidation of the Association.Article 22 - Financial resourcesThe financial resources at the disposal of the Association are the VIII. MISCELLANEOUSmembership fees, gifts and contributions. Financial means can also comefrom own activities (EU-funding for projects, EUROFORGE-fair, sales ofpublications, etc.) without any profit motivation. Article 24 - LanguageThe financial year shall run from 1 January to 31 December. Exceptionally Exception made for the official document to be published in the annexesthe first financial year shall run from the date of signing of the present of the Moniteur Belge, which will be in the French language, the Englisharticles of association to the 31st of December 2001. language using British English spelling shall be used among EUROFORGE members.The Secretary general shall submit annually for approval by a majority However, the official language of the association shall be French.vote of 2/3 to the General Assembly the books of account for the pastfinancial year, and the budget for the following financial year. Paris/Hagen/Brussels, November 2000 © EUROFORGE amended Birmingham, September 2006VII. AMENDMENTS TO THE STATUTES AND DISSOLUTIONArticle 23 - AmendmentsWithout prejudice to Article 5 of the law of 25 October 1919, the presentstatutes may be amended at any time by an Extraordinary GeneralAssemably of members convened on the initiative of the Executive Board orat the request of 3 active members of the Association. The date of the GeneralAssembly which will decide on the proposed amendment(s) must be notifiedto members at least three months in advance. No decision shall be adoptedunless it is approved by a majority of at least two-thirds of the active membersof the Association are present or represented. However, if less than two-thirds of the active members of the Association are present or representedat the General Assembly, a new General Assembly shall be convened in thesame condition as the preceding one, to definitely and validly decide on theproposals in question, by a majority of two thirds of the active memberspresent or represented. Amendments to the statutes will not take effect untilapproved by Royal Decree and until they have been published in the Annexesau Moniteur belge in accordance with Article 3 of the law of 25 October 1919.62 63
  • 34. ImprintPublisherEUROFORGEGoldene Pforte 158093 Hagen, GermanyContactIngrid SchallnusFon: +49 2331 958813Fax: +49 2331 958713ischallnus@euroforge.orgwww.euroforge.orgResponsible for the contentErwin PeddinghausDr. Theodor L. TutmannConcept, Design and RealisationThomas Scherr, Scherr Kreativmanagement GmbHwww.tskm.deTranslationTimothy DraneCirculation500© September 201064
  • 35. rs New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years NeNew EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGENew EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGEYears New EUROFORGE 10 Years Ners New EUROFORGE 10 Years New EUROFORGE 10 www.euroforge.com

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