300 Million Years of Uttoxeter


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  • Cheddar Gorge- 10,000 years DNA-
  • Hide hida 120 acres, although this could vary, and sometimes was apparently around 240 acres. Domesday hide values were not real measurements of land, but figures on which tax (geld) was based (used in English areas, equivalent to a carucate ). Plough caruca, carruca In Domesday the word implies a plough team with its eight oxen and the plough itself. The measure of a carucate was originally the amount of land which such a team could plough in one day. Slave A man or woman who owed personal service to another, and who was un-free, and unable to move home or work or change allegiance, to buy or to sell, without permission. TRE tempora regis Eduardis In the time of King Edward the Confessor; by implication, DOM= assessment encountered during his reign. Yet it was also more than that. In essence, there were two Domesday surveys: the first raised a royal Geld to pay for war with the Danes; and the second dealt with matters of land tenure arising from the first and the billeting of so many troops on English land. Algar (Lady Godiva’s Son!) died seven years before the conquest, though he is mentioned as the land belonging to him. Even though it had passed onto his sons Edwin earl of Mercia. Edwin took up arms against William on behalf of his oppressed countrymen. Thuis was obviously still freash when it cam to writing up the book that his name was struck from the book despite being the most important landowner in country. This is because his son and his sons Edwin and Morcar, (Earls of Mercia and Northumberland), ..took up arms on behalf of their enslaved countrymen in the year 1071, and Edwin being betrayed into the hands of the Normans, met an untimely fate; when his estates were, of course confiscated and most of those in Staffordshire remained in the King's hands at the Domesday survey. The devastating vengeance which William inflicted on the English revolters, may probably account for the immense tract of waste lands in Staffordshire, mentioned in Domesday Demesne – private land of the manor League 3 miles person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord villein who rendered menial service for his cottage ; a cottier . 4840 yards
  • 1799 to 1888. Born Mary Botham, at Coleford, in Gloucestershire. Mary and William On the 16th April 1821 Mary married William Howitt. They were married at Friends Meeting House in Uttoxeter. Their social circle grew and they often traveled widely, staying with and meeting other poets and writer's. Mary associated with famous names like : Dickens, Mrs. Gaskell , Tennyson, Wordsworth, Elizabeth Baret Browning, and others.. Tennyson was a neighbour (1846). They were visited by writers and poets including : Mrs.Gaskill and Hans Christian Anderson. Charles Dickens writes to Mary and William. Mary continued to live in Rome, where she died in 1888, having converted from Quakerism and spiritualism to Roman Catholicism in 1882. Between them they launched many classical writer's such as, Mrs. Gaskill and John Keats, by finding publishers for their works, or by publishing articles in the many journals in which William was involved.
  • 300 Million Years of Uttoxeter

    1. 1. 300 Million Years of Uttoxeter David Parkes Uttoxeter Civic Society [email_address]
    2. 2. <ul><li>First inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Stone Age or Mesolithic </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter Gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>Flint Axes </li></ul><ul><li>10,000-1800 BC </li></ul>
    3. 3. Migration and settlement from c.8300 BC Neolithic and Bronze ages c.8300 BC - c.750 BC Henge monuments c.4000 BC - c.1500 BC The development of farming c.4000 BC - c.3000 BC Technology before metals c.2300 BC Metalwork begins c.2300 BC The Early Bronze Age c.1800 BC - c.1500 BC Agriculture and the wheel c.1400 BC The Celtic influence 800 BC Ironwork in Britain c.800 BC - c.450 BC Iron Age 750 BC - AD 42
    4. 5. Celts <ul><li>Cornovii </li></ul><ul><li>Corieltauvi </li></ul><ul><li>Parisii </li></ul>
    5. 6. The Romans
    6. 8. Vikings <ul><li>Viking DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Viking raids on England started in the late 8th century </li></ul>
    7. 9. <ul><li>Wotoschede </li></ul><ul><li>The King holds Uttoxeter. Earl Aelfgar held it. There is half a hide. There is land for 10 Ploughs. In demesne are 2 ploughs with 1 slave; and 24 villans and eleven bordars with 11 ploughs. There are 16 acres of meadow and woodland 2 leagues long and as many broad. TRE it was worth £6 now £7. </li></ul><ul><li>TRE tempora regis Eduardis In the time of King Edward the Confessor </li></ul>1086 The Domesday Book
    8. 10. <ul><li>Wotoch’s Heath? </li></ul><ul><li>Hottocsathere (1322) </li></ul><ul><li>Hottokesacre (Edward I) </li></ul><ul><li>Hutockshather (1208) </li></ul><ul><li>Huttokeshagh (1242) </li></ul><ul><li>Huttokkeshatre (Henry V) </li></ul><ul><li>Otoksather (Henry V) </li></ul><ul><li>Ottockeshat (Edward I) </li></ul><ul><li>Ottockeshater (Edward I) </li></ul><ul><li>Ottokeshathere (Edward I) </li></ul><ul><li>Ottokeshther (Edward I) </li></ul>What's in a name? At least 76 names
    9. 11. Norman and Medieval Uttoxeter <ul><li>13th century Old Talbot </li></ul><ul><li>St Mary’s Church </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Yevele England’s Greatest Architect </li></ul><ul><li>First market charter granted in 1252 </li></ul>
    10. 12. Know ye that we grant and by this Charter confirm to our beloved and faithful Will. De Ferrers, earl of Derby, that he and his heirs for ever shall have free warren in all the demesne lands of his manor of Vittockesather, so long as these lands, however, are not within the bounds of our forest so that none may enter these lands to take refuge there, or to take any thing there because it pertains to the warren, without the licence of and by the will of the said Earl or his heirs, upon forfeiture of ten pounds. We grant to the said earl and his heirs for ever to have a market at his said manor of Huttockesather in the County of Stafford, every week on Wednesday, and to have one fair there every year for three days duration, on the eve, on the day and on the morrow of the Nativity of the Virgin (7 th , 8 th and 9 th of September). Wherefore we will and firmly order for us and our heirs, that the aforesaid Earl and his heirs for ever have free warren in all the demesne lands of his said manors in the said counties, so long as these lands are not within the boiunds of our forest so that none may enter those lands to take refuge there … (etc. as above). We grant to the said Earl that he and his heirs for ever have one market at the aforesaid Manor of Huttokes ’ in the County of Stafford, every week, and one fair every year as aforesaid.
    11. 13. Late Medieval 1348 – 1484 Tudors 1485 – 1602
    12. 14. St Mary’s 1838
    13. 15. Civil War <ul><li>Changed allegiances several times, with a predominantly parliamentarian support. </li></ul><ul><li>1648 The Royalist Marquis of Hamilton, after a crushing defeat at Preston, retreated to Uttoxeter with a tattered remnant of the once 20,000 strong Scottish army </li></ul><ul><li>The army was met by General John Lambert for the Parliamentarians - the Royalists surrendered, </li></ul><ul><li>Some were locked up in the Church, others were imprisoned in less local places. The last dying remnant of the Royalist army had capitulated in the market place in Uttoxeter, and with it saw the close of the Civil War. </li></ul>
    14. 17. Uttoxeter’s role in the Industrial Revolution <ul><li>In 1686, Robert Plot mentioned the large dairies of the Moorlands sending butter to Uttoxeter market, where it was bought by London traders. Burslem and the Potteries gained reknown through the making of butter pots for Uttoxeter market </li></ul>
    15. 18. <ul><li>Robert Bakewell </li></ul><ul><li>1682-1752 </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Bakewell was </li></ul><ul><li>born in Uttoxeter in </li></ul><ul><li>1682 and after an apprenticeship in London, became England's foremost wrought ironsmith. </li></ul>
    16. 19. Trade <ul><li>As well as farming…………. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Uttoxeter was long noted for the manufacture of clock cases and movements…Here are several maltsters, tanners, fellmongers, nail makers, bendware manufacturers, woolstaplers, rope and twine spinners, timber merchants, etc, and a Joint Stock Bank, and a large brewery. A large trade is likewise carried on here in preparing calves maws, to be used in curdling milk for making cheese, and there is considerable traffic in coal, lime, etc, at the Railway Station.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851 </li></ul>
    17. 20. Uttoxeter Workhouse 1778 -1936 ‘ abandon hope all ye who enter here’ An inscription at the entrance to hell - Dante -The Divine Comedy
    18. 21. <ul><li>Workhouse Site 1920 </li></ul>Workhouse Site 1920
    19. 28. George Gilbert Scott With William Bonython Moffatt designed over 40 workhouses Early designs were based on the Poor Law Commissioners' model plans Long single-storey range placed at the front contained the porter's lodge, board room, receiving wards and chapel. A central entrance archway led through to an inner courtyard either side of which were boys' and girls' yards. The main building had a central hub containing the master's offices and quarters. To each side were male and female day rooms and dining halls on the ground floor, with dormitories above. The rear range contained kitchens and scullery. Behind were workrooms, laundry, bakehouse etc. with an infirmary block at the rear. Uttoxeter was a typical variation of this design.
    20. 31. Scott’s other works……….. <ul><li>St Pancras Station, London (1865) </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, London (1861-1868) </li></ul><ul><li>the Albert Memorial, London (1862) </li></ul><ul><li>One of Scott's major interests was medieval church architecture. He was involved in the restoration of several cathedrals (those at Chichester, Gloucester, Exeter, St Albans, and Wakefield), plus Bath Abbey, Pershore Abbey, Great Malvern Priory, St Margaret's, Westminster </li></ul><ul><li>The West Front of Lichfield Cathedral Lichfield Cathedral's ornate West Front was extensively renovated by Scott from 1855 - 1878. He restored the Cathedral to the form he believed it took in the Middle Ages, working with original materials where possible and creating imitations when the originals were not available. It is recognised as some of his finest work. </li></ul><ul><li>Scott was awarded the RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 1859. Knighted in 1872, he died in 1878 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. </li></ul><ul><li>His sons George Gilbert Scott Junior and John Oldrid Scott and grandson, Giles Gilbert Scott, were also prominent architects. </li></ul>
    21. 32. Records <ul><li>Records for Uttoxeter Union are held by Stafford Record Office, including Minutes 1847-1930. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, no records regarding Individuals have survived  </li></ul>
    22. 37. Charles Bunting Ltd - Uttoxeter Stoke-on-Trent (Trent Vale), London Road: Black Lion
    23. 45. History of the town of Uttoxeter By Francis Redfern http://bit.ly/5Xafxx