"Tituba and the Children"Date 1878(1878)Source from "A Popular History of the United States", Vol. 2, by William Cullen Bryant, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1878, p. 457 http://www.openlibrary.org/details/pophistusa02bryarichAuthor Alfred Fredericks, Designer; Winham, Engraver 1878 from "A Popular History of the United States", Vol. 2, by William Cullen Bryant, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1878, p. 457 http://www.openlibrary.org/details/pophistusa02bryarich
mezzotint portrait of Cotton Mather (Feb. 12, 1663 - Feb. 13, 1728), American Puritan clergyman.c. 1700
Witchcraft presenttion power point
ArE you A womEn? Do you own lAnD? CAn you rECitE thE lorD’s prAyEr? Think before you answer any question; especially if you lived in seventeenth century Salem. You could face the gallows. One might even wonder today-How this could have happened?
In the book Witch-Hunt author Marc Aronson reveals, the possible truth of why so many women were accused of Witchcraft My Thesis statement:In my opinion Marc Aronsons goal in writing this book was toreveal new possible theories of what really led to the bizarrehappenings that inflicted the people of Salem.
The reader of this book will learn• "Studies of the witchcraft cases in sixteenth-and seventeenth-century England for which court records have survived show that 80 percent of those accused were women" (Aronson, 10).• The accused witch possessed the following qualities-”She was a woman who had few or no children or was past her childbearing years, and yet owned property. She was a person, in other words, who lived outside the pattern of life people expected of a woman, in which her role and her assets were devoted to her family. And she was especially suspect if she was outspoken, not modest and quiet” (Aronson, 11).• Why Goody Carrier-A women of low moral conduct according to the Puritans, was accused of witchcraft. Quote in reference to Goody Carrier, “The accused is a poor, unpopular woman from Andover, who had her first child before she was married” (Aronson, 4).
One might be surprised to learn• Possible Ergot poison my have led to hallucinations. These hallucinations are similar to the affects of LSD use.• Encephalitis Lethargica could also be an assumption which led to the symptoms of demonic behavior.• The saddest realization, possible schizophrenic conditions may have led to accusations of being a witch. This photo was found under a PBS web interview- Ergot Poisoning – the cause of the Salem Witch Trials PBS "Secrets of the Dead II" — Witches Curse
The following slides will share details about key characters from this bookTituba-A Caribbean slave that admitted to witchcraft, Titubasperformance in court made her story believable, and it saved herlife"(Aronson, 82). She alone was able to stir more fear in thepeople of Salem with her descriptions of the devil from Aronsonsbook, "The devil came to her in the form of a hog and also a giantblack dog. In his human guise the devil had a yellow bird that wasa kind of pet" (Aronson, 83). Tituba-1878 drawing on the nextslide.
Caption: "Tituba and the Children."Description: Scene showing Titubaperforming acts of sorceryacts for Betty Parris, Abigrail Williams,and other children in the kitchenof the Rev. Samuel Parris household.Source: A Popular Historyof the United States.Vol. 2. By William Cullen Bryant,New York: CharlesScribners Sons, 1878,p. 457. Artist A. Fredericks
Cotton Mather wasa young minister that mustprove Glover is a witch.Glover- an accused witch putto death because of culturaldifferences. She was Irish andcould not recite the Lord’s Prayer.Also she had cloth dolls,the Puritans perceived as demonicdevises, she used to cause fits in the Goodwin children. Could shehave been schizophrenic? Date c. 1700ourcehttp://www.columbia.edu/itc/law/w itt/images/lect3/
My final thoughts about thisbook: Reading this book allowed me to see how destructive forcing ones beliefs on others can prove disastrous. Just as history shows, people can destroy lives if they do not have a sensible understanding of womens rights, religious differences, cultural diversity and mental illness. While reading this book my thoughts often turned to Hitler and how his hatred for one religion led to the Holocaust. He also lashed out at others for differences and mental illness. Marc Aronsons assumption sums up my feelings as well, "There was simply too much danger of using faith to destroy innocent people" (204). Mary Hutchinson