Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Group 9Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm,  Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal    Ich liebe dich oonoo he he       Chapter 30 Less...
Is HIV and AIDS the    same thing?
HIV   “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome”   A specific type of virus (a retrovirus)   HIV invades the helper T cells to  ...
AIDS   Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome   HIV is the virus that causes AIDS    Disease limits the body’s ability to f...
New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group
Four Stages of HIV
Stage 1 - Primary   Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six    weeks after infection   no symptoms at all   Infecte...
Stage 2 - Asymptomatic   Lasts for an average of ten years   This stage is free from symptoms   There may be swollen gl...
Stage 3 - Symptomatic   The symptoms are mild   The immune system deteriorates   emergence of opportunistic infections ...
Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS   The immune    system weakens   The illnesses    become more    severe leading to    an AIDS    di...
Opportunistic Infections         associated with AIDS   Bacterial     Tuberculosis (TB)     Strep pneumonia   Viral   ...
Opportunistic Infections     associated with AIDS   Parasitic       Pneumocystis        carinii   Fungal     Candida  ...
Modes of HIV/AIDS  Transmission
Through Bodily Fluids   Blood products   Semen   Vaginal fluids   Breast Milk
Through IV Drug Use   Sharing Needles       Without sterilization   Increases the chances of contracting HIV
Through Sex   Intercourse (penile penetration into the    vagina)   Oral   Anal   Digital Sex
Mother-to-Baby   Before Birth   During Birth   Postpartum       After the birth
Testing Options for HIV
Anonymous Testing   No name is used   Unique identifying number   Results issued only to test recipient                ...
Confidential Testing   Person’s name is recorded along with    HIV results       Name and positive results are reported ...
Administration   Blood   Urine   Oral
Blood Detection Tests   Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent    Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA)   Radio Immunoprecipitation ...
Urine Testing   Urine Western Blot       As sensitive as testing blood       Safe way to screen for HIV       Can caus...
Oral Testing   Orasure       The only FDA approved        HIV antibody.       As accurate as blood        testing     ...
Counseling
Pre-test Counseling   Transmission   Prevention   Risk Factors   Voluntary & Confidential   Reportability of Positive...
Post-test Counseling   Clarifies test results   Need for additional testing   Promotion of safe behavior   Release of ...
Treatment Options
Antiretroviral Drugs   Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase    inhibitors       AZT (Zidovudine)   Non-Nucleoside Transcrip...
Opportunistic Infection            Treatment   Issued in an event where antiretroviral    drugs are not available
Four ways to protect yourself?    Abstinence    Monogamous Relationship    Protected Sex    Sterile needles
Abstinence   It is the only 100 % effective method of    not acquiring HIV/AIDS.   Refraining from sexual contact: oral,...
Monogamous relationship   A mutually monogamous (only one sex    partner) relationship with a person who is not    infect...
Protected Sex   Use condoms (female or male) every time    you have sex (vaginal or anal)   Always use latex or polyuret...
When Using A Condom             Remember To:   Make sure the package is not expired   Make sure to check the package for...
Sterile Needles   If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, it    must be disinfected:       Fill the syringe with undilu...
Needle Exchange Program            Non-profit             Organization, which             provides sterile             ne...
Thank You!
Aids
Aids
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Aids

328

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
328
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Aids"

  1. 1. Group 9Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Ich liebe dich oonoo he he Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade
  2. 2. Is HIV and AIDS the same thing?
  3. 3. HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure
  4. 4. AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure
  5. 5. New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group
  6. 6. Four Stages of HIV
  7. 7. Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people
  8. 8. Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood
  9. 9. Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers
  10. 10. Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis
  11. 11. Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial  Tuberculosis (TB)  Strep pneumonia Viral  Kaposi Sarcoma  Herpes  Influenza (flu)
  12. 12. Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic  Pneumocystis carinii Fungal  Candida  Cryptococcus
  13. 13. Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission
  14. 14. Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk
  15. 15. Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles  Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV
  16. 16. Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex
  17. 17. Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum  After the birth
  18. 18. Testing Options for HIV
  19. 19. Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous
  20. 20. Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results  Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient
  21. 21. Administration Blood Urine Oral
  22. 22. Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test
  23. 23. Urine Testing Urine Western Blot  As sensitive as testing blood  Safe way to screen for HIV  Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV
  24. 24. Oral Testing Orasure  The only FDA approved HIV antibody.  As accurate as blood testing  Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue.  NOT A SALIVA TEST!
  25. 25. Counseling
  26. 26. Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results
  27. 27. Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results
  28. 28. Treatment Options
  29. 29. Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors  AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors  Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors  Norvir (Ritonavir)
  30. 30. Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available
  31. 31. Four ways to protect yourself?  Abstinence  Monogamous Relationship  Protected Sex  Sterile needles
  32. 32. Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use
  33. 33. Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected
  34. 34. Protected Sex Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
  35. 35. When Using A Condom Remember To: Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package for damages Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms
  36. 36. Sterile Needles If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, it must be disinfected:  Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and wait at least 30 seconds.  thoroughly rinse with water  Do this between each person’s use
  37. 37. Needle Exchange Program  Non-profit Organization, which provides sterile needles in exchange for contaminated ones
  38. 38. Thank You!
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×