Philadelphia– May, 1787 55 delegates from 12 states Not Rhode Island Washington elected president Franklin, Madison, Hamilton also present Madison: Father of the Constitution
September 17, 1787: Constitution was signed by delegates3 delegates refused to sign: Randolph and Mason from VA Elbridge Gerry from Mass.
Edmund Randolph and James Madison created this plan Called for a strong central government 3 branches: Legislative: Pass laws Executive Carry out the laws Judicial System of courts (enforce laws)
Legislative Branch: 2 houses, both had representation determined by population Both houses, the larger states had more representation
William Paterson from New Jersey created this plan 3 branches: Legislative, Executive, Judicial Legislative Branch: One house, all states have equal representation One vote per state, no matter how big
Roger Sherman of Connecticut created this plan Compromise: A settlement that each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement2 House Legislature: House of Representatives: Lower house Elected by popular vote Representation determined by population Appealed to larger states
Senate: Upper house Chosen by state legislature Each state (no matter what size) gets 2 representatives Appealed to smaller states Approved July 1787
Southerners wanted slaves counted in the population to determine representation in the House They would have a larger population, meaning more representatives, if the slaves were counted Northerners didn’t want this: Slaves don’t vote, therefore should not be represented by Congress Compromise: 3/5ths of the slaves in any state will be counted in the population for Representation 3,000 of 5,000