Constitutionalconvention 100106121946-phpapp01-1

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Constitutionalconvention 100106121946-phpapp01-1

  1. 1.  Philadelphia– May, 1787 55 delegates from 12 states  Not Rhode Island Washington elected president Franklin, Madison, Hamilton also present Madison: Father of the Constitution
  2. 2.  September 17, 1787:  Constitution was signed by delegates3 delegates refused to sign:  Randolph and Mason from VA  Elbridge Gerry from Mass.
  3. 3.  Edmund Randolph and James Madison created this plan Called for a strong central government 3 branches:  Legislative:  Pass laws  Executive  Carry out the laws  Judicial  System of courts (enforce laws)
  4. 4.  Legislative Branch:  2 houses, both had representation determined by population  Both houses, the larger states had more representation
  5. 5.  William Paterson from New Jersey created this plan 3 branches:  Legislative, Executive, Judicial Legislative Branch:  One house, all states have equal representation  One vote per state, no matter how big
  6. 6.  Roger Sherman of Connecticut created this plan Compromise:  A settlement that each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement2 House Legislature:  House of Representatives:  Lower house  Elected by popular vote  Representation determined by population  Appealed to larger states
  7. 7.  Senate:  Upper house  Chosen by state legislature  Each state (no matter what size) gets 2 representatives  Appealed to smaller states Approved July 1787
  8. 8.  Southerners wanted slaves counted in the population to determine representation in the House  They would have a larger population, meaning more representatives, if the slaves were counted Northerners didn’t want this:  Slaves don’t vote, therefore should not be represented by Congress Compromise:  3/5ths of the slaves in any state will be counted in the population for Representation  3,000 of 5,000

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