09 13 adverbs

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  • 1. What is an adverb?• An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, and adjective, or another adverb. – Explorers eagerly chase adventure. • Eagerly is an adverb because it is modifying the verb, chase. – Some explorers visit amazingly beautiful places. • Amazingly is an adverb because it is modifying the adjective, beautiful. – Others quite bravely explore the unknown- space. • Quite is an adverb because it is modifying the adverb, bravely, which is modifying the verb explore.
  • 2. AdverbsAdverbs answer the questions how, when, where, or to what extent. - How? suddenly, carefully, sadly - When? now, later, soon, often, usually - Where? there, up, ahead - To What Extent? completely, totally, fully
  • 3. Adverbs Adverbs can appear in different positions in sentences.  The tourists boarded the bus eagerly. (after the verb)  The tourists eagerly boarded the bus. (before the verb)  Eagerly, the tourists boarded the bus. (at the beginning)
  • 4. Adverbs Adverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs usually come directly before the words they modify. They usually answer the question to what extent. – Marco Polo told really wonderful tales of China. • Really modifies the adjective, wonderful. – People were very eager to hear his stories. • Very modifies the adjective, eager. – They nearly always hung on every word. • Nearly modifies the adverb, always.
  • 5. -LY Adverbs Many adverbs are formed by adding the suffix, -ly to the end of an adjective. Sometimes the spelling if the base word changes when –ly is added.  Near: add –ly to make it an adverb- nearly  Gentle: drop the e and add –ly to make it an adverb- gently  Easy: change the y to i and add –ly to make it an adverb- easily
  • 6. Comparative adverbs He finished sooner than she did.• Comparative adverbs are similar to comparative adjectives, but there is a difference:• An adverb with one syllable = –er–rare=rarer–soon = sooner• An adverb with two or more syllables = more–often = more often–quickly = more quickly *even though it ends in -y
  • 7. Superlative adverbs He ran the quickest of the three boys.• An adverb with one syllable = –est –Rare = the rarest –soon = the soonest• An adverb with two or more syllables = the most –Often = the most often –Briskly = the most briskly
  • 8. Superlative Adverbs The comparative and superlative forms of some adverbs are completely different words: Adverb Comparative Superlative well better the best badly worse the worst
  • 9. Let’s practice!Complete the sentences with the correctforms of the word in parentheses, and saywhether they are adjectives or adverbs.(slow) Tom is ___________. He works __________.Tom is slow. (Adj.)He works slowly. (Adv.)
  • 10. Let’s practice!Complete the sentences with the correctforms of the word in parentheses, and saywhether they are adjectives or adverbs.(careful) Sue is a ___________ girl. She __________ climbed up the ladder.Sue is a careful girl. (Adj.)She carefully climbed up the ladder. (Adv.)
  • 11. Let’s practice!Complete the sentences with the correctforms of the word in parentheses, and saywhether they are adjectives or adverbs.(awful) It’s ___________ cold today. The wind is __________ .It’s awfully cold today. (Adv.)The wind is awful. (Adj.)
  • 12. Let’s practice!Complete the sentences with the correctforms of the word in parentheses, and saywhether they are adjectives or adverbs.(easy) They learn English ___________ . They think English is __________ language.They learn English easily. (Adv.)They think English is an easy language.(Adj.)
  • 13. Let’s practice!Complete the sentences with the correctforms of the word in parentheses, and saywhether they are adjectives or adverbs.(good) Max is a ___________ singer. He sings __________.Max is a good singer. (Adj.)He sings well. (Adv.)
  • 14. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent. Paige jumped up and rudely pushed her sister. rudely
  • 15. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent. Rarely did Christian go to company meetings. rarely
  • 16. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent.The writer became terribly annoyed by her neighbor’s extremely loud music. terribly, extremely
  • 17. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent.We will be eating lunch outside so that we can enjoy the splendid weather. outside
  • 18. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent. I always brush my teeth before bed. always
  • 19. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent. Haven’t we met before? before
  • 20. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent. After the very late show, I dragged myself wearily to bed. very, wearily
  • 21. Let’s practice!Identify the adverbs in the sentences.Remember: adverbs answer –who, -when,-where, and –to what extent.Oh no! I’m really sorry! I didn’t mean to spill coffee on your new shirt. really