09 10 commas
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  • 1. Commas
  • 2. our culture is the system we use to build ouridentity all living creatures are part of a cultureeven animals so what is culture it is the way webehave in a group it begins with each individualfamily and the things we do to build connectionsand relationships with our other family membersthis can include routines for doing things andtraditions that are repeated on a regular basisculture is not limited to individual family groups thereal strength of culture is in larger communitygroups or societies every society makes rules forhow to act in different situations often cultures canbe identified by such things as what the peoplebelieve what they include in their art whatlanguage they speak and their customs for eating
  • 3. Our culture is the system we use to build ouridentity. All living creatures are part of a culture, evenanimals! So what is culture? It is the way we behavein a group. It begins with each individual family andthe things we do to build connections and relationshipswith our other family members. This can includeroutines for doing things or traditions that are repeatedon a regular basis. Culture is not limited to individual family groups.The real strength of culture is in larger communitygroups, or societies. Every society makes rules forhow to act in different situations. Often, cultures canbe identified by such things as what the peoplebelieve, what they include in their art, what languagethey speak, and their customs for eating and doing
  • 4. Why do we needpunctuation?
  • 5. the monkeys in the bathroomHow should we read that?The monkey’s in the bathroom.The monkey’s in the bathroom!The monkey’s in the bathroom?
  • 6. hide the cows outside What does this mean?Hide! The cow’s outside! Hide the cows outside. hide, the cow’s outside
  • 7. What’s the difference? Let’s eat, David. Let’s eat David.A woman, without her man, is nothing.A woman: without her, man is nothing.
  • 8. , Comma• , We use commas to separate the main clause of the sentence from introductory information. Yes, I think it’s great. Well, I’m not sure. To apply for this job, you must have previous experience.• We use commas when someone is addressed directly. Michael, the doctor will see you now. (The speaker is talking directly to Michael.)
  • 9. Where does the comma go? No I don’t think it’s a good idea. No, I don’t think it’s a good idea.Before going to bed you should brush your teeth.Before going to bed, you should brush your teeth. Well I’ll call you tomorrow. Well, I’ll call you tomorrow. Mr. Smith are you feeling well? Mr. Smith, are you feeling well? Yes it’s a good idea Michael. Yes, it’s a good idea, Michael.
  • 10. , Comma• , information. We use commas in a sentence to separate non-essential or extra Tom, the captain of the team, was injured during the game. He will, however, compete tomorrow. Two hundred dollars, I think, is sufficient. The main ingredients in this recipe are apples, my favorite fruit. Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the U.S.A., signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.
  • 11. Where do the commas go? Rome Italy’s capital is in the region of Lazio. Rome, Italy’s capital, is in the region of Lazio. She was however too tired to join us at dinner. She was, however, too tired to join us at dinner. Jim and Sam the twins that sing will perform tonight.Jim and Sam, the twins that sing, will perform tonight.He hasn’t been to Chicago his hometown since 1997.He hasn’t been to Chicago, his hometown, since 1997. Let’s call Ted the dog’s owner. Let’s call Ted, the dog’s owner.
  • 12. , Comma• , We use commas with a conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to connect 2 independent clauses. The dog came inside, and its owner fed it. The women won a gold medal, but the men came in fifth. **BUT** The dog came inside and ate. The women won a gold medal but had some injuries.
  • 13. Where does the comma go?The concert was over but the crowd refused to leave.The concert was over, but the crowd refused to leave. It was his birthday so we took him out to celebrate. It was his birthday, so we took him out to celebrate. He studied hard for the exam yet he didn’t pass. He studied hard for the exam, yet he didn’t pass.Thomas went to the meeting and gave his presentation. No comma!
  • 14. , Comma• , We use a comma to separate an introductory dependent clause from an independent clause.After you finish this class, you will be better prepared for the GED. If you are ill, you should see a doctor. Because her alarm was broken, she woke up late. **BUT**You will be better prepared for the GED after you finish this class. You should see a doctor if you are ill. She woke up late because her alarm was broken.
  • 15. Where does the comma go? Because she is such a hard worker she received a scholarship. Because she is such a hard worker, she received a scholarship.Although he hadn’t eaten dinner he went straight to bed. Although he hadn’t eat dinner, he went straight to bed. You can ask Paul and Mary if you don’t believe me. No comma! While I was watching TV the power went out. While I was watching TV, the power went out.
  • 16. , Comma• , We use commas to separate 3 or more elements in a series. They bought some milk, eggs, cereal, and bread. He came in the door, took off his shoes, and sat down. Her hobbies are reading, playing the piano, and dancing. **BUT** They bought some milk and eggs. He came in the door and took off his shoes.
  • 17. Where do the commas go? The little boy wanted to eat macaroni and cheese and a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. No comma! I haven’t seen Belinda Tim or Stephanie recently. I haven’t seen Belinda, Tim, or Stephanie recently.Should we go to the mall play tennis or watch a movie?Should we go to the mall, play tennis, or watch a movie?Ryan is known for his handsome features sarcastic sense of humor designer suits and shoes and generous heart.Ryan is known for his handsome features, sarcastic sense of humor, designer suits and shoes, and generous heart.