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  • Police are a crucial role in societies around the world and without them, the world would either be ran by militaries or there would be total chaos.

  • Once a person would be enslaved they could have many roles in society, their role was usually depicted by the crime they committed. Becoming an “Officer” in Greece required a non violent offense and usually came to the slaves who were only enslaved for a minor infraction. Although if a major crime(treason,murder of govt. official) was committed certain citizens had special rights to investigate the crime by order of the senators or emperor.

  • Romans upgraded from the Grecians by using the military as peace keepers and this pretty much was a success because no one had wanted to deal with the military.

    Some senators had hired private citizens as extra protection from either an uprising or a plot to assassinate them.
  • The Romans were the forerunners for Police, they set up numerous prisons where slaves or criminals would be kept. With these prisons the Military would guard the perimeter and a special division of the military maintained the prisoners and the prison’s well being.
  • Constable, comparable to a police high ranking officer (Sergeant, Lieutenant, Colonel).
    Back then it was an honor to be apart of the police, and this was why some worked for free.
    COP, Constable on Patrol.

  • Today in Police, there is an organization that oversees Police and its duties, this organization is the FOP, Federal Organization of Police.
    In Spain they were just considered Brotherhoods, this was the beginning of the Police as a recognized organization.
  • In France we see our first form of ranks becoming prevalent, a chief of police would be named for either a city or district. Then the chief would appoint citizens as Police Inspectors and this became the first form of American Police Theory.

    Picture Shows: a common sight in France, a foot Patrol.
  • Above we see the breakdown of Police forces that ends up equalling out in 1791, when the King sets up a national police force.
    The marshall was in charge of keeping the peace on the streets, this is the common duty of an everyday police officer.
    The constable was in charge of the military body and its interactions with the public.
    If there were to be a riot then the marshall would talk to the Constable and set up the military to stop the riot.
  • British Police theory is the core of our police theory here in America, yet we did change a little bit.
    If we never used the British theory then our lifestyles could be very different from what they are now.
    Above: We see a highly armed foot patrol in a high crime area of London. In America we do not equip our police with Machine Guns unless they are involved in SWAT.
    SWAT- Special Weapons and Tactics.

  • Glasgow was the forerunner of city police and more localized police departments.
    Within a few years every city within Britain, and Scotland had its own police district.
    In Scotland though the police were volunteers, not paid workers.
    London became the first city to employ and pay its officers for their services.
    Above: A typical look for a constable/officer in Britain.
  • London has now set up an urban police force that worked in shifts, some officers worked during the day, while others worked throughout the night.
    The Metropolitan Police Act, the purpose was to protect the majesty and her/his people.
    Queens Peace- Theory of keeping the Queen/King in power while having a balanced lifestyle for the citiy.

  • Above is another definition of for the Police and its duties within society.
    The must maintain the public’s: Order, Safety, and Health. While enforcing Laws, and arresting criminals.
  • Within townships there are special ordinances that the residents must follow, the police have the duty to enforce these ordinances while enforcing federal and state laws.

  • While enforcing the laws, the police must have positive interaction with the public or else the residents might begin not to trust the police and not aid them in their job. With more community relations, the police can get the criminals behind bars and increase the overall wellness of the community.
    Police interaction with public improves lifestyles with the citizens.
    Interaction increases effectiveness of the police.

  • Above are two statements from an article explaining the pros and cons of having a lot of police interaction with the community.
    The first statement is in defense of an argument, saying that higher crime neighborhoods should have less interaction because many residents do not trust the police. In many studies this has been proven but many skeptics say it is only because of a previous mistrust with the Police.
    The second statement is more or less saying that the police can be bribed or paid off to watch over a certain part of town more then others. So this is saying that if a store owners offers the police a free meal or discounted one the owner would expect more watch over their store. This process has been proven to done in many cities but as predicted nobody will say they have done this.
  • Whether it be a fire, an accident, or a shooting the police will show up to assist and keep order. In the event of an accident the police are usually the first on scene, followed by paramedics and fire crews. The police can offer CPR if needed and other medical necessities in the time of an accident. The police then can assist the medics and alert them of any allergies the patient might have and what they believe is wrong with the patient. This not only speeds up the process, but provides the medics with more information so they can fulfill their job better, and give the patient a better chance to live. This also poses a problem, the police must be adequately trained with medical processes or else they could misinform the medics and make the process even harder.
    Police always arrive when there is an ambulance called to assist the paramedics.
    Usually a squad car will arrive first before the Ambulance.

  • In our township the officers upon hiring are asked whether they would want a night shift or a day shift. So for the night shift an example is 7 at night to 7 in the morning. Yet for the day shift it would be 7 in the morning to 7 at night. Usually one officer would work 4 out of the 7 days a week while the other 3 they can get their sleep or family time.
  • Every township has their own colors, badge, and emblem on their uniforms/cars/paperwork.
    Colors- 2 darker colors usually a blue and black combination and now even grey is being used.
    Badge- Township emblem is found on badge with officers number and township name.
    Emblem- A patch sewn on the uniforms with a township identification and their sign/symbol.

  • In PA, they have a contract with General Motors, the townships are not required to abide by the contract but they receive a budget increase and cheaper deals on the cars if they do.
    Police Cars are usually V-8 Powered with a special emissions package.
    During inspection police cars are given special guidelines when it comes to emissions.
    Townships are beginning to not buy the Crown Vics, but buying the Ford Explorers or SUVS. Also newer cars are the Dodge Charger, and many people do not realize are only V-6’s
  • Pen and Paper- Used to jot down notes/observations/witness info
    Cuff Key- Unlocks and locks handcuffs
    Badge- used for township ID, and officer ID
    Radio Mic- Mic used for officers to quickly communicate between them an others
    Commendations- Used to identify Rank
    Name Badge- ID’s officer by their Last name.
  • Gun- Usually a Glock (13 bullet magazine)
    Baton- A black expandable metal stick that is used to control the suspect
    Taser- A lesser weapon then the gun that sends a 15,000 volt to the suspect and is controlled by the officer.
    Cuffs- Used to detain suspect(s)
    Extra Magazines- 2 Extra clips used in dire need by officer
    Radio- Actual radio not the Mic but the Controls
  • Chain of Command within a township

  • Oversees complete operation of force within the township
    Reports to the Supervisors on the budget and well being of the township
    Appointed by Mayor/City Council/ Board of Supervisors

  • Community Officer if one is not appointed.
    A hands on Chief that sees the streets and reports to the Chief
    Creates the schedule and the make up of squads/divisions
  • Separate from Officers because they solve the crimes that the officers find.
    Equivalent to a Sergeant
    Wears Pants and tie to work with a badge
    If seen on the streets, would seem like a citizen
  • Is in control of a specific squad, each squad is appointed one sergeant.
    Usually known as the PIC, Person in charge during night shifts.
    During the day they make the decisions on the street but there is someone else there to ask on what to do.
  • Basic role in police, spends day on the street enforcing the laws and codes of the township/state/local.

  • Since Washington D.C. is not a state they are governed by Federal Police
    BP: Protects any land where we connect with another country and also where we have immigration points for visitors
    Customs: Protect airports/points of entry/ports
    Federal Buildings: Any building that deals with federal business, such as embassies/tax buildings/court houses
  • Pay Scale: Any Federal worker is paid on a Grade Scale and promotions can jump the scale, also the amount you can know is based on your grade scale. Top Secret info would not be able to be told to a GS-5 but a GS-13 can pretty much know anything.
  • GS-5: $27,026-35,135
    GS-7: $33,377-43,521

  • State Roads in PA- PA 202, I-95, I-476

  • The Taser Shockwave originated with the military, where it would be attached to HV’S for crowd control. Now it is used by SWAT for a “no cross line” 54 tasers, connected to one switch and control. Range:25 feet, compiled in different shapes

  • Cameras are used to justify officers actions against suspect(s), personal camera just beginning to be incorporated, car cameras pretty much prevalent in every township, and street cameras varied by state.

  • Taser technology is now growing to: shotgun shells with remote usage once attached to target, cameras for tasers(used to show the events leading up to firing of taser).

  • Top Left-Ford Crown Victoria P-71
    Middle Left- Porsche 911 Italy
    Bottom Left- Lamborghini Gallardo Italy and California
    Center- Ford Explorer Philadelphia
    Middle Right- Smart Car, FTL Airport
    Bottom Right- Chevy Tahoe*SU6N8hofEB-gTJAoDIWd6gnCUAbraaf16HhuIklk*Bq0nT2bsYIrXVA19zuSK8ErJcRjWByh3WI5CmpPE6YDYUrZ*NN7/BSOsmartcar.bmp

  • Equipment is very important to the police, without it they would be defenseless. Typical equipment includes: Kevlar Vest, Hand Gun, 2 extra Magazines, Hand Cuffs, Pepper Spray, Walkie Talkie, Taser.

  • SWAT has made numerous improvements in weapons such as Automatic Pump Shotgun, Mobile Command Units and Smaller Helis for rooftop access

  • Steps to become a municipal police officer.

  • All recruits must of Graduated High school or received their GED.

  • Enrolled in Liberal Arts, Criminal Justice at college, and received a associates or bachelors(recommended)

  • 2 years of military service is a definite plus on a resume, because you then have experienced life or death situations and are familiar with ranking and commands.

  • Graduate from Police Academy and receive certification of completion of Act 120

  • Recruits must pass a polygraph test, physical test, psychological test and several oral interviews
    Questions- Do you like flowers
    Do you paint with flowers
    Do you take pictures of flowers
    Basically asking the same thing 15 different ways to try and trick your brain.

  • Once sworn into the police department, you will ride with a FTO for a period of time and then have one shift with a Sergeant to determine if you are ready.

  • Once you are deemed ready, you will be given your squad car and told to go out and complete your job, this will be on your first shift.

  • For my application I did a Magazine,THE SHIFT, similar to a magazine sent out to all police officers from the FOP, that gives updates and news about local departments.
  • This quote was slurred out by Officer Stephen Liczbinski after he had been shot by Eric Floyd, a robbery suspect at the time.
  • Timothy Simpson- Crash, Hit by intoxicated driver
    John Pawlowski- Shot, breaking up fight between cab driver and passenger, cab driver
    Stephen Liczbinski- Shot, rifle shot by robbery suspect
    Chuck Cassidy- Shot, while checking in on a store that was robbed previously, robbery in progress

    126 Officers killed in line of duty in 2009
    47 by gunfire



  • 1. History of the Police Joe Strycharz
  • 2. Project Overview • Police History • “The Shift” • Police Theory • Class Activity • Inside the Police • Forms of Police • Police Future • Becoming a Police Officer
  • 3. Thesis In today’s society police play a crucial role in the preservation of the public’s safety and security of our American Values. Without our police there would be complete chaos and no order.
  • 4. Police Definition A civil force responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the maintenance of public order. (Oxford)
  • 6. Early Forms of Police
  • 7. Greece Ancient Greece Slaves used to keep order in Greece, make arrests, and handle criminals When it came to investigations the citizens carried them out not the slaves. Tribunals
  • 8. Roman Empire Roman Empire Army was used for protection and crime prevention. Officials often hired citizens for extra protection
  • 9. Roman Empire Cont’d First Organization of Police 14 Prison Camps created Army was always ready for an revolt from prisoners Each prison had 7,000 guards patrolling
  • 10. European Police Kings would hire a Constable, to enforce the law. Some would work for free. Fun Fact, COP, stands for... 3186/2751602309_f37dba05de.jpg
  • 11. Early Militia... Police began to be “brotherhoods” Spain was the first country to nominate a national police force Santa Hermandad vigilante_ways.jpg
  • 12. Policing in France France was the first country to embrace the rank system Each city/town had a head Constable (Chief) Police Inspectors (Privates) HistoricalEvents/Early/frenchsoldiers1700.gif
  • 13. Beginning of a New Era Our police in America today, is based off of the police force in Britain Without influence from Britain our police would be totally different.
  • 14. British Police Glasgow, Scotland, first urban police force. Cities began to follow Glasgow and soon every city in Great Britain had a police force. In London the 1st paid police force was a night watch that protected the citizens from disorder. MSMu590-594BOTM/Mu0594_0002wfA_sm.jpg
  • 15. Queen’s Peace With a night watch set up, many citizens began to want a 24 hour watch. The Queen of England then set up the Metropolitan Police Act. This Act’s role was to set up the police and keep the Queens Peace. 3613656149/
  • 16. Theory of the Police
  • 17. The True Explanation The department of government concerned primarily with maintenance of public order, safety, and health and enforcement of laws and possessing executive, judicial, and legislative powers. (Merriam-Websters)
  • 18. Public Order Police must maintain the public’s actions under a set of Laws or Codes. Each state has their own Laws, within the state there are county laws and township ordinances. It’s the Police’s Job to enforce these Laws.
  • 19. Public
  • 20. Police Interaction In poor and high-crime neighborhoods, residents may be distrusting of the police and rates of community participation may be very low. (Community Policing) Even though community policing promises to benefit everyone, specific programs may favor particular community interests. (Community Policing) These are two examples of the police’s interaction with the community.
  • 21. Health and the Police
  • 22. Inside the Police
  • 23. Excruciating Hours
  • 24. Uniform Township Varied Colors ( E. Norriton) Button-up Shirt ( Navy Blue Shirt) Short Sleeve or Long Sleeve Long Dress Pants, With stripe (Blue Pants with Black Stripe) Hat is an option for officers ( Varies by Commanding Officer) (FT Manual) HTTP://WWW.FLICKR.COM/PHOTOS/BULLNECK/4069692717/
  • 25. Squad Cars Varies by State/ Department Ford Crown Victoria (P-71 Police Interceptor) Ford Explorers Dodge Charger HTTP://UPLOAD.WIKIMEDIA.ORG/WIKIPEDIA/EN/A/AB/LINCCROWNVIC.JPG (FT Manual)
  • 26. Equipment Upper Body Pen and Paper Cuff Key Badge Radio Mic Commendations Name Badge (FT Manual) HTTP://WWW.FREEWEBS.COM/JESSEBURYJ/POLICE%20UNIFORM.JPG
  • 27. Equipment Continued Lower Body Belt Gun Baton Taser 2 sets of Cuffs Extra Magazines HTTP://CACHE.GAWKER.COM/ASSETS/IMAGES/GIZMODO/2009/05/TASER-TEST_01.JPG Radio Pepper Spray (FT Manual)
  • 28. Positions Chief Captain Lieutenant Detective Sergeant Officer (FT Manual) HTTP://A489.AC-IMAGES.MYSPACECDN.COM/IMAGES01/22/L_9557978DEAAAF030A306485C243B9088.JPG
  • 29. The Chief Payroll- $90,570 Description Top of Command Oversight of Officers/Township operations Update technology and practices of the police within HTTP://VOIPOLINO.COM/CHIEF_WIGGUM.PNG the township (BLS)
  • 30. Lieutenant Payroll- $65,688 Deals with Community Relations Oversees the operations of Police Squads Known as a Hands on Chief HTTP://WWW.COLLECTORS-BADGES.COM/IMAGES/BADGES%20EAGLE/IN,%20DANVILLE%20POLICE%20-%20LIEUTENANT%20SM.JPG (BLS)
  • 31. Police Detective HTTP://WWW.ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/FILE_THUMBVIEW_APPROVE/6154527/2/ISTOCKPHOTO_6154527-POLICE-DETECTIVE.JPG Payroll- $57,600 A plain clothes officer Has basic powers similar to Sergeant Involved in solving the actual crimes (BLS)
  • 32. Sergeant Payroll- $58,739 Involved with commanding a specific squad Must be able to make quick and smart decisions HTTP://SITES.GOOGLE.COM/SITE/KEVINMESSMER/SERGEANT.JPG (MPD)
  • 33. Officer HTTP://SIMPSONS.WIKIA.COM/WIKI/FILE:LOU.GIF Payroll varies widely by Department Median- $49,991 Involved with the enforcement of laws. Deals with Public for majority of job (BLS)
  • 35. Federal Police HTTP://WWW.THEDCTRAVELER.COM/FILES/2007/09/DC-POLICE.JPG Jurisdiction- Washington D.C. Border Patrol Customs Federal Buildings/ Territories (BLS)
  • 36. Different from Locals Paid on a Pay Scale Most Agents start at a GS-5 or GS-7 Has jurisdiction in some places where locals do not (BLS)
  • 38. State Police Jurisdiction State Roads Interstate Roads Roads that travel through different counties. (BLS)
  • 39. Future of the Police
  • 40. Becoming A Police Officer
  • 41. The Shift
  • 42. The Shift • Community Efforts • Technology Advancements • Police 101 • Basics about Upper Merion
  • 43. "Tell my wife I love her"
  • 44. Class Activity • Cards to Fallen Officers Families. • Steven Liczbinski(Survived by Michelle, and 3 Kids) • Timothy Simpson(Wife and 3 Kids) • John Pawlowski( Wife and newborn)
  • 45. MLA Works Cited • 911 Pictures, comp. 911 Pictures. N.p., 2010. Web. 23 Apr. 2010. <‌ search.phtml?search_query=police&prenxt=200>. • Baker, Barry M. Becoming a Police Officer. New York: IUniverse, 2006. Print. • Black, Algernon D. The People and the Police. New York: McGraw Hill, 1968. Print. • Douglas, John E. John Douglas’s Guide to Landing a Career in Law Enforcement. New York: McGraw, 2005. Print. • Echaore-McDavid, Susan. Landing a Job in Law Enforcement. New York: Ferguson, 2006. Print. • Echaore-McDavid, Susan. "Police Officer." Career Opportunities in Law Enforcement, Security, and Protective Services, Career Opportunities, 2nd ed. New York: Ferguson Publishing, 2006. Ferguson's Career Guidance Center. • Fraternal Order of Police, dir. “Fraternal Order of Police.” FOP. Fraternal Order of Police, 2010. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <>.
  • 46. MLA Works Cited • Friedman, Sara Ann, and David Jacobs. Police! A Precinct at Work. Illus. Alex Webb. New York: Harcourt, 1975. Print. • “History of Law Enforcement.” Real Police. Law Enforcement Resource, Nov.-Dec. 2008. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <‌articles/‌police-history/‌history-of-law-enforcement.html>. • “History of the Metropolitan Police.” Metropolitan Police Service. Metropolitan Police, 2 Dec. 2009. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <‌history/>. • Inbau, Fred Edward. Criminal Law for the Police. Philadelphia: Chilton Book Co., 1969. Print. • Kates, Karyl. Telephone interview. 14 Mar. 2010. • Minneapolis Police Department, prod. “Police Recruiting- Join The Team.” Minneapolis Police Department, 2010. Web. 23 Apr. 2010. <‌ police/‌recruiting/>.
  • 47. MLA Works Cited • Monk, Richard C. Taking Sides. Guilford: Dushkin, 1996. Print. • Officer Down Memorial. “Officer Down Memorial.” Officer Down Memorial. N.p., 2010. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <>. • Rauschmann, Paul. Miranda Rights. New York: Chelsea House, 2007. Print. • Real Police. “History of Law Enforcement.” Real Police. N.p., 2010. Web. 25 Apr. 2010. <http://‌articles/‌police-history/‌history-of-law-enforcement.html>. • Stinchcomb, James D. Opportunities in law enforcement and criminal justice careers. Chicago: VGM Career Books, 2003. Print. • Uchida, Craig D. "police." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. 2009. Grolier Online. Nov. 2009 <http://>. • Wylie, John. Telephone interview. 16 Mar. 2010. • Zadroga, Chuck. Telephone interview. 16 Mar. 2010.