Cancer in Our TBR Civic Academy Series: Education for ActionCommunity
Purpose of presentation• To explain how we know what we know about cancer.• To give information on status of cancer in Louisiana.• To propose what we can do to prevent cancer in Louisiana, by participating in the Cancer Prevention Study (CPS3).
About 577,000 About 9,150people will die of people will die ofcancer in the USA cancer in Louisiana in 2012 in 2012 1600 people 26 people per day per day
What kinds of cancer do people die from? 2012 Estimated US Cancer Deaths
Cancer Mortality by State (2012) US Average: 175 cancer deaths per 100,000 populationBest State: Utah121 deathsper 100,000 Worst State: Kentucky 207 deaths per 100,000 Louisiana (2nd worst State) 203 deaths per 100,000
Everything we know about cancer, we know from previous cancer studies.Significant factors identified in previous studies:1) Smoking2) Diet & obesity3) Active or sedentary lifestyle4) Connection to air pollution5) Connection to diabetes and certain cancers6) Aspirin use to decrease risk of colon cancer. “Everyone knows that cigarette smoking causes lung cancer. Few realize that it took three years, 22,000 volunteers, and 188,000 study participants to prove it.” -Meghan Murphy, 2007
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990, 2000, 2010 (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person) 1990 2000 2010No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
Smoking Frequency Obesity Rates Cancer mortality 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30% Any patterns?
Higher riskpopulations MEN AFRICAN AMERICANS are 45% more likely are 21% more likely to die from cancer. to die from cancer OBESE PEOPLE SMOKERS are 57% more are 2500% more likely to die likely to die from from cancer cancer
It’s not all doom and gloom … Our country started 1991 winning the battle against cancer.Cancer Death CancerRates*, US, mortality has dropped 15%1975 - 2008 (from 215 to 181 per 100,000) between 1991 & 2012
Declines in cancer mortality have beenshared across all racial and gender groups
Men Women732,900 CancerDeaths Averted 291,500 Cancer Deaths Averted
Louisiana Cancer Death Rates by Race and Sex (2004 to 2008, per 100,000 population) Black Males 346.5 White Males 147.6 Black Females 195.4 White Females 160.0Most Frequent causes of Cancer death in Louisiana (# of deaths, estimated for 2012)Lung - 2,730 Colorectum - 900Breast - 660 Pancreas - 570Prostate - 390 Liver - 380Leukemia - 330 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - 270
Louisiana LA cancer mortality rank among US states LA mortality rate compared (higher isn’t better) to US average 1950 17th 2% LOWER than US avg 1965 14th 4% HIGHER than US avg 1975 9th 5% HIGHER than US avg 1985 3rd 10% HIGHER than US avg 1995 1st 15% HIGHER than US avg 2012 2nd 15% HIGHER than US avg
Why are WE dyingfrom cancer at thehighest rates in the country?
Purpose of CancerPrevention Study 3 (CPS-3)To better understand the factors that causeor can prevent cancer: • Lifestyle • Environmental • Genetic factors.To help eliminate cancer as a major healthconcern for this and future generations .To understand why Louisiana is lagging therest of the nation in cancer prevention.
Previous Cancer Studies have established:Cigarette smoking as a cause of several types of cancers.Being overweight as a cause of cancer.Increased risk from pollution and cardio-pulmonary conditions.Connection between Hormone Replacement Therapy andGynecologic CancersConnection between Diabetes and Cancer of the Colon andProstate.That Aspirin Use DECREASES risk of Colon CancerThat increased Physical Activity DECREASES risk of breast,colon, and Prostate Cancer
All previous studies have SIGNIFICANTLY UNDER-REPRESENTEDAfrican Americans and low- income citizens
Importance of CPS-3 (2012-2013)• One of the largest study samples in history.• Will make use of blood analysis, allowing study of metabolic, microbial, hormonal, nutrient, and genetic effects on cancer.• Seeks to address under-representation of minority communities of previous cancer studies.
CPS-3 Objectives• Enroll at least 300,000 men and women nationally• Enroll at least 25% minority participation nationally• Enroll 1000 participants in the Baton Rouge area
TBR’s goals for CPS-3• Enroll 500 eligible men and women from Baton Rouge area.• Enroll at least 30% males because of their high cancer rate.• Enroll at least 50% African American participants because of higher cancer rates.• To do this, we will need at least 2 volunteers from each participating institution.
Who can participate?Anyone between 30 – 65 years of ageWho has never been diagnosed with cancer Who is willing to make a long-term commitment to the study by completing a survey periodically.
What’s involved in being a study participant?Step #1: Register online or by phone to set up your appointment.Step #2: Attend appointment to complete survey, take waist measurement and have small blood sample drawn.Step #3: Complete short survey periodically to provide info on health outcomes.
List of TBR locations and datesSat, Sept 8thSt. Mary’s Baptist ChurchTue, Sept 11thMt. Pilgrim Baptist ChurchWed, Sept 12thUnitarian Church of Baton RougeThur, Sept 13thUniversity Presbyterian ChurchSaturday, Sept 15th2 sites: Shiloh Baptist Church & Mt. Carmel BaptistChurch YMCA also will have 6 locations.
NEXT STEP TBR Leader’s MeetingTuesday, July 10th, 6:30pm: Unitarian Church, 8470 Goodwood Blvd. Goal #1: Have at least one “cancer study” leader from each TBR institution (submit your institution’s leader today or email it to us) Goal #2: Conduct training on enrollment process, site volunteering and study participation. Goal #3: Take quotas for each institution for number of study participants it will enroll.
Recruitment for studyparticipants will start in July.
Knowledge So let’s help make is power cancer history.