Wdf 222chp iii vi

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  • 1. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Web Design and Fundamentals WDF222 By Balaganesh
  • 2. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours HTML • HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and it is the most widely used language to write Web Pages. As its name suggests, HTML is a markup language. •  Hypertext refers to the way in which Web pages (HTML documents) are linked together. When you click a link in a Web page, you are using hypertext. •  Markup Language describes how HTML works. With a markup language, you simply "mark up" a text document with tags that tell a Web browser how to structure it to display. 2/5/2014 Balaganesh -Lincoln University 2
  • 3. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours HTML Basic Structure <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> Qi’s web! </TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <H1> Hello World </H1> <! Rest of page goes here. This is a comment. > </BODY> </HTML> 3
  • 4. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours The basic structure for all HTML documents is simple and should include the following minimum elements or tags:  <html> - The main container for HTML pages  <head> - The container for page header information  <title> - The title of the page  <body> - The main body of the page 2/5/2014 Balaganesh -Lincoln University 4
  • 5. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours BODY Element <BODY attributename="attributevalue"> • Deprecated attributes (but still used) – BACKGROUND=“Sunset.jpg” (can be tiled) – BGCOLOR=color – TEXT=color – LINK=color (unvisited links) – VLINK=color (visited links) – ALINK=color (when selected) 5
  • 6. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Generic Attributes Attribute Options 2/5/2014 Function Balaganesh -Lincoln University 6
  • 7. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Headings Credit Hours <H1 ...> text </H1> -- largest of the six <H2 ...> text </H2> <H3 ...> text </H3> <H4 ...> text </H4> <H5 ...> text </H5> <H6 ...> text </H6> -- smallest of the six ALIGN="position" --left (default), center or right 7
  • 8. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Headings Credit Hours <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>Document Headings</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> Samples of the six heading types: <H1>Level-1 (H1)</H1> <H2 ALIGN="center">Level-2 (H2)</H2> <H3><U>Level-3 (H3)</U></H3> <H4 ALIGN="right">Level-4 (H4)</H4> <H5>Level-5 (H5)</H5> <H6>Level-6 (H6)</H6> </BODY> </HTML> 8
  • 9. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours <P> Paragraph • • • • • • <P> defines a paragraph Add ALIGN="position" (left, center, right) Multiple <P>'s do not create blank lines Use <BR> for blank line Fully-specified text uses <P> and </P> But </P> is optional 9
  • 10. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code <BODY> <P>Here is some text </P> <P ALIGN="center"> Centered text </P> <P><P><P> <P ALIGN="right"> Right-justified text <! Note: no closing /P tag is not a problem> </BODY> Credit Hours 10
  • 11. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Colors • Values for BGCOLOR and COLOR – many are predefined (red, blue, green, ...) – all colors can be specified as a six character hexadecimal value: RRGGBB – FF0000 – red – 888888 – gray – 004400 – dark green – FFFF00 – yellow 11
  • 12. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Fonts Credit Hours <FONT COLOR="red" SIZE="2" FACE="Times Roman"> This is the text of line one </FONT> <FONT COLOR="green" SIZE="4" FACE="Arial"> Line two contains this text </FONT> <FONT COLOR="blue" SIZE="6" FACE="Courier" The third line has this additional text </FONT> Note: <FONT> is now deprecated in favor of CSS. 12
  • 13. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Ordered (Numbered) Lists <OL TYPE="1"> <LI> Item one </LI> <LI> Item two </LI> <OL TYPE="I" > <LI> Sublist item one </LI> <LI> Sublist item two </LI> <OL TYPE="i"> <LI> Sub-sublist item one </LI> <LI> Sub-sublist item two </LI> </OL> </OL> </OL> 13
  • 14. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Unordered (Bulleted) Lists <UL TYPE="disc"> <LI> One </LI> <LI> Two </LI> <UL TYPE="circle"> <LI> Three </LI> <LI> Four </LI> <UL TYPE="square"> <LI> Five </LI> <LI> Six </LI> </UL> </UL> </UL> 14
  • 15. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Physical Character Styles <H1>Physical Character Styles</H1> <B>Bold</B><BR> <I>Italic</I><BR> <TT>Teletype (Monospaced)</TT><BR> <U>Underlined</U><BR> Subscripts: f<SUB>0</SUB> + f<SUB>1</SUB><BR> Superscripts: x<SUP>2</SUP> + y<SUP>2</SUP><BR> <SMALL>Smaller</SMALL><BR> <BIG>Bigger</BIG><BR> <STRIKE>Strike Through</STRIKE><BR> <B><I>Bold Italic</I></B><BR> <BIG><TT>Big Monospaced</TT></BIG><BR> <SMALL><I>Small Italic</I></SMALL><BR> <FONT COLOR="GRAY">Gray</FONT><BR> <DEL>Delete</DEL><BR> <INS>Insert</INS><BR> 15
  • 16. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Logical Character Styles Credit Hours <H1>Logical Character Styles</H1> <EM>Emphasized</EM><BR> <STRONG>Strongly Emphasized</STRONG><BR> <CODE>Code</CODE><BR> <SAMP>Sample Output</SAMP><BR> <KBD>Keyboard Text</KBD><BR> <DFN>Definition</DFN><BR> <VAR>Variable</VAR><BR> <CITE>Citation</CITE><BR> <EM><CODE>Emphasized Code</CODE></EM><BR> <FONT COLOR="GRAY"><CITE>Gray Citation</CITE></FONT><BR> <ACRONYM TITLE="Java Development Kit">JDK Acronym</ACRONYM> 16
  • 17. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours <A> Anchors (HyperLinks) Link to an absolute URL: If you get spam, contact <A HREF="htttp:www.microsoft.com"> Microsoft </A> to report the problem. Link to a relative URL: See these <A HREF="#references"> references </A> concerning our fine products. Link to a section within a URL: Amazon provided a <A HREF="www.amazon.com/#reference"> reference for our company. </A> 17
  • 18. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Naming a Section Credit Hours <H2> <A NAME="#references"> Our References </A> </H2> Example 18
  • 19. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Hyperlinks Credit Hours <BODY> <H3>Welcome to <A HREF="http://www.cs.virginia.edu"> <STRONG>Computer Science</STRONG></A> at the <A HREF="www.virginia.edu">University of Virginia.</A> </H3> </BODY> 19
  • 20. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Images • SRC is required • WIDTH, HEIGHT may be in units of pixels or percentage of page or frame – WIDTH="357" – HEIGHT="50%" • Images scale to fit the space allowed 20
  • 21. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Images Align=position Image/Text Placement Left Image on left edge; text flows to right of image Right Image on right edge; text flows to left Top Image is left; words align with top of image Bottom Image is left; words align with bottom of image Middle Words align with middle of image 21
  • 22. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Images <BODY> <img src="dolphin.jpg" align="left" width="150" height="150" alt="dolphin jump!"> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> This is a very cute dolphin on the left!<br> You can see text wrap around it<br> </BODY> </HTML> 22
  • 23. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code ALIGN="left" Credit Hours 23
  • 24. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code ALIGN="right" Credit Hours 24
  • 25. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code ALIGN=“bottom" Credit Hours 25
  • 26. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Tables Credit Hours <TABLE> table tag <CAPTION> optional table title <TR> table row <TH> table column header <TD> table data element 26
  • 27. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Tables Credit Hours <TABLE BORDER=1> <CAPTION>Table Caption</CAPTION> <TR><TH>Heading1</TH> <TH>Heading2</TH></TR> <TR><TD>Row1 Col1 Data</TD><TD>Row1 Col2 Data</TD></TR> <TR><TD>Row2 Col1 Data</TD><TD>Row2 Col2 Data</TD></TR> <TR><TD>Row3 Col1 Data</TD><TD>Row3 Col2 Data</TD></TR> </TABLE> 27
  • 28. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours <TABLE> Element Attributes • ALIGN=position -- left, center, right for table • BORDER=number -- width in pixels of border (including any cell spacing, default 0) • CELLSPACING=number -- spacing in pixels between cells, default about 3 • CELLPADDING=number -- space in pixels between cell border and table element, default about 1 • WIDTH=number[%]-- width in pixels or percentage of page/frame width 28
  • 29. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours • cellspacing=10 • cellpadding=10 29
  • 30. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours <TABLE> Element Attributes BGCOLOR=color -- background color of table, also valid for <TR>, <TH>, and <TD> RULES=value -- which internal lines are shown; values are none, rows, cols, and all (default) EX: <TABLE COLS=“40%, *,*”> <TABLE ROWS=“*,*”> 30
  • 31. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours <TR> Table Row Attributes Valid for the table row: ALIGN -- left, center, right VALIGN -- top, middle, bottom BGCOLOR -- background color <TABLE ALIGN="center" WIDTH="300" HEIGHT="200"> <TR ALIGN="left" VALIGN="top" BGCOLOR="red"><TD>One</TD><TD>Two</TD> <TR ALIGN="center" VALIGN="middle" BGCOLOR="lightblue"><TD>Three</TD><TD>Four</TD> <TR ALIGN="right" VALIGN="bottom" BGCOLOR="yellow"><TD>Five</TD><TD>Six</TD> </TABLE> 31
  • 32. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours <TD> Table Cell Attributes Valid for the table cell: colspan -- how many columns this cell occupies rowspan – how many rows this cell occupies <TABLE ALIGN="center" WIDTH="300" HEIGHT="200" border="1"> <TR> <TD colspan="1" rowspan="2">a</TD> <TD colspan="1" rowspan="1">b</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD colspan="1" rowspan="1">c</TD> </TR> </TABLE> 32
  • 33. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Frames • Frames help control navigation and display • <FRAME> attributes include – FRAMEBORDER – yes or 1 for borders – FRAMESPACING – width of border – BORDERCOLOR – color – SRC – location of HTML to display in frame – NAME – destination for TARGET attribute 33
  • 34. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Frames – MARGINWIDTH – left/right margins – MARGINHEIGHT – top/bottom margins – SCROLLING – yes or 1 adds scroll bar – NORESIZE – yes or 1 disables resizing 34
  • 35. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Frames Credit Hours <FRAMESET ROWS="75%,25%"> <FRAMESET COLS="*,*,*"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> </FRAMESET> <FRAMESET COLS="*,*"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> </FRAMESET> </FRAMESET> 35
  • 36. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Frames <FRAMESET ROWS="25%,75%" <FRAMESET COLS="*,*,*"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> </FRAMESET> <FRAMESET COLS="*,*"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.virginia.edu"> </FRAMESET> </FRAMESET> 36
  • 37. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Frames <FRAMESET ROWS="*,*"> <FRAMESET COLS="15%, 2*, *"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.cs.virginia.edu/"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.cs.virginia.edu/"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.cs.virginia.edu/"> </FRAMESET> <FRAMESET COLS="40%, *"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.cs.virginia.edu/"> <FRAME SRC="http://www.cs.virginia.edu/"> </FRAMESET> </FRAMESET> 37
  • 38. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Sample Code for Frames Framesample.html <frameset cols="25%,*"> <frame src="file:///C:/Users/BAGA/Desktop/menu.html"> <frame src="file:///C:/Users/BAGA/Desktop/menu.html" name=main> </frameset> Menu.HTML <html> <head></head> <Body> <H1> Menu</H1> <a href="file:///C:/Users/BAGA/Desktop/first.html" target=main>First</a><br> <a href="file:///C:/Users/BAGA/Documents/first1.html"target=main>Second</a> </Body> </html>
  • 39. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Cascading Style Sheets Code Credit Hours CSS CSS information can be provided from various sources. CSS style information can be in a separate document or it can be embedded into an HTML document. Multiple style sheets can be imported. Different styles can be applied depending on the output device being used; for example, the screen version can be quite different from the printed version, so that authors can tailor the presentation appropriately for each medium.
  • 40. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Sample Code for CSS CSS2.css h1 {color:blue;} p {color:blue;} Hr {color:blue;size:7;} h2{color:yellow;} any.HTML <html> <head> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href=“css2.css"> </head> <body> <hr> <h1>A heading</h1> <h2> H2 heading</h2> <h3> This is H3 heading</h3> <hr> <p>A paragraph kjehqw kjehk kjhdqw kkejd kjb jhdg.</p> </body>
  • 41. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Type of web pages • A static web page is a page that is always the same on the web server unless someone changes the HTML code and uploads that page to the server. The end user will always see the same thing. A dynamic page is a page that uses some kind of server side scripting language such as PHP or ASP. The page is dynamically created on the fly by the server based on user actions. This kind of page is mostly used in database driven sites such as online stores, forums and/or membership sites. 2/5/2014 Balaganesh -Lincoln University 41
  • 42. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours • Forms are a characteristic of the HTML standard that let authors collect information provided by the visitors. These forms can be useful to collect personal information, contact information, preferences, opinions, or any kind of user input the author may need • Using forms tag can manage Dynamic web pages
  • 43. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours • <html> • <head><title>My first web site </title></head> • <body bgcolor= "olive" text= white> • <form name="myform" action="http://www.mydomain.com/myformhandler.cgi" method="POST"> • <input type="text" size="25" value="Enter your name here!"> • Enter Password : <input type="password" size="25"> •
  • 44. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Code <input type ="checkbox" name="option1" value="Male"> Male<br> <input type ="checkbox" name="option2" value="FeMale">FeMale<br> <input type="radio" name="group1" value="A level"> A level<br> <input type="radio" name="group1" value="B level" checked> B level<br> <select> <option>India</option> <option>Malaysia</option> <option>England</option> </select> <textarea cols="40" rows="5" name="myname"> Please enter ur address </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Submit"> </form> </body> </html> Credit Hours
  • 45. Subject Name Web Design and Fundamentals Code Credit Hours Type of web pages • A static web page is a page that is always the same on the web server unless someone changes the HTML code and uploads that page to the server. The end user will always see the same thing. A dynamic page is a page that uses some kind of server side scripting language such as PHP or ASP. The page is dynamically created on the fly by the server based on user actions. This kind of page is mostly used in database driven sites such as online stores, forums and/or membership sites. 2/5/2014 Balaganesh -Lincoln University 45