Badasch ppt 01 rev


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Badasch ppt 01 rev

  1. 1. Introduction to Being a Health Care Worker
  2. 2. History ofHealth Care
  3. 3. Health care has developed and changed throughout history.Knowing the history of health care helps you understandcurrent procedures, practices, and philosophies. Theexperiences and discoveries of the past led to the advancesof today.Today’s achievements could not have occurred without thetrials and errors of the past. When you understand theprimitive beginnings of medicine, you appreciate theadvances made during the past 5,000 years. Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 3
  4. 4.  No electricity, few tools, poor shelter Protect themselves against predators Believed illness and disease were caused by supernatural spirits Used trephining, herbs, and plants as medicine Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 4
  5. 5. • Egyptians first people to keep accuracy records• Ancient Chinese first to use acupuncture therapies• Ancient Greeks first to study causes of disease – Illness has natural rather than spiritual causes – Considered medicine an art – Learned some disease caused by lack of sanitation Romans developed sanitation system  First to organize medical care Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 5
  6. 6.  Hippocrates based his knowledge of anatomy and physiology on observation of the external body  Known as the father of medicine  Disease not caused by supernatural forces  Wrote the standard of ethics ─ Oath of Hippocrates Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 6
  7. 7.  Medical science stopped for 1,000 years when Roman Empire conquered by the Huns  Medicine practiced only in convents and monasteries  Primary treatment was prayer  Care was custodial Epidemics  Bubonic plague, smallpox, syphilis Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 7
  8. 8.  Rebirth of learning Universities and medical buildings built New ideas about disease Dissection of the body Development of the printing press Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 8
  9. 9.  Leonardo da Vinci studied and recorded the anatomy of the body William Harvey used physiology to describe circulation of blood and pumping of the heart Gabriele Fallopius discovered the fallopian tubes Bartolommeo Eustachio discovered tube leading from the ear to the throat Antonie van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope Apothecaries/early pharmacies started Practice of quackery Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 9
  10. 10.  Students attended lectures, treated patients at their bedsides, and dissected bodies Elizabeth Blackwell first female physician in United States René Laënnec invented the stethoscope Joseph Priestly discovered the element oxygen Benjamin Franklin discovered bifocals and that colds could be passed from person to person Edward Jenner discovered smallpox vaccination which led to immunizations Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 10
  11. 11.  Ignaz Semmelweis identified cause of childbed fever Louis Pasteur discovered tiny microorganisms are everywhere  Father of Microbiology  Pasteurization kills bacteria in mild Joseph Lister first doctor to use antiseptic during surgery Ernst von Bergmann developed asepsis Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens and also isolated the bacterium that causes tuberculosis Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays Paul Ehrlich discovered the effect of medicine on disease- causing microorganisms Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 11
  12. 12.  Anesthesia, nitrous oxide, ether, and chloroform discovered Gerhard Domagk discovered sulfonamide compounds ─ medications effective in killing bacteria Dmitri Ivanovski discovered that some diseases are caused by microorganisms that cannot be seen with a microscope (viruses)  Rabies  Measles  Chickenpox Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 12
  13. 13.  Sigmund Freud discovered the conscious and unconscious parts of the mind  Basis of psychology and psychiatry Sir Alexander Fleming found that penicillin killed life-threatening bacteria Jonas Salk discovered that a dead polio virus would cause immunity to poliomyelitis Albert Sabin used a live polio virus vaccine, which is more effective. Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the molecular structure of DNA, based on its known double helix. Christian Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant in 1968 Ben Carson separated Siamese twins and performed hemispherectomies (surgeries on the brain to prevent seizures) Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 13
  14. 14.  Telemedicine practiced  Consultative, diagnostic, and treatment services  E-mail, fax, telephone New inventions and procedures have changed medicine  People are living longer and healthier  Greater need to understand geriatric medicine Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 14
  15. 15. Hippocrates Bartolommeo EustachioLeonardo da Vinci Anton van LeeuwenhoekWilliam Harvey René LaënnecGabriele Fallopius Joseph PriestleyBenjamin Franklin Joseph ListerEdward Jenner Ernst von BergmannIgnaz Semmelweis Robert KochLouis Pasteur Wilhelm RoentgenPaul Erlich Alexander FlemingGerhard Domagk Jonas SalkDmitri Ivanovski Albert SabinSigmund Freud Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 15
  16. 16.  Florence Nightingale created the Nightingale School of Nursing  Designed a hospital ward that improved the environment and care of the patients Clara Barton volunteered as a nurse during the Civil War  Established a bureau of records to help search for missing men  Established the American Red Cross in 1881 and to serve as its first president. Lillian Wald established the Henry Street Settlement in New York to bring nursing care into the homes of the poor  Led to the Visiting Nurse Service of New York Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 16
  17. 17.  LVN/LPN Nurse assistant Unlicensed assistive caregivers Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 17
  18. 18.  anesthesia  geriatric antiseptic  intravenously asepsis  microbiology convents  Microorganisms custodial  monasteries dissection  noninvasive epidemics  observation ethics  pasteurization exorcise  phlebotomy Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 18
  19. 19.  physiology  respiration predators  stethoscope primitive  superstitious psychiatry  symptom psychology  telemedicine quackery  trephining recipient  vaccines replicate Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 19
  20. 20. Becoming a Health Care Worker
  21. 21. A health care worker is a well-trained professional whosetop concern is patient welfare. Health care workers musthave a thorough knowledge of current health procedures.They must maintain a professional appearance andpractice professional behavior. They must also safeguardthe confidentiality of patient information. You must keep inmind all of these standards of behavior as you become ahealth care worker. Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 21
  22. 22.  Match key terms with their correct meanings. Discuss the importance of proper health care training. Describe the proper appearance for a health care worker. Discuss standards of behavior. Discuss the importance of confidentiality when working with patient records. Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 22
  23. 23.  Choose a quality healthcare program that meets your needs  Technical, community or four year colleges with accredited programs  Obtain a certification or an associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s or doctoral degree Continue your education after employment, as health care procedures and knowledge change constantly Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 23
  24. 24.  Professional appearance reflects your commitment to patient care  Follow facility’s dress code  Minimum jewelry  Wear name badge  Clean and appropriate shoes  Clean hair  Follow rules of good personal hygiene Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 24
  25. 25.  Behave professionally  Calm and courteous manner  Listen carefully  Monitor patients appropriately  Perform tasks efficiently  Do not gossip about staff or patients  Do not use coarse or offensive language  Do not “horseplay”  Watch for hazardous situations  Follow all facility safety procedures Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 25
  26. 26.  Exhibit positive personal traits Empathy  Self motivation Honesty  Tact Dependability  Competence Willingness to learn  Responsibility Patience  Discretion Acceptance of criticism  Team player Enthusiasm Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 26
  27. 27.  Make sure you portray positive body language  Make and maintain eye contact  Smile  Keep an open stance  Give patient your full attention  Keep your hands away form your mouth when speaking  Sit or stand at eye level when talking to a patient Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 27
  28. 28.  Confidentiality of patient records is critical Patients sign confidentiality form before receiving treatment  Legally binding document Health care workers may be reprimanded if they do not ensure patient confidentiality Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 28
  29. 29.  accredited  hygiene appearance  maintain commitment  professional confidentiality  recommendations converse  reprimanded courteous  stance Copyright (c) 2009 Pearson Education 29