Using Rapid Video


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eLearning Guild DevLearn 2008 | Session 402
Presenters: Mark Chrisman, George Aston

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  • With over 70 million videos hosted on YouTube, it is estimated that 50 million people watch online video a month. One US research study from the Pew Internet & American Life Project found that almost a third of users have uploaded homemade media onto the web, which includes art, photos and video. Another study from ABI Research predicted that total number of online video viewers will grow to 1 billion in 2013. Have you ever considered using video for rapid development? Ten years ago, that would have seemed oxymoronic, but now because of easy to use recording devices and editing tools, free web hosting services and an ever increasing bandwidth, video has become the tool of choice to prototype and develop eLearning content. You can spend up twenty plus hours programming an animated scenario, or take your script, homemade props and a video camera to capture the same scenario in a few hours.
  • Using Rapid Video

    1. 1. Using Rapid Video Gettin’ Hi-fi from Low-fi! Mark Chrisman & George Aston
    2. 2. Introduction
    3. 3. Session Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Design Principles and the Brain </li></ul><ul><li>Film/Video Technique (with examples) </li></ul><ul><li>Recording Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop </li></ul>
    4. 4. Design Principles and The Brain
    5. 5. Must Read
    6. 6. Learning from Design
    7. 7. Picture Superiority Effect – pg. 152 <ul><li>A picture is worth a thousand words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a video is worth a million? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pictures are generally more easily recognized and recalled </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures and words together are even better </li></ul>
    8. 8. Example <ul><li>Step 1: Tie a Starting Knot, then make the right end into a &quot;loop&quot; by simply doubling it back onto itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Take the left end and pass it around to the right, going behind the right loop. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Continue the left end around the right loop to end up in front. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Start to feed the left lace into the &quot;hole&quot; that has just been made. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 5: With the left lace now through the &quot;hole&quot;, grab hold of both loops and start to pull the knot tight. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 6: Continue pulling on the loops until the knot is firmly tied. </li></ul>
    9. 11. Immersion – pg. 112 <ul><li>A state of mental focus so intense that awareness of the “real” world is lost… </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptual and cognitive systems are challenged at near capacity, without be exceeded. </li></ul><ul><li>Optimal immersive experiences involve both rich sensory experiences and rich cognitive engagement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from the theory of Flow by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi </li></ul></ul>
    10. 12. Example
    11. 13. Storytelling – pg. 186 <ul><li>Not just words – use imagery and emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Uniquely human and engaging </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental elements are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invisibility – When engaged the medium becomes forgotten. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When successful, the audience will experience and recall events better – it becomes part of them. </li></ul>
    12. 14. Example
    13. 16. von Restorff Effect – pg. 204 <ul><li>Noticeably different things are more likely to be recalled than common things </li></ul><ul><li>Two types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in Context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in Experience </li></ul></ul>
    14. 17. Example
    15. 18. Classical Conditioning – pg 32 <ul><li>Influence appeal of design using positive and negative imagery or sounds </li></ul>
    16. 19. Example
    17. 20. Do any of these sound like you need to have a HD camera and other expensive equipment to engage the learner’s brain?
    18. 21. Film Theory Outline <ul><li>How to apply motion picture theory basics </li></ul><ul><li>How to use simple production techniques </li></ul><ul><li>What tools to use for developing video content </li></ul><ul><li>Creative ways for delivering video content </li></ul>
    19. 22. Composition & Editing
    20. 24. Wide Shot Medium close-up Over the shoulder Close-up Added layering Medium Shot Wide Shot
    21. 25. Camera Angles (Advanced) <ul><li>Point of View (POV) shot </li></ul><ul><li>Ariel shot (convenient with small sets) </li></ul><ul><li>Cut-away (objects) </li></ul><ul><li>Cut-away (reaction shots w/out dialogue) </li></ul><ul><li>Freeze frame </li></ul><ul><li>Follow shot (pan or zoom) </li></ul>
    22. 26. First-person (hand held)
    23. 27. Rule of two thirds
    24. 29. Montage Kuleshov Experiment (1918) soup a girl wedding funeral Audience who the expression on the actor’s face was different each time he appeared, depending on whether he was &quot;looking at&quot; the plate of soup, the girl, or the coffin, showing an expression of hunger, desire or grief respectively. Same reaction shot
    25. 31. Low-fi Tips <ul><li>In-camera editing </li></ul><ul><li>Slow pans and zooms </li></ul><ul><li>Walk arounds </li></ul><ul><li>Tri-pod or Hand held </li></ul>
    26. 32. Tools
    27. 34. Sound & Lights
    28. 35. Sound Internal Mic External Mic Audio Quality
    29. 36. Lighting Tips <ul><li>Limit Your Light Sources </li></ul><ul><li>White Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Backlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Low-cost Illumination </li></ul>
    30. 37. Talent & Props
    31. 38. Low-fi Talent <ul><li>Paper drawings and cut outs </li></ul><ul><li>Characters, puppets and toys </li></ul><ul><li>Still images </li></ul><ul><li>Friends in your office </li></ul>
    32. 39. Cheap props and Photoshop
    33. 41. Still graphics and Audio
    34. 42. Editing Tools
    35. 43. Production Tools <ul><li>Apple Final Cut Pro editing </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe Premiere editing </li></ul><ul><li>Apple iMovie editing </li></ul><ul><li>Windows MovieMaker editing </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe Captivate, Powerpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Jumpcut edit & host </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube capture , annotations, captions and hosting </li></ul><ul><li>Qik capture, hosting & stream from mobile device </li></ul><ul><li>Ustream capture, hosting, stream from mobile device </li></ul><ul><li>Eyejot capture and hosting </li></ul><ul><li>12seconds capture and hosting </li></ul><ul><li>GoAnimate flash animation and hosting </li></ul>
    36. 44. Workshop <ul><li>Activity: Break into 3 groups and use the provided storyboard template, props and camera to create a quick (and very lo-fi) training video. Keep videos under 3 mins. </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment: Flip cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Props: </li></ul><ul><li>Group A – Paper Cutouts </li></ul><ul><li>Group B – Real People (You!) </li></ul>
    37. 45. Workshop Training Scenario: How to build a PB&J Time: 30 Minutes We realize that it’s right before lunch, but please don’t eat the props 
    38. 46. Times Up!
    39. 47. “ I would have written you a shorter letter, but I didn't have time.” - Mark Twain