The four layers of the amazon rainforest emmas project2
T he Four Layer sof the AmazonRainfor est By Emma Tussey Mrs.Schaltz Social Studies Class
The Emergent Layer The Canopy The Understory The Forest Floor
The Emergent Layer Gets 100% of the sunlight Trees have waxy leaves so they will stay moist 130 - 250ft above ground
Emergent LayerAnimals• The SlothSloths move so slowly that green algae covers its body. They live in the emergent layer because they are so slow they will get eaten in any other layer.
Another EmergentLayer Animal MacawThe Macaw is the largest of all parrots. They eat the nuts and fruits that grow in the tall trees.
Plants of the EmergentLayer Kapok TreeThe top of the Kapok tree is shaped like an open umbrella. Many animals live in the trees branches. It reaches heights of 150ft or more.
Another EmergentLayer Plant TualangThe Tualang is best known for the disc shaped honeycombs which hang from its branches. It can reach heights of 250ft.
The Canopy Gets 95% of the sunlight Upper canopy leaves are waxy so they can hold water 60 -130ft above ground
Canopy Animals Harpy Eagle The Harpy Eagle eats mostly monkeys and sloths. It is Panama’s national bird. They prefer large areas of continuous forest.
Another Canopy Animal ToucanToucans live in hollowed out trees. They eat the fruits and insects that grow and live in the canopy.
Canopy Plants CurareThe Curare has heart shaped leaves. They are smooth on top and hairy white on the bottom. It grows like a vine up the tall canopy trees.
Another Canopy Plant Strangler Figs The Strangler Fig is food to many animals including: parrots, toucans and gibbons. They also grow up the sides of the canopy trees.
The Understory Gets 2 – 15% of the sunlight The leaves are large so they can get more sunlight Ground level – 60ft
Understory Animals The Ant ShrikeThe Ant Shrike makes its nest in the understory and eats the insects that live on the forest floor.
Another UnderstoryAnimal The Vine Snake When a Vine Snake is in danger it puffs up the front of its body and opens its mouth really wide. It eats the animals that live in the understory.
Understory Plants Orchids There are over 230 species of orchids found in the rainforest. Orchids grow in the shade of the understory.
Another UnderstoryPlant Acacia Tree The Acacia Tree produces little yellow buds. The buds provide food for some ants. It doesn’t get enough sunlight to grow as tall as the trees in the canopy.
The Forest Floor Gets only 2% of the sunlight Leaves decay quickly due to the lack of sunlight Ground level
Forest Floor Animals Army Ants Army Ants can travel about 65ft in a hour. They can eat almost anything. They live on the forest floor because the food they eat lives there and they can’t live in trees.
Another Forest FloorAnimal Coatimundi The Coatimundi is also known as the White – nosed Coati. It has adapted to the forest floor with a long nose and claws for digging holes.
A Forest Floor Plant Moss, Herbs and FungiDue to the lack of sunlight, almost no plants live on the forest floor. What little that do live there are able to survive in wet environments.