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  • 1. Episode 1: School as a Learning Environment Name of FS Student: MRS. MA. NIÑA GAZELLE AMOR L. ADORABLE Course: BEED II Resource Teacher: MISS GLOMILYN PEDROSO Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG Your Target: At the end of this activity, you will be competent in determining a school environment that provides social, psychological, and physical environment supportive of learning. Your Map: A general observation of the campus and the classroom is an exciting way to start your observation. Your mission is to do the following tasks: Field Study 1. Visit a school. Look into facilities and support learning areas in the campus, then in the classroom. 2. Accomplish the checklist as you move around the school premises. 3. Based on your gathered data in the checklist, describ e the school environment. 4. Make a reflection on the characteristics of a school environment that promotes learning. 5. Present your idea of a good school environment through any of these: a) Descriptive Paragraph; b) Photo Essay; c) Sketch or drawing; d) Poem, Song or Rap
  • 2. Your TOOLS As you move around the campus, activity forms are provided for you to document your observations. It is advised that you read the entire worksheet before proceeding to the school site. A good understanding of the activities and tasks to be accomplished in the activity sheets yield better learning results. SCHOOL FACILITIES CHECKLIST Familiarize yourself with the different areas of the school. Check the column to indicate their availability. Give a brief description of those that are available on the last column. FACILITIES AVAILABLE NOT AVAILABLE DESCRIPTION Office of the Principal Small but clean and neat. Papers and documents were arranged in a proper places. Library Books are arranged accordingly, tables and chairs are also present for students conducive to learning. Counseling Room With proper ventilation and well-lighted, helping the guidance area to counsel to students concern. Canteen/ Cafeteria This common area has few tables and chairs. Generally, the place is clean and well ventilated. Here, they serve snacks and lunch for everyone in the school. Medical Clinic The school clinic has medical paraphernalia needed for emergency cases. There is also a school nurse who is assigned to take care of the facility and do the monitoring of the students’
  • 3. health. Audio Visual/ Media Center It is not yet well- organized since it has an incomplete facilities. Reading Center Speech Laboratory It is well-equipped and well- arranged. It is also clean and well- ventilated. Science Laboratory Equipped with different laboratory apparatuses. Used by students during their biology, chemistry and physics classes. Gymnasium It is wide enough for the school activities, well-built and clean. Auditorium Home Economics Room The room is good and complete of necessary things that are needed in the students activity.
  • 4. Industrial Workshop Area PTA Office Comfort Room for Boys/Girls It is dirty, slippery and unpleasant smell exist.. OBSERVATION GUIDE FOR THE CLASSROOM VISIT Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. 1. Describe the community or the neighborhood that the school is found. 2. Describe the school campus. What colors do you see? What is the condition of the buildings? 3. Pass by the offices. What impressions do you have of these offices? 4. Walk through the school halls, the library, the cafeteria. Look around and find out the other facilities that the school has. Name of School Observed: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG School Address: Andres Soriano Avenue, Mangagoy, Bislig City Date of Visit: July 09,2013 The school is located in front of the Catholic Church. It is surrounded with houses and establishments. The neighborhood is noisy because of the motor vehicles plying along the streets, but the outside environment of the school is clean and not polluted. The school campus is wide and the buildings are quiet old. I can see different colors inside the school but most of it is blue since it is the color motif of the school. Some of the classrooms are already fixed and painted with cool colors.
  • 5. Whenever I passed by the offices, I always have the impressions that people in the office are always busy. It is well- equipped and well-ventilated. Personnels are approachable too. The Library is full of books, quiet, clean and well-arranged. The halls are clean too, so with the canteen which is always full of nutritious foods. The school provided free wifi zone so that the students and teachers can access the internet anytime inside the campus OBSERVATION GUIDE FOR THE CLASSROOM VISIT Be guided by these tasks as you do your observation. Then accomplish the matrix to record your data. 1. Look at the walls of the classroom. What are posted on the walls? What heroes, religious figures, lessons, visual aids, announcements, do you see posted? 2. Examine how the furniture is arranged. Where is the teacher’s table located? How are the tables and chairs/desks arranged? 3. What learning materials/ equipment are present? 4. Observe the students. How many are occupying one room? 5. Is the classroom well-lighted and well-ventilated? CLASSROOM FACILITIES MATRIX CLASSROOM FACILITIES DESCRIPTION (LOCATION, NUMBER, ARRANGEMENT, CONDITION) 1. WALL DISPLAYS There are lots of wall displays posted everywhere like pupils activity chart, subject information and even pupil’s birthdays. They are arranged well. 2. TEACHER’S TABLE The teacher’s table is located near the door of the classroom where she could see every student going in or out of the class.
  • 6. 3. LEARNER’S CHAIRS There are four desks with four chairs each table and one long desk with six chairs at the left side. The tables and chairs are painted with pink color. And it is well- furnished. 4. BLACKBOARD It is wide provided for teacher and for the student’s stability and value of focus to learning. 5. LEARNING MATERIALS/VISUAL AIDS The learning material or visual aids which are used by the teacher are written ligibly for the students to learn. 6. CABINET It is where the cleaning materials are kept. 7. CEILING FAN The ceiling fan is good. It help the students and teacher feel comfortable. 8. COMFORT ROOM The comfort room inside the classroom is clean. There is a faucet but there is no light inside. 9. TELEVISION AND DVD PLAYER It is very useful in any film showing inside the classroom. 10.CEILING The ceiling is good. Helping the teacher to interact with each other by covering the inner surface of the roof to maintain ventilation. OBSERVATION REPORT ON CLASSROOM VISIT
  • 7. Write your observation here. ANALYSIS Name of School: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG School Address: Andres Soriano Avenue, Mangagoy, Bislig City Date of Visit: July 09, 2013 It was July 09, 2013 when we started our first actual observation in accordance to our FS 1 subject. I was so excited on that day that I came to school very early. Each one of us were assigned to a certain classroom and observed everything that is related to the student’s learning process. Our teacher told us to fill in everything that corresponds to our target and goal. The target is to be competent in determining a school environment that provides social, psychological and physical environment supportive of learning. I strolled around the campus together with my classmates and I jotted down the observation in my notebook. I was impressed by the different offices and rooms since it is my alma mater, I could say that the school has a lot of improvement as the years goes by. I observed everything that the school have. The faculty room in which the teacher’s stay is neat and clean. Most of the rooms are already using projectors and computers during their classes. We went back on another days and continued our observation. I accomplished the school facilities matrix and was able to answer the questions which are asked in my data.
  • 8. 1. How do the school campus and the classroom in particular impact on the learning of the students going to school? What are your conclusions? I conclude that the school has a great impact in learning, in the sense that they have a lot of students in school and that only shows how great is the impact of the school to particular learning process. The classrooms are filled with thoughts, and learning that a student/pupil can get. 2. How does this relate to your knowledge of child and adolescent development? How does this relate to your knowledge of facilitating learning? In relation to my previous knowledge of child and adolescent development, pupils learn easily if they were exposed to a friendly atmosphere, free from distractions and noises. They could easily learn if every meeting teacher uses variety and novelty of learning materials and motivate them always. In connection to my previous subject facilitating learning that in doing our tasks as a teacher I should follow the methods and techniques that are best for students to learn and see to it that it is effective. REFLECTIONS 1. Would you like to teach in the school environment you just observed? Why? Yes, I would like to teach in the school that I have observed in the sense that the environment of the school is good. The building is situated in a good place which provides proper ventilation and better environment. And since this is my beloved Alma mater, I would really love to teach here. 2. What kind of school campus is conducive to learning? In my own views and opinion, a certain school can be considered conducive to learning if it has complete facilities such as standard size classrooms, shops and laboratories and library. The surroundings is clean, well- maintained and free from any pollutions. 3. What kind of classroom is conducive to learning?
  • 9. A classroom can be considered conducive to learning if it is clean, well- ventilated and with proper lightning. It should also have the complete facilities and equipments necessary to facilitate the teaching learning process. Lastly, it should not be too crowded to prevent classroom management problems and to maximize learning. 4. In the future, how can you accomplish your answer to number 3? If I am blessed by God and granted my aspirations in life that is to become a teacher someday, I’ll be resourceful and creative when I structure my classroom. I make sure that my classroom is well- organized. 5. Write your additional learning and insights here. This subject helps me to learn everything necessary for the students to become future educators. The ability to observe classroom conditions will help me to become aware about how to achieve good and effective school environment and on how to provide the learners a classroom that is conducive to learning.
  • 10. MY PERSONAL ILLUSTRATION OF AN EFFECTIVE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT An effective school environment is one that provides to students the opportunity to achieve high standards that they can use in their future. A school where student feel safe and happy; an environment that will promote those values that will help pupils to become good and responsible citizens, enable them to become involved in their community and become good family members. Each one of us is facing the difficulties and agonies over studies but why we are still conscious in choosing our school to study with even in our primary, secondary and the tertiary which is the college level. Even me, I do the same act. Simply because, we want to achieve the quality education that we are seeking for. Quality education that someday will help us to produce and economically free citizens. Students today are very lucky unlike of the past generations. They do not even have their proper education nor have the well- ventilated classroom. I tried to ask myself on how lucky I am because today, everything is equipped with modern technology.
  • 11. Episode 2: Learner’s Characteristics and Need Name of FS Student: MRS. MA. NIÑA GAZELLE AMOR L. ADORABLE Course: BEED II Resource Teacher: MISS GLOMILYN PEDROSO Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG Your Target: At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in differentiating the characteristics and needs of learners from different developmental levels. Your Map: To reach your target, do the following tasks: Field Study
  • 12. Your TOOLS Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. An Observation Guide for the Learners’ Characteristics Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. Your teacher may also recommend another observation checklist if a more detailed observation is preferred. Physical 1. Observe their gross motor skills. How they carry themselves. How they move, walk, run, go up the stairs, etc. 2. Are gross movements clumsy or deliberate/smooth? 3. How about their fine motor skills? Writing, drawing, etc. Social 1. Describe how they interact with teachers and other adults. 2. Note how they also interact with peers. What do they talk about? What are their concerns? Emotional 1. Describe the emotional disposition or temperament of the learners.(happy, sad, easily cries, mood-shifts) 2. How do they express their wants/needs? Can they wait? 3. How do they handle frustrations? 4. Describe their level of confidence as shown in their behavior. Are they self- conscious? Cognitive 1. Describe their ability to use words to communicate their ideas. Note their language proficiency. 2. Describe how they figure out things. Do they comprehend easily? Look for evidence of their thinking skills. 3. Were there opportunities for problem solving? Describe how did they show problem solving activities.
  • 13. Record the data you gathered about the learners’ characteristics and needs in this matrix. This will allow you to compare the characteristics and needs of learners at different levels. The items under each domain are by no means exhaustive. These are just sample indicators. You may add other aspects which you may have observed. Development Domain Preschooler Indicate age range of children observed:5 to 6 yrs.old Elementary Indicate age range of children observed: 6 to11 yrs.old High School Indicate age range of children observed:________ Physical Gross-motor skills Fine-motor skills Self-help skills Others -Children are clumsy and brisk. -They can write and read letters. -Can feed their selves without the assistance of others of others but is not proper. -They are very alert and energetic and active. -They can write and read words. - Can feed their selves without the assistance of others. Social Interaction with Teachers Interaction with Classmates/friends Interest Others -They interact with teachers without hesitation. -Love to play with their classmates then easily got trouble. -They love to play and write anything and draw. -They interact with self-confidence. -They interact together with their classmates joyfully and actively. -They become interested in an enjoyable activity especially story telling Emotional Moods and -They are active, -There is shifting of Learners’ Development Matrix
  • 14. temperament, expression of feelings Emotional independence Others briskly happy but easily cry. -They feel happy when they play with their classmates. their moods. Often time they are weak sometimes they are active. - They express their emotions through crying. -They are using tagalong but they are not fluent on speaking. -They are not be able to figure out things alone. -It is hard for them to solve problems. -Can communicate with their teacher either in vernacular or English. -They can figure out small things. -They can solve easy and some difficult problems. YOUR ANALYSIS Write the most salient developmental characteristics of the learners you observed. Based on these characteristics, think of implications for the teacher. Example: Level Salient Characteristics Observed Implications to the Teaching-Learning Process Preschool Age range of Learners observed: 3-4 Preschoolers like to move around a lot. Therefore, the teacher should remember to use music and movement activities not just in PE but in all subject areas. Therefore, teachers should not expect preschoolers to stay seated for a long period of time.
  • 15. Level Salient Characteristics Observed Implications to the Teaching-Learning Process Preschool Age range of learners observed: 5-6 yrs.old -They like to move a lot and play. -They like to draw. -They like to sing and dance. -Like to talk about the things they like. -Therefore, teachers should not expect preschoolers to stay seated for a long period of time. -Teachers should let the pupils to draw and assist them. -Their teacher should find ways on how to develop their talents. He should allow them to show it and encourage them in participating in different activities where they can show their talents. Elementary Age range of learners observed: 7-8 yrs.old -Elementary pupils have different learning abilities such as dancing, singing, drawing and are hungry for learning. -They are keen observers. -Therefore, the teacher should provide different activities for them. He/she should also have different kind of approach for the diverse learning abilities of the pupils. -Therefore, the teacher should be aware of what he is teaching and be careful of the way he/she present things. The teacher should always master his subject matter before conducting his class next day. High School Age range of learners observed:
  • 16. Your Reflections 1. While you were observing the learners, did you recall your own experiences when you were their age? What similarities or differences do you have with the learners you observed? During the days of my observation, I immediately recall those time during my preschool years. I remembered how enjoyable it is. My teacher taught me how to draw and color it with crayons. I loved those times when our teacher read us some short stories. She also let me sing the alphabet song in front of the class. I noticed some similarities or differences with the learners that I have observed. Like connecting the sound of a letter to a picture. The difference is that, nowadays, teachers are using more vivid pictures and it is now well printed by the computer. 2. Think of a teacher you cannot forget for positive or negative reasons. How did she/he help or not help you with your needs (physical, emotional, social, cognitive)? How did it affect you? Mrs. Aurora Diez is one of the few teachers I cannot forget. She is a very kind-hearted person. She teaches very well in the class. She was actually my favorite teacher .She helped me gain self-confidence. And helped me a lot with my emotional and social development. She gave me some advices whenever I needed it, most especially on how to improve my self-esteem. She have reminded me the importance of having a goal in life. She used to acknowledge my effort every time I earned or achieved something. When it comes to my physical and cognitive development, she was the one who helped me improving my skills and talent. I was always part of a dialogue or any drama contest in school, a member of a dance troupe and a very active SBO senator during my high-school years. Thanks to my teachers who believed on my capabilities as a student and for giving me so much confidence. 3. Which is your favorite theory of development? How can this guide you as a future teacher? Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is my favorite theory. It can help me guide in the future as a teacher. Because this theory explains that an individual has its own level of learning according to their age. So with this theory you will be guided and
  • 17. understand that each level has its own level of understanding and development when it comes to their physical and cognitive aspects. This theory also explains the development of a child as early as conception until they will become mature, and each level has different level of development in terms of their physical and cognitive aspects. 4. Share your other insights here. After carefully observing and really paying attention to all of the pupils in preschool, the differences in their abilities becomes very noticeable. I was able to pinpoint the level of performances of the target students to be observed. Some were active participants and some were shy and too quiet. One of the active and smart pupil that I have observed was a boy named Amador Masancay. As a fast learner, he is very confident and never fails to raise his hand every time the teacher asks a question. He can read the alphabet very well, and good in writing too. A 5 year old boy and I think he is the top on their class. Next was a 6 year old boy named Abe Christopher Fabria. Always neat but a very naughty boy. He loves moving around and all the time he likes talking to hi seatmate. He can read alphabets too, but sometimes with the assistance of his teacher. He can answer the question of the teacher even if it is wrong. And for that I considered him as an average learner. Lastly, I have this boy who got my attention. His name is Ace Espinido from Requina Village. A 6 years old boy and a silent type of pupil. He seems to have his own world because he is aloof to his classmates. He doesn’t participate in the class and is not listening to the teacher most of the time. He can’t read and write well too. He cannot follow teacher’s instruction easily. But then, with the attention that the teacher has provided for him, I think he will improve himself.
  • 18. Name of FS Student: MRS. MA. NIÑA GAZELLE AMOR L. ADORABLE Course: BEED II Resource Teacher: MISS GLOMILYN PEDROSO Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in managing time, space and resources to provide an environment which is appropriate to the learners and conducive to learning. Your Map To reach your target, do the following tasks: Field Study Episode 3: CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND LEARNING Observe a class. Using a checklist, find out the evident classroom components. Describe how the classroom is structured/ designed to allow everyone to participate in the learning activities. Relate the data in your checklist to the learners’ behavior. Reflect on how classroom management affects learning.
  • 19. Your TOOLS Use the activity form provided for you to document your observation. An Observation Guide for the Learners’ Characteristics Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. 1. As you observe the class, look into the characteristics of the learners. Note their ages. 2. How many boys are there? How many girls? 3. Focus on their behavior. Are they already able to manage their own behavior? 4. Can the learners already work independently? 5. Describe their span of attention. 6. Look into their listening skills and ability to concentrate. An Observation Guide for the CLASSROOM VISIT Name School: Andres Soriano Avenue, Mangagoy, Bislig City of the school Observed: Andres Soriano Colleges of Bislig Location of the Date of Visit: July 09, 2013 As I have observed, the age of the learners do not vary talking about their behavior and characteristics for the reason that I witnessed there are some pupils who are very cooperative in the class and there are some who do not involved themselves in class discussion. In the classroom that I have observed, specifically the kindergarten, there are 14 pupils and most of them are boys only 3 are girls. There are only few students or pupils who can manage their own behavior by behaving well in the class, while most of them like to wait for teacher to remind them to stop doing things which could destruct the class. Since they are very young, only few can work independently. Most of them need help of the teacher. The span of attention is very short, since they always want to catch the attention of a teacher, or even to their classmates. Most of the pupils pay attention to their teacher; they lend their senses everytime the teacher is conducting a lesson. Though some of them are not, but then, they are still confident to answer the teacher whenever she calls their attention.
  • 20. An Observation Guide for the CLASSROOM VISIT Be guided by these questions as you do your observation of the classroom management. It is also good to ask the teacher for additional information so you can verify your observation. Write your notes below; and then organize your data in the table that follows. 1. Are there areas in the classroom for specific purposes (storage of teaching aids, books, students’ belongings, supplies, etc.) 2. Are there rules and procedures posted in the room. 3. Did the students participate in making the classroom rules? 4. What are the daily routines done by the teacher? (prayer, attendance, assignment of monitors, warm-up activities, etc.) How are they done? 5. Is there a seating arrangement? What is the basis of this arrangement? 6. Observe the noise level in the classroom. How is this managed? 7. If a learner is not following instructions or is off-task, what does the teacher do? (behavior strategies). 8. What does the teacher do to reinforce positive behaviors? (behavior strategies) Observation Notes: Yes, there are areas in the classroom for specific purposes like a cabinet for teaching aids, a table for student belongings and a book shelves for books. Yes, there are rules posted in the wall, rules in making the classroom clean all the time. The pupils are behaving in the manner they should. The teacher starts the class with a warm-up activities. By letting the pupils greet good morning to everyone, and after that they will pray then sing an action song. The seating arrangement is arranged by groups. The class is noisy but manageable by the teacher. Whenever the learner is not following instructions, the teacher will repeat the instruction and reconstruct it to make it more understandable. The teacher reinforced the learner for showing positive behavior by saying “ Ok, very good answer.”
  • 21. Classroom Management Matrix Aspect of Classroom Management Description Effect on the Learners Specific Areas of the Classroom In front of the class is the teacher’s table. The left corner of the room is where the cleaning materials are and on the opposite side is where other teaching materials are kept. Desks have a section for student belongings. helps the learners gain easy access to teaching materials; provides freedom to move easily within the class; maximizes the students’ interaction with their teacher and classmates; gives a sense of familiarity; Classroom Rules The classroom policy is posted in the wall. This will help the pupils to be reminded when they do a certain kind of mistake. Classroom Procedures The teacher prefers to start the class with a simple song and activities as energizers By this, the pupils would not feel sluggish and tired in starting the class. Daily Routines Prayers are done first as a daily routines, followed by checking of attendance and then proceed to the lesson to be discussed. A good start for the learners because they will be trained and helps to improve themselves from the daily routines. Seating Arrangement Their seating arrangement is arranged by tables and each tables composed of 4 chairs and 4 pupils. It is easy for the pupils to move around and it is quite organized for the teacher. Handling Misbehaviors/off- task behavior The teacher gives disciplinary action according to the mistake done by the teacher. The students will behave as a response according to their teachers disciplinary action. Reinforcement of Positive Behavior The learner gives compliment and honor to the learner for showing positive behavior in the class Because of this, the student will strive hard in order to be admire by his/her teacher and classmates. Others
  • 22. YOUR ANALYSIS 1. How did the classroom organization and routines affect the learners’ behavior? The classroom organization and routines affects the behavior of the learners in improving their senses by way of cooperating to the teachers rules or classroom rules and by being attentive in every activities or class discussion. The physical environment of the classroom is one way to improve the learning environment and to prevent problem behaviors before they occur. 2. What should the teacher have in mind when she/he designs the classroom organization and routines? What theories and principles should you have in mind? The teacher should have in mind time management, furniture and teaching materials, and most importantly the students. I’ve learned that a place must have favorable learning conditions, smooth transitions during class, and excellent management skills. If a teacher fails to manage his/her class then he/she fails to get the students involved during class. This is where the Principles in Classroom Management come in. As I’ve said before, a superb classroom organization helps the learners and teacher to gain effortless contact to teaching materials, provides freedom to move easily within the class and make the most of the students’ interaction with their teacher and classmates. I’ve done a bit of research and I’ve seen the effects of the theories of behaviorism on students when it comes to routine designing. This is applicable with the combination of the Law of Exercise from Thorndike’s Connectionism Theory, Pavlov’s Higher-Order Conditioning, and B.F. Skinner’s S-R theory. When routines are designed to be a habit in class then the Law of Exercise should be practiced combined with Pavlov’s Higher Order Conditioning, where the teacher can use different kinds of neutral stimulus to become the conditioned stimulus for the students. Added the positive reinforcement, such as feedback or verbal praises, from the findings of Skinner then the routine the teacher designs will be a very effective one.
  • 23. 3. Which behavior strategies were effective in managing the behavior of the students? In motivating them? Why were they effective? In the class I observed, the teacher used positive reinforcement in conditioning the class for their new lesson and expected a test in the next period. When it comes to their daily routine, the class already turned it into a habit. The teacher made use of positive reinforcement in forms of verbal praises and encouragement to the pupils to do better next time. She also showed them honestly that she is proud of what they have accomplished. I think that the teacher’s strategies are very effective because the pupils are all actively participating and focused in class. If a teacher is doing well in letting the student engage in learning then it means she was successful in motivating them. Pupils want to be acknowledged for their hard work because this boosts their confidence in being consistent in getting high grades or being encouraged to get better grades. It was effective because of the fact that pupils/students want to be accepted and treated fairly, receive their deserved appreciation from their teacher and the right amount of concern from them. Your Reflections 1. Imagine yourself organizing your classroom in the future. In what year/grade level do you see yourself? What routines and procedures would you consider at this level? Why? I can see myself in the future as a teacher in grade one. I will make my classroom very presentable and cool in the eyes of my pupils in order to provide them a good environment and a knowledgeable one. I will make sure that they will learn a lot from me. As my future daily routine, I will start in with prayers, then a quick energizer like a children song and followed by activities like drawing. And also, I will make a classroom that should present a cheerful, inviting, motivating and purposeful setting for learning. 2. List the rules you are likely to implement in this level? Why would you choose these rules? My rules for this grade level are obedience and cooperation. I will also implement orderliness and cleanliness inside and outside the classroom. I choose this rule because at
  • 24. their age, I have to be patient enough to teach them and instill in their mind the good attitude and an organized personality or behavior. And lastly I will give grade incentives to those students who have perfect attendance in the whole school year. This is to motivate the students to come to class every day. 3. Should learners be involved in making these rules? Why? Yes, for me learners should be involved in making the class rules for them to be aware of what the rules are. They must always be reminded of those rules so that they will avoid to make mistakes that is against the rules.
  • 25. Step 3. Describe the interaction that transpires inside and outside the classroom. Step 4. Interview your resource teacher about the principles and practices that she uses in dealing with diversity in the classroom. Step 5. Analyze the impact of individual differences on the learners’ interaction. Name of FS Student: MRS. MA. NIÑA GAZELLE AMOR L. ADORABLE Course: BEED II Resource Teacher: MISS GLOMILYN PEDROSO Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in determining teaching approaches and techniques considering the individual differences of the learners. Your Map The learners’ individual differences and the type of interaction they bring surely affect the quality of teaching and learning. This episode is about observing and gathering data to find out how student diversity affects learning. To reach your target, do the following tasks: Field Study Episode 4: INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND LEARNER’S INTERACTION (focusing on differences in gender,racial,religious background) Step 1. Observe a class in different parts of a school day. (beginning of the day, class time, recess, etc.) Step 2. Describe the characteristics of the learners in terms of age, gender, and social and cultural diversity.
  • 26. Your TOOLS Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. An Observation Guide for the Learners’ Characteristics Read the following statements carefully before you begin to observe. Then write your observation report on the space provided on the next page. 1. Find out the number of students. Gather data as to their ages, gender, racial Groups, religious and ethnic backgrounds. During class: 1. How much interaction is there in the classroom? Describe how the students Interact with one another and with the teacher. Are there groups that inter- act more with the teacher than the others. 2. Observe the learners seated at the back and the front part of the room. Do they behave and interact differently? 3. Describe the relationship among the learners. Do the learners cooperate with or compete against each other? 4. Which students participate actively? Which students ask for most help? 5. When a student is called and cannot answer the teacher’s question, do the classmates try to help him? Or do they raise their hands so that the teacher will call them instead? Outside class: 1. How do the students group themselves outside class?Homogenously, by age? By gender? By racial or ethnic groups? Or are the students in mixed social groupings? If so, describe the groupings. 2. Describe how the learners interact with each other. What do they talk about?
  • 27. Name of the School Observed: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG School Address: Andres Soriano Avenue, Mangagoy, Bislig City Date of Visit: July 09,2013 As I am observing the class, I observed that there are like 14 pupils in the class. Their ages vary from 5 to 6 years old. Most of these pupils are Roman Catholic in religion; there are few who are Born Again Christian. During class: The interactions between each other including the teacher are present. The pupils interact with their classmates when they have activities, by sharing their ideas regarding the activities they had. They also interact with each other when they have their own business aside from the lesson discussion with the teacher. The interaction of the pupils to their teacher is when they have something to ask or for clarification from the teacher during discussion of the lesson, to make the discussion alive. There are group of pupils who interact more to the teacher, I think this group of pupils are those who are really participating in the discussion compare to the other pupils. Yes, the pupils who are seating in front and at the back they interact differently, those who are seating in front are the pupils who are more participative compare to those who are at the back, maybe because, the teacher’s attention are more focus to those who are in front. The learners usually compete with each other. However, there was also an instance that they cooperate with one another. The pupils who are seated in front are those group of pupils who participate actively. While those who are seating at the back but want to participate in the discussion they are the pupils who ask most help. There is an instance that the teacher asked one pupil to answer a question, then the pupil were not able to answer the question, then the pupil seating beside him tries to help him answering the question, and then somebody from the other side, raise her hand to answer the question. Outside class: As I have observed them outside the classroom, they group themselves I think based on their locality at home. I mean based on how far is their home in each other. Or maybe they already have this group of friends. But I also observe a member of pupils they are group because they are classmates and they have common interest like toys. They interact each other by bullying somebody, mostly boys are playing and roaming around, while girls are sitting with their friends and chatting. OBSERVATION REPORT
  • 28. Name of FS Student: MRS. MA. NIÑA GAZELLE AMOR L. ADORABLE Course: BEED II Resource Teacher: MISS GLOMILYN PEDROSO Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in determining, understanding and acceping the learners’ diverse backgrounds; and in relating the learners’ background to their performance in the classroom. Your Map To reach your target, do the following tasks: 4.4 Field Study 4. Write a narrative report and a brief 1. Observe two or more learners of reflection on your experience. different abilities but from the same grade or year level. 3. Observe them as they participate in a classroom 2. Find out some information activity. of their background. Episode 5:INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND LEARNER’S INTERACTION (focusing on different levels of abilities)
  • 29. Your Tools Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. An Observed Guide for Individual Differences Read the following carefully before you begin to observe. Then write your observation report on the space provided. 1. Observe the class to see the differences in abilities of the learners. 2. Try to identify the students who seem to be performing well and those that seem to be behind. 3. Validates your observations by asking the teacher about the background (family, socio-economic, presence of some learning disability, etc.) of these children. 4. Observe the behavior of both high achieving and low-achieving learners. Note heir dispositions, pace in accomplishing tasks, interaction with teacher, interaction with others. 5. Observe the teacher’s method in addressing the individual learning needs of the students in his/her class.
  • 30. Name of the School Observed: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG School Address: Andres Soriano Avenue, Mangagoy, Bislig City Date of Visit: July 09,2013 As I have observed the kindergarten, I noticed their differnces in abilities. There are pupils who were smart or the high achievers in their class and there are also slow learners or the low achievers in the class. I have noticed or recognized a group of pupils whom I prefer to be the smart one. They compose of 3 boys and 1 girl. They are the one who always raised their hands every time the teacher asked a question. And they can answer it correctly most of the time. They perform very well in the class. On the other side, there are also group of students who were low achievers. They are mostly confident in raising their hands even though their answers were wrong. Luckily, those high achievers always tried to help them with the correct answer. As I asked the teacher about the background of these students, I learned that those high achievers pupils came from a well earned family while the low learners or achievers their family, most of them are less- fortunate and their parents are not fully supportive in terms of giving attention. The high achieving learners usually are the one who finish first during the class activities. They have good interactions with their teachers. They can answer the question easily. While the low learners they always doubted their answers for they are afraid of getting wrong. The teacher knows on how to encourage the student on how to answer the given questions that needs further clarification. OBSERVATION REPORT
  • 31. YOUR ANALYSIS 1. Did your observation match the information given by the teacher? Were you able to correctly identify who among the students performed well and who did not? What behavior helped you identify them? (volunteering to answer, responding to teacher’s directions, etc.) Yes, my observation matched with the information given by the teacher, and yes I was able to correctly identify the learner who is performing well and the students who are less performing. Volunteering to answer and always responding to the teacher is the behaviors that help me identify them. 2. Describe the differences in ability levels of the students in the class. Is there a wide gap between the students who are performing well and those that are not. Yes, there is a wide gap between the students who are performing well and those who are not. Those who perform well in class has the ability to easily understand the lesson during the discussion, but those who are low performing pupils they cannot relate much during the discussion. Students who are not performing well will gain a low average in their grades. 3. Describe the methods used by the teacher in handling the students’ differences in abilities. How did the students respond to the teacher? In handling the student’s differences in abilities, the teacher that I have observed treat them in different ways. She usually give instant attention to those pupils who are smart and after that she will call the attention of those slow learner students, and talk to them in a nice way that a child could easily understand. Teacher is very flexible in handling her pupils. Pupils who were slow learners will listen attentively to what the teacher will say and could easily get the teacher’s point.
  • 32. Your Reflections: 1. Recall the time when you were in the elementary or high school. Recall the high and low achievers in your class. How did your teacher deal with differences in abilities? Was your teacher effective? When I was in Grade 2, my teachers used rows as a label. Row 1 pupils are the fast learners; row 2 pupils are the average learners, row 3 pupils are the slow learners. We were usually grouped by how well our reading skills are. The teacher gives the fast learners one paragraph to read while the slow learners where given 2 or 3 sentences to read. My teachers in Elementary were very strict and I remember corporal punishment was still practiced back then. I do not remember clearly the other styles that my teachers used to deal with the differences. Back in my high school days, each section was grouped homogeneously based on the result of our entrance test. So I didn’t see a big gap among us in our section. Most of our teachers used discussion, lecture, reporting and role playing procedures. All of us took the same activities together. Maybe one of the main characteristics of meeting every type of learner’s needs is the fact that the learners do not notice that they are differently treated by their teacher because everyone wants to be treated fairly. Yes, I could say that our teacher is effective because he can make us more attentive during classes and cooperative in times of discussion. He always knows how to understand us and he has his own way of showing it. 2. With the principle of individual differences in mind, what methods and strategies will you remember in the future to ensure that you will be able to meet the needs of both the high and low achievers in your class? As a future educator, I must get to know my students well. I can determine the correct method to use depending on the characteristics and abilities of my students.
  • 33. I will make sure to organize a teaching procedure that can adapt to all learning styles and make use of activities that will fit the needs of my students. I will also take a good idea and make it great for effective teaching. Aside from that I will make the activities they engage in inconspicuously fit their level of ability without being obvious that they are the weak ones in class so they won’t lose their confidence and enthusiasm during class activities. I also plan to utilize different types of motivational techniques because this is one of the main parts of my procedures in teaching. If I am successful in motivating my students then I am successful in letting them engage in learning.
  • 34. Name of FS Student: MRS. MA. NIÑA GAZELLE AMOR L. ADORABLE Course: BEED II Resource Teacher: MISS GLOMILYN PEDROSO Signature: ___________________ Cooperating School: ANDRES SORIANO COLLEGES OF BISLIG Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in reflecting on the impact of home and family life to learning. Your Map To reach your target, do the following tasks: Field Study Select a learner from the class whom you observed. Conduct a home visit to your selected learner. Describe the family in terms of - Number of siblings - Number of siblings in school Reflect on how the feelings of belongingness and acceptance and cooperation are emphasized in the play Interview the parents about - The rules they implement at home concerning their child’s schooling - The learner’s activities and behavior while at home. Episode 6: HOME-SCHOOL LINK
  • 35. Your Tools Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. An Observed Guide for Individual Differences Read the following carefully before you begin to observe/interview. Then write your observation report on the provided space. The Learner 1. Make a general observation of the learner. Describe him in each of the domains of development. Physical-body built and height (thin, chubby, underweight, overweight), level of physical activity (fast, slow, lethargic, active, etc.) Social-interaction with teachers and classmates (loner, shy, sociable, friendly, gets into fights, liked by others, etc.) Emotional moods, temperament, cries easily, loses temper, happy, shows enthusiasm, excited, indifferent, etc.) Cognitive (appears to understand lessons, copes with the lessons, excels, lags behind, shows reasoning skills, turns in assignments and requirements, etc.) Interview the Teacher 1. What are the most noticeable characteristics of the learner? (emotional disposition, behavior and discipline, sense of responsibility, study habits, academic performance, relationship with peers, relationship with adults, social adjustment) 2. How does the teacher communicate with the parents? How often? What do they discuss? Agree on? Interview with Parents 1. Conduct a home visit. Once there, observe the home set-up. (Home is orderly, family pictures in the living room.) 2. Use the Interview Questions on the next page. Just ask the questions with which you feel comfortable.
  • 36. Suggested Parent Interview Guide Your teacher may ask you to use a more detailed interview guide. Be free to translate the questions, if necessary. Name of Learner: Jaireh Renn D. Sabelino Date of Birth: February 17, 2008 Age: 5yrs. Old Grade/Year Level: Kindergarten Gender: Female Number of siblings: none Birth Order: First Parents Mother: Jennifer D. Sabelino Educational Attainment: MBA Grad. Age: 38 Occupation: Teacher Father: Roberto F. Sabelino Occupation: DLS Reader Educational Attainment: College Graduate Learner’s Physical Aspect: Health Mother’s Health during pregnancy with the learner: The mother during her pregnancy is perfectly healthy. Ailments or health problems of the learner as a child: The learner as a child doesn’t encounter any ailments or health problems. Age of the learner when he/she started to walk/talk: When she was 1 year old, she started to walk and to talk. Food preferences of the learner as a child and at present: She likes to eat chicken. Who took care of him/her as a child and at present: It was her grandparents who took care of her, but most of the time was her mother.
  • 37. Learner’s Social Aspect: Describe your child’s sociability (friendly, outgoing, or shy, loner) She is very friendly, extrovert and outgoing. Who were the learner’s playmates? Her playmates were her classmates, nieces and nephew with the same age as her. As a child then was he/she allowed to play outside? Yes, she is allowed to play outside. Is he/she allowed to go out with friends? Yes she is allowed to go out with friends. Do you have rules for him/her to follow regarding going out? Yes she has rules to be followed regarding going out. What are these rules? The rule is to tell everything to her mother. Emotional-Moral What are your expectations of your child? Her mother’s expectation to her is to “Learn as she grows old.” How do you provide a nurturing environment for your child? Her mother provided her with a lot of drawing and reading materials. Does your child go to you when he/she feels down or has a problem? What do you do to meet his/her emotional needs? Yes, the child will go to her mother whenever she feels down or has a problem. The mother will talk to her and assuring her that everything is alright and will explain to her why it happened. What do you do when he/she is not successful in something? The mother will assure her child that life is not at all about winning, sometimes we lose.
  • 38. How do you discipline your children? She is being disciplined through talking and scolding. Do you have rules in the house? What are they? Yes, they have rules in their house and that is to clean up after playing. How do you impose the rules? By reminding her always about the rules. What are the consequences about the rules? The consequence about the rules is by scolding. Learner’s Cognitive Aspect: What are the child’s interests? She is interested in reading, asking questions and analyzing. What is he/she good at school? She is good in English and Math subject. In what subject/s does he/she have difficulty? She has no difficulty in any subject. How do you monitor his/her performance in school? How do you motivate him/her? Her mother is always asking the teacher about her child’s performance. And she motivated her by reading books at night. Do you have rules at home to help him develop good study habit? Yes they have rules at home to help her develop a good study habit. What are these rules? How are they implemented? By doing her assignment first before going to bed.
  • 39. After you have gathered all the necessary data. Write the Learner’s profile using the outline below. Type the profile in a separate sheet and attached it to the learning episode. The Learner’s Development Profile (Outline)The Learner’s Development Profile Name of the Learner: Jaireh Renn D. Sabelino School: Andres Soriano Colleges of Bislig Date of Home Visit: October 07,2013 Date of Birth: February 17, 2008 Age: 5 yrs.old Grade/Year Level: Kindergarten Gender: Female Family Profile Number of Siblings: none Birth Order: First Parents Mother: Jennifer D. Sabelino Age: 38 Occupation: Teacher Educational Attainment: MBA Grad. Father: Roberto F. Sabelino Occupation: DLS Reader Educational Attainment: College Graduate Physical Development In paragraph form, describe the physical development of the learner. Combine the teacher’s, parents’ responses, and your own observation. Social Development In paragraph form, describe the social development of the learner. Combine the teacher’s, parents’ responses, and your own observation. Emotional-Moral Development In paragraph form, describe the emotional-moral development of the learner. Combine the teacher’s, parents’ responses, and your own observation. Cognitive Development In paragraph form, describe the cognitive development of the learner. Combine the teacher’s, parents’ responses, and your own observation. Findings Write here your salient findings about the learner. Conclusions Write your conclusions after you have analyzed the impact of the school and the home of the learner’s development. The questions in the “Your Analysis” portion of this learning episode can help you. Recommendations Write your recommendations.
  • 40. Physical Development The child is physically normal. Her mother was healthy during her pregnancy. She learned to walk at the age of 1 year. She is active and alert not only in their home, but also in the school. She moves deliberately smooth and shows care and accuracy in her every tasks or chores to accomplish. Social Development The learner is friendly, extrovert and outgoing. She is allowed to play outside their house with her cousins and neighbors. At the age of 5 she was allowed to play outside, but was told to tell everything that happened to her while she is outside. Emotional-Moral development The learner is well-disciplined. She is responsible in her studies. She was brought up with the right values by her loving and responsible parents. Cognitive Development When it comes to her cognitive aspect, it is continuously developing as she comes to school and study. She performs well in the school. She learns fast and participates actively during class activities. She shows intellectual activeness when it comes to reasoning and thinking skills. Her parent’s concern and values towards education helps her a lot in her cognitive development. Findings Jaireh is intelligent and responsible at her young age. Her training at home is carried to school as displayed by her good performance and positive attitudes towards learning. Being a firm yet loving parents to her, it helps a lot in developing the child’s personality. They have a great ability to show self- control. Most importantly, the God-fearing beliefs and respect that her parents demonstrate towards her also develops her good social interaction to other and to her nurturing environment.
  • 41. Conclusion I therefore conclude that the school and home contribute a great impact in developing the cognitive, affective, psychomotor and other domains of human development, and so as to the total personality of the learners. Hence, the learning of the child begins at home. At home the child learns values, works and her cognition slowly developed. However, school plays a vital role in molding the child. Since school is made for the purpose of developing physical, social, emotional, moral, psychological, spiritual and cognitive aspects of the learner. The child spends more time in school rather than at home. So, the total development of a child depends in school as well as the teachers, which are the most important agents in school that impart knowledge and values to the learners. Recommendation I do recommend that each teacher must be more diligent, resourceful and patient in handling the learners. He/she must use varied strategies in order to catch the interest and attention of the students to focus on the lesson. For the parents, they must be responsible in guiding and disciplining their children, they must be open with them. They should monitor the studies of their children and give them encouragement to focus and study hard to achieve their ambition to become successful. The most important is the role of the learners; they may be always compliant and dutiful. They must ensure to themselves that they are motivated to learn and participate since they are responsible of their own learning.
  • 42. Your Analysis Your findings and recommendations in the Learner Development Profile will help you answer the question here. 1. From your home visit and interview, what do you think is the style of parenting experienced by the learner? Explain you answer. The parents of Jaireh Renn are not so strict at all time. I found out that they only have few rules when it comes to studying, one rule was to “Study first before going to bed.” Both parents are involved in their child’s school life. Mrs. Sabelino claimed that she sometimes scolded Jaireh when she breaks the rule, but most of the time she will just talk to Jaireh regarding her mistakes. I agree in the kind of parenting that they applied to their kids. Being strict and lenient is helpful in raising a child nowadays. 2. Relating your data with what you learned from child development, what family factors do you think contribute to the development and over-all adjustment of the learner in school? As what I have learned in Child and Adolescent Development, the factors that I am going to contribute to the development and over-all adjustments of the learner in school are: first, it contributes how the learners are nurtured by his parents, their financial setting, and cultural background of the family unit. 3. Does the communication between the home-school have an effect on the learner? If yes, what are these effects? Yes, I do believe that communication between the home-school have an effect t consider the home-school link. What he did in school reflects how he is nurtured reared by the parents at home. One of these effects for instance, if the learner act and possessed misconduct in the classroom, surely her parents are expected to visit the school and consult for the performance of his child to his adviser or teacher.
  • 43. Your Reflections 1. Reflect on your own development as a child. What type of parenting did your experience? How did it affect you? When I was a child until this present, I observed that the style of parenting I have is Authoritative, wherein my parents are loving despite of being firm. They treat us with respect and warmth. They always remind us about the consequences of our behavior. They give us clear and reasonable expectations. And I am so blessed for having a parents like them, because they molded me into a better person. I inherited the attitude of my mother which is being understanding and loving. I could still manage any circumstances that come into my life for I always had patience in making or doing things. 2. As a future teacher, how would you establish good home-school collaboration? How can you work well with parents? How can you help them? How can they help you? As a future teacher, I could establish good home-school collaboration by observing the behavior of the learner in my class. I would be responsible enough on their attitude for instance, if ever there is a trouble behind that creates a conflict, problems in my students immediately I will call the parents of the learners and I will also inform the parents about the performance of their child in my class. Through this parent-teacher communication, I can say there is a good relationship between home-school links.
  • 44. Optional Reflection Activities 2. H- ouse with a good behavior O- f the family to M- anage his/her children to the good E- nvironment values or in the learning S- tudent’s learning should be C- onfine by teacher’s to parents through a H- ome –school link in O- rder to have supervision O- n the learning of the students that shapes L- ife to the L- earning in I- ndividual mistakes and successes N- urture us to be K- nowledgeable as we go along with our journey