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Global Perspective Kenya
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Global Perspective Kenya


Examine beliefs, values and behaviours that form individual and community identities and the basis for respectful relationships.

Examine beliefs, values and behaviours that form individual and community identities and the basis for respectful relationships.

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  • 1. Child Care from a Global Perspective Republic of Kenya Motto: “Harambee” (Swahili) “Let us pull together.” By: Annafel, Darlene, Elmen, Jeba, Kala
  • 2. Objectives:
    • Provide brief facts about Kenya
    • Evaluate Kenya’s child care system
    • Evaluate Kenya’s history and evolution of child care service
    • Kenya’s child care philosophies
    • Availability of child care to families
    • Accessibility of child care services
    • Program structure
    • Role and Training of Early Childhood Educator
    • Questions?
    • Duration: 20 minutes
  • 3. Facts about Kenya
    • Located in the region of East Africa, former British colony
    • Capital - Nairobi
    • Language spoken: English and Swahili
    • Population of 34.3 million
    • Home to more than 40 ethnic groups representing many cultures and has over 60 languages
    • Famous for savanna and the animals that live there
    • $1.00 CAN = 79.54 Kenyan Shilling (KES)
  • 4. Evaluation of the Child Care System
    • Kenya is the only African nation with an established early childhood education program.
    • 1972 - Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) – 10 Year preschool project - development of curricula and curriculum support materials for all levels of education in Kenya
    • 1984 - Ministry of Education established the National Center for Early Childhood Education (NCECE), a national endeavor aimed at harmonizing the growth, evaluation, and oversight of early childhood education, based at the Kenya Institute of Education (KIE)
    • 1985 - District Centers for Early Childhood Education (DICECE) was formed. Objective is to have one center for each district.
  • 5. History and Evolution of Child Care System
    • Before Preschools
    • Children are expected to do adult-like tasks when they become “age of reason”
    • At the age of five, children are given adult responsibilities
  • 6. History and Evolution of Child Care System
    • Traditional
    VS. Modernized What to Teach the Children?
  • 7. History and Evolution of Child Care System
    • Preschools were first built in the 1940s
    • In 1963, the year Kenya received Independence from Britain, preschools became much more developed
    First Preschools
  • 8. History and Evolution of Child Care System
    • Local governmental authorities
    • Church and welfare agencies
    • Private entrepreneurs
    • Self-help schools (e.g. Harambee)
    • Voluntary organization (e.g. Red Cross)
    Sponsors for Preschools
  • 9. History and Evolution of Child Care System
    • 1969
    • 200,000 children enrolled in 4,000 preschools with 5,000 untrained preschool teachers
    • 1979
    • 400,000 children enrolled in 8,000 preschool centers with 10,000 trained preschool teachers
    Surveys 1969 and 1979
  • 10. History and Evolution of Child Care System
    • Rural
    • Use of folk stories to teach children ethics and morals
    • Physical abuse to teach children to fear adult authority
    • Urban
    • More freedom to express aggression
    • Less physical punishment
    • More value placed on child’s personal achievements
    Rural vs. Urban
  • 11. Philosophy
    • Holistic approach to children's needs
    • To provide education geared towards development of the child’s mental and physical capabilities.
    • To improve the status of the child’s health, care and nutritional needs, and link him/her with health services such as immunization, health check-ups and growth monitoring and promotion.
    • To enrich the child’s experiences to enable him/her cope better with primary schools life.
  • 12. Availability and Accessibility
    • Early Childhood Development policy framework targets all children from conception to 8 years of age.
    • 4 Categories:
    • conception to birth
    • birth to 3 years
    • 3 to 6 years
    • 6 to 8 years
  • 13. Availability and Accessibility
  • 14. Program Structure
    • Every ECD centre has its own program structure.
    • Must follow “Guidelines For Early Childhood Development Services”, prepared by Department of Social Development (same as our Day Nursery’s Act)
  • 15. Role of the Teacher
    • ECE Teachers are called (ECDE) Early Childhood Development and Education Teachers
    • Promote meaningful learning by using multiple musical and physical strategies.
    • Teachers are the primary health and nutrition provider next to the parents.
    • Teachers provide the environment for the child’s growth and development.
    • Teachers teach life principles.
    • Teachers provide early stimulation for the future of child development.
  • 16. Training of the Teacher
    • 5 weeks short courses with 2 year in-service training programme introduced by World Bank
    • After the 2 years, the qualified teacher is awarded a Preschool Teacher Certificate.
    • (In service training is facilitated by the District Centers for Early Childhood (DICECEs) which are government-supported centers)
    • Educational Level: Primary or Secondary education depending on the area.
  • 17. The End. Any questions?