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  • 1. K A T H E R I N E C H E NEnvironment Ecology
  • 2. Philippines Archipelago of 7,107 islands Known as the country with the 5th longest coastline in the world Bordered by the Philippine sea to the east, South China Sea to the west andwith the Celebes Sea to the North. Mountainous islands mainly consist of tropical rain forests
  • 3. Do you care about the environment? The air in the Philippines are mostly polluted and recently over the years, the government has taken achange to slowly but surely improve the environment living conditions. Not only are humans suffering from the pollution, but plants and animals as well are being affected. About 2% of trees are cut down each year, which makes living creatures suffer. With growth of the population expanding, it in turns creates more water and air pollution. Pollution can be either man made or natural. Air pollution mainly comes from motor vehicles while water pollution is from people throwing trashinto rivers. Air pollution, water pollution and deforestation are the major problems that causes bad environment.If people continue to help clean their areas and save any recyclable products, then the Philippineswould be a better and a cleaner place in the future. Many people are helping and teaching children howto clean properly. Since people who live near the slum don’t have access to clean water or basicsanitation, the people who help them should be responsible for them, then the Philippines would be ahappier place.
  • 4. Climate Tropical Maritime Climate Three seasons: tag-init (hot dry)- Happens around March – May tag-ulan (rainy)- Happens around June – November tag-lamig (cool dry) – Happens around December- February
  • 5. Climates of the Philippines
  • 6. Wildlife and Environment Around 1,100 land vertebrae species 100 mammals & 170 bird species found only in the Philippines Endemic species: The Tamaraw of Mindoro The Visayan Spotted Deer Philippine Mouse Deer Visayan Warty Pig Philippine Flying Lemur Lacks large predators, except: Snakes – Pythons, cobras, saltwater crocodiles and prey birds
  • 7. Birds Have large beaks to loose more heat Can Afford to have large beaks than birds intemperate regions Different sized beaks allow for different adaptationsaccording to use. Toucan- cutting up pieces of fruits and nuts Philippine Eagle- hooked beaks to tear small prey apart
  • 8. Environmental Relationship
  • 9. Factors: Abiotic and Biotic
  • 10. Abiotic Factor Warm Sunlight- photosynthesis Light is the main source of energy Most of he sunlight is absorbed by the upper canopy Photosynthesis- plants uses chlorophyll to change energy from sunlight into chemical energy Water- affects living animals, plants Greater than 80 inches of rain each year Transpiration- Loss of water through parts of the plant (leaves, stems, roots) Climate Control: 20-34 degrees Celsius Precipitation- The correct amount of rain Temperature and Soil Soil is shallow and thin- few nutrients and soluble minerals Nutrients are largely found in roots and leaves of living plants and decomposing vegetation on theforest floor
  • 11. Water
  • 12. Temperature and Soil
  • 13. Transpiration
  • 14. Temperature & Climate Normal range is 93-68 degrees High constant temperature increases the rate ofevaporation and keeps humidity high Warm temperatures – quick growth Animals
  • 15. Biotic Factors Factors that is living in a biome (plant or animal) Producers- uses photosynthesis to create it’s ownfood Consumers Primary- consumes plants Secondary- consumes meat
  • 16. Biotic Factors