RepeatRepeat
breedingbreeding
Dr. Babasaheb Nagurao Kumbhar
M.V.Sc (Veterinary Public Health)
bobbyvph11@gmail.com
Repeat breedingRepeat breeding
Female showFemale show NORMAL HEATNORMAL HEAT
symptoms but not conceived insymptoms but not...
Mainly seen in cross breed cows
Responsible FactorsResponsible Factors
– Congenital and acquired factorsCongenital and acquired factors
– Early embryonic ...
Congenital factorsCongenital factors
• Underdeveloped genitaliaUnderdeveloped genitalia
• Aplasia of genitalia / Segmented...
Aplasia of genitaliaAplasia of genitalia
Ovary developedOvary developed
Ovulation occurOvulation occur
But ovum not reach ...
 E n d o c rin e fa c to r
F e m a le f a c t o r s
Other factors
Impaired function
of
•Hypothalamus
•Pituitary
•Ovarian ...
Normal endocrine functionNormal endocrine function
GnRH (hypothalamus)GnRH (hypothalamus)
Stimulate pituitaryStimulate pit...
Act on ovarian receptorAct on ovarian receptor
Development of follicleDevelopment of follicle
G.FG.F
signal to pituitarysi...
Release LHRelease LH
LH surgeLH surge
OvulationOvulation
Normalendocrinefunction
Normalendocrinefunction
AI/NS
fertilization
Zygote/embryo
No AI/NS
Formation CL
pregnancy
CL
progesterone
secretion
prostaglandin
secretion
Leuteo...
TreatmentTreatment
• Inj.GnRHInj.GnRH
e.g inj.Gynyarich / Receptale.g inj.Gynyarich / Receptal
• Inj.ProstaglandinInj.Pros...
Male factorsMale factors
DiseaseDisease
1.1. TrichomoniasisTrichomoniasis
2.2. VibriosisVibriosis
3.3. BrucellosisBrucello...
TreatmentTreatment
• Collection of semen fromCollection of semen from healthy bullhealthy bull
• Rx of venereal diseaseRx ...
Technological factorsTechnological factors
• AI techniqueAI technique
• Improper thawing,Improper thawing,
• Improper hand...
TreatmentTreatment
• Proper management and handling semenProper management and handling semen
• AI with skilled personAI w...
Nutritional factorsNutritional factors
Under nutrition
•Vit-A ,D,E deficiency
•Mineral deficiency –P
TreatmentTreatment
• Inj.Vit-aInj.Vit-a
• Inj.Tonophosphone /T-phos /any or ‘P’Inj.Tonophosphone /T-phos /any or ‘P’
prepa...
Managemental factorsManagemental factors
• Heat stress in female and maleHeat stress in female and male
• More herd sizeMo...
Heat stressHeat stress
Female
Duration of O.C. shorten
Intensity of heat sign reduced
No prominent heat sign
Owner unable ...
THANK………THANK………
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Repeat breeding

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Repeat breeding

  1. 1. RepeatRepeat breedingbreeding Dr. Babasaheb Nagurao Kumbhar M.V.Sc (Veterinary Public Health) bobbyvph11@gmail.com
  2. 2. Repeat breedingRepeat breeding Female showFemale show NORMAL HEATNORMAL HEAT symptoms but not conceived insymptoms but not conceived in more than 2 to 3 servicemore than 2 to 3 service
  3. 3. Mainly seen in cross breed cows
  4. 4. Responsible FactorsResponsible Factors – Congenital and acquired factorsCongenital and acquired factors – Early embryonic deathEarly embryonic death – Technological factorsTechnological factors – Nutritional /managemental factorsNutritional /managemental factors 1.1. Female factorsFemale factors 2.2. Male factorsMale factors
  5. 5. Congenital factorsCongenital factors • Underdeveloped genitaliaUnderdeveloped genitalia • Aplasia of genitalia / Segmented oviductAplasia of genitalia / Segmented oviduct • Congenital defect in ovaryCongenital defect in ovary • Defect of oviductDefect of oviduct • Defect in cervix :- Kinked cervixDefect in cervix :- Kinked cervix Rx Inj.EpidosinRx Inj.Epidosin Small ovarySmall ovary Low receptor for GnRHLow receptor for GnRH Low cyclic activity ofLow cyclic activity of ovary…….silent heatovary…….silent heat
  6. 6. Aplasia of genitaliaAplasia of genitalia Ovary developedOvary developed Ovulation occurOvulation occur But ovum not reach to site of fertilisationBut ovum not reach to site of fertilisation No fertilizationNo fertilization
  7. 7.  E n d o c rin e fa c to r F e m a le f a c t o r s Other factors Impaired function of •Hypothalamus •Pituitary •Ovarian activity • Persistent CL • Follicular/ • Leuteal Cyst • Anvolutory heat • Delayed ovulation • Failure of nidation of embryo • Failure collection of ova by fimbria
  8. 8. Normal endocrine functionNormal endocrine function GnRH (hypothalamus)GnRH (hypothalamus) Stimulate pituitaryStimulate pituitary Release FSHRelease FSH
  9. 9. Act on ovarian receptorAct on ovarian receptor Development of follicleDevelopment of follicle G.FG.F signal to pituitarysignal to pituitary Normalendocrinefunction Normalendocrinefunction
  10. 10. Release LHRelease LH LH surgeLH surge OvulationOvulation Normalendocrinefunction Normalendocrinefunction
  11. 11. AI/NS fertilization Zygote/embryo No AI/NS Formation CL pregnancy CL progesterone secretion prostaglandin secretion Leuteolytic activity CL Regress signal to pituitary estrus ReleaseRelease ova/ovumova/ovum ovulation
  12. 12. TreatmentTreatment • Inj.GnRHInj.GnRH e.g inj.Gynyarich / Receptale.g inj.Gynyarich / Receptal • Inj.ProstaglandinInj.Prostaglandin e.g Inj.Vetmate/Pragmae.g Inj.Vetmate/Pragma • Inj.Progesterone for pregnancyInj.Progesterone for pregnancy e.g P-depot / duraprogene.g P-depot / duraprogen • lugol’s iodine painting on cervixlugol’s iodine painting on cervix • Rx of genital tract diseaseRx of genital tract disease
  13. 13. Male factorsMale factors DiseaseDisease 1.1. TrichomoniasisTrichomoniasis 2.2. VibriosisVibriosis 3.3. BrucellosisBrucellosis Testicular diseaseTesticular disease •Testicular degeneration/hypoplasiaTesticular degeneration/hypoplasia •Cryptorchidism /neoplasmCryptorchidism /neoplasm •OrchitisOrchitis Semen qualitiesSemen qualities •Low sperm concentrationLow sperm concentration •More dead sperm /More dead sperm / •Abnormal spermAbnormal sperm •Obtained from older bullObtained from older bull
  14. 14. TreatmentTreatment • Collection of semen fromCollection of semen from healthy bullhealthy bull • Rx of venereal diseaseRx of venereal disease • Hygienic collection of semenHygienic collection of semen • Regular check of strawRegular check of straw
  15. 15. Technological factorsTechnological factors • AI techniqueAI technique • Improper thawing,Improper thawing, • Improper handling of strawImproper handling of straw • AI in early pregnant showingAI in early pregnant showing gestational estrusgestational estrus • Hormonal treatmentHormonal treatment • Vigorous handling of genitalia in PDVigorous handling of genitalia in PD
  16. 16. TreatmentTreatment • Proper management and handling semenProper management and handling semen • AI with skilled personAI with skilled person • Avoid vigorous handling of genitaliaAvoid vigorous handling of genitalia • Proper detection of heatProper detection of heat • ProperProper time, site, dosetime, site, dose of semenof semen • Avoid unwanted hormonal RxAvoid unwanted hormonal Rx
  17. 17. Nutritional factorsNutritional factors Under nutrition •Vit-A ,D,E deficiency •Mineral deficiency –P
  18. 18. TreatmentTreatment • Inj.Vit-aInj.Vit-a • Inj.Tonophosphone /T-phos /any or ‘P’Inj.Tonophosphone /T-phos /any or ‘P’ preparationpreparation • Mineral mix orallyMineral mix orally
  19. 19. Managemental factorsManagemental factors • Heat stress in female and maleHeat stress in female and male • More herd sizeMore herd size
  20. 20. Heat stressHeat stress Female Duration of O.C. shorten Intensity of heat sign reduced No prominent heat sign Owner unable to give proper history Unable to fellow AM / PM rule Male More temperature Affect thermoregulatory system of testis Low quality of semen
  21. 21. THANK………THANK………
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