میزگرد حمل ونقل ريلي و چشم انداز بيست ساله

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این میزگرد در مرداد 87 دفتر انجمن مهندسی حمل و نقل ریلی ایران و با حضور مدیران و کارشناسان ذیربط تشکیل گردیده است

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میزگرد حمل ونقل ريلي و چشم انداز بيست ساله

  1. 1. ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﻟﺰﻭﻣﺎ‬‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‬‫ﻋﻬﺪﻩ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﻼﻣﺎﻧﻊ‬‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺧﺒﺮﻱ‬،‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻲ‬،‫ﻓﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬1387‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬-14‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬:‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬:‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ‬‫ﺳﻴﺪ‬:‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬‫ﺛﺎﻗﺒﻲ‬‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‬:‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻳﻪ‬‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬‫ﭘﻮﺭ‬‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎﻃﻬﻤﺎﺳﺒﻲ‬:‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ‬،‫ﭘﮋﻭﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﺑﻬﺒﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﺟﻮﻻﻱ‬‫ﻓﺮﻳﺒﺮﺯ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﺗﺮﺍﺑﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﺳﻴﺪ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﻣﻮﺣﺪﻱ‬‫ﻣﻬﺪﻱ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﻋﺎﻣﺮﻱ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﺷﻔﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﻳﻮﺳﻒ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬‫ﺧﺴﺮﻭ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬،‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮﻱ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬:‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻳﻪ‬‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬،‫ﺯﺍﻫﺪﻱ‬‫ﻣﻬﺪﻱ‬،‫ﻧﻮﺍﺯ‬‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬‫ﺍﻛﺒﺮ‬‫ﺧﺒﺎﺯﻧﻴﺎ،ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﺛﻨﺎﭘﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ‬،‫ﺗﻬﻮﺭﻱ‬‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ‬،‫ﻓﺘﺤﻲ‬‫ﺳﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭﺍﻧﻲ‬‫ﺷﻴﺮﺯﺍﺩ‬،‫ﺻﺎﺭﻣﻲ‬‫ﺳﻜﻴﻨﻪ‬:‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬‫ﺯﻫﺮﺍ‬:‫ﺁﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬‫ﺳﻤﻨﺪﻱ‬‫ﺷﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻋﻜﺲ‬‫ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻱ‬‫ﭘﻮﺭ‬‫ﻏﻼﻣﻌﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻣﻴﺮ‬:‫ﭼﺎپ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬‫ﺧﻮﺵ‬‫ﺷﻤﺴﻪ‬‫ﭼﺎپ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬:‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ‬،‫ﺯﻧﺪ‬‫ﺧﺎﻥ‬‫ﻛﺮﻳﻢ‬‫ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬،64‫ﭘﻼﻙ‬،‫ﺗﻴﺮ‬‫ﻫﻔﺖ‬‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬A53‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬،5‫ﻃﺒﻘﻪ‬،A‫ﺑﻠﻮﻙ‬،‫ﺧﺎﻥ‬‫ﻛﺮﻳﻢ‬14155-8334:‫ﭘﺴﺘﻲ‬‫ﻛﺪﭘﺴﺘﻲ:1964584851ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬88312272:‫ﺩﻭﺭﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬88312273:‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‬www.railassociation.ire-mail:info@railassociation.ir226644161618182323242426263030343436364040424244444949525256566060626266667272767682828787888892929898‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬‫ﮔﺮﺳﻨﮕﻲ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻲ«ﻭ‬‫»ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‬‫ﻛﻦ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﻦ‬‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﮔﻮﻳﺪﻳﻚ‬‫ﻣﻰ‬‫ﻣﻨﻄﻖ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﺘﺮﻭ‬‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﭽﻪ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ‬‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬‫ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ‬‫ﭘﻮﻝ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻻﺯﻡ‬‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬،‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﻧﻤﻰ‬‫ﺷﻌﺎﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﻛﺮﺑﻼ‬‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬‫ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬80‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺁﻫﻨﮓ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‬‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﺭﻳﺘﻢ‬‫ﺷﺪﻥ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﺟﺎء‬‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬‫ﻣﺘﺮﻭ‬‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻱ‬‫ﺍﻳﻢ؟‬‫ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻛﺠﺎ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‬‫ﻧﺎﻗﻠﻪ‬‫ﺁﻻﺕ‬‫ﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬‫ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬‫ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﭘﻴﺶ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺁﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﻓﻦ‬‫ﺁﻟﭗ‬‫ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭ‬‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺗﻮﻧﻞ‬‫ﻧﻞ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺑﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﮔﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﭼﺪﻧﻲ‬‫ﺗﺮﻣﺰ‬‫ﻛﻔﺸﻚ‬‫ﺟﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﺩﻩ‬‫ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻧﻴﺸﺎﺑﻮﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﻪ‬:‫ﺟﻠﺪ‬‫ﺭﻭﻱ‬‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬
  2. 2. 2313871387‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/1414‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬2‫»ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬«‫ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬‫ﮔﺮﺳﻨﮕﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬‫ﺍﺧﺒــﺎﺭ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ‬،‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻣﺎﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﺑــﺮ‬‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ‬‫ﺑﻲ‬‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺗﻼﻃﻢ‬‫ﻳﻜﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬.‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﻩ‬‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬‫ﻛﻤﺒــﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻔﺖ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ‬‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﻧﻈﻴﺮ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺭﺷــﺪ‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬‫ﻓﻮﻕ‬‫ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﭼﻴﻦ‬‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬،‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ،‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‬‫ﻫﻤﺴﻨﮓ‬‫ﺑﺎﻫﻢ‬‫ﻣﺪﺕ‬‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫ﻫﺎﺳﺖ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬75‫ﻣﺎﻫــﻪ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺞ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﺻﺪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬120‫ﭘﻴﺶ‬‫ﺳــﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ‬‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‬‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ‬،‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﻧﻔﺖ‬‫ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﺎﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬‫ﺍﺻــﻮﻻ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣــﺪﺕ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﺘــﻲ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬.‫ﺭﺳــﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬.‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬‫ﻓﻘﻴﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﺭﺷــﺪ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺣﺘﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﮔﺮﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ‬‫ﺁﻳﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺯﻳﺮ‬‫ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻲ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬‫ﻛﺸﺖ‬‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺧﻴﺰ‬‫ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬‫ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻲ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻛﺸﺖ‬‫ﺯﻳﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬(‫ﺭﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫)ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻭﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺰ‬‫ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﺎﺷﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺷﻬﺮﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬.‫ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ‬‫ﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﻛﻤﻚ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬1970‫ﺩﻫﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ‬‫ﺑﻴﻮﻓﻴﻮﻝ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻲ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺑﻘﺎﻳﺎﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻠﻲ‬.‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﺗﺎﻧﻮﻝ‬‫ﻧﻴﺸﻜﺮ‬‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻲ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬20‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ‬.‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻛﻤﻜﻲ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﻣﻨﺸﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ‬‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺎﻥ‬‫ﻛﺸﺖ‬‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺩﻫﺪ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻓﺴــﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬1980‫ﺩﻫــﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻲ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬‫ﺑﻼﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‬.‫ﺷــﺪ‬‫ﻣﻌﻤــﻮﻝ‬‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﺎﻧــﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻲ‬‫ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓــﺰﻭﻥ‬‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧــﻲ‬‫ﻣﺨﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺷﺪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﻓﺴﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬(‫ﺳﺒﺰ‬‫)ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬.‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬10‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﻣﻨﺸــﺎ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺳﻬﻢ‬2020‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬10‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻲ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬‫ﺳﺒﺰ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪ‬‫ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﺫﺭﺕ‬‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬‫ﺻﺪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬30‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬‫ﺳــﺎﻝ‬‫ﭘﻨﺞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬.‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻧﻪ‬‫ﺣﻔﻆ‬‫ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤــﻲ‬‫ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺻﺮﻑ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻤﻲ‬‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻲ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺍﻛﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻲ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ‬‫ﺷــﺘﺎﺑﺎﻥ‬‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬،(‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺩﺍﻍ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬‫)ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﻪ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻲ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪﻱ‬‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻏﻼﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ‬.‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﺗﺮ‬‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻋﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﻭﻛﺲ‬‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺭﻭ‬‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻀﺎﺩ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬‫ﺍﺛــﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﻏﺬﺍ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺧﺎﻛﻲ‬‫ﻛﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬‫ﻧﻔﺮ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﻛﺮﻩ‬‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬‫ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ‬‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ‬‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬‫ﺳــﻴﺮﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﻛﺮﻩ‬‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﺨﺸﻲ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺎﻙ‬‫ﭘﺮﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺧﻮﻳﺶ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺧﺎﻛﻲ‬‫ﻛﺮﻩ‬‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺷﻜﻢ‬‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬‫ﺧﺎﻟﻲ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬.‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖ،ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬‫ﺟﺪﺍﻧﺸﺪﻧﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻲ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺳﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻳﺎﺩ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬‫ﺷــﺘﺎﺑﺰﺩﻩ‬‫ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ‬.‫ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬‫ﮔﺮﺳــﻨﻪ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻲ‬‫ﻧﻔﻊ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻲ‬‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﻛﺮﻩ‬‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻣﻴﺖ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻳﻜــﻲ‬‫ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬‫ﺭﺷــﺪ‬‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﻛﺮﺩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺿﺪ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻳﻜــﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬‫ﺣﻖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻱ‬‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ‬‫ﻣﻮﻗﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﻗﻒ‬‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬‫ﺷﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ .‫ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‬‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻓﻮﺭﺍ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ‬‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺑﺰﺭگ‬‫ﺗﻀﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬ .‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺣﻞ‬‫ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ‬‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﺨﺮﺏ‬‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﭘﻴﺸــﮕﻴﺮﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻔﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬‫ﺧﻄﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻱ‬‫ﺳﻔﺮﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬‫ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻱ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻧﻪ‬‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﻮﻙ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺗﻨﺶ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬‫ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‬‫ﺳﻮء‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺯﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬.‫ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬
  3. 3. 4513871387‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/1414‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬‫ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬،‫ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ‬،‫ﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‬‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬‫ﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁﺳﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬‫ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ‬‫ﺑﺸــﺮﻱ‬‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻲ‬‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬‫ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬،‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺭﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻱ‬،‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩ‬‫ﺫﺍﺗﻲ‬‫ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬،‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬‫ﻛﻢ‬‫ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬،‫ﻛﻢ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻬﻼﻙ‬،‫ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻧﻲ‬،‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ‬‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬،‫ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁﺳﺎﻧﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲ‬‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬‫ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ‬‫ﻫﻤﻪ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻱ‬‫ﻻﺯﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺯﺩﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺘﻬﺎﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﭘــﺲ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬‫ﺿﺮﻳﺐ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻭﺯ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬،‫ﻧﻮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬.‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ‬‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ‬‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬،‫ﻣﺤﻘﻘــﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ‬‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻏﻠــﺐ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﻃﺮﻑ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬.‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬‫ﻣــﻲ‬‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺁﻧــﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬،‫ﺧﺒﺮﻩ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺑﺨﺸﺪ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﻴﺶ‬‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳ‬‫ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﻛﻼﻥ‬‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻬﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬‫ﻓﺮﺍﺑﺨﺸﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺨﺸﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻣﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ‬،‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬.‫ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﺘﺼﻞ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻲ‬.‫ﺭﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺪﺑﺮﺍﻧﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‬‫ﻭﺭﻓﻊ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺻﺮﻓﺎ‬‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬.‫ﺑﻮﺩ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬،‫ﻻﺯﻡ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺲ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ،‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ،‫ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﻻﺯﻡ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬‫ﺳﻮﺩ‬‫ﺣﻔﻆ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﺻﻠﻲ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﮔﻮﻳﻲ‬‫ﭘﺎﺳﺦ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﺮﻳﺪﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺮﻭﻧﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻲ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ‬ .‫ﺷﺪ‬،‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ،ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺭﺷﺪ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻓﻮﻕ‬‫ﻧﻜﺎﺕ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺗﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ،‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ،‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ ،‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬.‫ﺑﻮﺩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬‫"ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ،‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬،‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ "‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬ .‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬،‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬،‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻻﺯﻡ‬.‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬.‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﭼﺎپ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺟﻠﻮﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﻋﻤﻮﻡ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬‫ﺛﺒﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬،‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ،ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ‬ ، ‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ،‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬‫ﻫﺮﭼﻪ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﭼﺎپ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺧﺬ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮ‬‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺭﻭﺯ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ‬‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻱ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺎﺩﻱ‬.‫ﺷﺪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﺎپ‬‫ﻭﺭﻙ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺖ‬.‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬‫ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻫــﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣــﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎپ‬‫ﻭﺭﻙ‬ .1‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻜﺪﻩ‬‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬ (SLABTRACK)‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻭﺗﺮﺍﺑﺮﻱ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﺗﻴﻢ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﮋﺍﺩ‬‫ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬‫ﻓﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬:‫ﻣﺪﺭﺱ‬:‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬ •‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺐ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬‫ﻋﺪﺩﻱ‬‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬•‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻧﻜﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ‬•‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬‫ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﻮﻥ‬‫ﺷﺎپ‬‫ﻭﺭﻙ‬.2‫ﻧﺼﺮﻱ‬‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻲ‬‫ﻣﻴﺮﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬‫ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻣﺪﺭﺱ‬:‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻲ‬‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬•‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ‬•‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ •‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬•‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻢ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬Track Maintenance ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ TRMS ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ‬‫ﻧﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ •ManagementSystem"‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﻧﻞ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬"‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ‬‫ﭘﺎﻧﻞ‬.3‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺗﻮﻧﻞ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺤﻚ‬‫ﻫﻮﺍﺗﻮﻧﻞ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬،‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﺘﺮﻭ‬‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬‫ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬:‫ﺷﺎپ‬‫ﻭﺭﻙ‬.4‫ﺷﻬﺮﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬uitp‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ‬‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬،‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮﻱ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺴﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺎپ‬‫ﻭﺭﻙ‬ .5‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻓﻨﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ‬‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬،‫ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻣﺪﺭﺱ‬‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﺗﻴﻢ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬AutomaticCarInspectionSystems:‫ﺷﺎپ‬‫ﻭﺭﻙ‬.6‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ‬ :‫ﻣﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ‬‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬:‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺍﻣﺘﺮﻫﺎﻱ‬ ،‫ﻓﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ‬ ، ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬‫ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬‫ﭼﺮﺥ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭﻓﻴﻞ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ‬•‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺤﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺍﻏﻲ‬‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬•‫ﻭﺍﮔﻦ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ‬•‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬‫ﭼﺮﺥ‬‫ﺑﺮﻳﺪﮔﻲ‬‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬•‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﻮژﻱ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ‬‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬•‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬‫ﺗﺮﻣﺰ‬‫ﻛﻔﺸﻚ‬‫ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ‬‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬•‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭﺏ‬‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﺗﺎﺣﺪ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭﺏ‬‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﻼﺵ‬،‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬.‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭﺏ‬‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬‫ﻭﺏ‬‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬،‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪ‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﻨﺪﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬.‫ﺑﻮﺩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬www.railassociation.ir:‫ﺳﺎﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭﺏ‬‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬،‫ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺘﻲ‬،‫ﺩﻫﻢ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ‬
  4. 4. 6713871387‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/1414‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨــﺪﺱ‬‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺗﺸــﻜﺮ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬:‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ‬‫ﺑﺎﺑﺖ‬‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺯﺣﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ‬ :‫ﻛﻨﻢ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﺘﺤﻤﻞ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻔﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﻬﻤﻲ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬،‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﻋﻢ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬،‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘــﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺑﻜﺸﻨﺪ‬‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫،ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻳــﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫــﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﮔﺮﺩ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺟﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳــﺎﻝ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﻴﺰﮔﺮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬.‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﭘﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬‫ﺁﺗﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬‫ﭼﺸﻢ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫"ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ‬‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫"ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬‫ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩ‬‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺧﻮﺑﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬‫ﭼﺸﻢ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻳﺎﺑﻴﻢ‬‫ﺩﺭﻣﻲ‬،‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ 20‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻢ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ .‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﺭﺷﺪ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‬‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻛﻤﻚ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﻛﻼﻥ‬‫ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺭﺷﺪ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬.‫ﺍﻓﺘﺪ‬‫ﻫﻤﮕﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ‬،‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‬‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬‫ﺟﻬﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬ .‫ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬،‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬5‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺭﺷﺪ‬‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻱ‬‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬،‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻱ‬6‫ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬‫ﻫﺪ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬100‫ﺍﺯ‬43)‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻓﻘﻴﺮ‬‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬(‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬‫ﺩﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬100‫ﺍﺯ‬25‫ﻭ‬‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻲ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬،‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻫﻤﻪ‬‫ﭘﻴﺶ‬‫ﺧﻮﺑﻲ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘــﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬‫ﺑﺮﻗﻲ‬‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬‫ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻲ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬.‫ﺭﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴــﻴﺮ‬‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠــﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻲ‬‫ﻃﺮﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺳﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬-‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻛﻞ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﺰﻭﻝ‬‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﻢ‬‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺳﻬﻤﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺗﻨﺎژ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬12‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻱ‬8‫ﻳــﺎ‬7‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬ -‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺗﻦ/ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻱ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳــﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺧﻮﺑﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬،‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺧﺮﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬،‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﻧﻮﻉ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬،‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬،‫ﺭﻭ‬‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﺨﺼﻮﺹ‬‫ﻛﻼﻥ؛‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺷﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺳﻤﻴﻨﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻛﻨﮕﺮﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻨﺪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬‫ﭘﭽﻴﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻌﻀﻞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻧﺴﺨﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻲ‬‫ﻋﻤــﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ؛‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﭼﺮﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺿﻌﻒ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺿﻌﻒ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻧﺎﺷﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬:‫ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬،‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﺭﺳــﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭﻛﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬‫ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻲ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺻﺎ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬:‫ﺷﺪ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬‫ﺑﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬‫ﭼﺸﻢ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻣﻴﺰﮔﺮﺩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩﻫﺎﻳــﻲ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬،‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﺮﻱ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺳــﺎﺩﮔﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﻣﺎ‬.‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺟﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌــﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺟﺎﻱ‬،‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬‫ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ‬NGO‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ-ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺳﻮﻱ‬‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬.‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬-‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩ‬‫ﻻﺯﻡ‬،‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻫﻤﺖ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﺑﺤﺜﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﻜﺮﻱ‬‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﭼﺮﺍ‬.‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‬‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻱ‬،‫ﺗﻔﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻲ‬‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺴــﺖ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻲ‬‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯ‬‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬.‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯ‬‫ﺳﺒﺐ‬‫ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬،‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬‫ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫"ﻣﻴﺰﮔﺮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺳﻄﻮﺡ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬.‫ﻛﺮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬"‫ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ‬‫ﺑﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬‫ﭼﺸﻢ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻲ‬‫"ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬87‫ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﻣﻴﺰﮔﺮﺩ‬‫ﺳــﻴﺪﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺷــﺪ‬‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ "‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬،‫ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ؛‬‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬‫ﻧﺎﺋﺐ‬،‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫــﺶ‬‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ‬‫ﻋﻀﻮ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬،‫ﺍﺳــﺪﻱ‬‫ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻲ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ؛‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ‬‫ﺭﻳــﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﺣﻤﺖ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ؛‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ‬‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ‬‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻔﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺍﮔﻦ‬‫ﻛﻮﻳﺮ‬‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬،‫ﭘﻮﺭﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬...‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ؛‬‫ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻧﮕﻬــﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬،‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬،‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭﻳﺰ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬،‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ؛‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻔﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ؛‬‫ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬،‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺗﺮﺍﺑﺮﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬،‫ﭘﻮﺭ‬‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭﻳﺰ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬‫ﺑﺮﻗﻲ‬‫ﻣﺠــﺮﻱ‬ ،‫ﺑﻴﻚ‬‫ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻌﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ؛‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬‫ﻣﺠﺮﻱ‬‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬،‫ﺳﻴﺪﻭﻛﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﺳﻴﺪﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﺁﻫﻦ؛‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ‬‫ﻋﻀﻮ‬،‫ﻣﻬﺎﺑﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨــﺪﺱ‬‫ﺗﺮﺍﺑﺮﻱ؛‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ؛‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﺮﺍﺑﺮﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ‬،‫ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻲ‬‫ﻣﺤﺴﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ،‫ﺳــﺎﻃﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ؛‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ‬،‫ﻣﺤﻤــﺪﻱ‬‫ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭ؛‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ‬‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬،‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﺠﻴﺪ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﭼﻨﺪﻭﺟﻬﻲ‬‫ﻣﻴﺰﮔــﺮﺩﻱ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬‫ﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‬،‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬.‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬:‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬
  5. 5. 8913871387‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/1414‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻞ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻐﻔﻮﻝ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗــﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬،‫ﮔﺮﻳﺨﺘﻪ‬-‫ﺟﺴﺘﻪ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬‫ﭼﻨﺪ‬‫ﻳﻜﻲ‬،‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻜﻴﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺑــﺮﺩ‬‫ﻧﺎﻡ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬‫ﺩﻻﻳﻞ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬‫ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬3‫ﻳﺎ‬2‫ﺭﻭﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻢ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬‫ﺿﻌﻒ‬‫ﺩﻻﻳﻞ‬‫ﺗﺮﻳــﻦ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻳﻜــﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺿﻌﻒ‬،‫ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻱ‬،‫ﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣــﻞ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻲ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫــﺎ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻱ‬2‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻗﺮﻳﺐ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﻃﻲ‬‫ﺭﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﺸﻴﺪ‬‫ﻃﻮﻝ‬‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻛﺮﺩ‬‫ﻳﺎﺑﻲ‬‫ﺭﻳﺸﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺯﻳﺮﺷــﺎﺧﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺟﺪﺍﺑﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﺗﺎﻓﺘــﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠــﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺑﺨﺼﻮﺹ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬‫ﻫــﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺑﻘﻴﻪ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬ً‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬‫ﻫﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺧﻴﻠــﻲ‬‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠــﻲ‬‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻗﻠﻤﺪﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﭼﻴﺰﻱ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬50‫ﻃﻲ‬ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭﺷــﺪ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬5/9‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬‫ﻳــﻚ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻗﺮﻳﺐ‬‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺟﺰء‬‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬‫ﺳــﻄﺢ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻋﺪﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬‫ﺭﺷــﺪ‬‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬4/9‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ‬.‫ﺭﻭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻗﻮﻩ‬‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻗﻮﻩ‬‫ﺩﻻﻳﻞ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻳﻜﻲ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩ؛‬‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬‫ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﻨﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺳﺖ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻲ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ‬‫ﺳــﻬﻢ‬ ً‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬‫ﺍﻣﺎ‬.‫ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ‬‫ﻧﺎﻡ‬‫ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺁﻧﺎﻟﻴﺰ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﭘﺲ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬.‫ﺑﺮﺩ‬‫ﭘﻲ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﺩﻭﻡ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣــﻞ‬.‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬‫ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬،‫ﺑﺮﻭﻳﻢ‬‫ﺁﻫــﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻱ‬،‫ﺑﮕﺮﺩﺩ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻭﺭ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻲ‬‫ﻫــﺮ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬.‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺍﻣﺎ‬،‫ﺑﮕﺮﺩﺩ‬‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬،‫ﺳﻮﻡ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ‬‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﺨﺸﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺷــﻔﺎﻑ‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺮﻩ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬‫ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﻛﺴﻲ‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺗﻲ‬‫ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬،‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺟﺰﻭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬‫ﺟــﺪﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ‬‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬،‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬،‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺗﻴﭗ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬.‫ﻃﻠﺒﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﻗﺘﻲ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬‫ﻫﺎﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻢ‬،‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ؛‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻳﻜــﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺁﻓﺖ‬.‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻣﺮ‬‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﺒﺘﻼ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺧﻴﻠــﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ‬‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺳــﻄﺢ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬،‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻳﺶ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻱ‬.‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺵ‬‫ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭﻱ‬،‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺼﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻳﻜﻲ‬.‫ﺩﻫــﺪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻭﻗﺘﺶ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬8‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﺪﺍﻧــﺪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘــﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬‫ﻣﺴــﺘﺜﻨﻲ‬‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﺭﻳﻞ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬‫ﻫــﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬.‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬،‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‬‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓــﻪ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻋﻀﻮ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻫــﻢ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﺳﻢ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ‬‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬،‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﺧﺎﺻﻲ‬‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺷــﺪ‬‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﻨﺎ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﻱ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬‫ﻭ‬‫)ﻣﺒﻠﻎ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﺗﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬(‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬‫ﮔﺬﺭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻋﻤﺮﺵ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻗــﺮﻥ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ‬‫ﭼﻘــﺪﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬ringing vestment‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ‬‫ﻛﻨﺪ؟‬‫ﺑﺎﺯﺳــﺎﺯﻱ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩﺵ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻫﻤﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺐ‬،‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻣﺪﻱ‬‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬‫ﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬3‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‬‫ﺑﺮﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺁﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬،‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺳﻮﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ً‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﺪﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻭﺭ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﻬﻔﺘﻪ‬‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬،‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬.‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻱ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻗﺴــﻤﺘﻲ‬،‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‬‫ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ‬5‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬:‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬،‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‬‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﻧﻈــﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ 3/5‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺳﻬﻢ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬2/5‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬2‫ﻭ‬‫ﺳــﺎﻟﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ‬‫ﺍﻳــﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ،‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﺭﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬planning‫ﺷــﻜﻞ‬.‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﺛﺮ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬.‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﺛﺮ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺭﻭﻱ‬‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺷــﻤﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬،‫ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻲ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻓﻜﺮ‬‫ﺷــﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬‫ﺁﻳﺎ‬،‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‬‫ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬‫ﻗﻀﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺳﻬﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﻧﺎﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺗﺸــﻜﺮ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬:‫ـﻔﻲ‬‫ﻳﻮﺳـ‬‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬‫ﺩﺍﺩﻡ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬،‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺏ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬‫ﺑﺮﻭﻳﻢ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺳﺮﺍﻍ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ‬.‫ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﺟﺬﺏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬‫ﻫــﺎﻱ‬‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬،‫ﻣﺪﻭﻥ‬،‫ﻣــﺎ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﺩﻫﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬.‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬،‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ‬‫ﺟﺬﺏ‬‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬‫ﺑﺴﺎ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﺣﺎﻻ‬.‫ﺭﺳــﺪ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻟﻲ‬‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ‬‫ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﭘﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﻛﻨﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻓﻜﺮ‬.‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷﺪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻲ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﻱ‬،‫ﻓﻜﺮﻱ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬‫ﺗﺤﺖ‬‫ﻧﺎﺧــﻮﺩﺁﮔﺎﻩ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻧﻜﻨﻨﺪ‬‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬‫ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻲ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎ‬‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﺭﺳﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬،‫ﻧﺸﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﺟﺬﺏ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‬‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬‫ﻳﻜﺠﺎ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎﻫﻢ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﻫﻤﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‬‫ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ‬‫ﺭﺑﻂ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﻮﻋﻲ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‬‫ﻋﻼﻣﺖ‬،‫ﺧﻮﺩ‬‫ﻧﻮﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺫﻫﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ‬‫ﺳﻮﺍﻝ‬ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌ‬‫ﺁﻳﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻪ؟‬‫ﻳــﺎ‬‫ﺍﻓﺘﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ‬‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻛﺎﻓﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨــﺶ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻃﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺑــﺎ‬‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬.‫ﺑﺸــﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﺟــﺪﻱ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ‬‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬،‫ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻴــﻢ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻚ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺳﺮ‬‫ﭘﺸﺖ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬.‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ‬‫ﺗﺼﺪﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ‬،‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻲ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬:‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬.‫ﻣﺎﺳﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﺎﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺗﻜﺎﻟﻴﻔــﻢ‬‫ﻛﻨﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻓﻜﺮ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﺻﺤﺒﺘﻲ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﻣــﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺧﺎﺻﻲ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬،‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ‬،‫ﺷﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﭼﻴﺰﻱ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬ً‫ﻼ‬‫ﻣﺜ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬‫ﭼﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻳــﺎ‬‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻲ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﭼﻪ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ؟‬‫ﻛﺪﺍﻡ‬‫ﻫﻴﭻ‬ .‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫"ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ .‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ‬‫ﭼﺸــﻢ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬.‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬"‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ‬‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬‫ﺭﻫﻨﻤﻮﺩﻫــﺎﻱ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺷــﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﻗﺘﻲ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬،‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﮔﻴﺮﻳﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬.‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺳــﻴﻌﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍﻣﻨــﻪ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬‫ﻃــﺮﺡ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﻓﻀﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ‬‫ﻛﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺣﻠﻘﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬،‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ‬‫ﭼــﻮﻥ‬.‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﮔﺮﻱ‬‫ﺗﺼﺪﻱ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬:‫ـﻔﻲ‬‫ﻳﻮﺳـ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨــﺶ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳــﻲ‬‫ﺁﺩﻡ‬‫ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺣﺎﻻ‬‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬.‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻲ‬‫ﺁﻓﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬‫ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﺼﻮﻥ‬‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ‬‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻲ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؛‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬:‫ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻲ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬‫ﻣﻐﻔﻮﻝ‬:‫ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻲ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬‫ﺟﺬﺏ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﻫﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬،‫ﻣﺪﻭﻥ‬،‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭ‬‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬‫ﻫﺎﺳﺖ‬‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬‫ﺁﻓﺖ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ‬،‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﮔﺮﻱ‬‫ﺗﺼﺪﻱ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬،‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬
  6. 6. 101113871387‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/‫ﻣﻬﺮ‬/1414‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪﻩ‬‫ﺁﻧﺠــﺎ‬‫ﻛﻤﻚ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭﺍﺩﻱ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻲ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻛﻨﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻓﻜﺮ‬.‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺑﺸــﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ‬‫ﭘﻜﻴﺞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬:‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻧﻪ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ :‫ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻲ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬،‫ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬‫ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬.‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻭﻗﺖ‬‫ﻫﻴﭻ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻨﺪﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﭘﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺑﻴــﻦ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻧﻤﻲ‬.‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻲ‬‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺪﻱ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬:‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩ‬،‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬‫ﺑﺤــﺚ‬‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬‫ﻣﻤﻠﻜﺖ‬‫ﻛﻼﻥ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ‬‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ‬‫ﺗﺮ‬‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ‬‫ﻣﻘــﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻫﻤــﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﭼــﺮﺍ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؛‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻓﺘﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻋﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺍﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺻﻌﻮﺩ‬‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬GDP.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﺰﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﺳــﻴﺮ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ؟‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﭼﻄﻮﺭ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺍﻛﺜﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬:‫ﺍﺳﺪﻱ‬‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‬ .‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺣﺘﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁﻟﻤــﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ‬‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬‫ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪ؛‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‬‫ﮔﺮ‬‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ‬‫ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬﺸــﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ؛‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺣــﺎﻝ‬‫ﻫﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﺤﺮﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻏﻠــﺐ‬‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮ‬‫ﺑــﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻫــﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﺁﻫﻦ‬‫ﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬،‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻜﻮﻣﻮﺗﻴﻮ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬ backward‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻱ‬ foreward‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﮔﻮﻧــﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬ .‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬‫ﺳــﻨﺪ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﺎﺑﻌﺪﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻣﺎﻗﺒﻞ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺑــﺎ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‬‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬:‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﻓﺎﺯ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬.‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ‬‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃــﺎﺕ‬:‫ـﺪﻱ‬‫ﺍﺳـ‬‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ؛‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬ 99 ‫ﺩﺭ‬ 2 ً‫ﻼ‬‫ﻣﺜ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬.‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ 1/5‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﺑﺨــﺶ‬‫ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗــﺮ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻲ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ .‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬ .‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬‫ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ‬‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻣﺰﻳﺖ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ‬‫ﺧﻂ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻛﻨﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺳﻮﺍﻝ‬‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺛﺎﺑــﺖ‬‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬.‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ .‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‬‫ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘــﺮ‬‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ‬‫ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑــﺎ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ‬‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ،‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻫــﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳــﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ‬‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳــﻦ‬‫ﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﭼﻮﻥ‬.‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‬‫ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬‫ﻗﺪﻡ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬،‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻲ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﻫــﺎﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﮔﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻣــﺎ‬‫ﻛــﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬‫ﭼﻘﺪﺭ‬‫ﻳﺎ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬‫ﭼﻘﺪﺭ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ؟‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭ‬‫ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻬﻠﻚ‬‫ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻢ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﻣﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻲ‬‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬ .‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺗﻲ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬‫ﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﺣﻤﻞ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﺭﻱ‬‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﻓﺎﺯ‬‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬‫ﺭﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬ 100 ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ،‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬‫ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺠﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ً‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﺻ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻲ‬‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﻫﻢ‬‫ﺷﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬‫ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ !

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