Collegiate student athletes vs. Collegiate student non-athletes Ian Schreffler Nicole Schiffner Benjamin Webb Ashley Thorpe
Dilemma Does being a collegiate student athlete have an effect on a student’s GPA vs. a regular collegiate non-athlete’s GPA?
Background Information Articles online More than 400,000 student athletes participate in organized NCAA sports, as of 2010 Student athletes need certain GPAs in order to participate in organized sports Minimum GPA of 1.8 after freshman year Athletes advised to take up majors that are “easier” and where there are clusters of athletes
Hypothesis Collegiate student athletes have a lower grade point average then students who do not participate in organized NCAA sports.
Target Audience Scholarly athletes Vs. Non- Athletes College Students between the ages of 18-23 Males Vs. Females
Sampling Plan Since our group consists of people that both play sports and don’t play sports, we can survey people from all teams and non-athlete college students. We were sure not to ask just friends. To ensure that it was random sampling we went to the sub at different times of the day and handed out surveys until we had enough data.
Summary of Respondents Sports: -Football -Baseball -Soccer -Wrestling -Lacrosse -Basketball -Power lifting -Field Hockey Total of 50 respondents Majors: -Education -Criminology -Biology -Accounting -Psychology -Engineering -EES -Communications -Business
Method of Survey Administration Surveys were handed out in the SUB, and in the library. We also asked different survey questions than interview questions. Does playing sports take away from study time? If you didn’t play a sport would you have a higher GPA? Are your grades your top priority? Is studying for a test a good reason to skip class? If an athlete, are sports your top priority?
Observation is smaller than critical measure, and the A-value is smaller than the P-value
Does playing a sport impact GPA Line Fit Plot to explain GPA based on if an individual is an athlete or not an athlete Null: there is no relationship Alternative: there is a relationship
Intercept coefficient says Athletes average GPA is a 3.076 Sport coefficient= slope Positive slope Non athlete -> athlete GPA rises by .42 Coefficients
Regression Stats Rsquare= .08 8% variability in GPA Standard error= .70 70% chance there could be a mistake in the prediction Pvalue= .03 Pvalue< .05 so reject the Null There is a relationship between being an athlete or not and GPA. Athletes GPAs are lower.
Athletes GPA’s are lower than non athletes GPA’s.
Conclusion Non-athletes study more than athletes. Athletes do not spend more time studying than practicing. Student’s GPAs are higher when they study for more than 3 hours. Athlete’s GPAs are lower than non-athlete’s GPAs!
Suggestions Gather more data. Different colleges Test just one major. Make more specific. Make survey questions more specific.