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Music and Study Habits By: Dan McLoughlin Gerry Monahan Craig Santoski Cortny Sasserson
Overview Background Research Plan Data Collection Data Summary Analysis Conclusions Recommendations
Background Statement of Problem: There are many study strategies available to college students. However, some are more successful than others. Purpose of Study: To evaluate if the majority of students perceive music as a stress reliever and focus tool, or a distraction. Significance: As college students, we spend a great deal of time on academics. Successful study habits would be beneficial to our future.
External Research We found three studies dealing with music and Academia. The first study, titled: Stress Study and Music, discusses how musical elements of tone, tempo, lyric and volume stimulate creativity and focus. The second study, titled: Effects of Music on the Mind and Brain, discussed music’s positive affect on learning and mood.
External Research (cont.) The third study titled: The Effects of Music Type on Cognitive Processes, tested the effects of music on college students using Classical music, Modern rock, and a control group of students that did not listen to music. This is closely related to our research because it deals specifically with college students.
Research Planning Hypothesis: Listening to music has a positive effect on the level of focus that undergraduate college students experience while studying Research Questions: What proportion of (sample) students do not listen to music while studying? Are students who listen to music when they study more focused?
Research Questions (cont.) 3.Are most students with quantitatively higher GPAs listening to music while they study? Are there more females than males who listen to music while studying? How often do students get distracted while they are studying? Which type of music is most listened to by students when studying? Are certain study locations quieter than others?
Data Collection Method 1: Observation Target Audience: Students studying in Basement, 1st, 2nd floor of the library Student Center computer lounge Stark 1st floor lounge Method 2: Paper Survey Target Audience: First year students in Evans Upperclassmen in towers
Observation Criterion How focused does the participant appear to be? Are there distractions in the studying environment? Are they listening to music? (Y or N) Method of Study Group Individual Participant Gender Male Female Study Location
Survey Questions Age Sex: M F Class: F So Jr. Sr. Other What is your cumulative GPA? (4.0-3.5) (3.49-3.0) (2.99-2.5) (2.49-2.0) (1.99-1.5) (1.49-0.1) 5. About how many hours a week do you study? 6. Do you listen to music while you study? 7. If so, how often do you listen to music when you study? NeverSometimesHalf of the time Often Always 8. What type of music do you listen to when you study? 9. What is your favorite type of music? Rate the level of distraction that you usually experience in your study area. (1 silent, 5 rowdy) 1 2 3 4 5
Data Summary 10 observations in each location. 55 total observations obtained. 29 paper surveys returned. 84 total responses to study
Analysis Due to the fact that our data collection focuses primarily on qualitative data as opposed to quantitative data, we can not perform tests for probability or accurately represent measures of center. In an effort to clearly analyze the data, we have done multiple proportion tests to determine the relationship between music and studying habits.
Report Summary The number of students who study and listen to music were split half and half. More students who listened to music while studying had higher GPA’s than those who did not. Students who listen to music tend to study in more distracting environments. It was more common for undergraduate students to listen upbeat music while studying (rap, pop, punk, ska, rock)
Report Summary (Cont.) Males listen to music while studying more than females. Most college students listen to music while studying. Students who listen to music while studying are more focused. Most college students listen to upbeat music while they study.
Report Summary (Cont.) The library is a quieter place to study than other locations on campus. Listening to music while studying has an impact of .8% on your GPA. There is some relationship between listening to music while studying and your GPA.
Recommendations and Impact Based on the findings of our study, we would recommend that students should listen to music while studying. It was proven that those who listen to music while studying are more focused, have higher GPA’s, and can study better in distracting environments. As a result it would be beneficial for students to listen to music while studying. The impact of this study was positive in that is raised confidence in this particular study method.
Suggested Improvements Wider distribution of paper survey. Upper classmen More detailed focus on the effects of genre and elements of music. Increased collection and use of quantitative data.