FINAL PROJECT Courtney Matus, Kevin O’Hara, Ryan Baicher, and Omar Baradah
Target audience Wilkes University Students. Football players Respondent: Female Male
Data collected 17 males, 12 females 24 people between the ages of 19-25 3 people between the ages of 26-31 2 people 32 and older
Sampling Plan Find How many sample size we need. Set up around 40 questions and then, pick up the more beneficial questions to our project. Type our survey questions and pass them out to Wilkes students around the campus. Record the result of each survey question Collect and organize the data to make it ready to use it in our project testing & analysis.
Survey Method Used Survey papers method. Location: Basement, 1st & 2nd Floor of Wilkes Farley library. Henry Student Center.
Survey Questions Gender : Male Female 2. Age: Under 18 19-25 26-31 32&older 3. What kind of sport do you participate in? Football Baseball Basketball Soccer hockey Volleyball Softball Lacrosse. 4. How many games/practices do you participate in every week? 5. Have you ever had a concussion? Yes No 6.Have you ever had a sports related concussion? Yes No
Survey Questions (cont) On a scale 1-5 how sever do you believe these injuries are 5 being the most sever:
1 2 3 4 5
Broken bone ?
1 2 3 4 5
1 2 3 4 5
1 2 3 4 5 11. What sport do you think related concussions occur the most in? Football Baseball Basketball Soccer hockey Volleyball Softball Lacrosse
Injuries among college students College students involved with sports/extracurricular activities Belief that injuries are increasing among college athletes Rushing of recovery process
Research Question “Is there an increase in the amount of concussions among college students that are physically active?” Surveying students who participate in sports Surveying students that are not physically active
Hypothesis “We believe that after surveying college students, the leading cause in sport related injuries are concussions.” Audience Targeted: College student athletes Non athletes
WebMD Article Rise of concussions in younger generation Number of concussions while playing on sports teams has doubled in past decade Most concussions occur from football and hockey Factors that increase concussions Sports are more competitive Kids are bigger than in the past
University of Pitt Article Among college football players: 34%/1 concussion 20%/multiple concussions Suffering from a second concussion while still having symptoms from a previous could be fatal.
Pitt Article cont How severe people view concussions Physicians and trainers disagreement about recovery time Athletes return too soon which can result in more injuries
Measure of Center
Hypothesis Tests Tested which gender suffered more concussions Proportion test Two-sample test
Hypothesis tests Tested sports-related concussions versus non-sports related concussions Two-sample test Proportion
Hypothesis Tests Tested how severe concussions are viewed as between people who’ve suffered from concussions versus those who have not. Two-sample Mean
Restate the Relevant Findings Articles state there is an increase in concussions over the past decade. Concussions can be fatal Doctors believe the recovery process is rushed by trainers and athletes
Relevant Findings Hypothesis Tests: Males do suffer from more sports related concussions than females There are more sports-related concussions than non-sports related concussions Students who suffered from concussions rank them more severe then people who have not endured a concussion.
Methods of Improvement Larger pool of participants More detailed questions Survey for coaches/trainers Interview with athletes that suffered from a concussion Interview with non-athletes
Further Research Rising concussions among elementary/high school students Long term effects of concussions Ways to prevent concussions Recovery time after suffering from concussion