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Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle
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Disease Process in Animals: Foot Rot in Cattle

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Foot Rot, Cattle Disease, Fusobacterium necrophorum, Bacteroides melaninogenicus, animal susceptibility to disease, disease susceptibility in animals, why disease in animals occurs, what is foot rot, …

Foot Rot, Cattle Disease, Fusobacterium necrophorum, Bacteroides melaninogenicus, animal susceptibility to disease, disease susceptibility in animals, why disease in animals occurs, what is foot rot, what happens in foot rot, disease process of foot rot in cattle, treatment of foot rot in cattle, prevention of foot rot in cattle

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  • 1. Disease Process in Animals foot rot in cattle b.stev
  • 2. <ul><li>THIS is due to SUSCEPTIBILTY from : </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma from the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive moisture to the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Irritants (sprays/ foilage/ clothing) </li></ul><ul><li>Bites (insect/ predator) </li></ul><ul><li>The dimensions of the animal </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure of the feet to contaminants </li></ul>MICROBES grow infection (Hirsh .D. C, MacLachlan .N. J & Walker .R.L, 2004)
  • 3. what is FOOT ROT ? ACUTE inflammation: skin & tissue > inter-digital cleft LESION often accompanies this CATTLE in muddy areas are especially prone: dairy/ beef
  • 4. usually: 1 - 2 cattle at a time: though, OUT-BREAKS to certain situations occur due to conditions& work of the animal/s <ul><li>Infection is from microbes: </li></ul><ul><li>Fusobacterium necrophorum </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteroides melaninogenicus </li></ul>CAUSES: muddy/ poorly drained pens OR pastures (University of Florida, 2008)
  • 5. WHAT HAPPENS? WET ground , faeces , mud softens the skin - microbes then enter through small abrasions ie: a stone bruise/ thorn/ wood/ frozen faeces
  • 6. occurs : HIND feet most often PROMPT diagnosis saves time/ money & the loss of production from the animal SIGNS: raises the foot - reluctance to move loss of appetite, weight/ impaired gait (University of Florida, 2008)
  • 7. animal/s are cleaned for inspection – the VET needs to ensure it is foot rot LARGE HERDS: feed additive, a control measure ALSO: - chlortetracycline - oxytetracycline ANTIMICROBIAL THERAPY ie: antibiotic given 3 - 5 days TREATMENT: Vetinerary Inspection is required (Cattle Today Inc, 2008)
  • 8. WITH severe foot rot : removal of a CLAW may by necessary RECOVERY : animal has a single claw NEGLECT to the animal would cause a significant cost in treatment & loss of economic production from the animal
  • 9. <ul><li>the trimming of claws </li></ul><ul><li>footbath with : </li></ul>PREVENTION: <ul><li>ground is maintained: </li></ul>(Cattle Today Inc, 2008) <ul><li>mudholes filled </li></ul><ul><li>pools drained </li></ul><ul><li>areas fenced </li></ul><ul><li>drains set in </li></ul><ul><li>copper sulphate </li></ul><ul><li>zinc sulphate </li></ul>
  • 10. Bibliography University of Florida. (2008). Foot rot in cattle. Retrieved September 28, 2008 from http//:www.edis.ifas.ufl.edu/VM068 - 13k - Cattle Today, Inc. (2008). Cattle diseases –footrot . Retrieved September 28, 2008, from http://cattletoday.info/footrot.htm Hirsh .D. C, MacLachlan .N. J & Walker .R.L. (2004). Veterinary microbiology- google book result. Retrieved September 27, 2008, from books.google. co.nz/books?isbn=0813803799 …

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