MakingGeneralizations Using what you read & What you already know
When you read, you may seeideas about groups of people, animals, or things.
What you read & what you alreadyknow helps you to make a general statement about a group. This is called a:Generalization .
Making generalizations Think about the group you are reading about. How are they alike OR mostly alike? ORWhat do they have in common?
Why make generalizations? Generalizations areimportant because they help us to understand more about what we read.
Let’s Practice….Read the following passage. Think aboutthe things that are being talked about.Ask yourself:How are they alike or mostly alike? OR What do they have in common?
All birds have wings. But not allbirds can fly. Birds that do not fly arecalled flightless birds. The penguin isone example. It uses its wings toswim underwater. Ostriches andemus flap their wings when they wantto scare an enemy. Rheas use theirwings like rudders when they arerunning from an enemy. There iseven a kind of small parrot that climbstrees and then uses its wings toparachute to the ground.
What can you say in general about flightless birds?1. All flightless birds are large.2. Flightless birds have different uses for their wings.3. Flightless birds are fast runners.4. The wings of flightless birds are useless.
Ants are one of the most widespreadinsects in the world. Ants are calledsocial insects because they live incolonies made up of other ants. Acolony may have a few dozen or severalmillion ants living in it. Ants in a colony are divided intodifferent groups. Worker ants look forfood and take care of the young. Soldierants defend the nest from invaders.The queen ant lays eggs. These arethe three main groups in a ant colony.
What generalization can you make about ants based upon your reading?1. All ants live in large colonies.2. All ants work to defend the colony.3. All ants in a colony have a job.
About 20% of Americans haveallergies. Allergies can range frommildly annoying to deadly. An allergy isan overreaction of a person’s immunesystem to something that is harmless. Many people are allergic to dust,pollen, or mold. Some people areallergic to certain kinds of food,perfume, or medicines. An allergymight cause sneezing, coughing, or arash. Sometimes, an allergy is sosevere, it can lead to death.
What generalization can you make about allergies based upon your reading?1. All allergies are deadly.2. Allergies can cause different reactions in different people.3. Everyone has allergies.