0
Dispersing the Clouds
    on Business Models
for the Future Internet



                                     Arian Zwegers...
Overview

•   Future Internet
    –   Today’s Internet
    –   Problems and opportunities
    –   Different perspectives
 ...
Future Internet
                                            Today’s Internet




Adapted from Zwegers (2008) and Li (2009)
Future Internet
                                                     Today’s Internet




                                ...
Future Internet
                                                                   Today’s Internet
               Communi...
Future Internet
                                                                   Today’s Internet
               Communi...
Future Internet
                      World Internet Penetration Rates
                                by Geographic Regio...
Future Internet
    Current/emerging problems and opportunities


• Current Internet was never designed to be a critical
 ...
Future Internet
        What is it?
Future Internet
                                                          Different perspectives
Internet of Services, Ser...
Future Internet
                                                    Internet of Services Vision


                        ...
Internet of Services
Cloud Computing – Everything old is new again?




   Adapted from Venugopalan, 2009
   http://www.ny...
Internet of Services
        Cloud Computing – Everything is renamed?


"The interesting thing about cloud computing is
 t...
Internet of Services
                                     Cloud Computing – What is it?



Cloud computing is a model for ...
Internet of Services
Cloud Computing – What is different?




       Source: Gartner, 2008
Internet of Services
     Cloud Computing – Every cloud has a silver lining


                                            ...
Internet of Services
                                                 SaaS, a silver bullet?


Drivers
• Maintenance fees ...
Internet of Services
                                                 SaaS, a silver bullet?


Drivers                    ...
Internet of Services
 Billions of services vs service parks/ecosystems?


Billions of services                     Service...
Internet of Services
Shared vision vs independent thinking?
Business Models
                                Some factors to consider (1/2)


•   Generative technology vs Tethered App...
Business Models
                             Some factors to consider (2/2)



• Services
  – From shrink-wrapped, package...
Business Models
                            Business Strategies (1/2)



• Protection of intellectual property
  – Patents...
Business Models
                             Business Strategies (2/2)



• Standards
  – Openness, interoperability
    a...
So?


• Where is Europe?
• “Web 3.0 = Google Inc?”
• Issues with Internet of Services and Cloud
  Computing
• What can Eur...
WP2009-10
          7th Framework Programme (2007-2013)




                                        Biotechnology
        ...
WP2009-10
                                                            ICT WP2009-2010, ~2 B€ total

                      ...
WP2009-10
                                                                              Challenge 1


Call 4              ...
WP2009-10
Internet of Services, Software and Virtualisation
WP2009-10
    Objective 1.2, Problems and opportunities (1/2)


•   Issues with service architectures and platforms
     –...
WP2009-10
    Objective 1.2, Problems and opportunities (2/2)


•   Issues with very large, dynamic, open service networks...
WP2009-10
                                Objective 1.2, Expected Impact


•   Service development, management and interop...
WP2009-10
            Current FP7 projects under Objective 1.2



        Service front-ends
        FAST, m:Ciudad, OPEN,...
And now what?


       WE have a problem!
What are YOU going to do about it?
Conclusions


• Future Internet is happening
• Internet of Services is a major element of
  Future Internet
• Issues with ...
Questions?
For more information


FP7
 FP7
http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/
 http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/
http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict...
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20090630 Business models for the Internet of Services

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Presentation about some factors and considerations with business models for the Internet of Services, for International Theseus symposium, Berlin (Germany), 30 June 2009

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Transcript of "20090630 Business models for the Internet of Services"

  1. 1. Dispersing the Clouds on Business Models for the Future Internet Arian Zwegers European Commission Information Society and Media Directorate General Software & Service Architectures and Infrastructures Unit
  2. 2. Overview • Future Internet – Today’s Internet – Problems and opportunities – Different perspectives – Internet of Services vision • Internet of Services – Cloud Computing – What is it? – Cloud Computing – Market values – Some issues for debate • Business models – Some factors to consider – Business strategies • WP2009-10 – Objective 1.2
  3. 3. Future Internet Today’s Internet Adapted from Zwegers (2008) and Li (2009)
  4. 4. Future Internet Today’s Internet Cable Mobile VPN Public Internet Satellite Broadcast PSTN Adapted from Zwegers (2008) and Li (2009)
  5. 5. Future Internet Today’s Internet Communication Resources Instant messaging IaaS Free email Cable Mobile VPN PaaS Search Public Internet SaaS engines Business Services Satellite Broadcast Information PSTN Virtual Worlds Sharing files Social & Professional Other content-related networks Content services Adapted from Zwegers (2008) and Li (2009)
  6. 6. Future Internet Today’s Internet Communication Resources Instant messaging IaaS Free email Cable Mobile VPN PaaS Search Public Internet SaaS engines Business Services Satellite Broadcast Information PSTN Virtual Worlds Sharing files Social & Professional Other content-related networks Content services Adapted from Zwegers (2008) and Li (2009)
  7. 7. Future Internet World Internet Penetration Rates by Geographic Regions 247 / 337 21 / 34 390 / 804 • 480,000,000: newspapers (daily) • 1,500,000,000: TV 166 / 581 use sets in • 1,700,000,000: credit cards 46 / 197 • 2,250,000,000: tooth brushes in use 650 / 3,780 • 4,000,000,000: mobile phone subscriptions 54 / 975 Source: http://www.slideshare.net/hirsch30/social-mobile-convergence-in-gaming
  8. 8. Future Internet Current/emerging problems and opportunities • Current Internet was never designed to be a critical part of an economy’s infrastructure • Net-delivered services are reshaping the world (search, media, games, social networking, etc.) • Tripling of the number of people connected (1 3 B) • Addition of billions—perhaps even hundreds of billions—of devices (sensors, tags, micro controllers) • User generated content leads to a massive increase of creative flow of content and processes • Balance the perceived need for control with the creativity that spawns innovation—and profit? • Towards tethered appliances or generative technology? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAsb4gtEpaw http://iiea.com/zittrain/video.wmv http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDgxGN6cqTA
  9. 9. Future Internet What is it?
  10. 10. Future Internet Different perspectives Internet of Services, Service Web 3D Internet Trust Conway’s Law: “organisations which design systems are constrained to produce systems which are copies of the [communication] structures of these organisations” (1968) Security Networks of the Future http://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/EXPORT/DL/38496.pdf Internet of Things http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/internetofthings/ Second Life
  11. 11. Future Internet Internet of Services Vision A multitude of connected IT services, which are offered, bought, sold, used, repurposed, and composed by a worldwide network of service providers, consumers, aggregators, and brokers - resulting in - a new way of offering, using, and organising IT supported functionality Number of Web services found by SEEKDA Adapted from SAP Research, 2008, and SEEKDA, 2009 crawler during the past 26 months
  12. 12. Internet of Services Cloud Computing – Everything old is new again? Adapted from Venugopalan, 2009 http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/09/business/internet-critic-who-not-shy- about-ruffling-big-names-high-technology.html
  13. 13. Internet of Services Cloud Computing – Everything is renamed? "The interesting thing about cloud computing is that we've redefined cloud computing to include everything that we already do. I can't think of anything that isn't cloud computing with all of these announcements. The computer industry is the only industry that is more fashion-driven than women's fashion. Maybe I'm an idiot, but I have no idea what anyone is talking about. What is it? It's complete gibberish. It's insane. When is this idiocy going to stop?” Larry Ellison, 26 September 2008
  14. 14. Internet of Services Cloud Computing – What is it? Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and rapidly provisioned services) that can be and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction (Source: NIST Cloud Computing Project) Adapted from Venugopalan, 2009 Source: http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/cloud-def-v14.doc
  15. 15. Internet of Services Cloud Computing – What is different? Source: Gartner, 2008
  16. 16. Internet of Services Cloud Computing – Every cloud has a silver lining Cloud Computing ‐ EU27 Worldwide by 2012 8 000 SaaS Total • SaaS: $21bn 7 000 – 20% CAGR 6 000 • PaaS: $9bn 5 000 M€ PaaS Total 4 000 – 160% CAGR 3 000 • IaaS: $4bn 2 000 IaaS Total – 60% CAGR 1 000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Merrill Lynch: Cloud computing market opportunity by 2011 = $95bn in business and productivity apps + $65bn in online advertising = $160bn Sources: AMR, Gartner, IDC, William Blair & Co., Merrill Lynch, PAC
  17. 17. Internet of Services SaaS, a silver bullet? Drivers • Maintenance fees are the gravy train of enterprise software • Costs savings (acquisition and maintenance) • Predictability of software management costs • Complexity reduction • Increasing offerings available in the market, increasing customer choice • Increasing provider accountability Adapted from Financial Times, 27 August 2008 “The end of a software gravy train”
  18. 18. Internet of Services SaaS, a silver bullet? Drivers Inhibitors • Maintenance fees are the • “Tethered appliances” gravy train of enterprise argument (Zittrain) software • From privacy policies to • Costs savings (acquisition portability policies and maintenance) (Zittrain) • Predictability of software • Switching costs management costs • Reliability software-on- • Complexity reduction demand products/services • Increasing offerings • Perceived lack of available in the market, functionality, security, increasing customer customisation, and choice integration capabilities • Increasing provider • Putting critical information accountability off-premise? • Service provider viability Adapted from Financial Times, 27 August 2008 “The end of a software gravy train”
  19. 19. Internet of Services Billions of services vs service parks/ecosystems? Billions of services Service Parks • Everybody is a potential • Trusted services from service provider recognised brands • Everybody potentially uses • Sets of services with rules services from everybody for combining and • Requires work on service modifying them discovery, composition, • Homogeneous semantics semantics for • Guaranteed SLAs heterogeneous services • Like the old vision, but in a park only Source: Charles Petrie, Christoph Bussler “The Myth of Open Web Services – The Rise of the Service Parks” IEEE Internet Computing, May/June 2008, pp 93-95 Number of Web services found by SEEKDA crawler during the past 26 months Source: SEEKDA, 2009
  20. 20. Internet of Services Shared vision vs independent thinking?
  21. 21. Business Models Some factors to consider (1/2) • Generative technology vs Tethered Appliances – Generative technology • Configurable, processable • Development mediated through market model – Tethered applicances • Need for ‘men in white coats’ • Development mediated through company – E.g. Windows vs iPhone; or Internet vs CompuServe • Ecosystems – Variety of applications based on platform, and/or – Business partnerships, and/or – Relationships with suppliers and consumers Adapted from Li, 2009
  22. 22. Business Models Some factors to consider (2/2) • Services – From shrink-wrapped, packaged products to Software as a Service – Focus from basic network services to “more valuable” software services • Universality & Utility – Universal service: utility, affordability, accessibility, availability, quality – Utility: right to the service in question – Scarcity and market power Adapted from Li, 2009
  23. 23. Business Models Business Strategies (1/2) • Protection of intellectual property – Patents and trade secrets – Right to exclude others vs right to exclusivity • Bundling of technologies – “A superior offering” – Distribution advantages and network effects Adapted from Li, 2009
  24. 24. Business Models Business Strategies (2/2) • Standards – Openness, interoperability and market as arbiter – Defensive strategies and publishing APIs • Open source – Collective intelligence, added value, management of development process • Long tail – Market niches, smaller customers, customisation, choice Adapted from Li, 2009
  25. 25. So? • Where is Europe? • “Web 3.0 = Google Inc?” • Issues with Internet of Services and Cloud Computing • What can Europe do? Framework Programmes (National programmes) (Software strategy) (Cloud Computing workshops) (Other?) • Are we going to act (or not)?
  26. 26. WP2009-10 7th Framework Programme (2007-2013) Biotechnology 2. Food, Agriculture Production Techn. 4. Nano, Materials, COOPERATION Research 8. Socio-economic 6. Environment 7. Transport 10. Security 5. Energy 1. Health 9. Space 3. ICT € 32 B € 7.5 B IDEAS European Research Council PEOPLE Marie Curie Actions € 4.7 B Research Research for Regions of Research Science in International CAPACITIES Infrastruc- the benefit of Know- Potential Society Co-operation tures SMEs ledge € 4.2 B http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/
  27. 27. WP2009-10 ICT WP2009-2010, ~2 B€ total i2010 Socio-economic goals Flagships Digital Towards ICT for ICT for Libraries sustainable Mobility, Independent and and Environmental Living, ETPs Content personalised Sustainability Inclusion healthcare and Energy and Efficiency Governance Network and Technology roadblocks Service Future and Emerging Infrastructures Technologies Cognitive Systems, Interaction, Robotics Components, Systems, Engineering ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/fp7/ict/docs/ict-wp-2009-10_en.pdf
  28. 28. WP2009-10 Challenge 1 Call 4 Call 5 80 MEuro 37 MEuro The Future Internet 1.3 Internet of Things 1.5 Networked Media and Enterprise and 3D Internet environments Call 5 1.4 Trustworthy ICT Call 5 110 MEuro 90 MEuro 1.2 Internet of Services, Software and Virtualisation Call 4 110 MEuro 1.1 Network of the Future Call 5 Call 5 1.6 Future Internet experimental facility 80 MEuro 50 MEuro and experimentally-driven research
  29. 29. WP2009-10 Internet of Services, Software and Virtualisation
  30. 30. WP2009-10 Objective 1.2, Problems and opportunities (1/2) • Issues with service architectures and platforms – Existing web-based service front-ends are based on monolithic, inflexible, non-context-aware, non- customizable and unfriendly UIs – How to deal with many, many diverse services? – How to manage many, diverse underlying hardware and software resources? Service Architectures and Platforms for the Future Internet (CP) – Service front ends – Open, scalable, dependable service platforms, architectures, and specific platform components – Virtualised infrastructures Text in black: issues, challenges, opportunities Text in blue: Work Programme target outcomes Remember: The Work Programme text is the official reference for the call
  31. 31. WP2009-10 Objective 1.2, Problems and opportunities (2/2) • Issues with very large, dynamic, open service networks – From design time to run-time – Quality of open systems without fixed system boundaries – Opportunities with open source software and service engineering? Highly Innovative Service / Software Engineering (CP) – Service / Software engineering methods and tools – Verification and validation methods, tools and techniques – Methods, tools and approaches specifically supporting the development, deployment and evolution of open source software • Lack of coordination of current and future research efforts Coordination and support actions (CSA) Obj 1.2 Instruments: IP, STREP, CSA Call 5 Budget CP: 107 M€ 110 M€ Budget CSA: 3 M€ Remember: The Work Programme text is the official reference for the call
  32. 32. WP2009-10 Objective 1.2, Expected Impact • Service development, management and interoperability in a converged environment Contribution to Future Internet • Improving scalability, predictability, responsiveness and throughput Technological advances in software/service engineering • Infrastructure operators with innovative service offerings on scalable infrastructure More competitive environment • Standardised open (source) platforms and interfaces Lowered barriers for service providers • Innovative service front ends and higher user empowerment Massive uptake of high-added value services • Platforms enabling "third party generated services" More advanced/dynamic online communities • Flexible and resilient platforms for software/service engineering, design, development, management and interoperability Strengthened European industry for software, software services, and Web services • Tailored technologies Meeting key societal and economical needs Text in black: enablers, outcomes Text in blue: Work Programme expected impact Remember: The Work Programme text is the official reference for the call
  33. 33. WP2009-10 Current FP7 projects under Objective 1.2 Service front-ends FAST, m:Ciudad, OPEN, Persist, ServFace Service/Software Engineering (complexity, dependability) Service Architectures DEPLOY, ALIVE, SLA@SOI, SOA4ALL, OMP, Romulus, SHAPE COMPAS, DIVA, MANCOOSI, MOST, Protest, Q-ImPrESS Virtualised Infrastructures IRMOS, RESERVOIR, ADMIRE, SmartLM, STREAM Reference service architecture NEXOF-RA Network of Excellence: S-Cube Support actions NESSI 2010, Service Web 3.0, Flossinclude • 181 M€ invested, 120 M€ EC contribution • Timeframe 2008-2011 http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ssai/projects_en.html
  34. 34. And now what? WE have a problem! What are YOU going to do about it?
  35. 35. Conclusions • Future Internet is happening • Internet of Services is a major element of Future Internet • Issues with Internet of Services • Business models: ‘factors’ and strategies to consider • FP7 allows for further research in Internet of Services • Interdisciplinary research is needed for the Future Internet • Research is a means to an end
  36. 36. Questions?
  37. 37. For more information FP7 FP7 http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ Software & Service Architectures and Infrastructures Software & Service Architectures and Infrastructures http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ssai/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ssai/ Future Internet Future Internet http://ec.europa.eu/foi http://ec.europa.eu/foi http://www.future-internet.eu/ http://www.future-internet.eu/ This presentation This presentation http://www.slideshare.net/azwegers http://www.slideshare.net/azwegers E-mail E-mail Arian.Zwegers@ec.europa.eu Arian.Zwegers@ec.europa.eu
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