20090622 Amsterdam Semantics Week

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Presentation about the status of research in semantics and its take-up in Europe, for Semantic Week, Amsterdam (The Netherlands), 22 June 2009

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20090622 Amsterdam Semantics Week

  1. 1. Semantics research in Europe Vision without Execution? Arian Zwegers European Commission Information Society and Media Directorate General Software & Service Architectures and Infrastructures Unit
  2. 2. Overview • How are we doing in Europe? – In ICT in general – In semantics research • Framework Programme 7 – Future Internet – Objective 1.2 Semantics research in Europe
  3. 3. ICT Market, 2006 By region and by product • Europe is world’s largest ICT market • Europe has a large software and services market Office equipment, 1.3% Computer hardware, Rest of World, 12.2% 24.2% IT services, 20.6% Europe, End-user 33.4% communications equipment, 4.2% Software, 11.1% Japan, 14.1% Datacom and network equipment, Carrier services, 6.4% US, 28.3% 44.1% Total value = Total value = € 2,033 billion € 680 billion Semantics research in Europe Source: EITO, 2007
  4. 4. IT service providers in Europe Market Share Ranking 2007 2006 2007 IBM 11.2 7,7% 1 1 Capgemini 6.8 4,7% 3 2 Accenture 6.8 3 4,7% 2 Atos Origin 5.4 3,7% 6 4 T-Systems 5.2 3,6% 4 5 EDS 4.8 3,3% 5 6 BT 4.6 3,2% 7 7 Siemens IT 4 2,7% 11 8 Logica 3.8 2,6% 8 9 CSC 3.2 2,2% 9 10 Revenue 2007, Western Europe (in B€) Semantics research in Europe Source : Gartner IT services 2007 market share database, May 2008
  5. 5. Software providers in Europe Top 5 and top 5 EU companies Rank Company Nat. Software revenue in Europe (M €) 1 Microsoft US 9,355 For software and services: 2 IBM US 4,200 3 SAP DE 3,807 • Top 100 Western Europe: – 60% of companies from Europe 4 Oracle US 2,889 – 43% of revenues stay in Europe 5 Symantec US 1,270 9 SAGE UK 715 • US companies dominate market 13 Dassault Syst FR 469 18 Logica UK 297 • China and India coming up? 25 Software AG DE 192 Source: EuroSoftware 100 - Key players and market trends 2008, PwC Semantics research in Europe
  6. 6. ICT R&D expenditure in Europe Annual ICT R&D Expenditure (% GDP) Spending on ICT R&D in 2000 (in Billion Euro) Japan 29.2 48.8 United States European Union Finland Sweden 93.3 The Netherlands European Union USA Japan Spain United Kingdom • Europe is spending less than other regions in ICT Germany R&D France • Public ICT Spending is 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.0% 1.2% fragmented across Europe Semantics research in Europe
  7. 7. Leading Internet companies Communication Free email Resources Instant messaging RaaS Search SaaS engines Information Services Sharing files Social networks Content Semantics research in Europe
  8. 8. Leading Internet companies Communication Free email Resources Instant messaging RaaS Search SaaS engines Information Services Sharing files Social networks Content Semantics research in Europe
  9. 9. Leading Internet companies Communication Free email Resources Instant messaging RaaS Search SaaS engines Information Services Sharing files Social networks Content Semantics research in Europe
  10. 10. Leading Internet companies Communication Free email Resources Instant messaging RaaS Search SaaS engines Information Services Sharing files Social networks Content Semantics research in Europe
  11. 11. Leading Internet companies Communication Free email Resources Instant messaging RaaS Search SaaS engines Information Services Sharing files Social networks Content Semantics research in Europe
  12. 12. Semantics? What semantics? Semantics research in Europe http://searchpoint.ijs.si
  13. 13. EU Semantics research Status based on ESTC • Market follows general pattern? • Vision – Various theories, concepts, languages, frameworks, etc – Various prototype implementations – Various standardisation activities • Execution – How about technology providers? – How about take-up? – Where is the money? • Research: a means to an end!? Semantics research in Europe
  14. 14. So? • Axel Hahn: “Web 3.0 = Google Inc?” • Semantics research in Europe, exploitation in US? • What can Europe do? Framework Programmes CIP Programme (Software strategy) Other? • Are we going to act (or not)? Semantics research in Europe
  15. 15. 7th Framework Programme (2007-2013) Biotechnology 2. Food, Agriculture Production Techn. 4. Nano, Materials, COOPERATION Research 8. Socio-economic 6. Environment 7. Transport 10. Security 5. Energy 1. Health 9. Space 3. ICT € 32 B € 7.5 B IDEAS European Research Council PEOPLE Marie Curie Actions € 4.7 B Research Research for Regions of Research Science in International CAPACITIES Infrastruc- the benefit of Know- Potential Society Co-operation tures SMEs ledge € 4.2 B Semantics research in Europe http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/
  16. 16. ICT Work Programme 2009-2010 ~2 B€ total i2010 Socio-economic goals Flagships Digital Towards ICT for ICT for Libraries sustainable Mobility, Independent and and Environmental Living, ETPs Content personalised Sustainability Inclusion healthcare and Energy and Efficiency Governance Network and Technology roadblocks Service Future and Emerging Infrastructures Technologies Cognitive Systems, Interaction, Robotics Components, Systems, Engineering Semantics research in Europe
  17. 17. The Future Internet Current/emerging problems and opportunities • Current Internet was never designed to be a critical part of an economy’s infrastructure • Net-delivered services are reshaping the world (search, media, games, social networking, etc.) • Tripling of the number of people connected (1 3 B) • Addition of billions—perhaps even hundreds of billions—of devices (sensors, tags, micro controllers) • User generated content leads to big increase of creative flow of content and processes • Balance the perceived need for control with the creativity that spawns innovation—and profit? • Towards tethered appliances or generative technology? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAsb4gtEpaw http://iiea.com/zittrain/video.wmv Semantics research in Europe http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDgxGN6cqTA
  18. 18. What is the Future Internet? Semantics research in Europe
  19. 19. Future Internet Various aspects Internet of Services, Service Web 3D Internet Trust Conway’s Law: “organisations which design systems are constrained to produce systems which are copies of the communication structures of these organisations” (1968) Security Networks of the Future http://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/EXPORT/DL/38496.pdf Internet of Things Semantics research in Europe http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/internetofthings/ Second Life
  20. 20. Challenge 1 “Pervasive and Trustworthy Network and Service Infrastructures” Call 4 Call 5 80 MEuro 37 MEuro The Future Internet 1.3 Internet of Things 1.5 Networked Media and Enterprise and 3D Internet environments Call 5 1.4 Trustworthy ICT Call 5 110 MEuro 90 MEuro 1.2 Internet of Services, Software and Virtualisation Call 4 110 MEuro 1.1 Network of the Future Call 5 Call 5 1.6 Future Internet experimental facility 80 MEuro 50 MEuro and experimentally-driven research Semantics research in Europe
  21. 21. Internet of Services Vision A multitude of connected IT services, which are offered, bought, sold, used, repurposed, and composed by a worldwide network of service providers, consumers, aggregators, and brokers - resulting in - a new way of offering, using, and organising IT supported functionality Number of Web services found by SEEKDA Adapted 2008, Stockholm Europe 2008, and SEEKDA, 2008 Semantics research in eChallenges from SAP Research, crawler during the past 26 months
  22. 22. Objective 1.2: Internet of Services, Software and Virtualisation Semantics research in Europe
  23. 23. ICT Work Programme 2009-2010 Objective ICT-2009.1.2: Internet of Services, Software and Virtualisation Target outcomes a) Service Architectures and Platforms “semantic interoperability for the Future Internet should be supported” – Service front ends – Open, scalable, dependable service platforms, architectures, and specific platform components – Virtualised infrastructures b) Highly Innovative Service / Software Engineering – Service / Software engineering methods and tools – Verification and validation methods, tools and techniques – Methods, tools and approaches specifically supporting the development, deployment and evolution of open source software c) Coordination and support actions Remember: The Workprogramme text is the official reference for the call Semantics research in Europe
  24. 24. Current FP7 projects under Objective 1.2 Service front-ends FAST, m:Ciudad, OPEN, Persist, ServFace Service/Software Engineering (complexity, dependability) Service Architectures DEPLOY, ALIVE, SLA@SOI, SOA4ALL, OMP, Romulus, SHAPE COMPAS, DIVA, MANCOOSI, MOST, Protest, Q-ImPrESS Virtualised Infrastructures IRMOS, RESERVOIR, ADMIRE, SmartLM, STREAM Reference service architecture NEXOF-RA Network of Excellence: S-Cube Support actions NESSI 2010, Service Web 3.0, Flossinclude • 181 M€ invested, 120 M€ EC contribution • Timeframe 2008-2011 Semantics research in Europe http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ssai/projects_en.html
  25. 25. And now what? WE have a problem! What are YOU going to do about it? Semantics research in Europe
  26. 26. Conclusions • March 2008 – Semantic interoperability: a hard problem – Various working groups in the area – Future Internet likely overarching theme, with semantic interoperability included • June 2009 – European ICT market largely dominated by non-EU players – EU industry exploitation and take-up of EU funded research in semantics is unclear – FP7 allows for further research in semantics Semantics research in Europe
  27. 27. Questions? Semantics research in Europe
  28. 28. For more information FP7 FP7 http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ Software & Service Architectures and Infrastructures Software & Service Architectures and Infrastructures http://cordis.europa.eu/software-services http://cordis.europa.eu/software-services Future Internet Future Internet http://ec.europa.eu/foi http://ec.europa.eu/foi http://www.future-internet.eu/ http://www.future-internet.eu/ E-mail E-mail infso-st@ec.europa.eu infso-st@ec.europa.eu Semantics research in Europe

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