The tragedy and comedy originated in Greece in the festivals of Dionysus in the 6 th and 5 th centuries B.C.
Further Detail The first known tragedy was by Thespis of Icaria around 534 B.C. Of all Greek drama, only the works of Aeschyus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes survived. Fortunately, these playwrights were considered to be among the finest.
A melodrama with songs and dances. It is a three in one act play.
Meant to make the mass feeling towards any emotional reaction sublime.
Further Detail The zarzuela replaced the moro-moro at the beginning of the American rule. Early zarzuelas were nationalistic. Examples: Pag-ibig sa Lupang Tinubuan by Pascual Poblete Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas by Aurelio Tolentino Malaya by Tomas Remigio The zarzuelas were banned by American authorities and Poblete and Tolentino were jailed.
A puppet drama. The puppets are extremely complex.
The puppeteers are often visible on stage.
Founded 1864 in Osaka.
Further Details The puppets height range from 2 ½ to 4 feet tall. The mouth, tongue, eyelids, etc. can be manipulated and some can even transform into a demon's face The most popular subject for these plays was the lovers' double suicide
The oldest form, focuses on patriotism and filial devotion. Music and action are meant to play on the audience's emotion.
Sin Pan Shi
This play presents civil and military condidtions. It differs from the Vun Pan Shi in the manner of singing certain roles and in the acting.
Vun Min Shi
The Modern Play. Colloquial dialects are allowed instead of Mandarin
Further Detail Until the Communist takeover in 1949, selected and modified traditional operas and dramas were staples of the Chinese theater. War plays were also common but as a whole, theater was varied and modern. Plays became more contemporary, focusing on social unrest and oppression by the wealthy. Under Communist rule, Chinese drama was used to condemn and deviations from Mao Tse Tung's philosophy.