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Oral presentation orbit2012_cleanfeed

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AZTI-Tecnalia participó en el congreso ORBIT 2012 “Global Assessment for Organic Resources and Waste Management” (www.orbit2012.fr) que tuvo lugar del día 12 al 15 de junio de 2012 en Rennes (Francia) …

AZTI-Tecnalia participó en el congreso ORBIT 2012 “Global Assessment for Organic Resources and Waste Management” (www.orbit2012.fr) que tuvo lugar del día 12 al 15 de junio de 2012 en Rennes (Francia) con la presentación oral “Vegetable wastes characterization for feed production in the Basque country”.

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  • 1. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYDAVID SAN MARTINSUSTAINIBILITY AREA - FOOD RESEARCH DIVISION www.azti.es 11/23/12 1
  • 2. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ORGANIC WASTES GENERATION: POPULATION GROWING UP ↑ NATURAL RESOURCES NEED WASTE GENERATION 1.- MANAGEMENT COSTS FOR COMPANIES FEED PRODUCTION 2.- ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS 3.- OPORTUNITY www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 3. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS THE MAIN OBJECTIVE CHARACTERIZATE VEGETABLE WASTES PRODUCTION IN ORDER TO DETERMINATE THE FEASIBILITY OF THEIR INCLUSION IN FEED FORMULATION A. Make a FULL INVENTORY of the vegetable waste generation. B. Take SAMPLES of each by-product and ANALYZE them:  Proof the HYGIENIC ASPECTS  Study their NUTRITIONAL PROFITABILITY to be converted into animal feed. www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 4. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS FULL INVENTORY SECTORS IDENTIFICATION AND INVENTORY  Consulting previous STUDIES and public and private DATABASES;  Contrasting datas with the ASSOCIATIONS of each sectors;  Making QUESTIONNAIRES to main representative companies www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 5. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS SAMPLING SAMPLING PLAN: to ensure the REPRESENTATIVENESS of all samples  SEASONAL VARIABILITY: SPRING, SUMMER-AUTUMN AND WINTER  150 KG OF VEGETABLE WASTE:  A SAMPLE (10KG): ANALYZED  B SAMPLE (10KG): FROZEN -20 ºC  MARKET SECTOR BY-PRODUCTS DIVIDED INTO:  CITRIC FRUITS  NON-CITRIC FRUIT  OTHER VEGETABLES SAMPLES HAS BEEN CRUSHED www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 6. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ANALYTICAL PARAMETERS UNDESIRABLE SUBSTANCES: ELIKA: Basque Foundation for Agro-Food Safety –Legal requirements of raw material for animal feed [Nitrites levels / Myco-toxins / Pesticides / Heavy metals / Microbiological analysis / Dioxins] NUTRITIONAL PARAMETERS: EPEA: Feed Manufacturers Association of the Basque Country –Feed-market needs & Technical requirements [Moisture / Ash / Protein / Fiber / Starch / Fat / Sugars / Caffeine / pH] www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 7. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS FULL INVENTORY Vegetable Waste DISPERSION and GENERATION SECTOR Nº of CENTERS VEGETABLE WASTES (Tm) Markets Potato Cider TOTAL TOTAL Wine Horticulture > 1.600 centers > 25.000 tons Bread Coffee www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 8. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ANALYTICAL RESULTS: All analytical results are related to the MOISTURE CONTENT of each by-product. MARKET > 85 % (83,66-92,44%) POTATOES 75 % (72-81%) CIDER 75 % WINE > 65 % (61-71%) HORTICULTURE > 90 % BREAD 20 % COFFEE 3,5 % www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 9. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS UNDESIRABLE SUBSTANCES MYCO-TOXINS BELOW the detection limits PESTICIDES BELOW the detection limits HEAVY METALS BELOW maximum legal limit MICROBIOLOGICAL BELOW maximum legal limit DIOXINS: BELOW maximum legal limits NITRITES: < 10 mg / kg Except: NECESSARY TO CONTROL  Coffee husk (Coffee): 33,3 mg / kg Maximum legal limit:  Grape pressed and bunch (Wine): 56 mg / kg 15 mg / kg. www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 10. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS NUTRITIONAL QUALITY ASH Below 0,7 % Except: Bread and Coffee’s (>2%) and Wine’s (> 1%). PROTEIN Below 1,5 % Except: Wine´s (3 %), Bread´s (10 %) and Coffee´s (20%). FIBER Below 1,5 %, Except: Coffee´s (37 %) Wine´s (11 %) and Cider´s (7%) FAT Below 0,7 % Except: Wine and Cider´s (2,5 %) and Bread´s (1,2%) SUGARS Below 1 % Except: Market and Cider´s (5 %) Wine ´s (3,5 %) and Bread´s (1,7 %) CAFFEINE Coffee´s (1,21%) www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 11. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS FULL INVENTORY COLLECTION •DISPERSION: It is necessary to 1.600 develop AN EFFICIENT TRANSPORT CENTERS MANAGEMENT PLAN CENTRALITING •PRODUCTION: POSSIBLE TO ASSIMILATE ALL 25.000 tons / year VEGETABLE WASTES (about 70% of moisture) BY THE BASQUE FEED INDUSTRY www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 12. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ANALYTICAL RESULTS •MOISTURE LEVELS: It makes MOISTURE LEVEL < 10 % ABOUT 70% necessary too high A DRYING PROCESS STABILIZE THEM IN TIME •UNDESIRABLE SUBSTANCES: FEASIBLE to use them Considering that they set as RAW MATERIAL for the maximum legal limits ANIMAL FEED It is necessary to CONTROL NITRITES LEVELS in Coffee and Wine by-products. www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 13. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ANALYTICAL RESULTS •NUTRITIONAL QUALITY IN GENERAL: GREAT BULKINESS OF VEGETAL WASTES LIMIT THEIR INCLUSION & IN FEED FORMULATION NUTRITIONAL QUALITY TO 3-6%. NO SO MUCH DIFFERENCES NOT ADVISABLE TO BETWEEN ALL VEGETAL BY- MANAGE THEM PRODUCTS SEPARATETLY. www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 14. VEGETABLE WASTES CHARACTERIZATION FOR FEED PRODUCTION IN THE BASQUE COUNTRYINTRODUCTION METHODOLOGY RESULTS & DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS FUNDED BY: • LIFE + Environment Policy and Governance Programme: LIFE 09 ENV/ES/000473. • Innovation and Food Industry Management. Environment, Territorial Planing, Agriculture and Fishing Department. Basque Government. • Environmental Quality Management. Environment, Territorial Planing, Agriculture and Fishing Department. Basque Government. COLLABORATORS: • ELIKA: Basque Foundation for Agro-Food Safety • EPEA: Feed Manufacturers Association of the Basque Country www.azti.es 11/23/12
  • 15. THANK YOU dsanmartin@azti.es www.azti.es | www.alimentatec.com | www.itsasnet.com T. +34 94 657 40 00Txatxarramendi ugartea z/g Herrera Kaia, Portualdea z/g Astondo Bidea, Edificio 60948395 Sukarrieta, Bizkaia 20110 Pasaia, Gipuzkoa Parque Tecnológico de Bizkaia 48160 Derio, Bizkaia