language and Content objectives


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  • Academic vocabulary Discipline-specific vocabulary
  • Which comes first? Chicken or egg? Content skills or academic language proficiency? Must teach content and language objectives.
  • Of course, there are many more elements of effective instruction that are applicable to all learners – for instance, teachers must establish high standards for their students, engage and motivate their students, and create supportive environments that reaffirm their students’ cultural backgrounds. However, these 6 elements have particular importance for adolescent LEP students, particularly newcomers. Content-area reading and writing is challenging to ELLs and native English speakers. Students need support with the language, text structures, and types of writing required in content classes. 40% of EOGs are content-based readings. Who is better equipped than the content teacher in comprehending history, math, science texts? Academic language : There is a strong relationship between language skills, especially vocabulary, and reading comprehension. The more words one knows the greater is comprehension. Greater comprehension leads to more reading which leads to more opportunities to learn words. This element focuses on vocabulary: breadth, depth, and new label for existing concepts as well as new concepts and the corresponding vocabulary. It also focuses on word-learning strategies. No teacher can directly teach the thousands of words students need. Thus, teachers must teach strategies. Monitoring students’ progress : ELLS vary in regards to their native language skills, content knowledge, and proficiency in English. Because of these differences ongoing assessment of students’ language, literacy, and content skills must guide instructional planning. Heterogeneous student grouping : ELLs learn from their peers. Structured opportunities for interaction on content material with advanced ELLs and native English speakers aids learning.
  • Like a road map
  • What does compare mean? What does order mean? Multiple meanings of “order”. Students will know order as in “order” at McDonalds, place your order Greater = more, large, big Greatest = most, largest, biggest Less=not as many Least=the smallest number
  • Handout T. Bauder sheet
  • At tables write a language objective for this content objective.
  • The word “scientific” here can be substituted with math, social studies, etc…
  • language and Content objectives

    1. 1. Content Objectives <ul><ul><li>Statements that identify what students should know and be able to do in particular content areas.  They support school district and state content standards and learning outcomes, and they guide teaching and learning in the classroom.  Objectives presented both in writing and orally during the launch of the lesson tell the students what the content of the lesson will be. It is revisited during the summary of the lesson to assess for understanding. </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Language Objectives are language demands of the content class <ul><ul><li>Language functions /school language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(define, describe, explain, classify, compare, summarize, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic vocabulary (discipline-specific, word forms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language structures (questions, past tense, writing a sentence, writing a paragraph). </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. What is the relationship? Content Language
    4. 4. Teach Content and Language Objectives <ul><ul><li>Link literacy instruction with content instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop academic language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence patterns </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning strategies </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Language Objectives answer the question… “ What language do students need to complete the assigned task ?” vocabulary sequence cause and effect past tense text type lab report narrative
    6. 6. Language Objectives answer the question… “ Where are the learners relative to the language expectations?” “ What strategies will help make this language accessible?” advance organizers use of cognates cooperative groups novice some experience
    7. 7. Language objectives are embedded in content objectives To determine the language objective consider the content objective or the task assigned to master the content objective
    8. 8. Math / Grade 3 1.01 Develop number sense for whole numbers c. Compare and order <ul><li>Language: vocabulary & patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>greater, greatest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>less, least </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>equal to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>x is {greater / less } than y . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>x is the {greatest / least} number in the series. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>x is equal to y . </li></ul></ul>Content number sense for whole numbers
    9. 9. Objectives <ul><ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Order numbers from least to greatest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use <, >, or = to make each sentence true. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explain to a partner why your statements are true using a number line. Use these sentence patterns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>x is {greater / less } than y . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>x is equal to y . </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Science / Grade 7 4.07 Explain the effects of environmental influences (smoking, alcohol, drugs, diet) on human health <ul><li>Language: vocabulary & patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One consequence of ________is ____________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_______ leads to/causes _____________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_______ increases the risk of ______________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>______ are more likely to ___________ than __________ . </li></ul></ul>Content Effects of environment
    11. 11. Content Objective : Explain the effects of smoking on human health. Language Objectives: <ul><ul><li>Explain to a partner the effects of smoking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One consequence of smoking is ___________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking leads to _____________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking causes _____________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking increases the risk of _____________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smokers are more likely to ___________ than nonsmokers . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the reading, highlight the effects of smoking. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Social Studies / Grade 8 2.01 Trace the events leading up to the Revolutionary War and evaluate their relative significance in the onset of hostilities. <ul><li>Language: vocabulary & patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cause & effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluate </li></ul></ul>Content Revolutionary War
    13. 13. Objectives <ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete a timeline listing the events leading up to the Revolutionary War. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the reading, highlight the colonial action in blue and the British reaction in red. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain to a partner your timeline. Use the words first , second , then to show sequence. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Objectives <ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the 3 most significant events which led to the Revolutionary War. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In writing, summarize the 3 most significant events which led to war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>_______ was the most significant event because _________________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The significance of _____cannot be overstated. It _________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>________ was also significant because _________. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Visual Arts / Grade 8 5.03 Compare and contrast relationships of works of art to one another in terms of history, aesthetics, and cultural/ethnic groups. <ul><li>Language: vocabulary & patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>X is ______ while y is _________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X is different from y in that _______ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both x and y are __________________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X is more _____________ than y . </li></ul></ul>Content Works of art
    16. 16. Content Objective: Compare Medieval and Renaissance paintings <ul><li>Language Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>Write an art critique using comparative sentence structures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>X is ______ while y is _________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X is different from y in that _______ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both x and y are __________________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X is more _____________ than y . </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Biology 2.02 Investigate and describe the structure and functions of cells… <ul><li>Language: vocabulary & patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The _____ consists of ___________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ____ is made up of _____ _____________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The _____ includes the _______________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The function of the _____ is to _________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The _____ serves to ___________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The _____ acts/serves as a ___________. </li></ul></ul>Content cells: structure function
    18. 18. Content Objective : Identify the structure of a cell. Language Objectives: <ul><ul><li>Explain to a partner the structure of a cell. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The _____ consists of ___________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ____ is made up of _____ _____________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The _____ includes the _______________. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Label cell parts on a diagram. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete a cloze text describing the structure of a cell. </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. C ontent Objective : Compare the structure of an animal cell with the structure of a plant cell. L anguage Objective : <ul><li>Describe the structure of plant and animal cells to a partner using the comparative form. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both plant cells and animal cells contain _______. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A plant cell contains a nucleus. An animal cell also contains a nucleus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant cells contain vacuoles, whereas animal cells often do not have vacuoles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant cells contain vacuoles. Animal cells, however , often do not have vacuoles. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Verbs for Language Objectives Write……. Read with a partner……. Think……… Listen……... Read………. Discuss……… Retell…….
    21. 21. Identify Content and Language Objectives <ul><li>Matching Activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pair content and language objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name what the student will do and how it will be done </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Write Language Objectives Activity Grade 6 Math: 5.03: Solve simple (one- and two-step) equations or inequalities. Content Objective: Solve two-step equations (3x-10=14) Language Objective :
    23. 23. Possible Language Objectives <ul><ul><li>Explain to a partner how to solve two-step equations. Use key vocabulary: first, second, then, combine like terms, isolate the variable, inverse operations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use commands to state the steps in solving two-step equations as your partner does them. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Write in your journal how to isolate the variable in a two-step equation. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Create a sample of language objectives <ul><ul><li>Identify objective’s components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolate key vocabulary and sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate 4 language skills: RWLS </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Maria might say “ Fast food does bad stuff to you.”
    26. 26. Guide students to use scientific phrasing… “ Research indicates that a diet of fast food can have negative impacts on a person’s physical and mental health including weight gain, skin problems, and mood swings.”
    27. 27. Keep the End in Mind!