Unit One Classification Project (Simplified 3 Minute Version)


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Unit One Classification Project (Simplified 3 Minute Version)

  1. 1. Unit One Classification Project<br />By Jennifer Tu 10C<br />
  2. 2. Definition of Classification<br />Classification is the arrangement of organisms based on similar characteristics and relationships.<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Why We Need Classification?<br />Personal safety<br />Quarantine<br />Forensics<br />Agriculture and Horticulture<br />Medicine<br />Conservation and Protection<br />
  5. 5. What are scientific names?<br />Scientific names are the names that taxonomists use to categorise and classify organisms. <br />Ailurusfulgens= Red Panda<br />Scientific Name <br />Common Name<br />
  6. 6. There are disadvantages<br />with using common names<br />
  7. 7. 1) There may be many common names given to one species<br />Small panda<br />Bear Cat<br />CokoloacaPigara<br />Thokya<br />Gambawarella<br />Lesser panda<br />Bright Panda<br />Woker<br />Himalayan Raccoon<br />Crimson Ngo<br />Red Cat<br />Common Panda<br />Wokdonka<br />Panda Chico<br />Fox Bear<br />Petit Panda<br />Wah<br />Ye<br />Fire Panda<br />Poonya<br />Red Panda<br />Panda Éclatant<br />Red Fox<br />Fire Fox<br />Panda Rojo<br />NigalyaPonya<br />Sankam<br />
  8. 8. 2)Vary from Language to Language<br />Panda Eclatant (French)<br />Panda Chico (Spanish)<br />
  9. 9. 3) Can be misleading<br />Fox<br />Bear<br />
  10. 10. 4) Scientific names show Relativeness<br />Ailurusfulgens= Red Panda<br />
  11. 11. 5) Scientific Names are recognised Universally by all biologists<br />
  12. 12. Biological Classification<br />phylogeny (classification based on genetic relativeness between organisms)<br />taxonomy (structural and physical connections between organisms)<br />evolution (relating organisms to ancestral species)<br />
  13. 13. Main categories of Classification<br />Domain<br />Kingdom<br />Phylum<br />Class<br />Order<br />Family<br />Genus<br />Species<br />
  14. 14. Ailurusfulgens Classification<br />
  15. 15. Domain-Eukarya<br />contains RNA of the Eukarya<br />Have eukaryotic cells<br />
  16. 16. Kingdom-Animalia<br />are multi-cellular organisms<br />All are heterotrophs<br />
  17. 17. Phylum-Chordata<br />Characteristics shared by chordates include a notochord, bilateral symmetry, ventral heart, complete digestive system and closed circulatory system. <br />
  18. 18. Class-Mammalian<br />All mammals have three middle ear bones, hair, a diaphragm, large cerebral cortex, four chambered heart and mammary glands.<br />Four chambered heart<br />
  19. 19. Order-Carnivora<br />Although the red panda lives on a herbivorous diet<br />retractile claws<br />robust cranial-dental features.<br />Retractile Claws<br />Cranial dental features<br />
  20. 20. Family-Ailuridae<br />share a combination of genes similar to that of skunks, weasels and raccoons.<br />
  21. 21. Genus-Ailurus<br />All genus and species names are words from Latin or Greek. <br />Ailurus is the Latinized form of the Greek word αίλουρος (ailouros), meaning “cat.” <br />
  22. 22. Species-AilurusFulgens<br />first part of scientific name: genus<br />second part of scientific name: specific name <br />scientific name for the red panda is Ailurusfulgens. <br />
  23. 23. Why Taxonomic Systems can change<br />advances in new DNA technology<br />with DNA technology, scientists have discovered new relationships between organisms<br />Therefore they are finding new ways of grouping organisms. <br />
  24. 24. Red Panda Enigma<br />centre of a controversial taxonomic enigma.<br />originally placed in the Procyonidae family due to similar characteristics. <br />Later, tests showed similarities of DNA with the Ursidae family, thus they were placed in this family. <br />But with DNA hybridization, their classification was changed.<br />
  25. 25. DNA hybridisation<br />is a technique that measures the degree of genetic distance between two different pools of DNA sequences. <br />
  26. 26. Species A DNA<br />Species B DNA<br />Heat Applied<br />DNA mixed and incubated<br />DNA sequences that are similar will bind more firmly and require more energy to separate them.<br />
  27. 27. DNA Hybridisation and Red Panda<br />Red Panda: Ailuridae Family<br />Giant Panda: Ursidae Family<br />
  28. 28. Bibliography<br />Biology-online.org 2009, ‘Classification’, Biology-online.org, http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Classification (23 September 2009)<br />Heath, T. & Platnick J. 2008, &quot;Ailurusfulgens&quot; (On-line), Animal Diversity Web http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ailurus_fulgens.html. (September 19, 2009)<br />Wikipedia-the free encyclopaedia 2009, ‘Red Panda’, Wikipedia-the free encyclopaedia, 23 September http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Panda (22 September 2009)<br />Lioncrusher ‘s Domain- Carnivora Species Information 2009, ‘The Ailuridae Family’, http://www.lioncrusher.com/family.asp?family=Ailuridae (23 September 2009)<br />Wang, X., Choudhry, A., Yonzon, P., Wozencraft, C. & Than Zaw 2008, ‘AilurusFugens’, The IUCN Red List of Endangered Species http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/714/0/full (23 September 2009)<br />
  29. 29. Bibliography (Continued)<br />Kinnear, J. & Martin, M. 2006, Nature of Biology Book 1 Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons Australia, Milton<br />Semple, A., Borger P., Cleeland, C., Jackel, S. & Pappas X. 2006, ‘Nelson Biology VCE Units 1&2’, Nelson Australia, South Melbourne<br />Evans, D., Ladiges, P., Mckenzie, J. & Sanders, Y. 2005, ‘Heinemann Biology 1, 4th edition VCE Units 1 & 2’, Heinemann Harcourt Education, Port Melbourne<br />Kaiser, G.E. 2007, ‘I.Introduction,’ Doc Kaiser’s Microbiology, 27 February http://student.ccbcmd.edu/courses/bio141/lecguide/unit1/3domain/3domain.html (23 September 2009)<br />Pidwirny, M., 2006, &quot;Biological Classification of Organisms&quot;, Fundamentals of Physical Geography, 2nd Edition. http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/9b.html (23 September 2009)<br />
  30. 30. Bibliography (Continued)<br />Myers, P. 2001, &quot;Chordata&quot;, Animal Diversity Web, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chordata.html. (23 September 2009)<br />Myers, P. & Poor, A. 2007, &quot;Carnivora&quot;, Animal Diversity Web, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Carnivora.html (23 September 2009)<br />Wund, M. & Myers, P.2005, &quot;Mammalia&quot;, Animal Diversity Web, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Mammalia.html. (accessed 23 September 2009)<br />Heath, T. & Platnic,k J. 2008, &quot;Phylum Chordata&quot; (On-line), Animal Diversity Web http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chordata.html. (19 September 2009)<br />Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopaedia 2009, ‘Classifcation,’ Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopaedia, http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761576239/classification.html (20 September 2009)<br />
  31. 31. Bibliography (Continued)<br />Trek Nature 2009, ‘Red Panda,’ Trek Nature, http://www.treknature.com/gallery/photo136997.htm (20 September 2009)<br />Microsoft Encarta 2009, ‘All About Animals,’ http://microsoftencarta-in-english.blogspot.com/2009/01/all-about-animals.html (20 September 2009)<br />Wikipedia-the free encyclopaedia 2009, ‘DNA hybridization, 13 September http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA-DNA_hybridization (20 September 2009)<br />
  32. 32. The End<br />