Georgina: Availability and Accessibility of service, Program Structure, Types of Childcare Systems </li></li></ul><li>ACTION = CLASS INVOLVEMENT<br /><ul><li>When you see a slide with the word ACTION, this means you must do whatever the action is.
The purpose of this is to keep you involved as well as focused on our slides eagerly awaiting the next ACTION!
Lets practice!</li></li></ul><li>U.S.A<br /><ul><li>Anthem: “The Star-Spangled Banner”
Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain- July 4, 1776.</li></li></ul><li>ACTION = CLAP WITH ENTHUSIASM<br />
Please Welcome our first presenter: SaminaNaseem<br />
Main Purpose of Childcare Establishment<br /><ul><li>To assist immigrant children
Gives care for poor children while their parents work
“Day care or childcare”, according to Scarr and Weinberg (1986), “ was founded……as a social service to alleviate the childcare problems of parents who had to work, and to prevent young children from wandering the streets(p.114)”.</li></li></ul><li>History of Childcare in the United States of America:<br /><ul><li>During World War 1 and 2, women were needed in the work force
Federal Government sponsored the daycares during the war
After the war ended the Federal government stopped all support for childcare
The Federal Government encouraged women to stay home with their children </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Women were not pleased with the government's stance and preferred to be involved in the work force
Some private charities established daycares in the 1850’s for the sake of working mothers
In 1854, the first New York Day Nursery was established</li></li></ul><li>Evolution of Childcare in New York<br /><ul><li>Over one half of the Preschooler’s mothers are employed
Nearly equal numbers of single parents are employed
There was a constant increase in the labor force among women since WWII
Today, parents are more in need of quality childcare
Many types of child care programs available in New York
Provide care, safety and activities that help children learn and develop.</li></li></ul><li>Childcare Agencies In New York<br /><ul><li>The Early Care and Learning Council was established in 1975
The Early Care and Learning Council is a state-wide, not for profit organization that promotes quality childcare
The ECLC (Early Care and Learning Council) works in partnership with networks of local Child Care Resource & Referral services (CCR&R)</li></li></ul><li>New York Child Care Resource & Referral Program<br /><ul><li>Helps families in finding child care
Offers Childcare Providers professional development
Serves as a source of information to employers
Encourages the government as well as the public to support the expansion of quality care</li></li></ul><li>Philosophies<br /><ul><li>The Early Care & Learning Council shares this philosophy: “All of us want a kinder nation. We know that if we begin by valuing our children and respecting each one of them for who they are, we will be kinder and more in tune to each child’s needs. Thus, children will learn kindness and peace.”
Center for Children’ Initiatives (CCI): The Center for Children’s Initiatives (CCI) believes all children have a right to start life with the best possible foundation and we provide policy makers with recommendations rooted in real life insight on the ever shifting terrain of families’ needs and those of early learning services.
New York State Office of Children and Family Services (OCFS) : The Office of Children and Family Services serves New York’s public by promoting the safety, permanency and well-being of our children, families and communities. We will achieve results by setting and enforcing policies, building partnerships and funding and providing quality services.</li></li></ul><li>Summation<br /><ul><li>The purpose for the establishment of child care in U.S.A is to help the poor and immigrated children when their parents have to work to try to survive in a new land.
During the World War 1 and 2 in U.SA, women were needed to work in the work force to make materials for war. Therefore, the Federal Government sponsored day cares so the children of the women, who work can be taken care of.
After the war ended, the Federal Government gave up all the favors for child care and advised the women to stay in their homes with their children.
The women who work didn’t like this suggestion and insisted to work rather than to stay home. Therefore, some private charities established day cares for helping these women.
Nowadays, in New York more than one half of the mothers are employed and their children are attending the child care centers.
Various types of child care services are working in New York to help parents to find an affordable and a quality child care for their children.</li></li></ul><li>ACTION = CLAP HANDS WITH ENTHUSIASM<br />
Please welcome our second presenter:Nasreen Fatima<br />
ECE is similar to a guide whose role is to lead other down new paths<br /><ul><li>Responsive to children needs
Observant and record child behavior </li></li></ul><li>Training<br /><ul><li>Training is learning new and updated information to improve the skills needed for a profession
Training requirements are different in each state. In United States, like every profession, the childcare providers must take training to strengthen his/her skills.
In the New York ongoing training and professional development is required to maintain a license.
States training requirements are high in a child care centres and less for a family childcare providers. </li></li></ul><li>Training<br />Training is but not limited to:<br /><ul><li>Less than a high school diploma
In New York, minimum education for childcare providers is just experience with high school diploma and 15 hours of annual training. Other orientation training, fire & safety, health & safety, first aid and CPR training is not necessary</li></li></ul><li>NACCRRA or National Association of Child Care Agencies<br /><ul><li>The National Association of Child Care Resource & Referral Agencies (NACCRRA), is responsible for training and quality child care.</li></ul> According to NACCRRA there are mainly two types of training:<br />Initial training <br />Ongoing training<br />
Initial Training<br /><ul><li>In initial training it is necessary to have health and safety training and child development information </li></ul>It can also include:<br /><ul><li>Previous experience
State Early Childhood endorsement, credential or certificate
College credit hours in Early Childhood Education or child development or a related field.
AA degree or a BA degree in Early Childhood Education, child development or related field.</li></li></ul><li>Initial Training Continued<br />NACCRRA recommendations:<br /><ul><li>All childcare providers required to complete a minimum of 40 hours of initial training before start working alone with children </li></li></ul><li>Ongoing Training<br /><ul><li>To maintain quality practice, ECEs must learn new facts and skills for their profession. In the USA ongoing training is required.
All child care providers should have to complete at least 24 hours of ongoing trainings that will lead to CDA credentials </li></li></ul><li>Health and Safety<br />Health and Safety training: <br /><ul><li>Identifying and reporting child abuse and neglect
Administering medications</li></li></ul><li>Where Training Can Be Found<br /><ul><li>Child Care Recourses and Referral Agencies (CCR&R), offer training and they can guide someone to training sources as well as provide support to existing child care providers
NAEYC is the national association for education of young children
National Association for Family Child Care, (NAFCC)
Early Childhood Education Training Program (ECETP) provides quality training services in New York by videoconferences.</li></li></ul><li>Hours of Training Required<br /><ul><li>Total 30 hrs of training in 2 years is required and 15 hrs of the training must be completed in the first month for the following groups:
Daycare centres</li></li></ul><li>Hours of Training Required<br /><ul><li>Registered family daycare providers required to complete 30 hrs of training for each registration period and 15 hrs out of it must be completed during first 6 months of registration
Free online mandated training of 2 hrs; credit for the topic will be issued</li></li></ul><li>Nasreen’s Summary<br /><ul><li>For the building up of a better society, ECE’s play a very important role by providing a strong foundation by developing a strong personality in children
NACCRRA is the National Association of Child Care Agencies and it recommends requirements for qualification and training to early childcare providers
CCR&R, NAEYC, NAFCC, agencies of social services, colleges, universities and some private organizations are the main resources for ECE training
There are some video teleconference training sessions available through the New York Office of Children Services as well as the University of New York
To maintain quality, child care providers must complete the required training hours
Training helps child care providers to obtain the new and updated information to improve the skills needed to provide a healthy development to children</li></li></ul><li>ACTION = CLAP HANDS WITH ENTHUSIASM<br />
Availability and Accessibility<br /><ul><li>Families may be eligible for free or low cost child care depending on their families income or reason for requiring childcare.
The Administration for Children's Services (ACS) funds free or low cost childcare for eligible families living in the state of New York.
ACS provides services through Childcare Centers as well as in Family Childcare Networks </li></li></ul><li>Types of Childcare Systems<br /><ul><li>Group Childcare Centres: Certified teachers care for your child in a licensed childcare centre. They are capable of offering childcare for ages 6 weeks up to kindergarten.
Family Childcare Networks: Childcare is provided in registered family childcare homes and licensed group family child care homes. Family childcare is available for children ages 6 weeks to 12 years.
Children with documented special needs may be eligible to receive this service up to the age of 18.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Family Childcare Homes: A provider cares for up to 6 children depending on the age of the children in the providers home. This provider must be registered by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.
Group Family Childcare Homes: A provider cares for up to 12 children depending on the age of the children in the providers home. A provider must use an assistant if more than 6 children are in attendance. This provider must be registered by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Head Start: This is a free early year educational program offered to children ages 3 – 4, who are living in very low income families.
Out of School Time (OST): This an after school program offered at no cost. It provides academics, arts, music and sports to all school age children from elementary to high school.</li></li></ul><li>ACS’s Role for Health and Safety<br /><ul><li>ACS performs regular check ups to all of their funded programs
Visits to every Family Childcare Home is performed regularly
Background checks are done on every ACS staff member as well as other family members living in a Registered Family Childcare Home; checking for records of abuse, neglect or criminal record.
A routine medical check up is conducted annually on every ACS staff member as well as members living in a Registered Family Childcare Home. </li></li></ul><li>Other Childcare Options<br /><ul><li>Higher-income families have the option of hiring an au pair or a nanny to provide in-home care.
There are no licensing requirements for being an au pair or a nanny. However, there are interview processes and agencies that can assist with this process.
Au pairs or nannies provide more than routine child care; they often assist with daily household activities, including running errands, shopping, doing laundry, preparing meals, and cleaning the house.
Universal Pre-Kindergarten (UPK): a free educational program available through the Department of Education for eligible 4 year olds.
UPK offers either a half or full day program in a local elementary schools or community based sites.
The Bureau of Child Care is the regulatory agency for child care services (public and private) operating within New York City</li></li></ul><li>THE EARLY CHILDHOOD INCLUSION NETWORK<br /><ul><li>Began in New York in the late 1980s
This network is made up of different professionals working in childcare, such as: representatives from special education and from child care, representatives from the university-based Early Childhood Direction Center, and representatives from the Health Department
This network believes, “It is critical that child care providers are empowered and supported to include children with disabilities.”
“It is critical that representatives from child care and special education come together to learn about each other's perspectives and formulate strategies for working together.”
The Early Childhood Inclusion Networks goal is focused on issues related to planning and implementing increased inclusion in ways that maintain quality child care programs for all</li></li></ul><li>Hours of Operation<br /><ul><li>Childcare Centres are generally open from 8am – 6pm, Monday through Friday.
Some Family Childcare Providers open early, stay open late, and also provide weekend hours.
Weekend hours benefit single parents who are dedicated to a profession requiring shift work.</li></li></ul><li>Program Structure<br /><ul><li>Office of Family and Child Services: The Office of Children and Family Services serves (OCFS) New York's public by promoting the safety, permanency and well-being of their children, families and communities.
The Childcare centre must have a planned program of activities which are developmentally appropriate for cognitive, social, emotional, physical and language skills
Children must be provided with a program of self-initiated, group-initiated and staff-initiated activities
A written daily schedule of program activities and routines must be provided. The program should include snack and meal periods, nap and rest periods, indoor and outdoor activities, and activities which provide children with opportunities for learning and self-expression in small and large groups
When night care is provided, this schedule must include a routine of good personal hygiene, including changing into night-clothes, brushing teeth, and washing before bed in the manner to be agreed upon between the parent(s) and the childcare provider </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The child day care center must offer a variety of materials and play equipment to the children. Such materials and equipment must be appropriate to the ages of the children and their developmental levels and interests, including children with developmental delays or disabilities, that promote the children's cognitive, educational, social, cultural, physical, emotional, language and recreational development
Children must be allowed freedom of movement and must be provided with an environment designed to develop such skills as crawling, standing, walking and running
The environment must provide children an opportunity to choose between quiet activities and active play
Daily supervised outdoor play is required for all children, except during inclement or extreme weather or unless otherwise ordered by a health care provider. Parents may request for their children to remain indoors so long as required staff/child ratios are maintained
Except while sleeping, awaking or going to sleep, an infant must not be left in a crib, playpen or other confined space for more than 30 minutes. Other than at meals or snack time, a child must not be left in a high chair for longer than 15 minutes
For children unable to nap, time and space must be provided for quiet play. Children must not be forced to rest for long periods of time. Sleeping arrangements for infants require that the infant be placed on his or her back to sleep, unless medical information is presented to the provider by the parent that shows that arrangement is inappropriate for that child
The child day care center must offer information about other community resources to families when they are in need of supportive social services not otherwise provided by the child day care center </li></li></ul><li>Summary<br /><ul><li>Within New York the availability and accessibility of childcare services are vast. Luckily New York caters to all economic classes and encourages quality childcare.
The Early Childhood Inclusion Networks began in New York in the late 1980’s. It’s goal is focused on issues related to planning and implementing increased inclusion in ways that maintain quality child care programs for all
Administration for Children's Services (ACS) funds free or low cost childcare for eligible families living in the state of New York.
Childcare centers/services are regulated and monitored to ensure quality childcare.
Program Structures vary but maintain the same goal through the The Office of Children and Family Services (OCFS)
There are many types of Childcare Systems available in New York such as Family Childcare Homes, Group Family Childcare Homes, Head Start, Out of School Time (OST), Universal Pre-Kindergarten (UPK)
The Bureau of Child Care is the regulatory agency for child care services (public and private) operating within New York City</li></li></ul><li>Source of Information<br /><ul><li>Essentials of Early Childhood Education; Carol Gestwicki, Jane Bertrand
http://www.earlychildhoodnyc.org/education/http://getstarted.childcareware.org/en/training/types-of-training#PreserviceTraining</li></li></ul><li>Source of Information<br /><ul><li>http://www.ecetp.pdp.albany.edu/about_ecetp.shtm