i-COME 2010


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i-COME 2010

  1. 1. safurah abdul jalil uniKL khaizuran abdul jalil uiam azmi abdul latiff UTHM Johor i-COME 2010 Bayview Hotel, Malacca
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Advancement in Internet technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 has enabled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>User-generated content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of online community </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Social Media <ul><li>Emergence of Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increases popularity of social media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>due to the nature of social media, built on the ideological and technological foundation of Web 2.0 (Kaplan and Heinlein, 2010). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social media landmark statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>has more than 13 million articles in 200 languages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If is a country, it ranked 4 th in population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ s growth rate is 1400% </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Impact of Social Media <ul><li>establishment of online community </li></ul><ul><li>gaining prominence among Malaysians </li></ul><ul><li>Very popular among young people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15 thousands FB users in Malaysia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>are college students. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Objectives of study <ul><li>to find out the pattern of media use amongst Malaysian youth </li></ul><ul><li>to analyze the usage of social </li></ul><ul><li>media amongst Malaysian youth </li></ul><ul><li>to examine the possible effects of </li></ul><ul><li>the usage of social media amongst </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysian youth. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social Media: definition <ul><li>“ Anything that uses the Internet to facilitate conversations” (Solis and Breakenridge, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>“ A group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0, and that allow the creation and exchange of User Generated Content.” (Kaplan and Haenlein , 2010) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Methodology <ul><li>The target population : undergraduate students in higher learning institutions in Malaysia. Convenience sampling was adopted. </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology : survey method was chosen as it enabled the researchers to gather confidential information from a large group in a cost-effective and efficient manner. </li></ul><ul><li>Instrument: Self-administered questionnaire. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The questions measured demographic variables, usage of social media and traditional mass media, media influence, trustworthiness of the media and privacy of users. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Procedure: Pre testing February prior to data collection in March 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis: SPSS. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Summary of findings <ul><li>Categories of Social Media </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Photo-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Audio/music sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Livecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Social bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Others… </li></ul>
  9. 9. Popular social media among the youths <ul><li>Social networking is the most popular media. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FB is the most popular platform. 47% used it everyday. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video-sharing is the 2 nd most popular media. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro-blogging is the least used. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Media use, influence and trustworthiness <ul><li>Media use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While Internet, hand phone and social media hold higher percentages of high usage, the data shows that high usage of other media especially newspaper was quite high with the percentages was above 50%. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Media use, influence and trustworthiness <ul><li>Influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The media that had the most influence on the respondents was the Internet (60%) followed by hand phone (55%) and both television and social media (34%). </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Media use, influence and trustworthiness <ul><li>Trustworthiness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALWAYS trusted the information delivered through: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>television (31%) and newspaper (30%) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOMETIMES trusted the information given by radio (49%), social media (49%), hand phone (47%), magazine (46%) and Internet (45%). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The media that ALWAYS influenced their FAMILY COMMUNICATION was the Internet (28%) followed by television (24%) and newspaper (22%). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Privacy of personal information <ul><li>More than half stated that they only shared their personal information with friends (68%) and disagreed that their personal information (67%) and personal pictures (57%) were open to the public. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the respondents also indicated that their personal updates were meant for their friends only (66%). However they were more open in sharing their pictures with friends of friends and sharing personal information with acquaintances (63% and 53% respectively). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>The findings of this study illustrated the pattern of media use, media influence and trustworthiness of the selected sample and generally it showed that both mass media and social media were equally used by the youth. It could be argued that social media complemented the mass media and they were part and parcel of the youths’ daily communication and life. </li></ul>