Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

2 hrly gs ch 08 vertebrates part 1

286

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
286
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Vertebrates Chapter
  • 2. Animal Kingdom Invertebrates Vertebrates Animals without a Backbone or Spinal Column Animals with a Backbone or Spinal Column
  • 3. Invertebrates Jellyfish Snail
  • 4. Butterfly Starfish
  • 5. Octopus Shrimp
  • 6. Cold-blooded Animals • They take on the temperature of their surroundings • They are hot when their environment is hot and cold when their environment is cold • In hot environments  can have blood that is much warmer than warm-blooded animals
  • 7. • In warm environment  more active • In cold environment  sluggish and lazy – This is because their muscle activity depends on chemical reactions which run quickly when it is hot and slowly when it is cold. Period of inactivity is called aestivation (hibernation)
  • 8. Warm-blooded Animals • Try to keep the inside of their bodies at a constant temperature. – In a cooler environment  by generating their own heat – In a hotter environment  by cooling themselves when they are hot. • To generate heat, warm-blooded animals convert the food that they eat into energy.
  • 9. Types of Food-eating Animals • Carnivorous  Animals that eat other animals • Herbivorous  only eat vegetables • Omnivorous  eat both meat and plants
  • 10. Vertebrates Vertebrates are further divided into five main groups: – Pisces  Fish – Amphibia  Amphibians – Reptilia  Reptiles – Aves  Birds – Mammalia  Mammals
  • 11. Pisces • They are aquatic and live in different habitats – Fresh water, Salt water, Ocean, Rivers – Except Dead Sea • Fish are cold-blooded • Skin  Scales • Means of locomotion  fins
  • 12. • Respiration  Through gills – Exception: Lung-fish, and snake-head fish have two respiratory systems Lung Fish Snakehead Fish
  • 13. • Eating habit – Carnivorous  Angler fish, Shark, Wolf fish, Catfish, Snakehead – Herbivorous  Trout, Goldfish, Scat, Pacu, Clown fish – Omnivorous  Panda corydoras, Swordfish, Piranha
  • 14. Carnivorous Fish Vampire Fish Shark
  • 15. Wolf Fish Angler Fish
  • 16. Herbivorous Fish Goldfish Rainbow Trout
  • 17. Clown Fish Tuna
  • 18. Omnivorous Fish Piranha Panda corydoras
  • 19. Swordfish
  • 20. • Live both on land and water Amphibians • Cold-blooded • Egg-lying – Immature life in water  Gills – Adults live on land  Lungs and absorption through skin • Slimy skin  absorb moisture and oxygen through skin – Without moist conditions, their skin dries out and they die.
  • 21. • Habitat – Mostly often found near ponds, marshlands, swamps, and other areas where freshwater is available • Locomotive organs – Young ones  tail – Adult  Legs • Examples – Frog, Toad, Salamander, Axolotl, Blind olm
  • 22. Toad Frog
  • 23. Poison Dart Frog Salamander
  • 24. Axolotl Axolotl
  • 25. Blind Olm Red-spotted Newt
  • 26. • Cold-blooded Reptiles • Skin  Dry, Tough and Scaly – As a reptile grows, it sheds its outer layer of skin. • Tetrapods  two sets of paired limbs • Sprawling posture  the upper legs join the body at the sides.
  • 27. • Respiration  Lungs • Hearing organs – Lack outer ears – Inner ear  respond to vibrations • Capable of regeneration – Lizard • Longevity – Tortoise and turtles live up to 150 years – Crocodiles can live up to 100 years
  • 28. Herbivorous Reptiles Tortois e Prehensile tailed skink
  • 29. Pogona Vitticeos Mali Uromastyx
  • 30. Green Iguana
  • 31. Carnivorous Reptiles Crocodile Alligator
  • 32. Snapping Turtle Leatherbac k Turtle
  • 33. Chameleo n Anaconda
  • 34. Omnivorous Reptiles Turtle The Red Eared Terrapin
  • 35. Water Dragon
  • 36. • Adapted for flight Aves – Exception: Hen, Penguin, Peacock, Ostrich, Kiwi, Emu, Turkey, The Falkland Flightless Duck, Rheas, Cassowaries, Flightless Comorants, Snoring Rail, Campbell Island Teal, The Kakapo Parrot • Warm-blooded • Egg-lying • Skin  Have feathers – Prevents loss of body heat – Helps in flight – Exception: Penguin
  • 37. • Hollow bones – Provide passage for air from lungs, which supply it direct to all parts of body • Locomotive organs – Wings, exception  Penguins – Legs – Toes  Adapted for particular purposes • Hearing organ – Lack outer ear – Inner ear
  • 38. • Mouth  Beak (Adapted for particular purposes) • Neck  Flexible – For wide vision – Aid feeding – Helps in sleeping • Sense of sight  Most important organ • Habitat  Land, Air, Water • Migration  Annual and seasonal.
  • 39. • Eating habits – Herbivorous  Sparrow, Pigeon, Duck, Goose, Cockatoo, Blue macaw, Toucan, Ostrich, Swan, Nightingale, Parrot, Lovebird – Carnivorous  Eagle, Kites, Pelican, Owl, Falcons, Hawks, Roadrunner, Kingfisher, Vulture, Penguins – Omnivorous  Crow, Ravens, Rail Birds, Emus, Starlings, Flamingo, Woodpecker
  • 40. Flightless Birds Peacock Kiwi
  • 41. Rooster Hen
  • 42. Ostrich Emu
  • 43. Rheas Penguin
  • 44. The Falkland Flightless Duck Campbell Island Teal
  • 45. Cassowaries Flightless Comorants
  • 46. Snoring Rail The Kakapo Parrot
  • 47. Herbivorous Birds Sparrow Pigeon
  • 48. Cockato o Goose
  • 49. Nightingale Toucan
  • 50. Blue Macaw Swan

×