About Mumbai…• Mumbai, which was previously known as Bombay is a major metropolitan city of India.• It is the state capital of Maharashtra.• Mumbai (Bombay) lies on the western coast of India.• It is a group of seven islands in the Arabian Sea which lies off the northern Konkan coast on the west of Maharashtra state in India.
about Mumbai• There is a large concentration of all the commercial and administrative functions on the southern end of the island.• The only highways that exist in Mumbai are the East and West Highways that run north/south along the eastern and western coasts of the island.• Transportation in Mumbai is a huge problem, especially due to the geography of the island.
History of mumbai …• The city of Bombay originally consisted of seven islands, namely Colaba, Mazagaon, Old Womans Island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga-Sion.• This group of islands, which have since been joined together by a series of reclamations, formed part of the kingdom of Ashoka, the famous Emperor of India.• 1534 - Bombay islands were captured by the Portuguese. 1661 - The islands were gifted in the dowry to Charles II of England. 1668 - Charles II gave the islands to the East Indian Company on lease. 1708 - Bombay became the H.Q. of the East India Company. 1862 - The islands were merged to shape one stretch. 1869 - Suez Canal was opened and Bombay developed as an international port. 1947 - Bombay was declared the capital of Bombay state. 1960 - Bombay was made the capital of Maharashtra. 1995 - The name was changed to Mumbai after the goddess Mumbadevi.
Types of transport in Mumbai Traditional means• Walking , bullock cart, horse carriages, bicycles etc. Local transport• buses, taxi, auto rickshaw, metro rails, two wheeler, four wheeler etc. Long distance transport• Railway, road ways ,water and sea transport. Aviation• Airports
Bus services• Mumbais transport authority, Bombay Electric Supply and Transport, popularly called B.E.S.T runs local buses in the city.• These buses cover almost all the parts of the city.• There are three types of buses:- 1) Single decker. 2)double decker. 3)air-conditioned.
Public taxi/Autorickshaw services:• There are two types of taxis in Mumbai city, Cool Cabs and the standard black and yellow taxi.• Taxis are used for long distance journey.• Only taxis are allowed within the city limits, but in the suburbs, the auto rickshaws are a popular means of transport.• Problems:-• 1)meter hike.• 2)They don’t go for short distance journey.• Strike of taxi /auto driver.
Train services• The Central railway main lines is from Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), to Kasara and Karjat.• The Central railway Harbour line from CST to Mankhurd, and its extension upto Bandra on the Western railway• the Western railway line from Churchgate to Virar
Problems in train services• Train transportation is the life line of Mumbai.• During rains there is water logged on the tracks , because of that manner trains gets late.• Some times trains runs for short routes, because of that train is over filled by 3-4 times its seating capacity.• At Sunday there is always mega block in mumbai.• Strike of motor mens.
Airways transportation• Chathrapati Shivaji domestic and international airport.• It is the biggest international and domestic aviation hub of the country.• Approximately ,45% of air traffic flows in the airports during peak hours.• Last year, it handled 1,80,000 landings and take-off and over 20 million passengers, with a total of 13.56 million domestic air passengers and 6.73 million international passengers.• Problems :-1)Visibility of light during rainy season. 2)strike of aviation staff
Traffic woes in Mumbai• The city seems to be heading for a traffic disaster with at least 200 cars and 300 two-wheelers being added to its roads every day, indicating that more people choose to travel by their own vehicles instead of using public transport.• Data available with the state transport department reveals that until March 2010, 57,846 two-wheelers and 30,118 cars were added to Mumbai’s already congested roads.• While the total number of vehicles in Mumbai has increased by 93,432 since 2009, the number of buses, taxis and auto rickshaws used as public transport increased by only 5,083 until March 2010.
Reasons for traffic jam in Mumbai• In present scenario there are many narrow roads in Mumbai which leads traffic problem.• High proportion of personal modes.• Parking vehicles on road side.• Because of rain, there are many potholes which slows down speed of Mumbai.
Reasons for traffic jam in Mumbai• There is no proper disposal system of waste.• There is no proper drainage system due to which there is water logging problem.• Hawkers at the road side .• Increase in supply of infrastructure only draws more traffic onto the system.
Agencies and their responsibilities• Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA): Co- ordination and monitoring of the overall project. Implementation of Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R & R) activities for rail and non-rail components. Providing counterpart funds on behalf of the Government of Maharashtra.• Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation (MRVC): Implementation of all railway projects, including coordination of activities of CR, WR and Research Development & Standards Organization (RDSO).• Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM): Construction of ROBs, Pedestrian Subways, SATIS, and Traffic Management.• Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC): Construction of JVLR and SCLR.• BEST: Procurement of Buses.• Mumbai Traffic Police: Area Traffic Control System.
Major development by government1)Mumbai metro project-:• Phase I (2006–2016)• Versova - Andheri – Ghatkopar - 11.07 km (Construction started by Simplex Infrastractures Ltd., expected to be complete by 2012)• Dahisar (E) - Charkop - Bandra - Mankhurd - 39.2 km• Phase II (2012–2017)• Colaba - Bandra - Airport - 30 km• Carnac Bunder-Wadala-Ghatkopar-Mulund-Teen Haath Naka - 40 km• Phase III ( 2016–2021)• Airport - Kanjur Marg - 9.5 km• Andheri(E) - Dahisar(E) - 18 km
Major development by government2) Monorail:-• Phase 1• Expected completion by 2015• Chembur to Jacob Circle (Ghadge Maharaj Chowk via Mahul).• Thane- Mira Bhayandar-Dahisar- 24.25 km .• Lokhandwala Complex to Kanjurmarg via SEEPZ - 13.14 km• Mulund – Borivili - 30 km.• Virar to Chikhaldongr - 4.60 km.• Phase 2• Expected completion by 2021• Kalyan to Dombivli via Ulhasnagar - 26.40 km.• Chembur to KoperKhairane via Ghatkopar- 16.72 km• Kalyan to Mahape - 21.10 km
Major development by government3)Bandra – Worli Sealink:-• Additional connectivity from city to suburbs.• Reduces travel time from 1 hour+ to only 7 minutes.• Around 1,25,000 vehicles travels through bandra – worli sealink• Avoids 29 traffic lights• Save Rs 100 crore a year in vehicle operating costs
Conclusion• Mumbai was lucky to get well-developed rail- system and bus system under BEST- management.• Despite such a successful operational history of its transport system, Mumbai has done very poorly in framing a coherent urban transport policy for its future transport development.
Solution for better transportation• Dedicated bus lane (DBL) with high quality buses, better frequency and better operating speed .• Control of parking through universal pay and park in parking facilities.• Improvement of pedestrian facilities ,and introduction of sky walks and proper pedestrian footpath.• Use of more public transport than private transport.• There should be proper signboards at each an every junction which may help to reduce traffic .