AmphitheatresAmphi- means "around" in Greek.The amphitheatre was the place wherepeople went to see fights. These fightswere between slaves, prisoners of war orcriminals, and sometimes wild animals.They were usually outdoor arenas wherepeople watched sporting events andplays.The theater was shaped with a half circleor orchestra space in front of the stageThe structure was built into a hillside andthe wall behind the stage structure wasrelatively low.To solve the problem of lighting andsound - the theaters were outdoors.
Dodoni was a vital center from about2000 BC and flourished well into theRoman times.Orchestra: The orchestra was normallycircular.Skene: The skene was the buildingdirectly behind the stage.Parodos: The parodos are the paths bywhich the chorus and some actors madetheir entrances and exits. ArchesAn arch is a structure that spans a spacewhile supporting weight.
The arch was developed in AncientGreece and later refined in AncientRome.Arches were used for undergroundstructures such as drains and vaults.The ancient Romans were the first to usethem widely above ground.The arch is significant because, in theoryat least, it provides a structure whicheliminates tensile stresses in spanning anopen space. All the forces are resolvedinto compressive stresses. This is usefulbecause several of the available buildingmaterials such as stone, castiron and concrete can strongly resistcompression but are very weakwhen tension,shear or torsional stress isapplied to them.
By using the arch configuration,significant spans can be achieved. MONUMENTsRoman monuments were constructedusing the arch and had the details carvedinto them.
The arch was usually very big and was aprominent feature of the skyline of thetown in which it was located. AqueductsAqueducts provided water for people ina town or village.The Greek had underground canals andgalleries, hewn out of the rock to leadthe water to dry pastures.The Romans were the first to constructaqueducts the way we know them: • A line of arches joined together, with a channel on the top to carry water.
The Romans did not built aqueducts inItaly only, but also in Germany, France,Spain, and Turkey. BATH HOUSE Aqueducts provided the water to the public baths. Heated and cooled baths. Dirty water was replaced with clean water. Exercise and message rooms were available.