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Asexual

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  • Asexual Sexual
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    • 1. ASEXUALREPRODUCTI ON
    • 2. Reproduction• Is the production of a new generation of individuals of the same species• Involves the transmission of genetic material from one generation to the next, ensuring that the species survives over long periods of time,even though individual members die
    • 3. Two Types of ReproductionAsexual Sexual
    • 4. AsexualReproduction is reproduction by a singleorganism with out production ofgametes usually results in the production ofgenetically identical offspringHow can variation occur inasexual reproduction?
    • 5. Mutations
    • 6. What are identical offspring from asingle parent referred to as? A clone
    • 7. Cloningin biology is the process ofproducing similar populationsof genetically identicalindividuals that occurs in naturewhen organisms such asbacteria, insects or plantsreproduce asexually.
    • 8. Cloningin biotechnology refers to processesused to create copies of DNAfragments (molecular cloning), cells(cell cloning), or organisms. Theterm also refers to the productionof multiple copies of a product suchas digital media or software.
    • 9. Most animals species donot naturally reproduceasexually There are several typesof asexual reproduction
    • 10. Asexual ReproductionIt only takes one
    • 11. Binary Fission (mitosis) One parent makes onedaughter cell Used by one-celledorganisms, like bacteria)
    • 12. BuddingThe offspring just pops out of theparentExamples: hydra and yeast
    • 13. Spores Spores areformed anddispersed bysome plants,algae, andfungi.
    • 14. Vegetative ReproductionNew individuals are made withoutseedsor spores
    • 15. Types of Vegetative ReproductionRunnersRhizomesTubersBulbsGrafting
    • 16. RunnersPlant stems send out“extensions” aboveground. These extensions giverise to newplants.
    • 17. RhizomesLike runners, but underground. Therunners are called stolons and theycome from the roots.
    • 18. TubersAn underground, modified stem whichcan form buds which make newplants.
    • 19. Bulbs Underground shoot with modifiedleaves which are used as food fordormant plant.
    • 20. GraftingPart of one plant fuses withanother plant.